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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2011 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 • Keeping field notes from excavation sites
  • Analyzing radiocarbon dating test results
  • Examining and cataloging artifacts
  Which social scientist directly engages in these
  activities?
  (1) political scientist   (3) historian
  (2) archaeologist         (4) sociologist

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Use of terracing is an example of a society’s
  reaction to
  (1) religious beliefs
  (2) social stratification
  (3) geographic conditions
  (4) political situations

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 What is a major feature of a traditional economy?
  (1) nationalizing foreign-owned businesses
  (2) determining prices using a free market
  (3) establishing quotas based on five-year plans
  (4) bartering for goods and services

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 • If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off
    his hand.
  • If a seignior has destroyed the eye of a member
    of the aristocracy, they shall destroy his eye.
  • If he has broken another seignior’s bone, they
    shall break his bone.
  Which document contains these statements?
  (1) Ten Commandments
  (2) Code of Hammurabi
  (3) Edicts of Asoka
  (4) Twelve Tables

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which geographic feature has helped isolate
  China?
  (1) Andes Mountains
  (2) Kalahari Desert
  (3) Himalaya Mountains
  (4) Great Rift Valley

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The rule of Shi Huangdi, legalism, and the tomb
  of terra cotta soldiers are most closely associated
  with the
  (1) Maurya Empire           (3) Persian Empire
  (2) Qin dynasty             (4) Hellenistic culture

  1

  2

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  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 The development of which early civilization was
  influenced most directly by the Tigris River, the
  Zagros Mountains, and the Syrian Desert?
  (1) Chinese               (3) Egyptian
  (2) Maya                  (4) Mesopotamian

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which religion includes the Four Noble Truths,
  the Eightfold Path, and nirvana?
  (1) Buddhism              (3) Judaism
  (2) Hinduism              (4) Christianity

  1

  2

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 Which geographic factor affected the development
  of the Gupta Empire?
  (1) volcanoes              (3) monsoons
  (2) permafrost             (4) island location

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 The Russian Orthodox Church developed as a
   result of Russia’s cultural interactions with which
   group?
   (1) Byzantines               (3) Vikings
   (2) Muslims                  (4) Huns

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Which statement about the Sahara is most closely
   associated with the West African civilizations of
   Ghana and Mali?
   (1) Irrigation systems made it possible to farm in
       the Sahara.
   (2) Salt mined in the Sahara was exchanged for
       gold.
   (3) Oases in the Sahara served as their capital
       cities.
   (4) The Sahara prevented the spread of Islam to
       the region.

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

    Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: We must fight to keep control of
           Jerusalem in the hands of those who
           believe in Allah.
Speaker B: Come and battle while there is still time
           to protect the Holy Land where Christ
           walked.
Speaker C: We must go forth to heal the split
           between the churches.
Speaker D: An investment in ships and knights will
           yield control of profitable trade routes.
12 Which speaker expresses a Muslim perspective
   during the Crusades?
   (1) A                   (3) C
   (2) B                   (4) D

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which speaker is expressing an economic motive
   for the Crusades?
   (1) A                     (3) C
   (2) B                     (4) D

  1

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  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 The bubonic plague affected economic
   development in medieval times by
   (1) encouraging the introduction of new types of
       crops
   (2) causing production to decline and prices to
       rise
   (3) sparking the ideas of socialism and reform
   (4) destroying the guild system

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 One reason the Renaissance began in Italy was
   that Italian city-states
   (1) defeated the Spanish Armada
   (2) were unified as a nation under the Pope
   (3) were unaffected by the Commercial
       Revolution
   (4) dominated key Mediterranean trade routes

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 In The Prince, Machiavelli advises rulers to
   (1) seek the approval of the people
   (2) establish and maintain power
   (3) promote openness in government
   (4) learn and follow the commandments of the
       church

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 During the Ming dynasty, why did China enjoy a
   favorable balance of trade with Europe?
   (1) The Ming dynasty imported numerous
       manufactured goods from Europe.
   (2) China exported large quantities of opium to
       European traders.
   (3) Chinese silk continued to be in high demand
       in Europe.
   (4) The Ming dynasty paid tribute to European
       traders.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 One way the Incas adapted their environment
   was by
   (1) building a network of roads through the
       mountains
   (2) growing rice as a major agricultural product
   (3) establishing an encomienda system
   (4) creating floating gardens

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

    Base your answers to questions 19 and 20 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . It recounts the life of the officials, the notaries,
   the deputies, the proprietors of Indian labour, the
   priests, the miners and the Spaniards who travel
   from post to post along the roads and rivers of
   Peru; the visitors, the judges, the Indian chiefs
   and their subjects, including the very poor.
         In my work I have always tried to obtain the
   most truthful accounts, accepting those which
   seemed to be substantial and which were
   confirmed from various sources. I have only
   reported those facts which several people agreed
   upon as being true. . . .
     — Huamán Poma, Letter to a King: A Peruvian Chief’s
   Account of Life Under the Incas and Under Spanish Rule,
                                               E. P. Dutton
19 This author is describing the process he used in
   (1) formulating a scientific theory from earlier
       experiments
   (2) developing a historical account from primary
       sources
   (3) comparing details of differing religions
   (4) explaining the importance of obeying laws

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 According to this author, accounts used in making
   statements of fact must be
   (1) brief                   (3) verified
   (2) interesting             (4) unbiased

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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