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Earth Science - New York Regents January 2002 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

Summer days in New York State are likely to be hotter than winter days because in summer
(1) Earth is closer to the Sun
(2) the number of sunspots increases
(3) Earth’s northern axis is tilted toward the Sun
(4) the Sun gives off more energy

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2.

Which planet takes more time to complete one rotation on its axis than to complete one revolution around the Sun?
(1) Mercury
(2) Venus
(3) Mars
(4) Jupiter

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3.

Which observation provides the best evidence that Earth rotates?
(1) The position of the planets among the stars changes during the year.
(2) The location of the constellations in relationship to Polaris changes from month to month.
(3) The length of the shadow cast by a flagpole at noontime changes from season to season.
(4) The direction of swing of a freely swinging pendulum changes during the day.

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4.

Which mineral is white or colorless, has a hardness of 2.5, and splits with cubic cleavage?
(1) calcite
(2) halite
(3) pyrite
(4) mica

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5.

Which radioactive isotope is most useful for determining the age of mastodont bones found in late Pleistocene sediments?
(1) uranium-238
(2) carbon-14
(3) potassium-40
(4) rubidium-87

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6.

A map view of surface air movement in a low-pressure system is shown below.

The air near the center of this low-pressure system usually will
(1) evaporate into a liquid
(2) reverse direction
(3) rise and form clouds
(4) squeeze together to form a high-pressure system

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7.

At which location will the highest altitude of the star Polaris be observed?
(1) Equator
(2) Tropic of Cancer
(3) Arctic Circle
(4) central New York State

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8.

Which star is cooler and many times brighter than Earth’s Sun?
(1) Barnard's Star
(2) Betelgeuse
(3) Rigel
(4) Sirius

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