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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 The Europeans referred to China as the Far East.
  The Chinese referred to China as the Middle
  Kingdom. What do these terms illustrate?
  (1) The names of places refer to significant
      physical features.
  (2) Most people do not understand geography.
  (3) The point of view of people influences
      geographic labels.
  (4) Place names sometimes commemorate
      important events.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 In which economic system does the government
  make most major decisions about what to produce,
  how much to produce, and for whom the goods
  and services will be produced?
  (1) traditional           (3) command
  (2) mixed                 (4) market

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Throughout history, a basic purpose of government
  has been to provide
  (1) equal rights for all people
  (2) laws to maintain order
  (3) representation for all social classes
  (4) separate political and religious systems

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 The Neolithic Revolution is considered a turning
  point in global history because it led to
  (1) increasing migrations of people in search of
      food
  (2) increasing use of animal skins for clothing
  (3) a belief in a spiritual world
  (4) the development of civilization

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The primary reason ancient peoples of the Nile
  River valley built levees, dikes, and reservoirs
  was to
  (1) purify sacred waters
  (2) create a shorter route to distant cities
  (3) defend against invaders
  (4) increase agricultural production

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 In the practice of religion, the Ten Commandments
  are to Christianity as the Eightfold Path is to
  (1) Buddhism                   (3) Islam
  (2) Daoism                     (4) Shinto

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7.

7 Mandate of Heaven, production of silk, and
  reverence for ancestors are all characteristics
  associated with civilizations in
  (1) India                   (3) Greece
  (2) China                   (4) West Africa

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8.

8 • Made advances in mathematics, science, and
    medicine
  • Preserved Greek and Roman learning
  • Influenced Spanish architecture and literature
  These achievements are most closely associated
  with the
  (1) Golden Age of Islam
  (2) Maya Empire
  (3) Gupta Empire
  (4) Tang dynasty

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9.

9 Which country has acted as a cultural bridge
  between China and Japan?
  (1) Philippines         (3) Korea
  (2) Vietnam             (4) Bangladesh

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10.

10 After the fall of the Mongol Empire, which city
   emerged as the new political and cultural center
   of Russia?
   (1) Moscow                (3) Novgorod
   (2) Warsaw                (4) Kiev

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11.

Base your answer to question 11 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
                                       Population of England
11 The population trend from 1350 to 1450 is most likely the result of the
   (1) development of trade with the Americas
   (2) raids by Vikings on coastal cities
   (3) defeat of the Spanish Armada by England
   (4) spread of the bubonic plague in England

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Which characteristic was common to the cities of
   the Hanseatic League in Europe and the cities of
   the African kingdom of Ghana?
   (1) location on key trade routes
   (2) indirect control by the papacy
   (3) management of local gold mines
   (4) development as centers of woolen industry

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which leader started the Protestant Reformation
   by speaking out against papal abuses and the sale
   of indulgences in the Ninety-five Theses?
   (1) John Calvin           (3) John Wycliffe
   (2) Henry VIII            (4) Martin Luther

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14.

14 What was one important result of Mansa Musa’s
   pilgrimage to Mecca?
   (1) creation of a large navy
   (2) translation of the Qur’an from Arabic to Swahili
   (3) establishment of diplomatic ties with other
       Muslim states
   (4) preservation of animistic traditions in the
       Arabian Peninsula

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

Base your answer to question 15 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
15 Which statement can best be supported by the information shown on this map?
   (1) The Ottoman Empire included parts of northern Africa.
   (2) The Safavid Empire controlled the entire Indian subcontinent.
   (3) The Mughal Empire occupied territory adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea.
   (4) The Ottoman Empire conquered less territory than either the Safavid or the
       Mughal Empire.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

    Base your answers to questions 16 and 17 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: It was a combination of the Protestant
           wind and the island nature of our nation
           that protected us. Surely, Philip must be
           upset at his defeat.
Speaker B: Our archipelago and divine winds have
           protected us once again. The Mongols
           may have taken China, but they cannot
           conquer us.
Speaker C: To support our growing population, we
           must find a suitable way to farm. With
           floating gardens on our lake, we should
           be able to grow enough to meet our
           demand.
Speaker D: We have connected highland and lowland
           areas by building networks of roads and
           bridges. We have also built terraces into
           our mountainsides to grow crops.
16 Which two speakers discuss how their society
   modified their environment?
   (1) A and B              (3) C and D
   (2) B and C              (4) D and A

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Which speaker is most likely from 16th-century
   England?
   (1) A                    (3) C
   (2) B                    (4) D

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18.

18 Which statement best describes a key aspect of
   mercantilism?
   (1) removing tariffs to increase free trade between
       empires
   (2) acquiring colonies to provide a favorable
       balance of trade
   (3) eliminating private ownership of the means of
       production
   (4) encouraging subsistence agriculture

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 One way in which Suleiman the Magnificent and
   Peter the Great are similar is that they both
   (1) modernized their military
   (2) promoted free speech
   (3) isolated their people from outside influences
   (4) reduced taxes levied on their people

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights
   both served to
   (1) extend the voting privileges of commoners
   (2) abolish the government’s role in levying taxes
   (3) limit the power of the monarchy
   (4) support the theory of the divine right of kings

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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