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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2004 Exam


Directions (1−35): For each statement or question, identify the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

One complete cycle of the phases of the Moon takes approximately one
(1) day
(2) week
(3) month
(4) year

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2.

The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth.

An observer on Earth could see a solar eclipse when the Moon is at position
(1) 1
(2) 2 
(3) 3
(4) 4

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3.

Which two stars have the most similar luminosity and temperature?
(1) Betelgeuse and Barnard's Star
(2) Rigel and Betelgeuse
(3) Alpha Centauri and the Sun
(4) Sirius and Procyon B

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4.

Which planet would float if it could be placed in water?
(1) Mercury
(2) Earth
3) Saturn
(4) Pluto

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5.

The diagram below is a constructed ellipse. F1 and F2 are the foci of the ellipse.

The eccentricity of this constructed ellipse is closest to the eccentricity of the orbit of which planet?
(1) Mercury
(2) Earth
(3) Saturn
(4) Pluto

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6.

The diagram below shows the noontime shadow cast by a vertical post located in New York State.

Which letter indicates a location west of the post?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

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7.

On March 21, at which location in New York State would sunrise occur first?
(1) Riverhead
(2) Syracuse
(3) Buffalo
(4) Massena

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8.

Earth is farthest from the Sun during the Northern Hemisphere’s summer, and Earth is closest to the Sun during the Northern Hemisphere’s winter. During which season in the Northern Hemisphere is Earth’s orbital velocity greatest?
(1) winter
(2) spring
(3) summer
(4) fall

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9.

The diagram below represents the direction of Earth’s rotation as it appears from above the North Pole. Point X is a location on Earth’s surface.

The time at point X is closest to
(1) 9 a.m.
(2) 12 noon
(3) 9 p.m.
(4) 12 midnight

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10.

As a ship crosses the Prime Meridian, an observer on the ship measures the altitude of Polaris at 60°. What is the ship’s location?
(1) 60° south latitude and 0° longitude
(2) 60° north latitude and 0° longitude
(3) 0° latitude and 60° east longitude
(4) 0° latitude and 60° west longitude

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11.

Which part of the Sun’s electromagnetic spectrum has the longest wavelength?
(1) radio wave radiation
(2) infrared radiation
(3) visible light radiation
(4) x-ray radiation

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12.

Which weather change is most likely indicated by rapidly falling air pressure?
(1) Humidity is decreasing.
(2) Temperature is decreasing.
(3) Skies are clearing.
(4) A storm is approaching.

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13.

Which diagram correctly shows how surface winds are deflected (curved) in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres due to Earth’s rotation?

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14.

The diagram below shows points A, B, C, and D on a meandering stream.

At which point does the greatest stream erosion occur?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

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15.

The diagram below shows a greenhouse.

What is the primary function of the clear glass of the greenhouse?
(1) The glass reduces the amount of insolation entering the greenhouse.
(2) The glass allows all wavelengths of radiation to enter and all wavelengths of radiation to escape.
(3) The glass allows short wavelengths of radiation to enter, but reduces the amount of longwavelength radiation that escapes.
(4) The glass allows long wavelengths of radiation to enter, but reduces the amount of shortwavelength radiation that escapes.

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16.

The cross section below shows the prevailing winds that cause different climates on the windward and leeward sides of this mountain range.

Compared to the climate conditions on the leeward side of this mountain range, the conditions on the Windward side are usually
(1) cooler and wetter
(2) cooler and drier
(3) warmer and wetter
(4) warmer and drier

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17.

The California Ocean Current, which flows along the west coast of North America, is a
(1) cool current, flowing north
(2) cool current, flowing south
(3) warm current, flowing north
(4) warm current, flowing south

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18.

Which change at a particular location in a stream usually causes more sediments to be deposited at that location?
(1) decrease in stream velocity
(2) decrease in stream width
(3) increase in stream slope
(4) increase in stream discharge

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19.

Rocks are classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic based primarily on their
(1) texture
(2) crystal or grain size
(3) method of formation
(4) mineral composition

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20.

The internal atomic structure of a mineral most likely determines the mineral’s
(1) color, streak, and age
(2) origin, exposure, and fracture
(3) size, location, and luster
(4) hardness, cleavage, and crystal shape

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21.

