Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Earth Science - High School > Print Preview

Earth Science - New York Regents January 2004 Exam

This is a test of your knowledge of Earth science. Use that knowledge to answer all the question in this examination. Some questions may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables. The Earth Science Reference Tables are supplied separately. Be certain you have a copy of the 2001 Edition (Revised November 2006) of these reference tables before you begin the examination.
Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review

Hide all answers   View all answers   Print   Try the Quiz


Part A
1. Which graph best represents the force of gravity between Earth and the Sun during one revolution of Earth around the Sun?

3

2. Which celestial feature is largest in actual size?
(1) the Moon
(2) Jupiter 
(3) the Sun
(4) the Milky Way
4

3. The best evidence that Earth rotates is provided by the
(1) location of mid-oceanic ridge volcanoes and the distribution of index fossils
(2) movement of Foucault pendulums and the Coriolis effect on air movement
(3) pattern of changing seasons and the depth of meteor impacts
(4) rate of uranium-238 decay and changes in atmospheric composition
2


4. How do Jupiter’s density and period of rotation compare to Earth's?
(1) Jupiter is less dense and has a longer period of rotation.
(2) Jupiter is less dense and has a shorter period of rotation.
(3) Jupiter is more dense and has a longer period of rotation.
(4) Jupiter is more dense and has a shorter period of rotation.
2

5. What is represented by the diagram below?

(1) changing phases of the Sun
(2) changing phases of the Moon
(3) stages in an eclipse of the Sun
(4) stages in an eclipse of the Moon
3

6. Which graph best represents the relationship between the angle of insolation and the intensity of insolation?

2

7. A square meter of surface of which of these natural areas would most likely absorb the most insolation during a clear day?
(1) a fast-moving river
(2) a dark-green forest
(3) a beach with white sand
(4) a snow-covered field
2

8. Which observable change would occur in New York State if Earth’s rate of rotation were one-half its present rate?
(1) The Sun would rise in the southwest each day.
(2) The length of a day would be longer.
(3) The time needed to complete a cycle of Moon phases would be greater.
(4) The seasonal changes would not occur.
2

9. The data below represent some of the weather conditions at a New York State location on a winter morning.
Air temperature (dry-bulb temperature) 0°C
Relative humidity  81%
Present weather  snow


What was the dewpoint at this time?
(1) 1°C
(2) 2°C 
(3) −3°C 
(4) −5°C
3

10. Students wish to study the effect of elevation above sea level on air temperature and air pressure. They plan to hike in the Adirondack Mountains from Heart Lake, elevation 2,179 feet, to the peak of Mt. Marcy, elevation 5,344 feet. Which instruments should they use to collect their data?
(1) anemometer and psychrometer
(2) anemometer and barometer
(3) thermometer and psychrometer
(4) thermometer and barometer
4

11. Weather-station measurements indicate that the dewpoint temperature and air temperature are getting farther apart and that air pressure is rising. Which type of weather is most likely arriving at the station?
(1) a snowstorm
(2) a warm front
(3) cool, dry air
(4) maritime tropical air
3

12. The diagram below represents a naturally occurring geologic process.

Which process is best illustrated by the diagram?
(1) cementation
(2) erosion 
(3) metamorphism
(4) weathering
4

13. The graph below shows the average number of days each year that thunderstorms occur at different latitudes on Earth.

According to the graph, what is the approximate number of days each year that thunderstorms occur at locations along the 40° N parallel of latitude?
(1) 8 days
(2) 18 days
(3) 24 days
(4) 32 days
2

14. One result of a large volcanic eruption is that surface air temperatures decrease over a sizable region of Earth. This phenomenon occurs because volcanic eruptions usually decrease the
(1) transparency of the atmosphere
(2) number of dust particles entering the atmosphere
(3) amount of moisture in the atmosphere
(4) reflection of sunlight within the atmosphere
1

15. When rainfall occurs, the rainwater will most likely become surface runoff if the land surface is
(1) sandy
(2) impermeable
(3) covered with grass
(4) nearly flat
2

16. Fossil pollen has been recovered from sediments deposited in late-Pleistocene lakes. The pollen’s geologic age can most accurately be measured by using
(1) rubidium-87
(2) potassium-40 
(3) oxygen-18
(4) carbon-14
4

