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Global History and Geography - New York Regents Jan 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Which statement is supported by the information provided on this map about the
  earliest Iron Age in Africa?
  (1) Before 300 B.C., iron sites existed only in river valleys.
  (2) Iron technology spread from the west to the east.
  (3) Numerous iron sites were clustered in the Niger region.
  (4) Most of the iron sites in Africa were located in the region south of the Sahara.

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 A primary source about the French Revolution is
  (1) an eyewitness account from a prisoner at the
      Bastille
  (2) an encyclopedia entry about the Reign of
      Terror
  (3) a recent biography of Robespierre
  (4) a movie about Louis XVI

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 In a pure market economy, who determines which
  goods and services are produced and in what
  quantities?
  (1) government agencies
  (2) consumers and producers
  (3) church hierarchy
  (4) banks and cartels

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

Base your answer to question 4 on the photographs below and on your knowledge of social studies.

4 These photographs indicate the people of China and the people of ancient Peru
  modified their environment to
  (1) create effective trade routes
  (2) increase the amount of land available for agriculture
  (3) move large quantities of water into cities
  (4) provide an effective defense

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 • Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan.
  • India borders Pakistan, China, and Bangladesh.
  • Most of China’s major cities are in the eastern
    part of the country.
  Which type of map would be most helpful in
  verifying all this information?
  (1) political                (3) land use
  (2) climate                  (4) population density

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Which belief system requires fasting during
  Ramadan, praying five times daily, and making a
  pilgrimage to Mecca?
  (1) Judaism              (3) Islam
  (2) Christianity         (4) Hinduism

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which statement about ancient Greece is an
  opinion rather than a fact?
  (1) Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek
      political unity.
  (2) The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on
      military skills.
  (3) Athens granted voting rights to male citizens
      only.
  (4) Greek architecture was superior to Persian
      architecture.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 The Thar Desert, Ganges River, and Deccan
  Plateau are all geographic features of
  (1) Japan                  (3) India
  (2) China                  (4) Indonesia

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 Which philosophy is most closely associated with
  the development of the Chinese civil service
  system?
  (1) legalism             (3) Daoism
  (2) Buddhism             (4) Confucianism

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 The Byzantine Empire influenced the development of Russia by
   (1) preventing Mongol invasions
   (2) destroying the power of the legislature
   (3) establishing the potato as a staple food
   (4) introducing Eastern Orthodox beliefs

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 An economic reason for the institution of
   serfdom was to maintain
   (1) an educated citizenry
   (2) a stable workforce
   (3) overseas trade
   (4) religious uniformity

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 One long-term effect of the Crusades was the
   (1) development of Pax Mongolia
   (2) fall of the Ming dynasty
   (3) control of Jerusalem by Europeans
   (4) growth of trade and towns in western Europe

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 One way Japanese feudalism during the
   Tokugawa shogunate was different from
   European feudalism is that during this period of
   Japanese feudalism
   (1) political power was more centralized
   (2) foreign missionaries were welcomed
   (3) emperors were overthrown in coups d’état
   (4) most wealthy merchants were able to attain
       high social status

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
   prospered primarily due to their
   (1) exchanges with Indian ports
   (2) direct access to the Arabian Sea
   (3) control of trade routes
   (4) abundance of diamonds

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 How did the Commercial Revolution change
   economic practices in Europe?
   (1) The manorial system was established.
   (2) A capitalist economy was developed.
   (3) The Church became a major economic power.
   (4) Colonies were granted independence.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 One impact Gutenberg’s printing press had on
   western Europe was
   (1) the spread of Martin Luther’s ideas
   (2) a decrease in the number of universities
   (3) a decline in literacy
   (4) the unification of the Holy Roman Empire

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 What was a result of the efforts of Prince Henry
   of Portugal, Christopher Columbus, and
   Ferdinand Magellan?
   (1) The importance of Mediterranean trade
       routes was established.
   (2) The modern concept of universal human
       rights was promoted.
   (3) The European view of the physical world was
       transformed.
   (4) An understanding of the benefits of cultural
       diversity was encouraged.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 The Spanish encomienda system in the Americas
   resulted in
   (1) the strengthening of indigenous cultures
   (2) political independence for the colonies
   (3) the exploitation of natives
   (4) religious freedom for the majority of peasants

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which region’s colonial class structure included
   peninsulares, creoles, and mestizos?
   (1) western Europe         (3) East Asia
   (2) sub-Saharan Africa     (4) Latin America

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 One similarity in the policies of Louis XIV and of
   Suleiman the Magnificent is that both leaders
   (1) expanded their empires in the Americas
   (2) encouraged the growth of democracy
   (3) increased the power of their central
       governments
   (4) abolished the bureaucracy

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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