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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which feature is considered a natural barrier?
  (1) Great Rift Valley
  (2) Aswan Dam
  (3) Panama Canal
  (4) Great Wall of China

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 A library’s holdings include the following title: A
  Forgotten Kingdom, Being a Record of the results
  obtained from the excavation of two mounds,
  Atchana and Al Mina, in the Turkish Hatay.
  Which field of study would have been most
  responsible for conducting the excavation?
  (1) economics              (3) archaeology
  (2) sociology              (4) political science

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which practice is closely associated with most
  ancient river valley civilizations?
  (1) recording events in cave paintings
  (2) using irrigation systems
  (3) developing democratic traditions
  (4) spreading monotheistic religious customs

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Which achievement played an important role in
  pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations?
  (1) use of gunpowder
  (2) production of corn
  (3) domestication of horses
  (4) development of sugar plantations

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 One way in which filial piety in Confucian China
  and citizenship in ancient Athens are similar is
  that both
  (1) emphasized duties and responsibilities in
      society
  (2) encouraged the development of advanced
      technology
  (3) promoted respect for the physical
      environment
  (4) required that legalist principles be followed

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

    Base your answers to questions 6 and 7 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   … It was during the Arab period, particularly
   under the Umayyads (756–1031), that Qurtubah
   [Cordova] enjoyed its prime and grandeur and
   took its place as the most civilized city in Western
   Europe. None of the other Spanish historic
   cities — Toledo, Seville, and Granada —
   approached it in material prosperity and
   intellectual attainments. When Christendom was
   deep in its Dark Ages, Moslem Cordova was
   rearing men, evolving ideas, writing books,
   erecting buildings, and producing works of art
   that constituted a unique civilization. In the West
   it had one peer in Constantinople and in the East
   another, Baghdad. At no time before or after did
   any Spanish city enjoy such distinction.…
              — Philip K. Hitti, Capital Cities of Arab Islam
 6 Based on this passage, what is a major criterion
   used to measure the distinctive civilization found
   in Cordova?
   (1) unique religious beliefs
   (2) distance from Baghdad
   (3) intellectual achievements
   (4) depth of the Dark Ages

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which term is best illustrated using this passage?
  (1) golden age
  (2) divine right
  (3) spheres of influence
  (4) global interdependence

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which group used the stirrup, skilled
  horsemanship, and siege warfare techniques to
  conquer much of Asia and part of Europe in the
  12th and 13th centuries?
  (1) Japanese             (3) Persians
  (2) Vikings              (4) Mongols

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

Base your answer to question 9 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

9 Which conclusion can best be inferred from the information on this map?
  (1) The peoples of Europe and Southwest Asia were influenced by Eurasian nomads.
  (2) Significant amounts of trade took place between Asia and Europe.
  (3) African culture was shaped by Asian migration.
  (4) The peoples of Southeast Asia migrated to South Asia.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

Base your answer to question 10 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

10 Based on the information on this map, which statement is a valid conclusion?
   (1) Indian Ocean trade existed before the European Age of Exploration.
   (2) African cities were isolated from overseas trade.
   (3) The Indian Ocean trade network ended in A.D. 1000.
   (4) These trade routes united the Western Hemisphere.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Which statement concerning the influence of
   geography on Japan is most accurate?
   (1) Widespread mineral deposits led Japan to
       industrialize before England.
   (2) The lack of natural barriers made it easy to
       conquer Japan.
   (3) Large tracts of arable land made Japan a
       leading agricultural exporter.
   (4) Japan’s location allowed selective borrowing
       from China.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca demonstrates
   that he practiced
   (1) animism              (3) Islam
   (2) Sikhism              (4) Buddhism

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which geographic region made up much of the
   Ottoman Empire?
   (1) Scandinavia
   (2) Iberian Peninsula
   (3) Indian Subcontinent
   (4) eastern Mediterranean Basin

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 During the rise of capitalism in Europe,
   merchants and bankers began to establish
   (1) systems based on bartering
   (2) rules that forbid loans to the wealthy
   (3) quotas to control production
   (4) insurance companies and joint stock
       companies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 • Johannes Gutenberg
   • King Henry VIII
   • John Calvin
   Which event in European history was most
   directly influenced by these individuals?
   (1) Reconquista
   (2) Glorious Revolution
   (3) Protestant Reformation
   (4) trans-Atlantic slave trade

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which situation came first?
   (1) Spain introduced the encomienda system.
   (2) Portugal claimed Brazil.
   (3) Spain and Portugal competed for colonies in
       the Americas.
   (4) Columbus arrived in the Caribbean region.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 The term mercantilism is best described as
   (1) an economic policy in which a colonial power
       controls trade
   (2) an international policy of laissez-faire
       economics
   (3) a network linking industrialized nations
   (4) an exchange of land between nobles

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Which characteristic is associated with the rule of
   both Akbar the Great and Suleiman the
   Magnificent?
   (1) promoting equal rights for women
   (2) expanding the role of legislative bodies
   (3) forcing the conversion of citizens to
       Christianity
   (4) practicing religious tolerance toward
       members of society

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Historians frequently portray Louis XIV’s
   construction of the palace of Versailles and Peter
   the Great’s building of the city of Saint
   Petersburg as
   (1) shrines to religious beliefs
   (2) monuments to personal rule
   (3) examples of colonial architectural influences
   (4) efforts to isolate and protect the ruler

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 One way in which the Scientific Revolution and
   the Enlightenment are similar is that both
   (1) led to increased power for royal families in
       Europe
   (2) sought to reconcile Christian beliefs and
       science
   (3) questioned traditional values and past
       practices
   (4) promoted nationalistic revolutions in eastern
       Europe

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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