17. Andrija Mohorovicic discovered the interface between the crust and the mantle that is now named for him. His discovery of the "Moho" was based on analysis of
(1) landscape boundaries
(2) continental coastlines
(3) erosional surfaces
(4) seismic waves
4

18. Which phrase best describes coal?
(1) low density, mafic
(2) chemical precipitate
(3) organic plant remains
(4) glassy texture, volcanic
3

19. Which mineral will scratch glass (hardness = 5.5), but not pyrite?
(1) gypsum
(2) fluorite
(3) orthoclase
(4) quartz
3

20. The observed difference in density between continental crust and oceanic crust is most likely due to differences in their
(1) composition
(2) thickness 
(3) porosity
(4) rate of cooling
1

21. The diagrams below show gradual stages 1, 2, and 3 in the development of a river delta where a river enters an ocean.

Which statement best explains why the river delta is developing at this site?
(1) The rate of deposition is less than the rate of erosion.
(2) The rate of deposition is greater than the rate of erosion.
(3) Sea level is slowly falling.
(4) Sea level is slowly rising.
2

22. According to plate tectonic theory, during which geologic time interval did the continents of North America and Africa separate, resulting in the initial opening of the Atlantic Ocean?
(1) Mesozoic Era
(2) Paleozoic Era
(3) Proterozoic Eon
(4) Archean Eon
1

23. Which rock most probably formed directly from lava cooling quickly at Earth's surface?

2

24. The diagram below shows a sedimentary rock sample.

Which agent of erosion was most likely responsible for shaping the particles forming this rock?
(1) mass movement
(2) wind
(3) glacial ice
(4) running water
4

25. Near which location in New York State would a geologist have the greatest chance of finding dinosaur footprints in the surface bedrock?
(1) 41° 10' N latitude, 74° W longitude
(2) 42° 10' N latitude, 74° 30' W longitude
(3) 43° 30' N latitude, 76° W longitude
(4) 44° 30' N latitude, 75° 30' W longitude
1

26. Geologic cross sections A through F shown below represent different stages in the development of one part of Earth’s crust over a long period of geologic time.

What is the correct order of development from the original (oldest) stage to the most recent (youngest) stage?
(1)BDCFAE
(2)BFCDEA
(3)EADFCB
(4)EAFCDB
2

27. The list below shows characteristics that vary from place to place on Earth.
a Radioactive substances
b Bedrock structures
c Duration of insolation
d Hillslopes
e Stream patterns
f Atmospheric composition
Observations and measurements of which three characteristics would be most useful in describing landscapes?
(1) a, b, and c
(2) b, c, and f  
(3) b, d, and e
(4) d, e, and f
3

28. Uranium-238 that crystallized at the same time Earth formed has undergone approximately how many half-lives of radioactive decay?
(1) one half-life
(2) two half-lives
(3) three half-lives
(4) four half-lives
1

29. The photograph below shows a piece of halite that has been recently broken.

Which physical property of halite is demonstrated by this pattern of breakage?
(1) hardness
(2) streak
(3) cleavage
(4) luster
3

30. The diagram below shows a meandering stream flowing across nearly flat topography and over loose sediments.

If arrow length represents stream velocity, which diagram best shows the relative stream velocities in this section of the stream?

2

31. Bedrock located near Old Forge, New York, would most likely have which characteristics?
(1) clastic texture consisting of angular sediments of mostly quartz and feldspar cemented together
(2) crystalline texture composed predominantly of gypsum
(3) noncrystalline, glassy texture with a dark color
(4) foliated texture with mica and feldspar separated into bands
4

32. Bedrock of which four consecutive geologic periods is best preserved in New York State?
(1) Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian
(2) Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic
(3) Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous
(4) Jurassic, Cretaceous, Tertiary, Quaternary
1

33. The diagram below represents bedrock layers found in an outcrop. Three index fossils are found within the bedrock layers.

Which evidence best suggests that this outcrop has undergone crustal movement?
(1) The same rock layers appear twice within the outcrop.
(2) The trilobite fossil is not found in all five layers.
(3) The sedimentary layers have the same thickness.
(4) The eurypterid fossil is absent in the middle layer.
1

34. A student determines the density of a mineral to be 1.5 grams per cubic centimeter. It the accepted value is 2.0 grams per cubic centimeter, what is the student’s percent deviation (percent error)?
(1) 25.0%
(2) 33.3%
(3) 40.0%
(4) 50.0%
1

35. What is the best way to determine if a mineral sample is calcite or quartz?
(1) Observe the color of the mineral.
(2) Place the mineral near a magnet.
(3) Place a drop of acid on the mineral.
(4) Measure the mass of the mineral.
3



Part B-1
Base your answers to questions 36 and 37 on the diagram below, which shows the angle of the Sun’s noontime rays received at different Earth latitudes on May 1.

