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History : Identify Famous US Leaders

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LEADER DESCRIPTIONEXPLANATION
Abraham Lincolnsixteenth PresidentAbraham Lincoln was well-known for his anti-slavery views which gave rise to the American Civil War, which lasted 4 years. He put together the 'Emancipation Proclamation', which suppressed the revolts opposing his anti-slavery views. In his famous Gettysburg address, he described a democracy as 'a government of the people, by the people, for the people'. He was assassinated by John Wilkes-Booth on 15th April 1865 during one of his performances in the Ford's Theater.
Andrew Jacksonseventh PresidentAndrew Jackson was born in South Carolina. He was well-known for introducing the Hendian Removal Act of 1830. He also dismantled the 'Bank of the United States'. He died in Tennessee.
Benjamin Franklinstatesman who negotiated Treaty of ParisBenjamin Franklin was very interested in science and he proved that lightning is an electrical phenomenon. He also invented the lightning rod. He is famous for the vital role he played in the American Revolution. He negotiated the Treaty of Paris in 1783. He also worked to put an end to slavery.
Dwight D. Eisenhowerthirty-fourth PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower was born in Texas, United States of America. He adopted the policy of 'desegregation' in schools, for allowing the admission of black students. He also passed the 'Interstate Highway Act'. He allotted very low finances for the military. He put an end to the Korean war by signing agreements with Korea and China. He was nicknamed 'Ike'. He was also a General of the United States Army. He died in Washington D.C.
Franklin D. Rooseveltthirty-second PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt was born in New York, United States of America. He was the only President to be elected four times. This even led to a change in the Constitution limiting a President to a maximum term of 10 years. He balanced the nation's economy during the 'Great Depression' financial crisis after World War I. He established the 'Social Security' system, which provided support to elderly citizens and those who have low earnings. His well-known 'State of the Union Address' is also called the 'Four Freedoms Speech'. During his tenure, the Japanese attacked the famous Pearl Harbor. He died in Georgia.
George Washingtonfirst PresidentGeorge Washington was the first President of United States of America. He was nicknamed as 'The Father of the Country'. He was born in Virginia, United States of America. He played a vital role in America's freedom struggle. He crushed the Whisky Rebellion in 1794. He was elected as the President for two consecutive terms. He also died in Virginia.
Henry KissingerForeign-Policy AdvisorHenry Kissinger was born in Germany. He became a citizen of United States of America in 1943. Later, in 1968, he became the Foreign-Policy Advisor. He organized President Richard Nixon's visit to China in 1972. In 1973, he became the Secretary of State. Later, in the same year, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for ending the fighting with North Vietnam.
Jimmy Carterthirty-ninth PresidentJimmy Carter was born in Georgia, United States of America. He was one of the three Presidents to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, which he won in 2002.
John Adamssecond PresidentJohn Adams was born in Massachusetts, United States of America. He played a vital role in the drafting of the Massachusetts Constitution. He served as vice-president under George Washington's presidency. He died in Massachusetts.
John F. Kennedythirty-fifth PresidentJohn F. Kennedy was born in Massachusetts, United States of America. He was the President for exactly a thousand days. He was one of the most popular Presidents. He married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. 'Profiles in Courage' was his famous piece of literature, for which he won the Pulitzer Prize. During his tenure, events like the Vietnam War, Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba, and the Cuban missile crisis were famous. These events aggravated the Cold War with the Soviet Union. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Ronald Reaganfortieth PresidentRonald Reagan was born in Illinois, United States of America. Before becoming the President, he was the Governor of California. He was also a popular Hollywood actor. He advocated Franklin D. Roosevelt's principles. He was a strong anti-communist. He reduced the taxes, consolidated the economy and strengthened the military. He also proposed the space-based defence system, popularly called 'Star Wars'.
Theodore Roosevelttwenty-sixth PresidentTheodore Roosevelt was born in New York, United States of America. He was the first 'conservation' President. He established the United States Forest Service. He was nicknamed 'Teddy'. During a hunting trip, he refused to kill a bear cub. Later, toy manufacturers named 'Teddy Bears' in his honour. He served as the President for two consecutive terms. In 1906, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for the Russo-Japanese peace treaty. He died in New York.
Thomas Jeffersonthird PresidentThomas Jefferson wrote the 'Decleration of Independence'. He was the founder of the Democratic Party. He was born in Virginia, United States of America. He was the first President to work from the White House. He was also the Governor of Virginia as well as the Secretary of State. He died in Virginia.
Woodrow Wilsontwenty-eighth PresidentWoodrow Wilson was born in Virginia, United States of America. In his well-known Fourteen Points address, He brought up the idea of the 'League of Nations'. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919. He died in Washington D.C.

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