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Earth Science - New York Regents January 2016 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                   Part A
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.
1 The Foucault pendulum and the Coriolis effect
  both provide evidence of Earth’s
  (1) revolution           (3) tilted axis
  (2) rotation             (4) elliptical orbit

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2.

2 When it is solar noon at a location at 75° W
  longitude, what is the solar time at a location at
  120° W longitude?
  (1) 9 a.m.                (3) 3 p.m.
  (2) 12 noon               (4) 12 midnight

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3.

3 The diagram below represents an observer
  measuring the altitude of Polaris.
At which latitude is this observer located?
(1) 16° N                  (3) 53° N
(2) 37° N                  (4) 90° N

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4.

4 Which characteristic of the planets in our solar
  system increases as the distance from the Sun
  increases?
  (1) equatorial diameter
  (2) eccentricity of orbit
  (3) period of rotation
  (4) period of revolution

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5.

5 New York State’s highest peak, Mt. Marcy, is
  located at approximately
  (1) 44°10' N 74°05' W
  (2) 44°05' N 73°55' W
  (3) 73°55' N 44°10' W
  (4) 74°05' N 44°05' W

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6.

6 The diagram below represents the orbital
  position of Earth on October 21.
Which Northern Hemisphere season is occurring
when Earth reaches position X?
(1) winter              (3) summer
(2) spring              (4) fall

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7.

7 The diagram below represents eight positions of
  the Moon in its orbit.
Why are high tides on Earth greatest when the
Moon is in position A and in position E?
(1) The Moon is closer to the Sun.
(2) The Moon is closer to Earth.
(3) The Moon, the Sun, and Earth are aligned.
(4) The Moon is in the same phase at both
    locations.

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8.

8 The model below represents the apparent path
  of the Sun across the sky on March 21 as seen by
  an observer on Earth.
At which latitude is the observer located?
(1) 90° N                 (3) 23.5° N
(2) 42° N                 (4) 0°

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9.

9 According to astronomers, the age of the universe
  is estimated to be
  (1) 1.3 billion years    (3) 7.9 billion years
  (2) 4.6 billion years    (4) 13.8 billion years

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10.

10 Light from distant galaxies most likely shows a
   (1) red shift, indicating that the universe is
       expanding
   (2) red shift, indicating that the universe is
       contracting
   (3) blue shift, indicating that the universe is
       expanding
   (4) blue shift, indicating that the universe is
       contracting

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11.

11 Which gas is inferred to have been absent from
   Earth’s atmosphere during the Early Archean Era?
   (1) carbon dioxide        (3) oxygen
   (2) nitrogen              (4) water vapor

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12.

12 How old is a bone that has 12.5% of the original
   amount of radioactive carbon-14 remaining?
   (1) 5,700 years          (3) 17,100 years
   (2) 11,400 years         (4) 22,800 years

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13.

13 Which weather instrument is most useful in
   measuring relative humidity?
   (1) barometer           (3) psychrometer
   (2) anemometer          (4) wind vane

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14.

14 If the air temperature is 20°C and the relative
   humidity is 58%, what is the dewpoint?
   (1) 5°C                   (3) 15°C
   (2) 12°C                  (4) 38°C

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15.

15 Equal areas of which type of Earth surface will
   absorb more insolation and radiate more energy
   back toward space in the same amount of time?
   (1) light colored and rough
   (2) dark colored and rough
   (3) light colored and smooth
   (4) dark colored and smooth

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