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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2016 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 A major reason the American colonists of the
  1600s chose to settle along the seacoast and rivers
  was so that they could
  (1) export slaves
  (2) carry out trade
  (3) protect themselves from Native American
      Indians
  (4) use water power to run factory machinery

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Under the British system of mercantilism, the
  American colonies served primarily as a
  (1) self-sufficient trading partner for other
      European nations
  (2) market for British manufactured goods and a
      source of raw materials
  (3) source of manpower for the British army and
      navy
  (4) buffer to the expansion of French and
      Spanish colonies

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3.

3 Which heading best completes the partial outline
  below?
(1)   Early Colonial Documents
(2)   Limits on Representative Government
(3)   Contributions of the Enlightenment
(4)   Foundations of American Democracy

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4.

4 The phrase “consent of the governed” refers to the
  (1) source of the government’s power
  (2) need to create political parties
  (3) commitment to use implied powers
  (4) development of a federal system of govern-
      ment

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5.

5 One weakness of the Articles of Confederation
  was the inability of the central government to
  (1) establish a postal system
  (2) collect adequate taxes from the states
  (3) control western lands
  (4) admit new states to the Union

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6.

6 What was a result of the Great Compromise
  during the Constitutional Convention of 1787?
  (1) creating a two-house legislature
  (2) banning slavery in Southern states
  (3) requiring that the president have a cabinet
  (4) giving the Supreme Court the power to hear
      cases involving states

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Based on the United States Constitution,
  the census helps to determine the number of
  (1) presidential candidates
  (2) members of congressional subcommittees
  (3) electoral votes assigned to each state
  (4) senators from each state

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8.

8 A primary reason the Antifederalists opposed
  ratification of the United States Constitution in
  1787 was because the Constitution failed to
  (1) include a bill of rights
  (2) provide for a strong national defense
  (3) restrict immigration
  (4) extend voting rights to women

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9.

9 The power of judicial review was established when
  (1) the original United States Constitution was
      adopted
  (2) an amendment was added to the United
      States Constitution
  (3) President Thomas Jefferson established the
      power in an executive order
  (4) the Supreme Court issued its ruling in
      Marbury v. Madison (1803)

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which quotation is correctly paired with the
   document in which it is found?
   (1) “…the right of the people to keep and bear
        arms, shall not be infringed.”
                       — Washington’s Farewell Address
   (2) “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
        all men are created equal…”
                                    — Monroe Doctrine
   (3) “Four score and seven years ago our fathers
        brought forth, upon this continent, a new
        nation…”
                         — Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address
   (4) “We the people of the United States, in order
        to form a more perfect union…”
                         — Declaration of Independence

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11.

11 During the 1790s, the primary goal of United
   States foreign policy was to
   (1) preserve the nation’s neutrality during
       European conflicts
   (2) increase the nation’s trade with Asia
   (3) expand westward by signing new military
       alliances
   (4) make the nation into a major colonial power

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12.

12 In Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), the Supreme Court
   strengthened the federal government’s role in
   the national economy by
   (1) outlawing the triangular trade
   (2) banning states from issuing money
   (3) upholding the power of Congress to regulate
       interstate commerce
   (4) limiting the growth of corporations

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 One way in which Frederick Douglass, William
   Lloyd Garrison, and Sojourner Truth are similar
   is that they all supported the
   (1) abolitionist movement
   (2) passage of Black Codes
   (3) nullification theory of States rights
   (4) plantation system in the South

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Abraham Lincoln’s 1858 warning that “a house
   divided against itself cannot stand” referred to
   sectional differences over the
   (1) treatment of Native American Indians
   (2) issue of slavery
   (3) funding for internal improvements
   (4) treaties with European nations

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 What was a common goal of the 13th, 14th,
   and 15th amendments to the United States
   Constitution?
   (1) punishing the South for seceding from the
       Union
   (2) granting basic rights to formerly enslaved
       persons
   (3) allowing the states to veto federal laws
   (4) creating a “separate but equal” society

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16.

16 In the latter half of the 1800s, a large labor
   supply, an abundance of natural resources, and
   the construction of new railroads contributed
   most directly to the
   (1) growth of American industry
   (2) dependence on imported goods
   (3) demand for limits on immigration
   (4) rejection of high tariffs by the United States

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 In the late 1800s, many employers used black-
   listing to
   (1) end the use of sweatshops
   (2) discourage workers from joining labor unions
   (3) restrict the use of open shops
   (4) promote child labor reform

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

Base your answer to question 18 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
18 Which statement most accurately describes the meaning of this 1896 cartoon?
   (1) Western farmers have no market for their products.
   (2) Grazing and water rights cause conflict in western states.
   (3) Eastern businesses profit from western farming.
   (4) Cattle and grain add little to the wealth of the United States.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
(1)   Rise of American Imperialism
(2)   Causes of World War I
(3)   Enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine
(4)   Trade Expansion in East Asia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Which statement best expresses President
   Theodore Roosevelt’s philosophy on regulating
   big business?
   (1) Regulation of big business should be left to
       the states.
   (2) Any regulation of big business is undesir-
       able.
   (3) Abusive trusts should be broken up by a
       vigilant federal government.
   (4) Government ownership of key industries will
       benefit consumers.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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