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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

             Part I
Answer all questions in this part.

1.

1 The original settlements in the thirteen British
  colonies were all located
  (1) east of the Appalachian Mountains
  (2) along the Gulf Coast
  (3) on the Great Plains
  (4) west of the Mississippi River

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2.

    Base your answer to question 2 on the chart
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

2 Which generalization can best be supported by the
  information in this chart?
  (1) Migration to urban areas slowed by 1920.
  (2) By 1900, a majority of Americans worked in
      factories.
  (3) Between 1800 and 1900, the United States
      population was primarily rural.
  (4) From 1800 to 1920, the percentage of farm
      workers in the labor force steadily increased.

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3.

3 What was a main reason large plantations
  developed in the South during the colonial period?
  (1) British laws discouraged tenant farming.
  (2) Cotton could only be grown in wetlands.
  (3) Southern mountains led to the development
      of isolated, self-sufficient farms.
  (4) The coastal plain in the South contained large
      areas of fertile soil.

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4.

4 Which statement about the British colonial policy
  of mercantilism is most accurate?
  (1) Raw materials from the colonies were
      shipped to England.
  (2) England encouraged the colonies to seek
      independence.
  (3) The colonies were required to send
      manufactured goods to Europe.
  (4) The British opposed the use of slave labor in
      the colonies.

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5.

5 In colonial America, the House of Burgesses, the
  Mayflower Compact, and town hall meetings
  were all developments that led to the
  (1) regulation of trade with Native American
      Indians
  (2) protection of the rights of women
  (3) elimination of the power of the upper classes
  (4) creation of representative government

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6.

6 During the early 177os, how did the British
  government respond to increasing American
  protests of British colonial policy?
  (1) It offered self-government to the colonists.
  (2) It increased efforts to maintain order and
      enforce laws.
  (3) It agreed to grant the colonies representation
      in Parliament.
  (4) It asked France for help in controlling the
      colonists.

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7.

7 Which constitutional principle best protects the
  public from abuse by one branch of government?
  (1) equality
  (2) federalism
  (3) executive privilege
  (4) checks and balances

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8.

8 • A bicameral legislature is created in which
    states have equal representation in the Senate,
    but representation in the House depends on
    population.
  • An enslaved person is counted as three-fifths of
    one person for purposes of both representation
    and taxation.
  These two statements describe
  (1) grievances included in the Declaration of
      Independence
  (2) provisions found in the Articles of Confederation
  (3) compromises reached at the Constitutional
      Convention
  (4) amendments included in the Bill of Rights

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9.

    Base your answer to question 9 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Europe has a set of primary interests which to
   us have none or a very remote relation. Hence
   she must be engaged in frequent controversies,
   the causes of which are essentially foreign to our
   concerns. Hence, therefore, it must be unwise in
   us to implicate [connect] ourselves by artificial
   ties in the ordinary vicissitudes [changes] of her
   politics or the ordinary combinations and
   collisions of her friendships or enmities
   [antagonisms].…
   — President George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796
 9 According to the passage, President Washington
   believed that the United States should
   (1) seek financial aid from European nations
   (2) end all existing European friendships
   (3) avoid involvement in the political disputes of
       Europe
   (4) discontinue commercial relations with
       Europe

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10.

10 Many critics of the electoral college system point
   out that it
   (1) penalizes the states with the smallest
       population
   (2) encourages the formation of minor political
       parties
   (3) grants too much influence to the United
       States Senate
   (4) might not select the candidate with the
       largest number of popular votes

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11.

11 The establishment of judicial review in Marbury
   v. Madison (1803) gave federal courts the
   authority to
   (1) decide whether a law is constitutional
   (2) create lower courts
   (3) approve foreign treaties
   (4) appoint judges to lifetime terms

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12.

12 A major reason for purchasing the Louisiana
   Territory (1803) was to
   (1) gain access to the Ohio Territory
   (2) remove the British from the borders of the
       United States
   (3) secure control of the port of New Orleans
   (4) open the Rocky Mountains to miners

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13.

13 In the 184os, President James K. Polk’s belief in
   Manifest Destiny led to
   (1) a war with Mexico
   (2) an alliance with several South American
       nations
   (3) the establishment of new colonies in the
       Caribbean
   (4) a ban on the activities of northern abolitionists

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 The principle of popular sovereignty was an
   important part of the
   (1) Indian Removal Act (3) Homestead Act
   (2) Kansas-Nebraska Act (4) Dawes Act

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15.

    Base your answer to question 15 on the table
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

15 Which inference is most clearly supported by the
   information in this table?
   (1) Slavery decreased throughout the South with
       the end of the African slave trade.
   (2) The enslaved population began to decline
       after 1840.
   (3) The transcontinental railroad spread slavery
       outside the South.
   (4) Slavery would likely have continued to grow
       had there not been a civil war.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 A primary reason for the passage of the 14th
   amendment in 1868 was to
   (1) prohibit the secession of states
   (2) uphold the legality of the Black Codes
   (3) continue the presidential plan for Reconstruction
   (4) guarantee citizenship rights to the newly
       freed slaves

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17.

17 After the Civil War, white Southern landowners
   used sharecropping to
   (1) set up schools to educate formerly enslaved
       persons
   (2) encourage freedmen to migrate north
   (3) maintain a cheap labor supply
   (4) sell their plantations to formerly enslaved
       persons

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

    Base your answers to questions 18 and 19 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: Until the 188os, most immigrants came
           from the same European countries
           where colonial immigrants originated.
Speaker B: “New” immigrants of the late 180os often
            experienced discrimination.
Speaker C: The use of a quota system is the best way
           to address the issues of immigration.
Speaker D: Today’s immigrants take too many jobs
           away from those who were born in
           America.
18 Which two speakers are expressing an opinion
   related to United States immigration?
   (1) A and B                (3) B and D
   (2) A and C                (4) C and D

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19.

19 The “new” immigrants referred to by Speaker B
   came mainly from
   (1) western and northern Europe
   (2) southern and eastern Europe
   (3) Africa and Asia
   (4) Central America and South America

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20.

20 The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v.
   Ferguson (1896) affected African Americans by
   (1) granting voting rights
   (2) expanding civil rights
   (3) upholding racial segregation
   (4) guaranteeing equal wages

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Skip to Questions 21 - 35


 
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