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Physical Setting / Physics - New York Regents June 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2006 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Physics. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats Worksheet / Test Paper Quiz Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which quantity is scalar?
  (1) mass                  (3) momentum
  (2) force                 (4) acceleration

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2.

2 What is the final speed of an object that starts
  from rest and accelerates uniformly at 4.0 meters
  per second2 over a distance of 8.0 meters?
  (1) 8.0 m/s               (3) 32 m/s
  (2) 16 m/s                (4) 64 m/s

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3.

3 The components of a 15-meters-per-second
  velocity at an angle of 60.° above the horizontal
  are
  (1) 7.5 m/s vertical and 13 m/s horizontal
  (2) 13 m/s vertical and 7.5 m/s horizontal
  (3) 6.0 m/s vertical and 9.0 m/s horizontal
  (4) 9.0 m/s vertical and 6.0 m/s horizontal

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4.

4 What is the time required for an object starting
  from rest to fall freely 500. meters near Earth’s
  surface?
  (1) 51.0 s                 (3) 10.1 s
  (2) 25.5 s                 (4) 7.14 s

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5.

5 A baseball bat exerts a force of magnitude F on a
  ball. If the mass of the bat is three times the mass
  of the ball, the magnitude of the force of the ball
  on the bat is
  (1) F                       (3) 3F
  (2) 2F                      (4) F/3

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6.

6 A 2.0-kilogram mass is located 3.0 meters above
  the surface of Earth. What is the magnitude of
  Earth’s gravitational field strength at this
  location?
  (1) 4.9 N/kg             (3) 9.8 N/kg
  (2) 2.0 N/kg             (4) 20. N/kg

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7.

7 A truck, initially traveling at a speed of 22 meters
  per second, increases speed at a constant rate of
  2.4 meters per second2 for 3.2 seconds. What is
  the total distance traveled by the truck during
  this 3.2-second time interval?
  (1) 12 m                     (3) 70. m
  (2) 58 m                     (4) 83 m

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8.

8 A 750-newton person stands in an elevator that is
  accelerating downward. The upward force of the
  elevator floor on the person must be
  (1) equal to 0 N          (3) equal to 750 N
  (2) less than 750 N       (4) greater than 750 N

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9.

9 A 3.0-kilogram object is acted upon by an
  impulse      having    a      magnitude  of
  15 newton•seconds. What is the magnitude of
  the object’s change in momentum due to this
  impulse?
  (1) 5.0 kg•m/s           (3) 3.0 kg•m/s
  (2) 15 kg•m/s            (4) 45 kg•m/s

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10.

10 An air bag is used to safely decrease the
   momentum of a driver in a car accident. The air
   bag reduces the magnitude of the force acting on
   the driver by
   (1) increasing the length of time the force acts
       on the driver
   (2) decreasing the distance over which the force
       acts on the driver
   (3) increasing the rate of acceleration of the
       driver
   (4) decreasing the mass of the driver

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11.

11 An electron moving at constant speed produces
   (1) a magnetic field, only
   (2) an electric field, only
   (3) both a magnetic and an electric field
   (4) neither a magnetic nor an electric field

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12.

12 A beam of electrons passes through an electric
   field where the magnitude of the electric field
   strength is 3.00 × 103 newtons per coulomb.
   What is the magnitude of the electrostatic force
   exerted by the electric field on each electron in
   the beam?
   (1) 5.33 × 10−23 N         (3) 3.00 × 103 N
   (2) 4.80 × 10−16 N         (4) 1.88 × 1022 N

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13.

13 How much work is required to move
   3.0 coulombs of electric charge a distance of
   0.010 meter through a potential difference of
   9.0 volts?
   (1) 2.7 × 103 J         (3) 3.0 J
   (2) 27 J                (4) 3.0 × 10−2 J

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14.

14 What is the resistance of a 20.0-meter-long
   tungsten rod with a cross-sectional area of
   1.00 × 10−4 meter2 at 20°C?
   (1) 2.80 × 10−5 Ω        (3) 89.3 Ω
                
   (2) 1.12 × 10−2 Ω          (4) 112 Ω

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15.

15 Two pieces of flint rock produce a visible spark
   when they are struck together. During this
   process, mechanical energy is converted into
   (1) nuclear energy and electromagnetic energy
   (2) internal energy and nuclear energy
   (3) electromagnetic energy and internal energy
   (4) elastic potential energy and nuclear energy

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16.

16 A 15-kilogram cart is at rest on a horizontal
   surface. A 5-kilogram box is placed in the cart.
   Compared to the mass and inertia of the cart, the
   cart-box system has
   (1) more mass and more inertia
   (2) more mass and the same inertia
   (3) the same mass and more inertia
   (4) less mass and more inertia

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17.

