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Earth Science - New York Regents January 2006 Exam


Directions (1−35): For each statement or question, identify the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables.

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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Which event takes the most time?
(1) one revolution of Earth around the Sun
(2) one revolution of Venus around the Sun
(3) one rotation of the Moon on its axis
(4) one rotation of Venus on its axis

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

Compared to the Jovian planets in our solar system, Earth is
(1) less dense and closer to the Sun
(2) less dense and farther from the Sun
(3) more dense and closer to the Sun
(4) more dense and farther from the Sun

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

A Foucault pendulum appears to change its direction of swing due to the
(1) tilt of Earth’s axis
(2) spin of Earth on its axis
(3) deflection of Earth’s planetary winds
(4) movement of Earth in its orbit around the Sun

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

The lines on which set of views best represent Earth’s latitude system?

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

The diagram below shows a satellite in four different positions as it revolves around a planet.

Which graph best represents the changes in this satellite’s orbital velocity as it revolves around the planet?

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

At which New York State location will an observer most likely measure the altitude of Polaris as approximately 42°?
(1) Jamestown
(2) Plattsburgh 
(3) Oswego
(4) New York City

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

Which statement provides evidence that Earth revolves around the Sun?
(1) Winds at different latitudes are curved different amounts by the Coriolis effect.
(2) Different star constellations are visible from Earth at different seasons of the year.
(3) The Sun follows an apparent arc across the sky during the day.
(4) The stars appear to circle Earth during the night.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

Compared to the surface temperature and luminosity of massive stars in the Main Sequence, the smaller stars in the Main Sequence are
(1) hotter and less luminous
(2) hotter and more luminous
(3) cooler and less luminous
(4) cooler and more luminous

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

Which factor most likely causes two cities at the same elevation and latitude to have different yearly average temperature ranges?
(1) rotation of Earth
(2) duration of insolation
(3) distance from a large body of water
(4) direction of prevailing winds

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

Which set of surface soil conditions on a hillside would result in the most infiltration of rainfall?
(1) gentle slope, saturated soil, no vegetation
(2) gentle slope, unsaturated soil, vegetation
(3) steep slope, saturated soil, vegetation
(4) steep slope, unsaturated soil, no vegetation

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

Scientists have inferred that Earth’s original atmosphere was formed by the
(1) outgassing from Earth’s interior
(2) erosion of Earth’s surface
(3) decay of microorganisms in Earth’s oceans
(4) radioactive decay of elements in Earth’s core

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

Most New York State sandstone bedrock was formed
(1) in Earth’s interior where temperatures exceeded the melting point of quartz
(2) on Earth’s surface from the cooling of molten lava
(3) in a delta from sand grains deposited, buried, and cemented together by minerals
(4) in a desert when heat and metamorphic pressure caused quartz crystals to fuse together

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

Which statement best explains why no Permian-age bedrock is found in New York State?
(1) The extinction of many life-forms occurred at the end of the Permian Period.
(2) Only rocks of igneous origin formed in New York State during the Permian Period.
(3) Permian-age rocks have been metamorphosed and cannot be identified.
(4) Permian-age rocks were either eroded away or never formed in New York State.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

A fossil shell contains 25% of the original amount of its carbon-14. Approximately how many years ago was this shell part of a living organism?
(1) 5,700 years ago
(2) 11,400 years ago
(3) 17,100 years ago
(4) 22,800 years ago

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

Which sequence shows the correct order of Earth’s geologic time intervals from oldest to youngest?
(1) Archean → Mesozoic → Cenozoic → Paleozoic→ Proterozoic
(2) Archean → Proterozoic → Paleozoic → Mesozoic → Cenozoic
(3) Cenozoic → Mesozoic → Paleozoic → Proterozoic → Archean
(4) Cenozoic → Paleozoic → Archean → Mesozoic → Proterozoic

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

In which direction do the surface winds blow around a high-pressure system in the Northern Hemisphere?
(1) clockwise and inward
(2) clockwise and outward
(3) counterclockwise and inward
(4) counterclockwise and outward

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

The cross section below shows the flow of winds over a mountain ridge.

The heaviest rainfall would most likely occur on which side of this mountain and in which type of air mass?
(1) on the leeward side, in a mP air mass
(2) on the leeward side, in a cT air mass
(3) on the windward side, in a mT air mass
(4) on the windward side, in a cP air mass

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

Various weather conditions at LaGuardia Airport in New York City are shown on the station model below.

What were the barometric pressure and weather conditions at the airport at the time of the observation?
(1) 914.6 mb of pressure and smog
(2) 914.6 mb of pressure and a clear sky
(3) 1014.6 mb of pressure and smog
(4) 1014.6 mb of pressure and a clear sky

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

The properties of an air mass are mostly determined by the
(1) rate of Earth’s rotation
(2) direction of Earth’s surface winds
(3) source region where the air mass formed
(4) path the air mass follows along a land surface

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

Which list correctly matches each instrument with the weather variable it measures?
(1) wind vane—wind speed thermometer—temperature precipitation gauge—relative humidity
(2) wind vane—wind direction thermometer—dewpoint psychrometer—air pressure
(3) barometer—relative humidity anemometer—cloud cover precipitation gauge—probability of precipitation
(4) barometer—air pressure anemometer—wind speed psychrometer—relative humidity

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

21.

What is the difference between the dry-bulb temperature and the wet-bulb temperature when the relative humidity is 28% and the dry-bulb temperature is 0°C?
(1) 11°C
(2) 2°C
(3) 28°C
(4) 4°C

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

22.

Based on the theory of plate tectonics, it is inferred that over the past 250 million years North America has moved toward the
(1) northwest
(2) southwest
(3) southeast
(4) northeast

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

23.

According to tectonic plate maps, New York State is presently located
(1) at a convergent plate boundary
(2) above a mantle hot spot
(3) above a mid-ocean ridge
(4) near the center of a large plate

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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