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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2001 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

The diagram below shows the Moon in different positions as it revolves around Earth, as observed from above the North Pole (NP).

Which image correctly represents the Moon at position 8, as observed from Earth?

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2.

The Sun’s position in space is best described as the approximate center of
(1) a constellation
(2) the universe
(3) the Milky Way galaxy
(4) our solar system

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3.

Compared to Pluto, Mercury moves more rapidly in its orbit because Mercury
(1) is larger
(2) is more dense
(3) is closer to the Sun
(4) has a more elliptical orbit

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4.

The diagram below represents two planets in our solar system drawn to scale, Jupiter and planet A.

Planet A most likely represents
(1) Earth
(2) Venus
(3) Saturn
(4) Uranus

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5.

The graph below represents the brightness and temperature of stars visible from Earth.

Which location on the graph best represents a star with average brightness and temperature?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

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6.

The length of an Earth year is based on Earth’s
(1) rotation of l5°/hr
(2) revolution of l5°/hr
(3) rotation of approximately l°/day
(4) revolution of approximately l°/day

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7.

Earth’s hydrosphere is best described as the
(1) solid outer layer of Earth
(2) liquid outer layer of Earth
(3) magma layer located below Earth’s stiffer mantle
(4) gaseous layer extending several hundred kilometers from Earth into space

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8.

The passage of the Moon into Earth’s shadow causes a
(1) lunar eclipse
(2) solar eclipse
(3) new Moon
(4) full Moon

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9.

The diagram below shows the latitude-longitude grid on an Earth model. Points A and B are locations on the surface.

On Earth, the solar time difference between point A and point B would be
(1) l hour
(2) 5 hours
(3) l2 hours
(4) 24 hours

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10.

The diagram below represents part of Earth’s latitude-longitude system.

What is the latitude and longitude of point L?
(1) 5° E 30° N
(2) 5° W 30° S
(3) 5° N 30° E
(4) 5° S 30° W

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11.

The map below shows part of North America.

The arrows shown on the map most likely represent the direction of movement of
(1) Earth’s rotation
(2) the prevailing northeast winds
(3) ocean conduction currents
(4) Atlantic Ocean hurricanes

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12.

The diagram below represents the major stars of the constellation Orion, as viewed by an observer in New York State.

Which statement best explains why Orion can be observed from New York State on December 21 but not on June 21?
(1) Orion has an eccentric orbit around Earth.
(2) Orion has an eccentric orbit around the Sun.
(3) Earth revolves around the Sun.
(4) Earth rotates on its axis.

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13.

Which type of air mass usually contains the most moisture?
(1) mT
(2) mP
(3) cT
(4) cP

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14.

A student read in a newspaper that the maximum length of the daylight period for the year in Syracuse, New York, had just been reached. What was the date of this newspaper?
(1) March 22
(2) June 22
(3) September 22
(4) December 22

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15.

Which graph best shows the general effect that differences in elevation above sea level have on the average annual temperature?

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16.

Ozone is concentrated in Earth’s atmosphere at an altitude of 20 to 35 kilometers. Which atmospheric layer contains the greatest concentration of ozone?
(1) mesosphere
(2) thermosphere
(3) troposphere
(4) stratosphere

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17.

Halite has three cleavage directions at 90° to each other. Which model best represents the shape of a broken sample of halite?

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18.

Which geologic feature is caused primarily by chemical weathering?
(1) large caves in limestone bedrock
(2) a pattern of parallel cracks in a granite mountain
(3) blocks of basalt at the base of a steep slope
(4) the smooth, polished surface of a rock in a dry, sandy area

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19.

Ocean tides are best described as
(1) unpredictable and cyclic
(2) unpredictable and noncyclic
(3) predictable and cyclic
(4) predictable and noncyclic

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20.

Where is the most deposition likely to occur?
(1) on the side of a sand dune facing the wind
(2) at the mouth of a river, where it enters an ocean
(3) at a site where glacial ice scrapes bedrock
(4) at the top of steep slope in a streambed

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21.

The map below shows the area surrounding a meandering stream.

At which point is erosion greatest?
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

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22.

What is the largest particle that can be kept in motion by a stream that has a velocity of 100 centimeters per second?
(1) silt
(2) sand
(3) pebble
(4) cobble

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23.

An extrusive igneous rock with a mineral composition of 35% quartz, 35% potassium feldspar, 15% plagioclase feldspar, 10% biotite, and 5% amphibole is called
(1) rhyolite
(2) granite
(3) gabbro
(4) basaltic glass

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24.

During which process does heat transfer occur because of density differences?
(1) conduction
(2) convection
(3) radiation
(4) reflection

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25.

Carbon-l4, an isotope used to date recent organic remains, would most likely be useful in determining the age of a fossil
(1) trilobite
(2) Coelophysis
(3) armored fish
(4) Beluga whale

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26.

Which diagram best represents visible light rays after striking a dark, rough surface?

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27.

The cartoon below illustrates possible interaction between humans and mammoths.

During which geologic timespan could this “game” have occurred?
(1) Pleistocene Epoch
(2) Pennsylvanian Epoch
(3) Precambrian Era
(4) Paleozoic Era

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28.

The apparent shift in the direction of swing of a Foucault pendulum is caused by Earth’s
(1) revolution
(2) rotation
(3) spherical shape
(4) tilted axis

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29.

The diagram below shows a glacial landscape.

Which evidence suggests that ice created this landscape?
(1) U-shaped valleys
(2) many stream valleys
(3) sorted sediment on the valley floor
(4) the landslide near the valley floor

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30.

An earthquake’s P-wave arrived at a seismograph station at 02 hours 40 minutes 00 seconds. The earthquake’s S-wave arrived at the same station 2 minutes later. What is the approximate distance from the seismograph station to the epicenter of the earthquake?
(1) 1,100 km
(2) 2,400 km
(3) 3,100 km
(4) 4,000 km

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31.

When small particles settle through water faster than large particles, the small particles are probably
(1) lighter
(2) flatter
(3) better sorted
(4) more dense

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32.

The diagram below shows the abundance of organisms called crinoids, blastoids, and echinoids throughout different geologic periods. The number of species living at any given time is represented by the width of the blackened areas.

Which statement about crinoids, blastoids, and echinoids is best supported by the diagram?
(1) They are now extinct.
(2) They came into existence during the same geologic period.
(3) They existed during the Devonian Period.
(4) They have steadily increased in number since they first appeared.

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33.

Which graph shows the effect of soil permeability on the amount of runoff in an area?

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34.

In a Doppler red shift, the observed wavelengths of light from distant celestial objects appear closer to the red end of the spectrum than light from similar nearby celestial objects. The explanation for the red shift is that the universe is presently
(1) contracting, only
(2) expanding, only
(3) remaining constant in size
(4) alternating between contracting and expanding

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35.

Which sequence of change in rock type occurs as shale is subjected to increasing heat and pressure?
(1) shale → schist → phyllite → slate → gneiss
(2) shale → slate → phyllite → schist → gneiss
(3) shale → gneiss → phyllite → slate → schist
(4) shale → gneiss → phyllite → schist → slate

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