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Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2015 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below
and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Which letter on this map represents an archipelago?
  (1) A                       (3) C
  (2) B                       (4) D

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Historians follow rules to help them analyze
  primary sources. Some of the rules they use are:
  • Every piece of evidence and every source must
    be read or viewed skeptically and critically.
  • Each piece of evidence and source must be
    cross-checked and compared with related sources
    and pieces of evidence.
                                —Library of Congress
  These rules are designed to help historians
  determine the
  (1) reliability of document information
  (2) popularity of a publication
  (3) differences in belief systems
  (4) laws of a civilization

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3.

3 Which type of economic system relies primarily
  on hunting, gathering, herding, and farming to
  maintain self-sufficiency?
  (1) traditional            (3) capitalism
  (2) command                (4) mixed

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4.

4 The creation of independent city-states in ancient
  Greece can be most directly attributed to the
  (1) diverse ethnic groups in the region
  (2) large number of different languages
  (3) rugged mountainous terrain
  (4) practice of oligarchy

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5.

5 Which term is most closely associated with
  Hellenism under Alexander the Great?
  (1) cultural diffusion  (3) theocracy
  (2) pacifism            (4) natural rights

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6.

6 Which river is most closely associated with
  Hinduism?
  (1) Nile              (3) Tigris
  (2) Yellow            (4) Ganges

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7.

7 Which individual developed an Asian philosophy
  associated with the five relationships, filial piety,
  and the Analects?
  (1) Laozi (Lao Tzu)
  (2) Confucius
  (3) Han Wudi
  (4) Siddhartha Gautama

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8.

8 In India, for which achievement is the Gupta
  Golden Age best known?
  (1) adoption of the printing press
  (2) invention of the iron foot stirrup
  (3) use of gunpowder
  (4) development of the concept of zero

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9.

Base your answer to question 9 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

9 Based on the information in this chart, what is a valid conclusion about Chinese society
  during the Tang and Song dynasties?
  (1) Most peasants in China were literate.
  (2) The majority of Chinese people were merchants.
  (3) Some people living in China had opportunities for social mobility.
  (4) The social status of most Chinese people was determined by religious practices.

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10.

10 Around the 14th century, why were the cities of
   Nanjing, Calicut, Mogadishu, and Venice
   significant?
   (1) Major centers of trading activity flourished
       there.
   (2) The first democracies emerged there.
   (3) Islamic religious centers developed there.
   (4) The Portuguese established colonies there.

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11.

11 Which geographic factor best explains China’s
   ability to influence the cultural development of
   Japan?
   (1) tropical climate       (3) mountains
   (2) location               (4) navigable rivers

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12.

    Base your answer to question 12 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Trade along the Silk Road enriched China in
   many ways. The Chinese sent silk, herbal
   medicines, ceramics, and other local products
   westward by caravan, and received exotic things
   in return. From Persia (modern-day Iran) and the
   Middle East, they received new kinds of musical
   instruments, and musicians to play them, as well as
   gold and silver cups, bowls, and vases. From India
   they imported cotton cloth. From Byzantium
   (the eastern capital of the Roman Empire, today
   the city of Istanbul in Turkey) came glassware
   and jewelry. Chinese merchants also traded some
   of these imported goods eastward to Korea and
   Japan.…
       —Des Forges and Major, The Asian World: 600-1500
12 Based on this passage, the Silk Road made it
   possible for the Chinese to import cotton cloth
   from
   (1) Persia                (3) Japan
   (2) the Roman Empire      (4) India

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13.

13 The West African kingdom of Mali grew in wealth
   and power by controlling the trading of
   (1) oil and coal          (3) gold and salt
   (2) timber and fish       (4) sugar and ivory

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14.

14 Which term is defined as a Renaissance movement
   characterized by independent thought and a
   renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman
   culture?
   (1) multiculturalism       (3) nationalism
   (2) humanism               (4) monasticism

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15.

15 One major effect of the Protestant Reformation
   on western Europe was the
   (1) decline in religious unity
   (2) increased power of the Catholic pope
   (3) reduction in religious wars
   (4) increase in the sale of indulgences by the
       Catholic Church

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16.

16 Which statement best describes an effect of the
   westward expansion of the Ottoman Empire under
   Suleiman the Magnificent?
   (1) Wealthy citizens adopted Russian dress.
   (2) Islam became a major religion in the Balkans.
   (3) Trade was disrupted throughout the Indian
       Ocean.
   (4) Janissaries were stripped of their military power.

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17.

17 A key reason the Incas were able to control their
   large empire was that they
   (1) outlawed human sacrifice
   (2) formed a democratic government
   (3) built a road system to connect distant areas
       and to move armies
   (4) promoted literacy and mass education
       programs to teach loyalty to their subjects

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18.

18 Which key factor fueled competition between
   European countries for colonies in the Americas?
   (1) a European shortage of pepper and nutmeg
   (2) a mandate from the papacy
   (3) the desire to control sources of gold and silver
   (4) the need to secure laborers for factories in
       Europe

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19.

19 Which geographic feature is located in Latin
   America?
   (1) rain forest of the Congo
   (2) Himalaya Mountains
   (3) plateau of Tibet
   (4) Amazon River

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20.

20 What was an effect of the trans-Atlantic slave
   trade on Africa between 1500 and 1800?
   (1) Power in West Africa shifted from kingdoms
       in the interior to coastal kingdoms.
   (2) Malaria was introduced to the tropical regions
       of Africa.
   (3) Islam became dominant in sub-Saharan
       regions.
   (4) Plantation agriculture was developed in the
       Great Rift Valley.

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