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Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2017 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1   Which modification to the environment would most likely need to be made to grow
    cotton in the region directly south of the Aral Sea?
    (1) Terraces would need to be constructed.
    (2) Irrigation systems would need to be established.
    (3) Desalination plants would need to be built.
    (4) Floating gardens would need to be developed.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Historians need to determine the authenticity of
  a source in order to
  (1) establish its usefulness
  (2) reinforce popular opinion
  (3) demonstrate the significance of religious
      beliefs
  (4) determine the characteristics of propaganda

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 In a traditional economy, habits, customs, and
  rituals function as
  (1) territorial boundaries
  (2) incentives to change
  (3) independent theories
  (4) primary considerations in decision making

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Which title best completes the partial outline
  below?
(1)   Features of Gupta Empire
(2)   Attributes of Indus Valley Civilizations
(3)   Characteristics of Ancient Greece
(4)   Traits of Ancient China

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The Hellenistic culture, associated with the rule
  of Alexander the Great, developed as a result of
  (1) ethnocentrism          (3) direct democracy
  (2) cultural diffusion     (4) embargoes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The pyramids of ancient Mesoamerica and the
  aqueducts of ancient Rome demonstrate that
  these early civilizations
  (1) used large wooden structures for protection
  (2) practiced religious toleration
  (3) were able to prevent flooding
  (4) had advanced technology

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 One similarity between Confucianism and
  Christianity is that both belief systems
  emphasize
  (1) respecting others
  (2) praying five times a day
  (3) converting others to their teachings
  (4) making pilgrimages to holy shrines

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Interactions between the Byzantine Empire and
  Kievan Russia influenced the Russians to
  (1) recognize the absolute political authority of
      the Pope
  (2) adopt Orthodox Christianity
  (3) call for an alliance with the Muslims
  (4) terrorize Charlemagne’s empire

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

   Base your answer to question 9 on the artifact
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
9 In what way does this artifact represent the
  culture of the Tang dynasty?
  (1) Camels were used by traders along the Silk
      Roads.
  (2) Decorative ceramics were primarily imported
      from Japan.
  (3) Farmers used camels to plow fields in the
      Gobi Desert region.
  (4) Iron stirrups were developed and traded with
      the Mongols.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Throughout Japan’s early history, a major factor
   contributing to its ability to resist invasion was its
   (1) island location
   (2) superior military technology
   (3) alliances with neighbors on the continent
   (4) decentralized government structures

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

   Base your answer to question 11 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . .The impact of the pandemic on Christian
   Europe is fairly well known since the Black Death
   has been the subject of considerable scholarly
   attention. This interest has led to a misconception
   of the Black Death as primarily a European
   phenomenon. Regrettably, the Black Death in
   the Orient has not attracted a comparable interest,
   but this neglect should not be interpreted as an
   indication of its lack of historical significance.
   The famous fourteenth-century Muslim historian,
   Ibn Khaldū n, who lost his parents and a number
   of his teachers during the Black Death in Tunis,
   recognized the import of the pandemic for Islamic
   civilization: . . .
                     — Michael W. Dols, Viator (adapted)
11 Which statement expresses the author’s argument
   regarding misconceptions related to the Black
   Death?
   (1) Primary sources have been difficult to find.
   (2) Testimonies about the Black Death are
       unreliable.
   (3) The causes of the Black Death are not
       understood by historians.
   (4) Historical study has focused more on one
       region rather than on others.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 The influence of Greek and Roman culture on
   some Renaissance art is reflected in
   (1) a realistic portrayal of the human body
   (2) challenges made to ancient religious ideals
   (3) the impact of William Shakespeare’s writing
       in southern Europe
   (4) competition promoted between northern and
       southern European artists

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which situation was a direct result of the
   Protestant Reformation in western Europe?
   (1) The Pope was removed as leader of the
       Catholic Church.
   (2) The religions of the people of Europe became
       more diverse.
   (3) Women assumed leadership in most Christian
       denominations.
   (4) European rulers established religious
       freedom for their subjects.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Knowledge about trade wind patterns and the
   ability of sailors to utilize them on the Indian and
   Atlantic Oceans demonstrate that
   (1) government monopolies affect trade
   (2) geography and technology influence economic
       activity
   (3) economic concepts dominate the study of
       transportation
   (4) laws and customs regulate exchanges across
       international waters

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 The Spanish encomienda system established in
   the Spanish colonies of Latin America was most
   similar to European
   (1) guild systems
   (2) joint stock companies
   (3) subsistence agriculture
   (4) feudal land grants

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which statement about Louis XIV is an opinion
   rather than a fact?
   (1) He insisted that Huguenots convert to
       Catholicism.
   (2) He strengthened the monarchy by centralizing
       the government.
   (3) The wars he engaged in were the least
       successful in the history of France.
   (4) The palace he built at Versailles was part of
       his plan for controlling the nobles.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 The idea that all people are born with the natural
   rights of life, liberty, and property is most directly
   associated with the writings of
   (1) Baron de Montesquieu
   (2) Thomas Hobbes
   (3) Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
   (4) John Locke

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 What influence did the Scientific Revolution have
   on the Enlightenment in Europe?
   (1) Natural laws were used to explain human
       affairs.
   (2) Economic growth was slowed by the lack of
       useable technology.
   (3) Scientific truths were used to justify absolute
       monarchies.
   (4) The emphasis on religious doctrine led to the
       rejection of scientific ideas.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

Base your answer to question 19 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
19 This map shows that at the height of the Ottoman Empire, the empire
   (1) controlled the port cities of Barcelona and Marseille
   (2) governed the Persian Empire
   (3) included territory in Europe, Africa, and Asia
   (4) completely surrounded the Red Sea

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Which geographic feature aided industrialization
   in Great Britain?
   (1) good harbors        (3) highland climate
   (2) large forests       (4) monsoon winds

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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