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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 What does a topographic map show?
  (1) climate regions      (3) patterns of trade
  (2) ethnic distributions (4) physical features

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which social scientist is most concerned with
  analyzing the relationship between the supply of
  and the demand for goods and services?
  (1) an anthropologist      (3) a sociologist
  (2) an economist           (4) a political scientist

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3.

3 Which geographic feature did the earliest
  civilizations in Egypt, India, and China have in
  common?
  (1) mountains that provided protection from
       invasion
  (2) rivers that increased the fertility of the land
       by flooding
  (3) vast forests that supplied lumber for building
  (4) tropical climates that included monsoons

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

    Base your answer to question 4 on the quotation
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …We give our obedience to those whom we put
   in positions of authority, and we obey the laws
   themselves, especially those which are for the
   protection of the oppressed, and those unwritten
   laws which it is an acknowledged shame to
   break.…
                      — Pericles, quoted in History of the
                                      Peloponnesian War
 4 In this quotation, Pericles is praising Athenian
   (1) civic values
   (2) artistic creativity
   (3) military strengths
   (4) commercial success

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5.

5 The ancient Sumerians modified their
  environment to increase food production by
  (1) building terraces
  (2) removing rain forests
  (3) digging irrigation canals
  (4) developing chinampas

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6.

6 Believers of Hinduism are expected to
  (1) fulfill their dharma for a favorable
      reincarnation
  (2) complete a pilgrimage to Mecca
  (3) obey the Ten Commandments
  (4) follow the Eightfold Path to achieve
      enlightenment

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7.

    Base your answer to question 7 on the outline
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
         Golden Age of
            I. Mathematical innovation
               A. Decimal system
               B. Concept of zero
           II. Astronomy
          III. Medicine
               A. Vaccination
               B. Plastic surgery
               C. Hospital system
          IV. Literature
               A. Sanskrit poetry & fables
           V. Art & Architecture
               A. Stupas
               B. Capital at Pataliputra
               C. Ajanta Caves
 7 Which civilization best completes the title of this
   outline?
   (1) Ghana                 (3) Song
   (2) Khmer                 (4) Gupta

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

Base your answer to question 8 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

8 Which concept does this map best illustrate?
  (1) balance of power                     (3) cultural diffusion
  (2) ethnocentrism                        (4) self-sufficiency

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9.

9 • Islamic scholars made significant contributions
    to astronomy.
  • Muslim architects excelled in design.
  • Schools and libraries were built in Islamic
    urban centers.
  Which conclusion about Islamic society during its
  Golden Age can best be supported by these
  statements?
  (1) Social status of Muslims was determined at
      birth.
  (2) Achievements relied on a knowledge of math
      and science.
  (3) People of diverse faiths were required to
      convert to Islam.
  (4) Cities developed self-sufficient economies.

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10.

    Base your answer to question 10 on the chart
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

10 What is the best title for this chart?
   (1) Role of the Church
   (2) Feudal Obligations
   (3) Knights’ Code of Chivalry
   (4) Rules for Guild Membership

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11.

11 Which region had the greatest influence on the
   historical and cultural development of the
   Byzantine Empire?
   (1) Mesoamerica         (3) Rome
   (2) India               (4) Egypt

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12.

12 Muslims’ reference to Christians and Jews as
   “People of the Book” demonstrates they all
   shared a belief in
   (1) the pope               (3) monotheism
   (2) the five relationships (4) dharma

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13.

13 During the Renaissance, humanist philosophers
   emphasized the importance of
   (1) individualism
   (2) absolutism
   (3) religious salvation
   (4) technological advancements

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14.

14 Which statement about the Protestant
   Reformation is an opinion rather than a fact?
   (1) German princes revolted against the Holy
       Roman Emperor.
   (2) Membership in the Catholic Church declined
       in northern Europe.
   (3) European religious unity was disrupted by
       the newly established religions.
   (4) Henry VIII led a stronger religious reform
       movement than Martin Luther did.

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15.

15 The location of the Ottoman Empire had an
   impact on the
   (1) trade between Europe and Asia
   (2) conquest of Spain by the Muslims
   (3) spread of Buddhism into Southeast Asia
   (4) decline in the Atlantic slave trade

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 The rule of Akbar the Great is important
   because he
   (1) admired legalism and emphasized oppression
   (2) recognized natural laws and supported
       democracy
   (3) accepted diversity and practiced religious
       toleration
   (4) supported equality and outlawed the caste
       system

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17.

    Base your answer to question 17 on the chart
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

17 This chart of the Columbian exchange shows the
   (1) benefits of the exploration of Asia by
       Europeans
   (2) effects of the Middle Passage on the
       Americas
   (3) introduction of South American products into
       North America
   (4) interaction of cultures between the Western
       and Eastern hemispheres

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Europeans considered mercantilism a successful
   policy because it
   (1) encouraged self-sufficiency in less developed
       nations
   (2) led to alliances with Asian countries
   (3) protected traditional social practices
   (4) created wealth for the colonial powers

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19.

19 One similarity between the Magna Carta and the
   English Bill of Rights is that both documents
   (1) set up a two-party political system
   (2) placed limits on the power of the monarch
   (3) established the right to inherit the throne
   (4) guaranteed equal rights for all citizens

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20.

20 Which statement represents a key idea directly
   associated with John Locke’s Two Treatises of
   Government?
   (1) Freedom of speech should be denied.
   (2) The king’s power on Earth comes from God.
   (3) All people are born with the right to life,
       liberty, and property.
   (4) Individuals acting in their own self-interest
       will achieve economic success.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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