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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2004 Exam


Directions (1−35): For each statement or question, identify the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables.

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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

The motion of a Foucault pendulum provides evidence of
(1) the Sun’s rotation
(2) the Sun’s revolution
(3) Earth’s rotation
(4) Earth’s revolution

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

Which form of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength of 1.0 × 10−3 centimeter?
(1) ultraviolet
(2) infrared 
(3) radio waves
(4) microwaves

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

The time required for the Moon to show a complete cycle of phases when viewed from Earth is approximately
(1) 1 day
(2) 1 week 
(3) 1 month
(4) 1 year

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

Which planet has an orbital eccentricity most like the orbital eccentricity of the Moon?
(1) Pluto
(2) Saturn 
(3) Mars
(4) Mercury

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

On June 21, where will the Sun appear to rise for an observer located in New York State?
(1) due west
(2) due east 
(3) north of due east
(4) south of due east

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6.

Which statement best describes sediments deposited by glaciers and rivers?
(1) Glacial deposits and river deposits are both sorted.
(2) Glacial deposits are sorted, and river deposits are unsorted.
(3) Glacial deposits are unsorted, and river deposits are sorted.
(4) Glacial deposits and river deposits are both unsorted.

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7.

The diagram below shows four different chemical materials escaping from the interior of early Earth.

Which material contributed least to the early composition of the atmosphere?
(1) SiO2
(2) H2O
(3) N2
(4) CO2

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8.

The diagram below shows a fossil found in the surface bedrock of New York State.

Which other fossil is most likely to be found in the same age bedrock?
(1) Phacops
(2) condor
(3) Coelophysis
(4) Tetragraptus

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

Soil composed of which particle size usually has the greatest capillarity?
(1) silt
(2) fine sand
(3) coarse sand
(4) pebbles

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10.

Which sequence correctly shows the relative size of the nine planets of our solar system?

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

The graph below shows changes in the atmosphere occurring above typical air-mass source regions A, B, C, and D. Changes in air temperature and altitude are shown as the graphed lines. Changes in water-vapor content, in grams of vapor per kilogram of air, are shown as numbers on each graphed line.

Which list best identifies each air-mass source region?
(1) A — cT, B — cP, C — mP, D — mT
(2) A — cP, B — mP, C — mT, D — cT 
(3) A — mP, B — mT, C — cT, D — cP
(4) A — mT, B — cT, C — cP, D — mP

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12.

Earth’s outer core and inner core are both inferred to be
(1) liquid
(2) solid
(3) composed of a high percentage of iron
(4) under the same pressure

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13.

Surface winds on Earth are primarily caused by differences in
(1) air density due to unequal heating of Earth’s surface
(2) ocean wave heights during the tidal cycle
(3) rotational speeds of Earth’s surface at various latitudes
(4) distances from the Sun during the year

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14.

Which nonfoliated rock forms only in a zone of contact metamorphism?
(1) conglomerate
(2) hornfels
(3) pegmatite
(4) quartzite

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15.

During a dry summer, the flow of most large New York State streams generally
(1) continues because some groundwater seeps into the streams
(2) increases due to greater surface runoff
(3) remains unchanged due to transpiration from grasses, shrubs, and trees
(4) stops completely because no water runs off into the streams

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16.

The density of Earth’s crust is
(1) less than the density of the outer core but greater than the density of the mantle
(2) greater than the density of the outer core but less than the density of the mantle
(3) less than the density of both the outer core and the mantle
(4) greater than the density of both the outer core and the mantle

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17.

Which map best represents the direction of surface winds associated with the highand low-pressure systems?

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18.

In each diagram below, the mass of the star is the same. In which diagram is the force of gravity greatest between the star and the planet shown?

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19.

The cross section below shows rock layers that underwent crustal movement during an igneous intrusion in the Cretaceous Period.

Which statement best describes the cause of the ridges shown?
(1) The rock layers were evenly weathered.
(2) Some rock layers were more resistant to weathering and erosion.
(3) The igneous intrusion flowed over the surface.
(4) More deposition occurred at the ridge sites after uplift.

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20.

The picture below shows a geological feature in the Kalahari Desert of southwestern Africa.

Which process most likely produced the present appearance of this feature?
(1) wind erosion
(2) volcanic eruption
(3) earthquake vibrations
(4) plate tectonics

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

21.

Which group of organisms, some of which were preserved as fossils in early Paleozoic rocks, are still in existence today?
(1) brachiopods
(2) eurypterids 
(3) graptolites
(4) trilobites

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22.

The diagram below shows the shadow cast by a telephone pole on March 21 at solar noon at a location in New York State.

Which shadow was cast by the same telephone pole on June 21 at solar noon?

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23.

Which two New York State landscape regions are formed mostly of surface bedrock that is approximately the same geologic age?
(1) Manhattan Prong and Atlantic Coastal Plain
(2) Erie-Ontario Lowlands and Adirondack Mountains
(3) Adirondack Mountains and Allegheny Plateau
(4) Tug Hill Plateau and St. Lawrence Lowlands

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24.

The photograph below shows deformed rock structure found on Earth’s surface.

Deformed rock structure like this is most often caused by
(1) crustal plate collisions
(2) deposition of sediments
(3) extrusion of magma
(4) glacial movement

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

25.

The seismogram below shows the time that an earthquake P-wave arrived at a seismic station in Albany, New York.

If the earthquake occurred at exactly 10:00 p.m., approximately how far from the earthquake epicenter was Albany, New York?
(1) 1,900 km
(2) 3,200 km 
(3) 4,000 km
(4) 5,200 km

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26.

On each topographic map below, the straight-line distance from point A to point B is 5 kilometers. Which topographic map shows the steepest gradient between A and B?

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

27.

Which seismogram was recorded approximately 4,000 kilometers from an earthquake epicenter?

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28.

When the velocity of a stream suddenly decreases, the sediment being transported undergoes an increase in
(1) particle density
(2) erosion
(3) deposition
(4) mass movement

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

29.

When granite melts and then solidifies, it becomes
(1) a sedimentary rock
(2) an igneous rock
(3) a metamorphic rock
(4) sediments

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30.

During the Permian Period, sedimentary bedrock in the Appalachian Region was subjected to high temperature and pressure. Calcite deposits that had existed in this environment would most likely have formed
(1) schist
(2) gabbro
(3) marble
(4) gneiss

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31.

The satellite photograph below shows a geologic feature composed of silt, sand, and clay.

The geologic feature shown in the photograph was primarily deposited by which agent of erosion?
(1) glaciers
(2) wind
(3) wave action
(4) running water

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

32.

Which graph shows the relative duration of geologic time for the Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic time intervals?

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33.

The graph below shows the relationship between the cooling time of magma and the size of the crystals produced.

Which graph correctly shows the relative positions of the igneous rocks granite, rhyolite, and pumice?

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34.

According to the Geologic History of New York State in the Earth Science Reference Tables, the inferred latitude of New York State 362 million years ago was closest to
(1) where it is now
(2) the North Pole
(3) the Equator
(4) 45° south

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35.

The diagram below shows a tectonic plate boundary

Which mantle hot spot is at a plate boundary like the one shown in this diagram?
(1) Hawaii Hot Spot
(2) Yellowstone Hot Spot
(3) Galapagos Hot Spot
(4) Canary Hot Spot

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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