Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Physics >

Physical Setting / Physics - New York Regents June 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2006 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Physics. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats Worksheet / Test Paper Quiz Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

   Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the
information below.
      In a drill during basketball practice, a
   player runs the length of the 30.-meter court
   and back. The player does this three times in
   60. seconds.
1 The magnitude of the player’s total displacement
  after running the drill is
  (1) 0.0 m                  (3) 60. m
  (2) 30. m                  (4) 180 m

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 The average speed of the player during the drill is
  (1) 0.0 m/s               (3) 3.0 m/s
  (2) 0.50 m/s              (4) 30. m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 A baseball is thrown at an angle of 40.0° above
  the horizontal. The horizontal component of the
  baseball’s initial velocity is 12.0 meters per
  second. What is the magnitude of the ball’s initial
  velocity?
  (1) 7.71 m/s               (3) 15.7 m/s
  (2) 9.20 m/s               (4) 18.7 m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 A particle could have a charge of
  (1) 0.8 × 10−19 C         (3) 3.2 × 10−19 C
  (2) 1.2 × 10−19 C         (4) 4.1 × 10−19 C

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which object has the greatest inertia?
  (1) a 15-kg mass traveling at 5.0 m/s
  (2) a 10.-kg mass traveling at 10. m/s
  (3) a 10.-kg mass traveling at 5.0 m/s
  (4) a 5.0-kg mass traveling at 15 m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 A car, initially traveling east with a speed of
  5.0 meters per second, is accelerated uniformly
  at 2.0 meters per second2 east for 10. seconds
  along a straight line. During this 10.-second
  interval the car travels a total distance of
  (1) 50. m                   (3) 1.0 × 102 m
  (2) 60. m                   (4) 1.5 × 102 m

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which situation describes an object that has no
  unbalanced force acting on it?
  (1) an apple in free fall
  (2) a satellite orbiting Earth
  (3) a hockey puck moving at constant velocity
      across ice
  (4) a laboratory cart moving down a frictionless
      30.° incline

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 A child riding a bicycle at 15 meters per second
  accelerates at −3.0 meters per second2 for
  4.0 seconds. What is the child’s speed at the end
  of this 4.0-second interval?
  (1) 12 m/s                 (3) 3.0 m/s
  (2) 27 m/s                 (4) 7.0 m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 An unbalanced force of 40. newtons keeps a
  5.0-kilogram object traveling in a circle of radius
  2.0 meters. What is the speed of the object?
  (1) 8.0 m/s               (3) 16 m/s
  (2) 2.0 m/s               (4) 4.0 m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 A 5.00-kilogram block slides along a horizontal,
   frictionless surface at 10.0 meters per second for
   4.00 seconds. The magnitude of the block’s
   momentum is
   (1) 200. kg•m/s             (3) 20.0 kg•m/s
   (2) 50.0 kg•m/s             (4) 12.5 kg•m/s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 A 0.50-kilogram puck sliding on a horizontal
   shuffleboard court is slowed to rest by a
   frictional force of 1.2 newtons. What is the
   coefficient of kinetic friction between the puck
   and the surface of the shuffleboard court?
   (1) 0.24                    (3) 0.60
   (2) 0.42                    (4) 4.1

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 A number of 1.0-newton horizontal forces are
   exerted on a block on a frictionless, horizontal
   surface. Which top-view diagram shows the
   forces producing the greatest magnitude of
   acceleration of the block?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 On a small planet, an astronaut uses a vertical
   force of 175 newtons to lift an 87.5-kilogram
   boulder at constant velocity to a height of
   0.350 meter above the planet’s surface. What is
   the magnitude of the gravitational field strength
   on the surface of the planet?
   (1) 0.500 N/kg            (3) 9.81 N/kg
   (2) 2.00 N/kg             (4) 61.3 N/kg

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 A car uses its brakes to stop on a level road.
   During this process, there must be a conversion
   of kinetic energy into
   (1) light energy
   (2) nuclear energy
   (3) gravitational potential energy
   (4) internal energy

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Which change decreases the resistance of a piece
   of copper wire?
   (1) increasing the wire’s length
   (2) increasing the wire’s resistivity
   (3) decreasing the wire’s temperature
   (4) decreasing the wire’s diameter

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 A stone on the end of a string is whirled
   clockwise at constant speed in a horizontal circle
   as shown in the diagram below.
Which pair of arrows best represents the
directions of the stone’s velocity, v, and
acceleration, a, at the position shown?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 How much work is done by the force lifting a
   0.1-kilogram hamburger vertically upward at
   constant velocity 0.3 meter from a table?
   (1) 0.03 J                (3) 0.3 J
   (2) 0.1 J                 (4) 0.4 J

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Two electrons are separated by a distance of
   3.00 × 10−6 meter. What are the magnitude and
   direction of the electrostatic forces each exerts
   on the other?
   (1) 2.56 × 10−17 N away from each other
   (2) 2.56 × 10−17 N toward each other
   (3) 7.67 × 10−23 N away from each other
   (4) 7.67 × 10−23 N toward each other

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which object will have the greatest change in
   electrical energy?
   (1) an electron moved through a potential
       difference of 2.0 V
   (2) a metal sphere with a charge of 1.0 × 10−9 C
       moved through a potential difference of 2.0 V
   (3) an electron moved through a potential
       difference of 4.0 V
   (4) a metal sphere with a charge of 1.0 × 10−9 C
       moved through a potential difference of 4.0 V

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 The resistance of a circuit remains constant.
   Which graph best represents the relationship
   between the current in the circuit and the
   potential difference provided by the battery?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

21.

