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Earth Science - New York Regents January 2015

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 The theory that the universe is expanding is
  supported by data from the
  (1) nuclear decay of radioactive materials
  (2) nuclear fusion of radioactive materials
  (3) blue shift of light from distant galaxies
  (4) red shift of light from distant galaxies

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2.

2 The photograph below shows a feature of the
  universe as seen through a telescope.

This feature is best identified as
(1) a galaxy               (3) an asteroid
(2) a comet                (4) a star

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3.

3 Fourteen billion years represents the approximate
  age of
  (1) Earth                  (3) our solar system
  (2) Earth’s Moon           (4) the universe

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4.

4 Which terms describe the motion of most
  objects in our solar system?
  (1) noncyclic and unpredictable
  (2) noncyclic and predictable
  (3) cyclic and unpredictable
  (4) cyclic and predictable

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5.

5 Which planet has completed less than one orbit
  of the Sun in the last 100 years?
  (1) Mars                   (3) Neptune
  (2) Mercury                (4) Uranus

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6.

6 Compared to the size and density of Earth,
  the Moon has a
  (1) smaller diameter and lower density
  (2) smaller diameter and higher density
  (3) larger diameter and lower density
  (4) larger diameter and higher density

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7.

7 In the Northern Hemisphere, planetary winds
  are deflected to the right due to the
  (1) Doppler effect
  (2) Coriolis effect
  (3) tilt of Earth’s axis
  (4) uneven heating of Earth’s surface

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8.

8 Which event is inferred to have contributed to
  the significant global climate change that may
  have caused the mass extinctions of organisms at
  the end of the Late Cretaceous Epoch?
  (1) the Big Bang
  (2) an asteroid impact
  (3) formation of Pangaea
  (4) shifting of Earth’s magnetic poles

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The diagram below represents the placoderm
  fish Bothriolepis, an index fossil found in
  New York State.

The surface bedrock at which location is most
likely to contain this fossil?
(1) Ithaca                   (3) Albany
(2) Old Forge                (4) New York City

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10.

10 The geologic cross section below includes an
   unconformity and an igneous intrusion.

Which two events produced the geologic
unconformity in the rock record?
(1) intrusion of magma, followed by contact
    metamorphism
(2) intrusion of magma, followed by erosion of
    rock layers
(3) erosion of rock layers, followed by deposition
    of more sediments
(4) erosion of rock layers, followed by intrusion
    of magma

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11.

11 Which map best represents the surface
   wind pattern around Northern Hemisphere
   high-pressure and low-pressure centers?

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12.

12 What is the dewpoint when the dry-bulb
   temperature is 12°C and the wet-bulb temperature
   is 7°C?
   (1) 1°C                   (3) 28°C
   (2) Ϫ5°C                  (4) 48°C

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13.

13 The station model below shows some weather
   conditions at a location on Earth’s surface.

Which present weather symbol represents the
most likely type of precipitation occurring at this
location?

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14.

14 In which atmospheric temperature zone does
   most precipitation occur?
   (1) thermosphere          (3) stratosphere
   (2) mesosphere            (4) troposphere

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15.

15 Which tectonic feature is associated with a
   complex or uncertain plate boundary?
   (1) Southwest Indian Ridge
   (2) East African Rift
   (3) Mariana Trench
   (4) Galapagos Hot Spot

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