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Earth Science - New York Regents January 2014

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 At a location in the Northern Hemisphere, a
  camera was placed outside at night with the lens
  pointing straight up. The shutter was left open
  for four hours, resulting in the star trails shown
  below.

At which latitude were these star trails
observed?
(1) 1° N            (3) 60° N
(2) 30° N           (4) 90° N

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2.

2 Why are some constellations visible to New York
  State observers at midnight during April, but not
  visible at midnight during October?
  (1) Constellations move within our galaxy.
  (2) Constellations have elliptical orbits.
  (3) Earth revolves around the Sun.
  (4) Earth rotates on its axis.

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3.

3 A red shift in the light from very distant galaxies
  suggests that the universe is
  (1) fixed and stationary (3) contracting
  (2) moving randomly         (4) expanding

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4.

4 Which motion causes the Coriolis effect on
  Earth?
  (1) revolution of Earth around the Sun
  (2) revolution of the Moon around Earth
  (3) rotation of Earth on its axis
  (4) rotation of the Moon on its axis

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5.

5 When water vapor condenses, how much heat
  energy will be released into the atmosphere?
  (1) 2260 joules/gram      (3) 4.18 joules/gram
  (2) 334 joules/gram       (4) 2.11 joules/gram

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6.

6 Liquid water sometimes turns into ice when it
  comes in contact with Earth’s surface. Which
  present weather symbol on a station model
  represents this type of precipitation?

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7.

7 A weather station model is shown below.

Which information shown on the station model
is most closely associated with measurements
from an anemometer?

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8.

8 A dry-bulb temperature of 30°C and a wet-bulb
  temperature of 29°C were recorded at a weather
  station. What are the relative humidity and the
  most likely weather conditions?
  (1) Relative humidity is 29% with clear skies.
  (2) Relative humidity is 29% with a good chance
       of snow.
  (3) Relative humidity is 93% with clear skies.
  (4) Relative humidity is 93% with a good chance
       of rain.

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9.

9 The arrows on the map below show the
  prevailing winds at a midlatitude coastal city.

This city most likely has a climate that is
(1) arid, with a small difference between     the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(2) arid, with a large difference between     the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(3) humid, with a small difference between    the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(4) humid, with a large difference between    the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures

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10.

10 During an El Niño event, the South Equatorial
   Current reverses direction and flows over the
   top of northern portions of the Peru Current,
   causing
   (1) warmer surface ocean waters along the
       northeast coast of South America
   (2) warmer surface ocean waters along the
       northwest coast of South America
   (3) cooler surface ocean waters along the
       northeast coast of South America
   (4) cooler surface ocean waters along the
       northwest coast of South America

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11.

11 An air mass entering Alaska from the northern
   Pacific Ocean would most likely be labeled on a
   weather map as
   (1) cP                  (3) mP
   (2) cT                  (4) mT

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12.

12 Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are
   best described as violently rotating columns of
   air surrounded by
   (1) clockwise surface winds moving toward the
        columns
   (2) clockwise surface winds moving away from
        the columns
   (3) counterclockwise surface winds moving
        toward the columns
   (4) counterclockwise surface winds moving
        away from the columns

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13.

13 The major source of oxygen in Earth’s Early
   Proterozoic atmosphere is inferred to have been
   produced by
   (1) oceanic cyanobacteria
   (2) outgassing from volcanic eruptions
   (3) radioactive decay in Earth’s inner core
   (4) evaporation of ocean water

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14.

14 Earth has sedimentary bedrock of marine origin
   that is four billion years old. Which inference
   can be made from this information?
   (1) Earth had oceans four billion years ago.
   (2) Sedimentary rocks formed from magma
       when Earth cooled four billion years ago.
   (3) Most sedimentary rocks are at least four
       billion years old.
   (4) Life existed on Earth four billion years ago.

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15.

15 Valcouroceras is a New York State index fossil.
   Which mountain-building event occurred in
   New York State during the time when
   Valcouroceras was living in oceans covering parts
   of New York State?
   (1) Alleghenian orogeny (3) Taconian orogeny
   (2) Acadian orogeny       (4) Grenville orogeny

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