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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2017 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
    Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   . . . And with regard to my factual reporting of the
   events of the war I have made it a principle not
   to write down the first story that came my way,
   and not even to be guided by my own general
   impressions; either I was present myself at the
   events which I have described or else I heard of
   them from eye-witnesses whose reports I have
   checked with as much thoroughness as possible.
   Not that even so the truth was easy to discover:
   different eye-witnesses give different accounts of
   the same events, speaking out of partiality [favor]
   for one side or the other or else from imperfect
   memories. And it may well be that my history will
   seem less easy to read because of the absence in
   it of a romantic element. It will be enough for
   me, however, if these words of mine are judged
   useful by those who want to understand clearly
   the events which happened in the past and which
   (human nature being what it is) will, at some time
   or other and in much the same ways, be repeated
   in the future. My work is not a piece of writing
   designed to meet the taste of an immediate
   public, but was done to last for ever. . . .
                                           —Thucydides:
                        History of the Peloponnesian War
 1 In this passage, Thucydides emphasizes his use of
   what kind of source?
   (1) principled            (3) primary
   (2) foreign               (4) secondary

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 According to Thucydides, what makes his job as a
  historian more difficult?
  (1) his failing memory
  (2) biases of eyewitness observers
  (3) lack of romantic elements
  (4) his desire to please the immediate public

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

 3 Patterns of high population density have most
   often been associated with
   (1) elevations above 10,000 feet
   (2) regions with dense tropical vegetation
   (3) areas receiving less than 10 inches of rainfall
       per year
   (4) access to waterways and transportation
       systems
   Base your answer to question 4 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . A separate consequence of a settled existence
   is that it permits one to store food surpluses, since
   storage would be pointless if one didn’t remain
   nearby to guard the stored food. While some
   nomadic hunter-gatherers may occasionally bag
   more food than they can consume in a few days,
   such a bonanza is of little use to them because
   they cannot protect it. But stored food is essential
   for feeding non-food-producing specialists, and
   certainly for supporting whole towns of them.
   Hence nomadic hunter-gatherer societies have
   few or no such full-time specialists, who instead
   first appear in sedentary [settled] societies. . . .
                — Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Which major change in history is most closely
  associated with the information presented in this
  passage?
  (1) adoption of Neolithic Revolution innovations
  (2) loss of the Mandate of Heaven by the ruling
      government
  (3) development of stone tools
  (4) ability to control fire

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which geographic factor influenced the
  development of independent city-states in ancient
  Greece?
  (1) monsoon cycle
  (2) tropical location
  (3) smooth coastline
  (4) mountainous topography

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

Base your answer to question 6 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
6    Based on the information on this map, which location represents the easternmost
    spread of Buddhism from its starting point of expansion?
    (1) Korea                                (3) Yun-gang
    (2) Japan                                (4) Chang’an

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which trade route linked the Byzantine Empire
  and Kievan Russia to China?
  (1) Silk Road            (3) Pacific Ocean
  (2) Baltic Sea           (4) Yellow Sea

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which trait is a characteristic of serfdom?
  (1) limited economic options
  (2) upward social mobility
  (3) extensive political influence
  (4) service as a warrior

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The Crusades are considered a turning point in
  history because they
  (1) created a permanent Jewish state
  (2) led to a decline in European trade with Asia
  (3) contributed to the transition from the Middle
      Ages to the Renaissance
  (4) resulted in the reuniting of the western and
      eastern Roman empires

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 During Japan’s Tokugawa feudal period, some
   forms of cultural expression such as haiku, flower
   arranging, and rock gardening reflected the
   growing influence of
   (1) Zen Buddhism           (3) Daoism
   (2) Hinduism               (4) Christianity

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Most of which continent came under Mongol
   influence and rule?
   (1) Africa            (3) Asia
   (2) Europe            (4) South America

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 In the 13th century, the cities of Venice, Nanjing,
   and Calicut served as important centers of
   (1) gold mining           (3) democracy
   (2) religious pilgrimages (4) trade

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 The decision to end Zheng He’s voyages is
   considered a turning point in the history of Ming
   China because this action
   (1) marked a shift to a more traditional inward
       focus
   (2) promoted the Chinese colonization of Africa
       and South Asia
   (3) forced the emperor to abdicate
   (4) caused the dynasty to reject Confucianism

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Which technology, first developed by the Chinese,
   enabled the Ottoman Empire to expand into
   western Asia, Europe, and northern Africa?
   (1) gunpowder              (3) wheelbarrow
   (2) woodblock printing (4) magnetic compass

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Which geographic feature had the greatest
   influence on the pre-Columbian development of
   the Inca Empire?
   (1) Yucatan Peninsula    (3) Atlantic Ocean
   (2) Caribbean Sea        (4) Andes Mountains

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 What was a major result of the European policy
   of mercantilism in Latin America?
   (1) increased status of indigenous peoples
   (2) exploitation of labor and natural resources by
       Europeans
   (3) decrease in the power of European
       monarchs
   (4) reinvestment of profits to benefit the local
       colonial economy

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 In the early 18th century, Peter the Great
   conquered Swedish coastal territory because he
   wanted to
   (1) obtain a port with ready access to western
       Europe
   (2) eliminate feudalism from the European
       continent
   (3) spread the teachings of the Russian Orthodox
       Church
   (4) increase Russia’s control of Siberia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

   Base your answer to question 18 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   Diligent reader, in this work, which has just been
   created and published, you have the motions
   of the fixed stars and planets, as these motions
   have been reconstituted [reconstructed] on the
   basis of ancient as well as recent observations,
   and have moreover been embellished by new
   and marvelous hypotheses. You also have most
   convenient tables, from which you will be able
   to compute those motions with the utmost ease
   for any time whatever. Therefore buy, read, and
   enjoy [this work].
     Let no one untrained in geometry enter here.
                          — Nicholas Copernicus of Toruń,
      Six Books on the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
18 In this passage, Copernicus states that he
   accomplished his work by
   (1) excluding the teachings of ancient societies
   (2) combining old and new observations
   (3) questioning the principles of the scientific
       method
   (4) denying the importance of geometry

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which issue is raised in a study of Robespierre’s
   Reign of Terror within France and King Leopold’s
   rule of the Congo?
   (1) urbanization
   (2) environmental degradation
   (3) human rights
   (4) colonial resistance

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 During the 19th century in Latin America, the
   Catholic Church and the military generally
   supported the interests of
   (1) wealthy landowners
   (2) landless peasants
   (3) democratic reformers
   (4) indigenous peoples

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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