 
36. Which changes can be expected to occur at 45° N over the next 30 days?
(1) The duration of insolation will decrease and the temperature will decrease.
(2) The duration of insolation will decrease and the temperature will increase.
(3) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will decrease.
(4) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will increase.
4

37. At which latitude can the noontime Sun be observed in the northern part of the sky?
(1) 0°
(2) 30° N
(3) 60° N
(4) 90° N
1


Base your answers to questions 38 and 39 on the graph below. The graph shows the recorded change in water level (ocean tides) at a coastal city in the northeastern United States during 1 day.

 
38. Which inference about tides is best made from this graph?
(1) The hourly rate of tidal change is always the same.
(2) The rate of tidal change is greatest at high tide.
(3) The tidal change is a random event.
(4) The tidal change is cyclic.
4

39. According to the pattern shown on the graph, the next high tide will occur on the following day at approximately
(1) 12:30 a.m.
(2) 2:00 a.m.
(3) 3:15 a.m.
(4) 4:00 a.m.
2


40. Which model best represents the apparent path of the Sun observed at various times during the year at the Equator?

2

41. The topographic map below shows a particular landscape.

Which map best represents the stream drainage pattern for this landscape?

1

42. Which diagram correctly shows how mantle convection currents are most likely moving beneath colliding lithospheric plates?

1

43. Which two rocks have the most similar mineral composition?
(1) marble and rhyolite
(2) limestone and basalt
(3) quartzite and rock salt
(4) granite and phyllite
4

44. The field map below shows air temperature measurements, in degrees Celsius, taken at the same elevation within a closed room. Two reference points, A and B, are shown.

Which temperature field map shows correctly drawn isotherms?

4


Base your answers to questions 45 and 46 on the diagram below, which shows models of two types of earthquake waves.

 
45. Model A best represents the motion of earthquake waves called
(1) P-waves (compressional waves) that travel faster than S-waves (shear waves) shown in model B
(2) P-waves (compressional waves) that travel slower than S-waves (shear waves) shown in model B
(3) S-waves (shear waves) that travel faster than P-waves (compressional waves) shown in model B
(4) S-waves (shear waves) that travel slower than P-waves (compressional waves) shown in model B
1

46. The difference in seismic station arrival times of the two waves represented by the models helps scientists determine the
(1) amount of damage caused by an earthquake
(2) intensity of an earthquake
(3) distance to the epicenter of an earthquake
(4) time of occurrence of the next earthquake
3


Base your answers to questions 47 and 48 on the cross section and data table shown below. The cross section shows a sediment-laden river flowing into the ocean. The arrows show the direction of river flow. Different zones of sorted sediments, A, B, C, and D, have been labeled. Sediments have been taken from these zones and measured. The data table shows the range of sediment sizes in each zone.

 
47. How is this pattern of horizontal sorting produced?
(1) High-density materials generally settle more slowly.
(2) Rounded sediments generally settle more slowly.
(3) Dissolved minerals are generally deposited first.
(4) Bigger particles are generally deposited first.
4

48. The sedimentary rock, siltstone, will most likely form from sediments deposited in zone
(1) A
(2) B 
(3) C
(4) D
3


Base your answers to questions 49 and 50 on the map below, which shows the depths of selected earthquakes along the crustal plate boundary near the west coast of South America. Letters A, B, C, and D are epicenter locations along a west-to-east line at the surface. The relative depth of each earthquake is indicated.

 
49. Which graph best shows the depth of earthquakes beneath epicenters A, B, C, and D?

1

50. The earthquake beneath epicenter D occurred in which part of Earth’s interior?
(1) crust
(2) rigid mantle 
(3) asthenosphere
(4) stiffer mantle
3



Part B-2
Base your answers to questions 51 through 54 on the reading passage below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The reading passage provides some background information about a recent fossil discovery. The map of Canada shows the fossil site. The scale drawing shows the new trilobite fossil compared to other trilobite fossils.

