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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2016 Exam

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                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 Historians rely on primary sources because these
  (1) are more detailed than secondary sources
  (2) provide eyewitness accounts of events
  (3) have the approval of religious authorities
  (4) establish rules for writing history


2 • Studies systems of government
  • Formulates public policy proposals
  • Analyzes election polls and results
  A person who specializes in these activities is called
  (1) an economist           (3) a sociologist
  (2) a political scientist  (4) an anthropologist


3 Which pair of countries is most affected by
  (1) Ghana and Argentina
  (2) Algeria and Turkey
  (3) India and China
  (4) Cuba and Afghanistan


4 The Neolithic Revolution is seen as a turning
  point in human history mainly because
  (1) farming led to settled communities
  (2) people started using animal skins for clothing
  (3) copper was first used to improve stone tools
  (4) cave paintings recorded the activities of
      nomadic groups


5 Which action is most closely associated with the
  early Mesopotamian civilizations?
  (1) building floating gardens to grow corn
  (2) establishing representative democracies
  (3) developing a writing system using cuneiform
  (4) constructing Hindu temples


6 Which two major regions were directly connected
  by the Silk Road?
  (1) Europe and South America
  (2) Central America and Africa
  (3) Asia and Africa
  (4) Asia and Europe


7 The belief systems of Daoism, Shinto, and animism
  (1) harmony with nature to live in peace
  (2) acceptance of monotheism to achieve salvation
  (3) proper behavior to maintain social order
  (4) obedience to caste rules to achieve moksha


8 • Justinian imposes new code of law.
  • Completion of Hagia Sophia adds beauty to
  • Greco-Roman tradition preserved.
  Which empire is described in these statements?
  (1) Byzantine            (3) Mauryan
  (2) Persian              (4) Ottoman


9 What was one effect of the expansion of Islam
  between 632 and 750?
  (1) Armed conquest was forbidden by the caliphs.
  (2) Cultural and commercial connections were
      established over a sizable region.
  (3) A majority of the western European
      population converted.
  (4) A single centralized authority governed an
      area from the Mediterranean Sea to the
      Indus River.


10 What was a final outcome of the Crusades?
   (1) The Seljuk Turks conquered Spain.
   (2) Jerusalem remained under the control of
   (3) Charlemagne established the Frankish Empire.
   (4) The pope became the leader of the Eastern
       Orthodox Church.


Base your answer to question 11 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
11 Based on the information in this chart, which statement best summarizes the influence
   of Mongol rule in Russia, Persia, and China?
   (1) Local officials were allowed to rule throughout the Mongol Empire.
   (2) The Mongols demanded that those who were conquered convert to Islam.
   (3) The Mongols used various methods to rule the different people they conquered.
   (4) Civil service examinations were used to select government officials in all conquered areas.


12 Which statement about the bubonic plague in the
   14th century is most accurate?
   (1) Improved sanitation systems eliminated the
       threat of the plague.
   (2) Advances in medicine halted the spread of
       the plague.
   (3) Trade between Europe and Asia stopped just
       before the plague began.
   (4) The death toll from the plague led to labor


13 What is a major reason the Renaissance began in
   the Italian city-states?
   (1) The Rhine River provided power to Italian
   (2) The Alps isolated these city-states from the
       rest of Europe.
   (3) The Mediterranean location of these city-
       states encouraged trade.
   (4) The favorable climate of Italy led to a reliance
       on agricultural products.


    Base your answer to question 14 on the dialogue
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …“Then I must remain loyal to Lord Akiyama,
   regardless of what he does — even if he is disloyal
   to Lord Takeda?” I asked.
      “Certainly!” There was no shade of doubt in
   Kansuke’s reply. “Your lord is like your father, you
   must follow him wherever he leads, even into
   death, to the road to the west.”…
             — Erik Christian Haugaard, The Samurai’s Tale,
                                          Houghton Mifflin
14 Which traditional belief is being expressed in this
   excerpt from The Samurai’s Tale?
   (1) reincarnation           (3) hajj
   (2) bushido                 (4) nirvana


Base your answer to question 15 on the illustration below and on your knowledge of social studies.
15 To achieve the degree of development shown, the Aztecs first had to
   (1) invent wheeled vehicles to move construction materials
   (2) use domesticated animals to assist in agriculture
   (3) establish an organized government and a specialized work force
   (4) adopt advanced engineering techniques diffused from European cultures


16 The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were
   all able to achieve golden ages in part because of
   (1) reliance on sugar plantations in the Niger delta
   (2) control of trans-Saharan trade routes
   (3) discovery of oil reserves in the Gulf of Guinea
   (4) ability to use the natural harbors on the
        Atlantic Ocean coast


17 By the late 1500s, the Ottoman Empire governed
   an area that extended from
   (1) southwestern Asia to eastern Europe and into
       northern Africa
   (2) the Arabian Peninsula across northern Africa
       and into southern Spain
   (3) Mongolia across the central Asian kingdoms
   (4) the Indian subcontinent to the Straits of


Base your answer to question 18 on the document excerpts below and on your knowledge of social studies.
18 Based on these excerpts, which action would most likely be supported by Olympe
   de Gouges?
   (1) executing the king                  (3) creating more radical military strategies
   (2) restricting access to education     (4) expanding the definition of equality


19 Which change is most closely associated with
   Peter the Great of Russia?
   (1) establishment of Moscow as the capital city
   (2) extension of Russia’s borders to the Northern
       Caucuses and Ukraine
   (3) westernization and modernization of the
   (4) emancipation of the serfs on private estates


20 What was an economic result of the Columbian
   (1) establishment of a feudal land system in
   (2) development of a European-dominated
       global trade network
   (3) introduction of slash-and-burn farming
       techniques in the Americas
   (4) creation of the Hanseatic League
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