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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
    Base your answer to question 1 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Oral histories are as old as human beings.
   Before the invention of writing, information
   passed from generation to generation through the
   spoken word. Many people around the world
   continue to use oral traditions to pass along
   knowledge and wisdom. Interviews and
   recordings of community elders and witnesses to
   historical events provide exciting stories,
   anecdotes, and other information about the
   past.…
                                  —Library of Congress
 1 Based on this passage, historians should treat oral
   histories and oral traditions as
   (1) persuasive arguments
   (2) statistical data
   (3) unbiased sources
   (4) cultural evidence

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which academic discipline focuses study on the
  roles and functions of government?
  (1) political science      (3) geography
  (2) anthropology           (4) economics

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 During the Neolithic Revolution, production of a
  food surplus led directly to
  (1) a nomadic lifestyle
  (2) a reliance on stone weaponry
  (3) an increase in population
  (4) a dependence on hunting and gathering

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Discovery of streets arranged in a grid-like
  pattern and a system of pipes for moving water in
  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro suggest that these
  ancient river valley cities in South Asia had
  (1) organized governments
  (2) subsistence-based economies
  (3) polytheistic beliefs
  (4) rigid social classes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

    Base your answer to question 5 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Monsoons are relied upon throughout the
   country to provide water for growing crops.
   Heavy monsoons, however, can bring floods that
   often have a high death toll. These floods have
   been exacerbated [made worse] by deforestation
   of the hills for industrial and agricultural
   purposes. It is a fine balance between having
   plenty of water to flood the rice fields and having
   too much so that crops, homes, and even lives are
   lost. The alternative to the floods may be famines.
   However, India’s infrastructure can now deal
   successfully with these: When the monsoon fails
   in one area, the army is able to move supplies to
   the drought-stricken area. As a result of this
   organization, few lives were lost in the
   Maharashtra famines of 1965–66 and 1974–75,
   while more than two million people died in the
   Bengal famine of 1943.
         —Louise Nicholson, National Geographic Traveler:
                                             India, 2007
 5 Based on this passage, how have the negative
   effects of the monsoons been reduced in recent
   years?
   (1) The army is building dams to hold back the
       floods.
   (2) Farmers have begun to grow crops that
       require less water.
   (3) Home construction in flood areas has been
       controlled by government regulations.
   (4) An improved infrastructure makes it possible
       to bring supplies to areas in need of help.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The Egyptians used hieroglyphics in the same
  way as the Sumerians used
  (1) ideographs           (3) cuneiform
  (2) calligraphy          (4) letters

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which geographic feature served as a barrier to
  political unity and encouraged the rise of
  independent city-states in ancient Greece?
  (1) broad plains           (3) navigable rivers
  (2) mountain ranges        (4) numerous ports

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 The Tang dynasty contributed to the
  development of Chinese culture by
  (1) creating a shogunate
  (2) producing porcelain and block printing
  (3) introducing Hinduism as a major philosophy
  (4) devising a set of laws and carving them on
      rocks and pillars

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 A primary goal of European Crusaders fighting in
  the Middle East was to
  (1) establish markets for Italian merchants
  (2) rescue Pope Urban II from the Byzantines
  (3) halt the advance of Mongol armies in the
      Asian steppes
  (4) secure access to Christian holy sites in
      Jerusalem

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Increases in trade and commerce that occurred
   during the late Middle Ages in Europe resulted
   in
   (1) lower living standards for guild members
   (2) the development of more towns and cities
   (3) a decline in rivalries between kings
   (4) an increase in the number of self-sufficient
       manors

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The writings of both Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta
   inspired
   (1) exploration and trade
   (2) important military expeditions
   (3) movements for political freedom
   (4) the spread of Islam to Southeast Asia

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Nanjing, Venice, and Mogadishu were powerful
   and influential cities in the 13th century because
   they all
   (1) developed agrarian-based economies
   (2) served as religious pilgrimage sites
   (3) established democratic governments
   (4) took advantage of the factors of location

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 The West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and
   Songhai were able to thrive because
   (1) they controlled the gold-salt trade
   (2) their herds of cattle were in demand
   (3) their armies took control of much of Africa
   (4) they adopted Christianity as their primary
       religion

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 What was an immediate result of the Black
   Death?
   (1) labor shortages
   (2) overseas exploration
   (3) decrease in anti-Semitism
   (4) improvements in medical science

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Which statement best expresses the philosophy
   of humanism?
   (1) God selects those to be saved.
   (2) The pope expresses the ultimate word of
       God.
   (3) People have potential and can improve
       themselves by learning.
   (4) A person’s life on Earth is merely preparation
       for the afterlife.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which development is most closely associated
   with early Inca achievements?
   (1) inventing the wheel as a transportation device
   (2) improving iron weapons
   (3) expanding global trade
   (4) adapting a mountainous environment

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 What was a major effect of the Columbian
   exchange?
   (1) economic collapse in Europe
   (2) introduction of new food crops to Europe
   (3) decrease in European population
   (4) expansion of democratic rights throughout
       Europe

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Which policy is a country using when it regulates
   its colonies’ imports and exports to produce a
   favorable balance of trade?
   (1) embargo                (3) mercantilism
   (2) outsourcing            (4) transmigration

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

Base your answer to question 19 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.
19 Which scientist is most directly associated with formulating this view of the solar
   system?
   (1) Ptolemy                              (3) Copernicus
   (2) Descartes                            (4) Newton

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Akbar the Great tried to unify the Mughal
   Empire and create peace between the different
   people of India by
   (1) promoting a policy of religious toleration
   (2) forcing all people to adopt modern dress
   (3) building the Taj Mahal to inspire healing
   (4) establishing Buddhism as the state religion

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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