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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2013 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

    Base your answer to question 1 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Europe’s waterways were also a blessing. Its
   rivers flowed gently into sheltered, navigable
   bays. The Rhine is a wide, slow-moving river that
   can be used as a highway for goods and people.
   The Mediterranean is calm, almost a lake, with
   many big ports. Compare this to Africa. Despite
   being the second-largest continent, Africa has the
   shortest coastline, much of which is too shallow to
   build major ports. Most of its big rivers—fastmoving, dramatic, vertiginous [dizzying]—are not
   navigable. Add to that the tropical heat and
   propensity [tendency] for disease and food
   spoilage, and you have a compelling geographic
   explanation for African underdevelopment—
   surely not the only factor, but a significant
   one.…
             — Fareed Zakaria, The Post-American World,
                        W. W. Norton & Company, 2008
 1 Which conclusion about the geography of these
   continents is best supported by this passage?
   (1) Europe and Africa have the same climate.
   (2) Europe and Africa have many deep major
       ports.
   (3) Waterways are a geographic blessing in both
       Europe and Africa.
   (4) River systems have helped development in
       Europe and hindered it in Africa.

  1

  2

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Opinion and bias in written historical sources
  illustrate the need to be aware of
  (1) plagiarism             (3) human rights
  (2) turning points         (4) points of view

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which social scientists primarily study the
  scarcity of resources and the distribution of goods
  and services?
  (1) anthropologists         (3) economists
  (2) political scientists    (4) historians

  1

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  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Between 500 B.C. and A.D. 1500, the migration
  of the Bantu people of Africa led to the diffusion
  of
  (1) languages and metallurgical skills
  (2) porcelain and cannons
  (3) camels and Islam
  (4) cuneiform and galley ships

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 What was one reason for the decline of both the
  Han dynasty and the western Roman Empire?
  (1) outbreak of war between religious groups
  (2) inability to force back foreign invaders
  (3) efforts of the middle class to gain power
  (4) lack of a common currency

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The Ten Commandments, the Eightfold Path,
  and the Five Pillars of Faith each serve to
  (1) provide followers with a guide for living
  (2) establish systems of justice
  (3) establish distinctions between social classes
  (4) provide regulations for government workers

  1

  2

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which statement about the early Indus River
  valley civilization is an opinion rather than a fact?
  (1) Farmers grew a surplus of barley, wheat, and
      dates.
  (2) The Indus people developed a system of
      writing.
  (3) Planned cities indicated a use of technology.
  (4) The Indus city-states were the most
      developed of the time period.

  1

  2

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 The introduction of the Cyrillic alphabet and
  Orthodox Christianity to Russia is most closely
  associated with
  (1) Viking conquests
  (2) Byzantine missionaries
  (3) Alexander the Great’s armies
  (4) Ottoman expansion

  1

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  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

Base your answer to question 9 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

9 Which geographic feature would have most likely hindered the expansion of the Guptas
  into what is modern-day China?
  (1) Thar Desert                       (3) Himalaya Mountains
  (2) Deccan Plateau                    (4) Bay of Bengal

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 What was one result of the European Commercial
   Revolution?
   (1) a decline in the spice trade
   (2) the destruction of the papacy
   (3) the development of capitalism
   (4) an increased reliance on bartering

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 • Conquered Ghana
   • Experienced a golden age under Mansa Musa
   • Built mosques and schools in Timbuktu
   Which civilization is most directly associated with
   these descriptions?
   (1) Axum                   (3) Kush
   (2) Benin                  (4) Mali

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 One way in which Martin Luther’s Ninety-five
   Theses and Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy are
   similar is that both
   (1) emphasize the importance of the Bible
   (2) caused the Thirty Years War
   (3) challenge the authority of the Catholic Church
   (4) helped to unify Christendom

  1

  2

  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Niccolò Machiavelli wrote The Prince as a guide
   to success in
   (1) family life
   (2) politics
   (3) economic undertakings
   (4) scholarship

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

    Base your answer to question 14 on the diagram
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

14 Which concept is best illustrated by this diagram?
   (1) dynastic cycle         (3) social hierarchy
   (2) guild system           (4) cultural diffusion

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Which event marked the rise in power of the
   Ottoman Empire in 1453?
   (1) birth of Muhammad
   (2) conquest of Constantinople
   (3) siege of Vienna
   (4) death of Saladin

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 The restoration of Chinese rule, the voyages of
   Zheng He, and the reintroduction of civil service
   examinations are all associated with the
   (1) Ming dynasty           (3) Songhai Empire
   (2) Abbassid dynasty       (4) Delhi sultanate

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Which step did Catherine the Great take that is
   consistent with Enlightenment ideas?
   (1) ordering the burning of books
   (2) strengthening the institution of serfdom
   (3) expanding Russian territory into Ukraine
   (4) considering a law code that would treat all
       citizens equally

  1

  2

  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Which statement best describes Aztec civilization
   at the time of the Encounter?
   (1) Small groups of nomadic clans competed for
       food.
   (2) Various ethnic groups had representation in a
       legislative body.
   (3) Absence of a social class structure created
       unsettled living conditions.
   (4) Advanced agricultural practices supported
       large urban centers.

  1

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  3

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 • The Americas are referred to as the “New
     World.”
   • Eastern Asia is referred to as the “Far East.”
   • Southwest Asia is referred to as part of the
     “Middle East.”
   Whose perspective is best represented by these
   regional place names?
   (1) Chinese              (3) European
   (2) African              (4) Indian

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Why is Catholicism a major religion practiced in
   Latin America?
   (1) Spain conquered and colonized much of
       Latin America.
   (2) Disputes over international boundaries
       within Latin America were settled by the
       pope.
   (3) The traditional beliefs of Africans were
       incorporated into the cultures of Latin
       America.
   (4) The Church provided Latin America with a
       strong central government.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 
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