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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2013 Exam

    Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given,
best completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which two characteristics do all Jovian planets
  have in common?
  (1) small diameters and low densities
  (2) small diameters and high densities
  (3) large diameters and low densities
  (4) large diameters and high densities

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which event occurred approximately 4.6 billion
  years ago?
  (1) evolution of the earliest fish
  (2) evolution of stromatolites
  (3) formation of the oldest known Earth rocks
  (4) formation of Earth and our solar system

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3.

3 Which process combines lighter elements into
  heavier elements and produces energy within
  the Sun and other stars?
  (1) fusion               (3) conduction
  (2) insolation           (4) radioactive decay

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4.

4 Which evidence best supports the Big Bang
  theory?
  (1) rate of rotation of the Sun
  (2) existence of cosmic background radiation
  (3) uniform radioactive decay of uranium-238
  (4) separation of Earth’s interior into different
      layers

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which star has a surface temperature most
  similar to the surface temperature of Alpha
  Centauri?
  (1) Polaris             (3) Procyon B
  (2) Betelgeuse          (4) Sirius

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The red shift of light from most galaxies is
  evidence that
  (1) most galaxies are moving away from Earth
  (2) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red
      giants
  (3) the light slows down as it nears Earth
  (4) red light travels faster than other colors of
      light

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which motion causes some constellations to be
  visible in New York State only during winter
  nights and other constellations to be visible only
  during summer nights?
  (1) Stars in constellations revolve around Earth.
  (2) Stars in constellations revolve around the Sun.
  (3) Earth revolves around the Sun.
  (4) Earth rotates on its axis.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Sediment samples A through D below have the
  same volume and packing, but contain different
  percentages of various particle sizes.
    Sample A:   75% clay and 25% silt
    Sample B:   25% clay and 75% sand
    Sample C:   50% pebbles and 50% sand
    Sample D:   50% pebbles and 50% cobbles
  Which sample most likely has the greatest
  permeability?
  (1) A                (3) C
  (2) B                (4) D

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 Most of Earth’s weather events take place in the
  (1) thermosphere         (3) stratosphere
  (2) mesosphere           (4) troposphere

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10.

10 The diagram below represents a weather
   instrument.

Which weather variable was this instrument
designed to measure?
(1) air pressure
(2) dewpoint
(3) relative humidity
(4) amount of precipitation

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Jet stream winds over the United States generally
   move from
   (1) east to west          (3) north to south
   (2) west to east          (4) south to north

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12.

12 What is the dewpoint when the dry-bulb
   temperature is 8°C and the wet-bulb temperature
   is 2°C?
   (1) 28°C                 (3) 3°C
   (2) 6°C                  (4) Ϫ9°C

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13.

13 The cross section below represents prevailing
   winds moving over a coastal mountain range.
   Letters A through D represent locations on
   Earth’s surface.

Which location will most likely have the least
annual precipitation?
(1) A                  (3) C
(2) B                  (4) D

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Which transfer of energy occurs mainly through
   the process of convection?
   (1) electromagnetic energy transferred from the
       Sun to the Moon
   (2) solar energy transferred through space to
       Earth’s surface
   (3) heated air in the lower atmosphere transferred 
       upward by density differences
   (4) heat from radioactive decay transferred by
       molecular collisions to surrounding mantle
       rock

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 In which planetary wind belt do most storms
   move toward the northeast?
   (1) 30° N to 60° N     (3) 0° to 30° S
   (2) 0° to 30° N        (4) 30° S to 60° S

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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