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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2017 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1   Which group of people is represented by this migration pattern?
    (1) Phoenicians                         (3) Hebrews
    (2) Bantu                               (4) Persians

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which statement best describes the benefit of
  studying past events from multiple points of
  view?
  (1) Using primary sources allows historians access
      to official records.
  (2) Viewing history chronologically shows how eras
      overlap from one time period to the next.
  (3) Examining different perspectives gives a more
      complete picture of historical circumstances.
  (4) Evaluating the roles of specific individuals in
      history helps determine personal contributions.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 The knowledge and skills of a geographer would
  best be suited for
  (1) identifying a set of bones discovered at an
      archaeological site
  (2) providing a cost analysis for production data
      received by a manufacturer
  (3) generating environmental impact reports for
      an energy company
  (4) developing a national party platform for an
      independent party

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 • What is the purpose of government?
  • How is citizenship defined?
  • Who holds power?
  Which area of study focuses on the way societies
  answer these questions?
  (1) cartography
  (2) political science
  (3) physical anthropology
  (4) economics

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Both the Han and the Roman empires declined
  as a result of
  (1) undisciplined armies and limited access to
      trade
  (2) overexpansion and foreign invasions by
      nomadic peoples
  (3) inefficient theocratic rulers and few govern-
      ment regulations
  (4) harsh climates and high taxes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The Ten Commandments are to Judaism as the
  Five Pillars are to
  (1) Buddhism        (3) Hinduism
  (2) Shinto          (4) Islam

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Construction of stupas, writings by Kalidasa, and
  the development of the concept of zero are most
  closely associated with the
  (1) Gupta Empire            (3) Mongol Empire
  (2) Tang dynasty            (4) Abbasid dynasty

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 From the perspective of many Arab Muslims
  at the time of the Crusades, the European
  Crusaders were considered
  (1) refugees            (3) invaders
  (2) liberators          (4) allies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The cities of Constantinople and Kiev grew
  primarily as a result of the development of
  (1) trade routes
  (2) urban planning
  (3) rigid social systems
  (4) religious pilgrimages

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 What was a primary motive behind the
   implementation of Sharia in Islamic empires
   beginning in the 8th century?
   (1) promoting a mechanism for technological
       change
   (2) uniting the people under common laws and
       practices
   (3) distributing wealth equally among citizens
   (4) guaranteeing a representative government

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

   Base your answer to question 11 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . The town was a centre of attraction and
   diffusion, but above all it was a centre of
   production. The town was a crossroads and a
   terminus [last stop]: through contacts, meetings
   and exchanges it could play a major creative
   role. . . .
    — Jacques Le Goff, in The Fontana Economic History of
                                 Europe: The Middle Ages
11 Which statement would this passage best
   support?
   (1) Towns were important in an emerging
       international economy.
   (2) Economic self-sufficiency was reinforced by
       the revival of towns.
   (3) Crossroad locations limit the functions of
       towns.
   (4) The culture of towns discouraged new ideas.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Which title best completes the partial outline
   below?
    I.
         A. Archipelago
         B. Limited arable land
         C. Rugged mountains
         D. Earthquakes
   (1)   Physical Features of Korea
   (2)   Geographic Factors of Japan
   (3)   Natural Resources of Cambodia
   (4)   Environmental Conditions in Russia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which situation led to the other three?
   (1) Mongol skills and weapons diffusing into
       China
   (2) Confucian scholars losing status and
       government positions
   (3) Mongols conquering China and establishing
       the Yuan dynasty
   (4) Marco Polo writing about traveling to the
       palace of Kublai Khan

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Which two major commodities were traded on the
   trans-Saharan routes by West African kingdoms?
   (1) timber and wheat
   (2) silk and cotton
   (3) gold and salt
   (4) petroleum and spices

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 In the 1340s, the Black Death spread to Europe
   as a result of
   (1) trade with Asia
   (2) the expansion of Christianity
   (3) development of guilds in Italy
   (4) the explorations of Vasco da Gama

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 What is one reason the Ming emperors did not
   expand China’s economic influence across the
   Indian Ocean after the voyages of Zheng He?
   (1) Resources were needed to combat Japanese
       invaders.
   (2) Developing trade networks with Russia was
       more profitable.
   (3) Conquering European territories drained
       China’s treasury.
   (4) Foreign goods were considered inferior to
       those produced in China.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 One way in which Akbar the Great and Suleiman
   the Magnificent are similar is that both leaders
   (1) centralized governmental power
   (2) imposed a polytheistic religion
   (3) implemented new systems of writing
   (4) provoked ethnic tensions

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

   Base your answer to question 18 on the illustration
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
18 Based on this illustration, which statement about
   the Inca Empire is accurate?
   (1) Inca women sold the agricultural products of
       the empire.
   (2) Hunting and gathering was the main source
       of food for the Inca.
   (3) The Inca used hand-written documents to
       record each harvest.
   (4) The Inca developed technology to adapt their
       surroundings.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

Base your answer to question 19 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
19 Based on this map, in which city did Hernán Cortés first encounter the Aztecs?
   (1) Santiago de Cuba                    (3) Trujillo
   (2) Tenochtitlán                        (4) Veracruz

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 The term divine right is best defined as a
   (1) revolution to gain political rights and freedoms
   (2) philosophy that encourages religious toleration
   (3) belief that a ruler’s authority comes from God
   (4) system in which a monarch has limited power

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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