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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2016 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                 Part I
                                   Answer all questions in this part.
    Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of
the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
  Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the
model below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1 The activity portrayed in this model could be
  used as evidence to argue that Egyptians
  (1) lived in settled communities
  (2) relied on slash-and-burn technology
  (3) practiced hunting
  (4) engaged in foraging

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 An examination of this model would suggest that
  (1) peasants are excluded from political activity
  (2) this society lacks a social class system
  (3) art can provide an understanding of history
  (4) everyday life is based on religious beliefs

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which field of study primarily focuses on
  governmental powers and the rights of citizens?
  (1) economics           (3) archaeology
  (2) geography           (4) political science

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 One explanation for the fall of the Roman Empire
  and of the Han dynasty is that they both
  (1) refused the aid of foreign mercenaries
  (2) grew too large to govern their territories
      effectively
  (3) banned long-distance trade causing economic
      strain
  (4) required devotion to a single religion

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

    Base your answer to question 5 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
        Some several thousand years ago there once
   thrived a civilization in the Indus Valley. Located
   in what’s now Pakistan and western India, it was
   the earliest known urban culture of the Indian
   subcontinent. The Indus Valley Civilization, as it
   is called, covered an area the size of western
   Europe. It was the largest of the four ancient
   civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and
   China. However, of all these civilizations the least
   is known about the Indus Valley people. This is
   because the Indus script has not yet been
   deciphered. There are many remnants of the script
   on pottery vessels, seals, and amulets, but without
   a “Rosetta Stone” linguists and archaeologists
   have been unable to decipher it. . . .
      — Tarini J. Carr, “The Harappan Civilization” (adapted)
 5 Based on this passage, what is a valid conclusion
   about civilization in the Indus Valley?
   (1) Lack of a Rosetta stone has hindered linguists
       from deciphering Indus Valley script.
   (2) The absence of pottery vessels and seals from
       the Indus Valley indicates limited urban
       development.
   (3) The Indus Valley civilization controlled a
       territory that extended from western Europe
       to China.
   (4) Artifacts suggest the Indus Valley civilization
       is older than the civilizations in Egypt and
       Mesopotamia.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The Bantu migration is most closely associated
  with the spread of
  (1) bureaucratic governments
  (2) agricultural skills
  (3) the diamond trade
  (4) the principles of Sharia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

Base your answers to questions 7 and 8 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
7 Which aspect of geography is the primary focus of this map?
  (1) latitude and longitude
  (2) climate and culture
  (3) humans interacting on Earth
  (4) humans adapting their environment

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Based on this map, which statement is true of trade routes around A.D. 600?
  (1) Most trade was occurring across the Pacific Ocean.
  (2) Trade began in Ghana and spread down the Niger River.
  (3) Northern Africa was isolated from trade with Asia.
  (4) Trade took place over a network of land and sea routes.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 Which statement about the Gupta Empire is a fact
  rather than an opinion?
  (1) India’s strongest leaders came from the
      Gupta Empire.
  (2) The Gupta Empire developed advancements
      in the areas of mathematics and science.
  (3) The achievements of the Gupta Empire
      surpassed those of the Tang dynasty in China.
  (4) Gupta paintings found on the walls of the
      Ajanta caves were superior to the art
      produced during the Mauryan Empire.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 What was a major contribution of the Byzantine
   Empire?
   (1) adoption of democratic ideas from Russia
   (2) spread of humanism and secularism across
       Europe
   (3) reunification of eastern and western
       Christendom
   (4) preservation of Greek and Roman culture

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Which technological innovation was essential to
   stimulate the expansion of the gold-salt trade in
   West Africa?
   (1) lateen sail           (3) camel caravans
   (2) iron cannons          (4) moveable type

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Which geographic factor of Korea most directly
   influenced the spread of Chinese culture to Japan?
   (1) rivers                 (3) climate
   (2) mountains              (4) location

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

    Base your answer to question 13 on the excerpt
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
     1. Japanese ships are strictly forbidden to
        leave for foreign countries.
     2. No Japanese is permitted to go abroad. If
        there is anyone who attempts to do so
        secretly, he must be executed. The ship
        so involved must be impounded and its
        owner arrested, and the matter must be
        reported to the higher authority.
     3. If any Japanese returns from overseas
        after residing there, he must be put to
        death. . . .
                      — The Edict of 1635 Addressed to
                           the Joint Bugyo– of Nagasaki
13 These rules were made by the Japanese in an
   attempt to
   (1) further cultural diffusion and strengthen
       interdependence
   (2) limit the influence of foreigners in their
       country
   (3) regulate prisoner exchanges with overseas
       neighbors
   (4) reduce the power of the shogun and the
       emperor

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 A major reason the Renaissance began in the
   Italian city-states was their
   (1) military success against the Seljuk Turks
   (2) access to goods from the Americas
   (3) location on the Mediterranean Sea
   (4) dependence on the teachings of the Catholic
        Church

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 What was a consequence of the Protestant
   Reformation?
   (1) Secular rulers became more powerful.
   (2) Judaism dominated southern Europe.
   (3) The Holy Roman Empire became a republic.
   (4) Religious differences were peacefully settled.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 What was one reason China ended overseas
   exploration after the death of Zheng He in 1433?
   (1) China’s fleet of ships was destroyed by
       European navies.
   (2) Tribute payments to the Japanese shogunate
       drained the Ming treasury.
   (3) The Ming dynasty ended the authority of
       Confucian scholars.
   (4) The Chinese government decided to focus its
       efforts on internal affairs.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 • Use of cannons, foot soldiers, and muskets
   • Capture of Constantinople in 1453
   • Formation of the janissaries as an effective
     fighting force
   Which empire is associated with         these
   characteristics?
   (1) Austro-Hungarian (3) Spanish
   (2) Ottoman          (4) Mughal

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Inca farmers adapted their environment by
   growing food in
   (1) flooded rice paddies
   (2) terraced fields
   (3) clear-cut rain forests
   (4) expansive plantations

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 The policy of mercantilism was intended to
   (1) enrich European governments
   (2) end slavery in the Americas
   (3) promote the isolation of Asia
   (4) establish religious freedom in New Spain

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

Base your answer to question 20 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
20 This map would be most useful in the study of the
   (1) spread of Islam                     (3) routes of the Middle Passage
   (2) pilgrimage of Mansa Musa            (4) commercial connections in East Africa

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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