The World’s Biggest Trilobite
        A team of Canadian paleontologists examining rock units along the shore of Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba has discovered the world’s largest recorded complete fossil of a trilobite, a many-legged, sea-dwelling animal inferred to have lived during the late Ordovician Period. The giant creature, measuring 70 centimeters in length, is a new species of the genus Isotelus. This remarkable discovery adds to our knowledge of the diversity of life following one of the greatest increases in the number and types of life-forms in history. The new Isotelus species existed just before the end of the Ordovician Period.
 
51. In what type of rock was the new Isotelus fossil most probably found? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for sedimentary rock or any specific type of sedimentary rock.


52. At the time the new Isotelus fossil lived and died, during the Ordovician Period, what was the approximate latitude of the fossil site according to plate tectonic theory? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
0° (±10°) latitude
Equator


53. What New York State nautiloid index fossil would most likely be found in the bedrock just below the new Isotelus fossil? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for Valcouroceras.


54. The actual new Isotelus fossil is approximately how many times larger than scale drawing A? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for 11 (±1).



Base your answers to questions 55 through 58 on the weather map provided below, which  shows a weather system over the northern United States and weather data for several locations. Isobars show a low-pressure (L) center. Point 'X' is a location in Canada.

55. On the weather map provided below, draw a curved arrow through point 'X' to show the general direction of surface winds on that side of the lowpressure center. [2]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 1 credit for an arrow showing counterclockwise direction of movement around the low.

and


Allow 1 credit for an arrow curving inward toward the low.
Note: Allow credit for a correctly drawn arrow even if the arrow does not go through the center of the X.
An example of an acceptable response is shown below


56. State the relationship between isobar spacing on the map and wind velocity. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
Closely spaced isobars represent a region of high wind velocity.
As isobars become closer, wind speed increases.


57. Describe the five specific weather conditions for Charleston indicated by the station model on the weather map. Complete the chart provided below and include appropriate units where necessary [2]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 2 credits if four or five answers including units are correct.
Allow only 1 credit if only two or three answers including units are correct.
Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:


58. Describe how clouds form when warm, humid air rises along the cold front.
a Include the terms dewpoint and either expansion or expands in your answer [1]
b State the phase change that occurs at the dewpoint. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] a Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, this example:
Clouds form when rising air expands and cools to the dewpoint.
     b Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
from gas to liquid
Water vapor condenses.
deposition
gas to solid



Base your answers to questions 59 and 60 on the diagram below, which shows an incomplete concept map identifying the types of plate boundaries. Information in the boxes labeled A, B, C, D, and E has been deliberately omitted.

 
59. On the chart provided below, write the information that should be placed in the boxes labeled A, B, and C that will correctly complete those portions of the concept map. [2]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 2 credits if all three answers are correct.
Allow only 1 credit if only one or two answers are correct.
Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:


60. On the geographic map provided below, write the letters D and E on the plate boundary locations where the indicated movements are occurring. Write the letters approximately the same size as shown on the concept map and locate the letters directly on the plate boundary. [2]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 1 credit for writing the letter D on any transform plate boundary. Student answers locating D over major transform ocean-ridge faults should also be accepted for credit.

and


Allow 1 credit for writing the letter E on any subduction plate boundary between an oceanic plate and a continental plate.
The diagram below shows examples of locations where the letters D and E could be placed.




Part C
Base your answers to questions 61 and 62 on the photograph below, which shows a mountainous region cut by a large valley in its center.

 
61. What characteristic of this large valley supports the inference that glacial ice formed the valley? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
The valley has a U-shaped cross section.
The bottom of the valley is round.
Nonglaciated mountain valleys are V-shaped; this one is U-shaped.


62. Describe additional geologic evidence that might be found on the valley floor that would support the idea that glacial ice formed this valley. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
piles of unsorted sediments deposited across the valley floor (moraines) parallel scratches and/or grooves in the bedrock (striations).



Base your answers to questions 63 through 67 on the map and graphs below. The map shows five climate regions of New York State. The bar graphs show average monthly temperatures of four of these climate regions.

 
63. The average monthly temperatures for climate regions 1, 2, 3, and 4 show a similar yearly pattern of change. Identify one climate control factor that these four climate regions have in common that most probably causes this similarity in temperature pattern. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
similar latitudes
similar duration of insolation
similar intensity of  insolation
similar monthly changes in the altitude of the Sun


64. What climate variable, other than temperature, was also used to identity these areas as tour different climate regions? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
humidity
precipitation
moisture


65. What landscape characteristic of climate region 3 most likely causes it to have both cooler summer temperatures and cooler winter temperatures than climate region 2? [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
The elevation of area 3 is higher.
Climate region 3 is located in a mountainous region.