21 The wavelength of a wave doubles as it travels
   from medium A into medium B. Compared to the
   wave in medium A, the wave in medium B has
   (1) half the speed
   (2) twice the speed
   (3) half the frequency
   (4) twice the frequency

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

22.

22 The watt•second is a unit of
   (1) power
   (2) energy
   (3) potential difference
   (4) electric field strength

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

23.

23 Which quantity has both a magnitude and a
   direction?
   (1) energy            (3) power
   (2) impulse           (4) work

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

24.

24 A tuning fork vibrates at a frequency of 512 hertz
   when struck with a rubber hammer. The sound
   produced by the tuning fork will travel through
   the air as a
   (1) longitudinal wave with air molecules
       vibrating parallel to the direction of travel
   (2) transverse wave with air molecules vibrating
       parallel to the direction of travel
   (3) longitudinal wave with air molecules vibrating
       perpendicular to the direction of travel
   (4) transverse wave with air molecules vibrating
       perpendicular to the direction of travel

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

25.

25 A 3-ohm resistor and a 6-ohm resistor are
   connected in parallel across a 9-volt battery.
   Which statement best compares the potential
   difference across each resistor?
   (1) The potential difference across the 6-ohm
        resistor is the same as the potential
        difference across the 3-ohm resistor.
   (2) The potential difference across the 6-ohm
        resistor is twice as great as the potential
        difference across the 3-ohm resistor.
   (3) The potential difference across the 6-ohm
        resistor is half as great as the potential
        difference across the 3-ohm resistor.
   (4) The potential difference across the 6-ohm
        resistor is four times as great as the potential
        difference across the 3-ohm resistor.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

26.

26 A 3.6-volt battery is used to operate a cell phone
   for 5.0 minutes. If the cell phone dissipates
   0.064 watt of power during its operation, the
   current that passes through the phone is
   (1) 0.018 A                (3) 19 A
   (2) 5.3 A                  (4) 56 A

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

27.

27 A monochromatic beam of light has a frequency
   of 7.69 × 1014 hertz. What is the energy of a
   photon of this light?
   (1) 2.59 × 10−40 J     (3) 5.10 × 10−19 J
   (2) 6.92 × 10−31 J     (4) 3.90 × 10−7 J

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

28.

28 A 3.00 × 10−9-coulomb test charge is placed near
   a negatively charged metal sphere. The sphere
   exerts an electrostatic force of magnitude
   6.00 × 10−5 newton on the test charge. What is
   the magnitude and direction of the electric field
   strength at this location?
   (1) 2.00 × 104 N/C directed away from the
       sphere
   (2) 2.00 × 104 N/C directed toward the sphere
   (3) 5.00 × 10−5 N/C directed away from the
       sphere
   (4) 5.00 × 10−5 N/C directed toward the sphere

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

29.

29 What is characteristic of both sound waves and
   electromagnetic waves?
   (1) They require a medium.
   (2) They transfer energy.
   (3) They are mechanical waves.
   (4) They are longitudinal waves.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

30.

30 A small object is dropped through a loop of wire
   connected to a sensitive ammeter on the edge of
   a table, as shown in the diagram below.
A reading on the ammeter is most likely
produced when the object falling through the
loop of wire is a
(1) flashlight battery (3) brass mass
(2) bar magnet         (4) plastic ruler

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

31.

31 What is the wavelength of a 2.50-kilohertz sound
   wave traveling at 326 meters per second through
   air?
   (1) 0.130 m              (3) 7.67 m
   (2) 1.30 m               (4) 130. m

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

32.

32 Ultrasound is a medical technique that transmits
   sound waves through soft tissue in the human
   body. Ultrasound waves can break kidney stones
   into tiny fragments, making it easier for them to
   be excreted without pain. The shattering of
   kidney stones with specific frequencies of sound
   waves is an application of which wave
   phenomenon?
   (1) the Doppler effect (3) refraction
   (2) reflection            (4) resonance

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

33.

33 In the diagram below, a stationary source located
   at point S produces sound having a constant
   frequency of 512 hertz. Observer A, 50. meters to
   the left of S, hears a frequency of 512 hertz.
   Observer B, 100. meters to the right of S, hears a
   frequency lower than 512 hertz.
Which statement best describes the motion of
the observers?
(1) Observer A is moving toward point S, and
    observer B is stationary.
(2) Observer A is moving away from point S, and
    observer B is stationary.
(3) Observer A is stationary, and observer B is
    moving toward point S.
(4) Observer A is stationary, and observer B is
    moving away from point S.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

34.

34 While sitting in a boat, a fisherman observes that
   two complete waves pass by his position every
   4 seconds. What is the period of these waves?
   (1) 0.5 s                   (3) 8 s
   (2) 2 s                     (4) 4 s

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

35.

35 A wave passes through an opening in a barrier.
   The amount of diffraction experienced by the
   wave depends on the size of the opening and the
   wave’s
   (1) amplitude           (3) velocity
   (2) wavelength          (4) phase

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 
Skip to Questions 36 - 50


 
6 more pages in Physics


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-