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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2003 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

The planetary winds in Earth’s Northern Hemisphere generally curve to the right due to Earth’s
(1) orbit around the Sun
(2) spin on its axis
(3) magnetic field
(4) force of gravity

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2.

The redshift of light from distant galaxies provides evidence that the universe is
(1) shrinking, only
(2) expanding, only
(3) shrinking and expanding in a cyclic pattern
(4) remaining the same size

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3.

Which of these characteristics identity an Earth surface that is likely to be the best absorber of insolation?
(1) light colored and smooth
(2) light colored and rough
(3) dark colored and smooth
(4) dark colored and rough

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4.

Which phase change requires water to gain 540 calories per gram?
(1) solid ice melting
(2) liquid water freezing
(3) liquid water vaporizing
(4) water vapor condensing

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5.

The diagram below shows the positions of the Moon and the Sun at sunset during an evening in New York State. Points A, B, C, and D represent positions along the western horizon.

At sunset on the following evening, the Moon will be located at position
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

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6.

Which diagram best illustrates how air rising over a mountain produces precipitation?

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7.

A student used a sling psychrometer to measure the humidity of the air. If the relative humidity was 65% and the dry-bulb temperature was 10°C, what was the wet-bulb temperature?
(1) 5°C
(2) 7°C
(3) 3°C
(4) 10°C

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8.

A gradual increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide would warm Earth’s atmosphere because carbon dioxide is a
(1) poor reflector of ultraviolet radiation
(2) good reflector of ultraviolet radiation
(3) poor absorber of infrared radiation
(4) good absorber of infrared radiation

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9.

Why are the beaches that are located on the southern shore of Long Island often considerably cooler than nearby inland locations on hot summer afternoons?
(1) A land breeze develops due to the lower specific heat of water and the higher specific heat of land.
(2) A sea breeze develops due to the higher specific heat of water and the lower specific heat of land.
(3) The beaches are closer to the Equator than the inland locations are.
(4) The beaches are farther from the Equator than the inland locations are.

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