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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2005 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

Which list of three planets and Earth's Moon is arranged in order of increasing equatorial diameter?
(1) Earth's Moon, Pluto, Mars, Mercury
(2) Pluto, Earth's Moon, Mercury, Mars
(3) Mercury, Mars, Earth's Moon, Pluto
(4) Mars, Mercury, Pluto, Earth’s Moon

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2.

If Earth's axis were tilted 35° instead of 23.5° the average temperatures in New York State would most likely
(1) decrease in both summer and winter
(2) decrease in summer and increase in winter
(3) increase in summer and decrease in winter
(4) increase in both summer and winter

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3.

Which star has a higher luminosity and a lower temperature than the Sun?
(1) Rigel
(2) Barnard's Star
(3) Alpha Centauri
(4) Aldebaran

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4.

Starlight from distant galaxies provides evidence that the universe is expanding because this starlight shows a shift in wavelength toward the
(1) red-light end of the visible spectrum
(2) blue-light end of the visible spectrum
(3) ultraviolet-ray end of the electromagnetic spectrum
(4) gamma-ray end of the electromagnetic spectrum

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5.

On which day of the year would the intensity of insolation at Kingston, New York, most likely be greatest?
(1) March 21
(2) June 21 
(3) September 23
(4) December 21

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6.

The diagram below represents the elliptical orbit of a moon revolving around a planet. The foci of this orbit are the points labeled F1 and F2.

What is the approximate eccentricity of this elliptical orbit?
(1) 0.3
(2) 0.5 
(3) 0.7 
(4) 1.4

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7.

The coldest climates on Earth are located at or near the poles primarily because Earth’s polar regions
(1) receive mostly low-angle insolation
(2) receive less total yearly hours of daylight
(3) absorb the greatest amount of insolation
(4) are usually farthest from the Sun

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8.

Compared to an inland location, a location on an ocean shore at the same elevation and latitude is likely to have
(1) cooler winters and cooler summers
(2) cooler winters and warmer summers
(3) warmer winters and cooler summers
(4) warmer winters and warmer summers

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9.

The diagram below represents a Foucault pendulum swinging freely for 8 hours.

The Foucault pendulum appears to gradually change its direction of swing due to Earth’s
(1) orbit around the Sun
(2) curved surface 
(3) tilted axis
(4) spin on its axis

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10.

The diagram below shows the noontime shadows cast by a student and a tree.

If the time is solar noon and the student is located in New York State, in what direction is the student facing?
(1) north
(2) south  
(3) east
(4) west

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11.

The diagram below represents the Moon in its orbit, as viewed from above Earth’s North Pole. Position 1 represents a specific location of the Moon in its orbit.

Which phase of the Moon will be seen from Earth when the Moon is at position 1?

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12.

During nightime cooling, most of the energy radiated by Earth’s oceans into space is
(1) ultraviolet rays
(2) gamma rays  
(3) visible light rays
(4) infrared rays

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13.

Landscapes with horizontal bedrock structure, steep slopes, and high elevations are classified as
(1) plateau regions
(2) plain regions
(3) lowland regions
(4) mountain regions

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14.

Which map view best represents the pattern of isobar values, in millibars, and the pattern of wind flow, shown by arrows, at Earth’s surface surrounding a Northern Hemisphere low-pressure center?

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15.

An observer measured the air temperature and the dewpoint and found the difference between them to be 12°C. One hour later, the difference between the air temperature and the dewpoint was found to be 4°C. Which statement best describes the changes that were occurring?
(1) The relative humidity was decreasing and the chance of precipitation was decreasing.
(2) The relative humidity was decreasing and the chance of precipitation was increasing.
(3) The relative humidity was increasing and the chance of precipitation was decreasing.
(4) The relative humidity was increasing and the chance of precipitation was increasing.

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16.

Which two ocean currents are both warm currents that primarily flow away from the equator?
(1) Guinea Current and Labrador Current
(2) Brazil Current and Agulhas Current
(3) Alaska Current and Falkland Current
(4) Canaries Current and Gulf Stream Current

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17.

Which surface soil conditions allow the most infiltration of rainwater?
(1) steep slope and permeable soil
(2) steep slope and impermeable soil
(3) gentle slope and permeable soil
(4) gentle slope and impermeable soil

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18.

The map below shows a river emptying into an ocean, producing a delta.

Which graph best represents the relationship between the distance from the river delta into the ocean and the average size of sediments deposited on the ocean floor?

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19.

Which process could lead directly to the formation of pumice rock?
(1) precipitation of minerals from evaporating seawater
(2) metamorphism of unmelted rock material
(3) deposition of quartz sand
(4) explosive eruption of lava from a volcano

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20.

The rock shown below has a foliated texture and contains the minerals amphibole, quartz, and feldspar arranged in coarse-grained bands.

Which rock is shown?
(1) slate
(2) dunite
(3) gneiss
(4) quartzite

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21.

The photograph below shows the intergrown crystals of a pegmatite rock.

Which characteristic provides the best evidence that this pegmatite solidified deep underground?
(1) low density
(2) light color
(3) felsic composition
(4) very coarse texture

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22.

Which igneous rock, when weathered, could produce sediment composed of the minerals potassium feldspar, quartz, and amphibole?
(1) gabbro
(2) granite 
(3) andesite
(4) basalt

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