66. On the grid provided below, construct a bar graph of the average monthly temperatures provided below for climate region 5. January has been completed for you. [2]


MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 2 credits if ten or eleven bars are correctly drawn (±2°F). Allow only 1 credit if only six to nine bars are correctly drawn (±2°F). An example of an acceptable response is shown below.


67. Describe how the Atlantic Ocean surrounding climate region 5 has most probably influenced the average temperatures of this region during January, February, and March. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
The ocean has moderated temperatures, making the temperatures warmer.
It has increased the temperatures during these months.



Base your answers to questions 68 through 70 on the diagram provided below, which shows a model of the orbital path of Earth and the partial orbital path of Jupiter around the Sun. A partial orbit of another celestial object, labeled object A, is also shown. Celestial object A is a natural object that is part of our solar system. [All distances are measured to scale from the center of the Sun in this model.]

68. a On the diagram provided below, place an X to represent the position of Mars at the properly scaled distance from the Sun in this model. [1]
b On the diagram provided below, starting at your plotted position of Mars, draw a scale model of Mars’ orbital path. Be careful to show the correct shape of the orbit. [1]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] a Allow 1 credit for locating Mars 2.3 cm (±0.2 cm) from the center of the Sun somewhere on the drawn orbit of Mars in the diagram below.
     b Allow 1 credit for the construction of Mars’ orbit as a nearly circular path through the student-plotted X.
An example of an acceptable response is shown below.


69. Identify what type of solar-system object is most probably represented by celestial object A. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for comet or asteroid or meteoroid.


70. State one reason why determining the exact orbital path and period of revolution of celestial object A might be important to the continued existence of life on Earth. [1]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a correct response. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
Past impact events have been correlated with mass extinctions on Earth.
Object A might hit Earth.
If object A’s path crosses Earth’s orbit, a collision might occur that would kill much life on Earth.



Base your answers to questions 71 through 74 on the topographic map below. The map shows a portion of the Taterskill Creek flowing past the towns of Lawson and Glenton. The shaded area is Taterskill Creek. The arrows in the creek show its direction of flow. Points A, B, and C are locations on the map. Points A and B are connected with a reference line.

Mercado Dam is located 32 miles upstream from Lawson. In the remote possibility of a failure of the Mercado Dam, the Taterskill Creek is expected to rise to the 600-foot contour line in the vicinity of the two towns.
 
71. On the grid provided below, construct a topographic profile from point A to point B, following the directions below.
a Write numbers along the vertical axis to show an appropriate scale for the elevations crossed by line AB. Your number scale should label at least half of the lines along the vertical axis and should not extend beyond the grid provided. [1]
b Plot the elevation along line AB by marking an X at each point where a contour line is crossed. Point A and point B have been plotted for you. [1]
c Connect all the Xs to complete a profile that accurately reflects the elevation of the land. [1]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[3] a Allow 1 credit for an appropriate vertical scale that fits on the grid according to the directions given on the test.
b Allow 1 credit if nine to twelve Xs are correctly plotted according to the student’s scale.
c Allow 1 credit if all the student-plotted Xs are correctly connected. The line must dip below the 600-ft elevation but not below the 590-ft elevation to receive credit. An example of an acceptable response is shown below.


72. State a possible elevation for point C on the map. [1]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for any response greater than 700 but less than 710 feet.


73. If Mercado Dam ruptured, the first floodwater would take exactly 4 hours to reach the town of Lawson. In the space provided below, calculate the average rate of travel for the leading edge of the floodwater. Label your answer with the correct units. [2]

MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 1 credit for rate = 8.
and
Allow 1 credit for miles/hour or mi/hr.


74. Identify two emergency preparedness activities that town officials in Lawson could take before a dam failure to protect people and property from the flood. [2]
MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[2] Allow 2 credits, 1 credit for each of two correct responses. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to, these examples:
Lawson could build a levee to protect the houses in the lower areas.
An early warning system could be implemented and practiced so people have time to evacuate the area.
establish emergency procedures that would be followed if the dam broke
designate safe emergency shelters
prevent further development in flood-prone areas



  Try the Quiz :     Earth Science - New York Regents January 2004 Exam


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-