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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2008 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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15.

Which graph best shows the general relationship between the altitude of the noontime Sun and the intensity of insolation received at a location?

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16.

The cross section below shows the direction of air flowing over a mountain. Points A and B are at the same elevation on opposite sides of the mountain.

Compared to the air temperature and humidity at point A, the air temperature and humidity at point B are usually
(1) cooler and drier
(2) cooler and wetter 
(3) warmer and drier
(4) warmer and wetter

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17.

The cross section below shows rock layers A, B, C, D, and fault F. The rock layers have not been overturned.

Which sequence places the rock layers and fault in order from oldest to youngest?
(1) D → C → B → A → F
(2) A → B → C → D → F
(3) F → D → C → B → A
(4) F → A → B → C → D

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18.

The largest sediment particles that can be transported by a stream traveling at a velocity of 200 centimeters per second are
(1) boulders
(2) cobbles  
(3) pebbles
(4) sand

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19.

What happens to the density and temperature of rock within Earth’s interior as depth increases?
(1) density decreases and temperature decreases
(2) density decreases and temperature increases
(3) density increases and temperature increases
(4) density increases and temperature decreases

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20.

Scientists believe that a large asteroid struck Earth approximately 65 million years ago. It is often theorized that this event contributed to the
(1) end of the last ice age
(2) breaking up of the supercontinent Pangea
(3) evolution of the first birds
(4) extinction of the dinosaurs

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21.

Which two landscape regions in New York State have the oldest surface bedrock?
(1) Allegheny Plateau and Newark Lowlands
(2) Tug Hill Plateau and Erie-Ontario Lowlands
(3) Taconic Mountains and the Catskills
(4) Adirondack Mountains and Hudson Highlands

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22.

The topographic map below shows locations X and Y.

What is the approximate gradient between X and Y?
(1) 15 ft/mi
(2) 20 ft/mi  
(3) 30 ft/mi
(4) 60 ft/mi

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23.

The diagram below represents a sample of a radioactive isotope.

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24.

Which map best indicates the probable locations of continents 100 million years from now if tectonic plate movement continues at its present rate and direction?

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25.

Which graph best represents the relationship between the slope of a river and the particle size that can be transported by that river?

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