How are the minerals biotite mica and muscovite mica different?
(1) Biotite mica is colorless, but muscovite mica is not.
(2) Biotite mica contains iron and/or magnesium, but muscovite mica does not.
(3) Muscovite mica scratches quartz, but biotite mica does not.
(4) Muscovite mica cleaves into thin sheets, but biotite mica does not.

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22.

Which three minerals are most commonly found in the igneous rock granite?
(1) amphibole, calcite, and hematite
(2) amphibole, biotite mica, and gypsum
(3) plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine
(4) plagioclase feldspar, potassium feldspar, and quartz

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23.

The cross sections below show different patterns of air movement in Earth’s atmosphere. Air temperatures at Earth’s surface are indicated in each cross section. Which cross section shows the most likely pattern of air movement in Earth’s atmosphere that would result from the surface air temperatures shown?

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24.

The diagrams below represent four permeable sediment samples. The sediments are composed of the same material, but differ in particle size and sorting. Which sediment sample will most likely have the fastest groundwater infiltration rate?

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25.

The diagram below represents three seismograms showing the same earthquake as it was recorded at three different seismic stations, A, B, and C.

Which statement correctly describes the distance between the earthquake epicenter and these seismic stations?
(1) A is closest to the epicenter, and C is farthest from the epicenter.
(2) B is closest to the epicenter, and C is farthest from the epicenter.
(3) C is closest to the epicenter, and A is farthest from the epicenter.
(4) A is closest to the epicenter, and B is farthest from the epicenter.

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26.

A camera was placed outside at night and pointed directly at Polaris and several other stars. The lens was kept open and a time-exposure photograph was taken. The diagram below represents that photograph of Polaris and star trails, with an angular protractor to measure apparent motion.

How many hours was the lens kept open to create the star trails in this photograph?
(1) 1 hour
(2) 6 hours
(3) 3 hours
(4) 4 hours

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27.

The sequence of bedrock cross sections below represents the same landscape region over a period of geologic time.

This sequence best represents
(1) an arid region that experienced mostly uplifting forces
(2) an arid region that experienced mostly erosional forces
(3) a humid region that experienced mostly uplifting forces
(4) a humid region that experienced mostly erosional forces

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28.

Which method of energy transfer is primarily responsible for energy being lost from Earth into space?
(1) conduction
(2) convection
(3) solidification
(4) radiation

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29.

When a continental crustal plate collides with an oceanic crustal plate, the continental crust is forced to move over the oceanic crust. What is the primary reason that the continental crust stays on top of the oceanic crust?
(1) Continental crust is less dense.
(2) Continental crust deforms less easily.
(3) Continental crust melts at higher temperatures.
(4) Continental crust contains more mafic minerals.

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30.

Earth’s fossil record shows evidence that
(1) very few life-forms have become extinct
(2) life-forms existed on land before life-forms existed in water
(3) more complex life-forms probably have evolved from less complex life-forms
(4) older bedrock contains a great variety of lifeforms, while younger bedrock contains less variety of life-forms

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31.

Large garnet mineral crystals are found in the metamorphic surface bedrock in which New York State landscape region?
(1) Catskills
(2) Adirondacks
(3) Erie-Ontario Lowlands
(4) Tug Hill Plateau

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32.

Bedrock outcrops A and B are located at two different locations along the Genesee River in western New York State. Rock layers 1, 2, and 4 are the same in both outcrops.

Which statement best explains why rock layer 3 is missing from outcrop B?
(1) A fault exists between outcrops A and B.
(2) Erosion created an unconformity between rock layers 2 and 4 in outcrop B.
(3) A volcanic eruption destroyed rock layer 3 in outcrop B.
(4) Metamorphism of outcrop A created rock layer 3.

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33.

Fossilized footprints of Coelophysis dinosaurs have been found in bedrock closest to which New York State location?
(1) New York City
(2) Old Forge
(3) Watertown
(4) Niagara Falls

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34.

A sample of wood that originally contained 100 grams of carbon-14 now contains only 25 grams of carbon-14. Approximately how many years ago was this sample part of a living tree?
(1) 2,850 years
(2) 5,700 years 
(3) 11,400 years
(4) 17,100 years

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35.

The block diagram below represents a deeply eroded dome.

Which map shows the stream drainage pattern that would most likely develop on this deeply eroded dome?

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