17 Transverse waves are to radio waves as
   longitudinal waves are to
   (1) light waves           (3) ultraviolet waves
   (2) microwaves            (4) sound waves

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18.

18 As a monochromatic light ray passes from air
   into water, two characteristics of the ray that will
   not change are
   (1) wavelength and period
   (2) frequency and period
   (3) wavelength and speed
   (4) frequency and speed

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19.

19 When a mass is placed on a spring with a spring
   constant of 60.0 newtons per meter, the spring is
   compressed 0.500 meter. How much energy is
   stored in the spring?
   (1) 60.0 J               (3) 15.0 J
   (2) 30.0 J               (4) 7.50 J

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20.

20 A boy pushes his sister on a swing. What is the
   frequency of oscillation of his sister on the swing
   if the boy counts 90. complete swings in 300.
   seconds?
   (1) 0.30 Hz                (3) 1.5 Hz
   (2) 2.0 Hz                 (4) 18 Hz

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21.

21 What is the period of a sound wave having a
   frequency of 340. hertz?
   (1) 3.40 × 102 s         (3) 9.73 × 10−1 s
   (2) 1.02 × 100 s         (4) 2.94 × 10−3 s

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22.

22 An MP3 player draws a current of 0.120 ampere
   from a 3.00-volt battery. What is the total charge
   that passes through the player in 900. seconds?
   (1) 324 C                 (3) 5.40 C
   (2) 108 C                 (4) 1.80 C

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23.

23 A beam of light has a wavelength of 4.5 × 10−7
   meter in a vacuum. The frequency of this light is
   (1) 1.5 × 10−15 Hz       (3) 1.4 × 102 Hz
   (2) 4.5 × 10−7 Hz        (4) 6.7 × 1014 Hz

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24.

24 When x-ray radiation and infrared radiation are
   traveling in a vacuum, they have the same
   (1) speed                 (3) wavelength
   (2) frequency             (4) energy per photon

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25.

25 The diagram below represents two identical
   pulses approaching each other in a uniform
   medium.
As the pulses meet and are superposed, the
maximum displacement of the medium is
(1) −6 cm             (3) 3 cm
(2) 0 cm              (4) 6 cm

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26.

26 As a car approaches a pedestrian crossing the
   road, the driver blows the horn. Compared to
   the sound wave emitted by the horn, the sound
   wave detected by the pedestrian has a
   (1) higher frequency and a lower pitch
   (2) higher frequency and a higher pitch
   (3) lower frequency and a higher pitch
   (4) lower frequency and a lower pitch

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27.

27 When air is blown across the top of an open
   water bottle, air molecules in the bottle vibrate
   at a particular frequency and sound is produced.
   This phenomenon is called
   (1) diffraction            (3) resonance
   (2) refraction             (4) the Doppler effect

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28.

28 An antibaryon composed of two antiup quarks
   and one antidown quark would have a charge of
   (1) +1e                (3) 0e
   (2) −1e                (4) −3e

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29.

29 Which force is responsible for producing a stable
   nucleus by opposing the electrostatic force of
   repulsion between protons?
   (1) strong                (3) frictional
   (2) weak                  (4) gravitational

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30.

30 What is the total energy released when
   9.11 × 10−31 kilogram of mass is converted into
   energy?
   (1) 2.73 × 10−22 J       (3) 9.11 × 10−31 J
   (2) 8.20 × 10−14 J       (4) 1.01 × 10−47 J

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31.

31 A shopping cart slows as it moves along a level floor. Which statement describes the energies of the cart?
   (1) The kinetic energy increases and the gravitational potential energy remains the same.
   (2) The kinetic energy increases and the gravitational potential energy decreases.
   (3) The kinetic energy decreases and the gravitational potential energy remains the same.
   (4) The kinetic energy decreases and the gravitational potential energy increases.

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32.

32 Two identically-sized metal spheres, A and B, are on insulating stands, as shown in the diagram below.
   Sphere A possesses an excess of 6.3 × 1010 electrons and sphere B is neutral.
Which diagram best represents the charge distribution on sphere B?

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33.

33 Two points, A and B, are located within the electric field produced by a −3.0 nanocoulomb charge. Point A
   is 0.10 meter to the left of the charge and point B is 0.20 meter to the right of the charge, as shown in the
   diagram below.
Compared to the magnitude of the electric field strength at point A, the magnitude of the electric field
strength at point B is
(1) half as great                                       (3) one-fourth as great
(2) twice as great                                      (4) four times as great

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34.

34 The diagram below represents two waves, A and B, traveling through the same uniform medium.
Which characteristic is the same for both waves?
(1) amplitude                                      (3) period
(2) frequency                                      (4) wavelength

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35.

35 The diagram below shows a periodic wave.
Which two points on the wave are 180.° out of phase?
(1) A and C                                            (3) F and G
(2) B and E                                            (4) D and H

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