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Monuments & Countries of Europe

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MONUMENTEUROPEAN COUNTRYEXPLANATION
The Palace of ViennaAustria
AtomiumAtomiumBelgiumThe Atomium in Brussels is a cluster of giant spheres. It is a structure representing the concept of an iron molecule enlarged 165 billion times. Located at the foot of the Atomium is Mini-Europe, which is a park with models of various European monuments built down to the finest level of detail on a scale of 1:25.
Manneken Pis statueBelgiumThe Manneken Pis statue, a charming fountain of a little boy, is a symbol of Brussels. It is located in the immediate vicinity of the Grand Place.
The Nyhavn of CopenhagenDenmarkThe Nyhavn of Copenhagen was an important commercial port in the 17th and 18th century. It has many colored houses and it is today visited by tourists and sailors who get themselves tattooed in the way former King Frederik IX did in earlier times.
Castle of OlavinlinnaFinlandThe magnificent Castle of Olavinlinna was built in 1475. It is important due to its strategic position on a canal linking several lakes and it used to form part of the frontier defences against Russia.
Arc de TriompheArc de TriompheFranceThe Arc de Triomphe in Paris arches over the tomb of the unknown soldier and stands in the middle of the Place de l'Etoile (now called Place Charles de Gaulle). Napoleon started building the arch in 1806 to glorify his empire and celebrate his victories, but the arch was completed in 1836, fifteen years after his death. The 50 m high triumphal arch displays some marvellous reliefs and bears the names of many famous battles and victories.
Eiffel Tower Eiffel TowerFranceThe Eiffel Tower in Paris (France) is about 300 meters (985 feet) high (with the TV antenna, it measures about 321 meters today). It was erected according to the design of the engineer, Gustave Eiffel, for the World Fair of Paris in 1889.
Louvre MuseumFranceThe Louvre in Paris is one of the grandest museums in the world with a sparkling glass pyramid entrance way. It features the famous portrait of Mona Lisaby Leonardo da Vinci.
Cologne Cathedral Cologne Cathedral (The Dom)GermanyThe Dom was the first Gothic church in the Rhineland. This colossal 515 ft tall cathedral in Cologne with its twin spires soaring into the sky took over 600 years to complete. It is Germany's most visited monument and can hold upto 40,000 people.
The ParthenonGreeceThe Parthenon in Athens is dedicated to the city goddess Athena and is a masterpiece of Doric architecture.
Bell Tower of GlendaloughIrelandThe 33 m high Bell Tower of Glendalough stands to the east of St. Kevin's church. The Bell Tower also served as a refuge from marauding Viking hordes.
Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale)ItalyThe Palazzo Ducale in Venice is an excellent example of Venetian Gothic architecture. Until 1797, the palace served as the residence of the Doge (Duke) and as a government and court building. Two granite columns topped by the bronze lion of San Marco and the statue of San Teodoro stand in the immediate vicinity of Doge's Palace. The Doge's Palace, the Bell Tower, the Bridge of Sighs are located in Piazza San Marco (St. Mark's Square), the very heart of Venice.
Leaning Tower Leaning TowerItalyThe Leaning Tower of Pisa started to sag while it was being built. The 55 m high clock tower has been leaning even more despite attempts to restore its balance.
Trevi FountainTrevi FountainItalyA Roman legend guarantees your return to Rome if you throw a coin in the fountain.
The Pont AdolpheLuxembourgThe Pont Adolphe was built at the beginning of the last century in accordance with a design by the French engineer, P. Sejourne. It was named after the then Grand Duke and was the first bridge made of natural stone to be built with a large span of 84 m. The Adolphe Bridge is built on a steep-walled sandstone rock and spans two little rivers, the Petrusse and the Alzette.
Hoensbroek CastleNetherlandsThe Hoensbroek Castle (near Heerlen) was replaced in the middle of the 17th century from a medieval castle to its present Meuse Renaissance style by an architect from Vise.
The Torre de BelemPortugalThe Torre de Belem in Lisbon was built at the start of the 16th century to protect the harbor. The architecture with its maritime elements is an excellent example of the Manuelin style. The fortress is built in two parts, the tower and an octagonal bastion that protrudes over the Tage like a ship's prow. It was from here that several famous sailors like Pedro Alvarez Cabral and Vasco da Gama set out for distant lands.
The Cathedral of Santiago de CompostelaSpainThe Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is constructed on the site where the mortal remains of the Apostle Santiago el Mayor were found. This cathedral, along with Rome and Jerusalem, is one of the important holy places of Christianism. Although the original building was in pure Romanesque style, the Claustro has been subsequently changed to Gothic and Plateresque style.
Stockholm City HallSwedenThe annual Nobel Banquet on the 10th of December is organized in the Stockholm City Hall. The construction of this beautiful building was started in 1911 and the City Hall was officially inaugurated on midsummer eve in 1923.
Kappelbrucke BridgeKappelbrucke BridgeSwitzerlandKappelbrucke in Lucerne is the world's oldest covered wooden bridge originally built in 1333 over the Reuss River, but partially destroyed in a fire. It is a beautifully restored wooden bridge in Lucerne with 17th century painting of Swiss history and leads to a beautiful 17th century Jesuit Church.
Lion MonumentLowendenkmal or Lion MonumentSwitzerlandThe Lion Monument (Lowendenkmal) in Lucerne is carved into a limestone cliff to commemorate the bravery and loyalty of the Swiss guards who died in the French revolution.
Big Ben Big BenUnited KingdomAt the North End of Westminster Abbey (or the British Houses of Parliament) in London, there is the famous Clock Tower with the 14 ton bell known as Big Ben. When Parliament is in session, a light shines on the Clock Tower at night. Big Ben strikes every fifteen minutes with a characteristic loud chime. The bells in the Clock Tower were named after the building contractor, Benjamin Hall.
Buckingham PalaceUnited KingdomThe changing of the guards takes place every day at 1130 hours before Buckingham Palace in London.
Nelson's Column, Trafalgar SquareUnited KingdomAll distances in London are measured starting from Trafalgar Square.
Tower Bridge Tower BridgeUnited Kingdom
St. Peter's Basilica St. Peter's BasilicaVatican CitySt. Peter's Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro) is the world's largest cathedral and is located in the world's smallest country, the Vatican. It features Michaelangelo's famous Pieta. It stands in Piazza San Pietro (St. Peter's Square) embraced by two semicircular columnades, the center marked by an obelisk.

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