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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2008 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

Which statement best describes the age of our solar system and the universe?
(1) The universe is at least twice as old as our solar system.
(2) Our solar system is at least twice as old as the universe.
(3) Our solar system and the universe are estimated to be 5 billion years old.
(4) Our solar system and the universe are estimated to be 10 billion years old.

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2.

A Foucault pendulum is used to prove that
(1) the Sun rotates on its axis
(2) the Sun revolves around Earth
(3) Earth rotates on its axis
(4) Earth revolves around the Sun

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3.

Compared to the terrestrial planets, the Jovian planets are
(1) smaller and have lower densities
(2) smaller and have greater densities
(3) larger and have lower densities 
(4) larger and have greater densities

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4.

Which process produces the energy that allows the stars of the universe to radiate visible light?
(1) convection
(2) nuclear fusion  
(3) insolation
(4) radioactive decay

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5.

A soil sample with a large amount of space between the particles will have a
(1) low permeability rate
(2) low infiltration rate  
(3) high porosity
(4) high capillarity

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6.

When Earth cools, most of the energy transferred from Earth’s surface to space is transferred by the process of
(1) conduction
(2) reflection  
(3) refraction
(4) radiation

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7.

The spinning of Earth on its axis causes the apparent rising and setting of the
(1) Sun, only
(2) Sun and the Moon, only
(3) Moon and some stars, only
(4) Sun, the Moon, and some stars

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8.

On sunny summer days, a breeze often develops that blows from large bodies of water toward nearby landmasses because the
(1) temperature of the air above the landmasses is greater
(2) specific heat of the landmasses is greater
(3) temperatures of the bodies of water are greater
(4) air over the bodies of water becomes heavier with additional water vapor

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9.

The topographic map below shows part of a stream.

In which general direction is the stream flowing?
(1) northeast
(2) northwest  
(3) southeast
(4) southwest

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10.

Which pair of shaded circles best represents the relative sizes of Earth and Venus when drawn to scale?

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11.

The weather instrument below is used to determine dewpoint and relative humidity.

Based on the temperatures shown, the approximate dewpoint and relative humidity are
(1) −19°C and 4%
(2) −5°C and 25% 
(3) 8°C and 40% 
(4) 12°C and 53%

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