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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2001 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

The graph below shows the snow line (the elevation above which glaciers form at different latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere).

At which location would a glacier most likely form?
(1) 0° latitude at an elevation of 6,000 m
(2) 15° N latitude at an elevation of 4,000 m
(3) 30° N latitude at an elevation of 3,000 m
(4) 45° N latitude at an elevation of 1,000 m

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2.

The graph below shows the relationship between mass and volume for three samples, A, B, and C, of a given material.

What is the density of this material?
(1) 1.0 g/cm3
(2) 5.0 g/cm3
(3) 10.0 g/cm3
(4) 20.0 g/cm3

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3.

The length of an Earth day is determined by the time required for approximately one
(1) Earth rotation
(2) Earth revolution
(3) Sun rotation
(4) Sun revolution

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4.

To an observer in Buffalo, New York, the North Star, Polaris, is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of approximately
(1) 23½°
(2) 43°
(3) 66½°
(4) 90°

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5.

Which planet is approximately thirty times farther from the Sun than Earth is?
(1) Jupiter
(2) Saturn
(3) Uranus
(4) Neptune

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6.

Which object is located at one foci of the elliptical orbit of Mars?
(1) the Sun
(2) Betelgeuse 
(3) Earth
(4) Jupiter

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7.

What is the basic difference between ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation?
(1) half-life
(2) temperature
(3) wavelength
(4) wave velocity

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8.

The diagram below shows a cylinder filled with clean water. At the left of the cylinder is a light source, and at the right of the cylinder is a meter that measures the intensity (brightness) of light as it passes through the water. One minute after the light is turned on, a mixture of sand, silt, and clay is poured into the cylinder.

Which graph shows the probable change in light intensity (brightness) recorded during the 6-minute period after the light is turned on?

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9.

What is the dewpoint when the dry-bulb temperature is 24°C and the wet-bulb temperature is 15°C?
(1) 8°C
(2) −18°C
(3) 36°C
(4) 4°C

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10.

In New York State, dry, cool air masses (cP) often interact with moist, warm air masses (mT). Which statement correctly matches each air mass with its usual geographic source region?
(1) cP is from the North Atlantic Ocean and mT is from the deserts of the southwestern United States.
(2) cP is from northern Canada and mT is from the deserts of the southwestern United States.
(3) cP is from northern Canada and mT is from the Gulf of Mexico.
(4) cP is from the North Atlantic Ocean and mT is from the Gulf of Mexico.

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11.

The graph below shows the average monthly temperatures for two cities, A and B, which are both located at 41° north latitude.

Which statement best explains the difference in the average yearly temperature range for the two cities?
(1) City B is located in a different planetary wind belt.
(2) City B receives less yearly precipitation.
(3) City B has a greater yearly duration of insolation.
(4) City B is located near a large body of water.

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12.

In the cartoon below, Lucy gives Linus incorrect information about pebbles.

If Lucy wanted to give Linus correct information about pebbles, which statement would be most accurate?
(1) Pebbles can become cemented together to form a rock called gabbro.
(2) Pebble is the name given to the smallest-size sediment.
(3) Any large rock that weathers could become a pebble.
(4) Magma is composed of pebbles.

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