Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Earth Science - High School > Print Preview

Earth Science - New York Regents January 2014

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review

Hide all answers   View all answers   Print   Try the Quiz

Part A
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

1.
1 At a location in the Northern Hemisphere, a
  camera was placed outside at night with the lens
  pointing straight up. The shutter was left open
  for four hours, resulting in the star trails shown
  below.
At which latitude were these star trails
observed?
(1) 1° N            (3) 60° N
(2) 30° N           (4) 90° N
Answer: 4

2.
2 Why are some constellations visible to New York
  State observers at midnight during April, but not
  visible at midnight during October?
  (1) Constellations move within our galaxy.
  (2) Constellations have elliptical orbits.
  (3) Earth revolves around the Sun.
  (4) Earth rotates on its axis.
Answer: 3

3.
3 A red shift in the light from very distant galaxies
  suggests that the universe is
  (1) fixed and stationary (3) contracting
  (2) moving randomly         (4) expanding
Answer: 4


4.
4 Which motion causes the Coriolis effect on
  Earth?
  (1) revolution of Earth around the Sun
  (2) revolution of the Moon around Earth
  (3) rotation of Earth on its axis
  (4) rotation of the Moon on its axis
Answer: 3

5.
5 When water vapor condenses, how much heat
  energy will be released into the atmosphere?
  (1) 2260 joules/gram      (3) 4.18 joules/gram
  (2) 334 joules/gram       (4) 2.11 joules/gram
Answer: 1

6.
6 Liquid water sometimes turns into ice when it
  comes in contact with Earth’s surface. Which
  present weather symbol on a station model
  represents this type of precipitation?

Answer: 1

7.
7 A weather station model is shown below.
Which information shown on the station model
is most closely associated with measurements
from an anemometer?

Answer: 4

8.
8 A dry-bulb temperature of 30°C and a wet-bulb
  temperature of 29°C were recorded at a weather
  station. What are the relative humidity and the
  most likely weather conditions?
  (1) Relative humidity is 29% with clear skies.
  (2) Relative humidity is 29% with a good chance
       of snow.
  (3) Relative humidity is 93% with clear skies.
  (4) Relative humidity is 93% with a good chance
       of rain.
Answer: 4

9.
9 The arrows on the map below show the
  prevailing winds at a midlatitude coastal city.
This city most likely has a climate that is
(1) arid, with a small difference between     the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(2) arid, with a large difference between     the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(3) humid, with a small difference between    the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
(4) humid, with a large difference between    the
    highest and lowest yearly temperatures
Answer: 3

10.
10 During an El Niño event, the South Equatorial
   Current reverses direction and flows over the
   top of northern portions of the Peru Current,
   causing
   (1) warmer surface ocean waters along the
       northeast coast of South America
   (2) warmer surface ocean waters along the
       northwest coast of South America
   (3) cooler surface ocean waters along the
       northeast coast of South America
   (4) cooler surface ocean waters along the
       northwest coast of South America
Answer: 2

11.
11 An air mass entering Alaska from the northern
   Pacific Ocean would most likely be labeled on a
   weather map as
   (1) cP                  (3) mP
   (2) cT                  (4) mT
Answer: 3

12.
12 Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are
   best described as violently rotating columns of
   air surrounded by
   (1) clockwise surface winds moving toward the
        columns
   (2) clockwise surface winds moving away from
        the columns
   (3) counterclockwise surface winds moving
        toward the columns
   (4) counterclockwise surface winds moving
        away from the columns
Answer: 3

13.
13 The major source of oxygen in Earth’s Early
   Proterozoic atmosphere is inferred to have been
   produced by
   (1) oceanic cyanobacteria
   (2) outgassing from volcanic eruptions
   (3) radioactive decay in Earth’s inner core
   (4) evaporation of ocean water
Answer: 1

14.
14 Earth has sedimentary bedrock of marine origin
   that is four billion years old. Which inference
   can be made from this information?
   (1) Earth had oceans four billion years ago.
   (2) Sedimentary rocks formed from magma
       when Earth cooled four billion years ago.
   (3) Most sedimentary rocks are at least four
       billion years old.
   (4) Life existed on Earth four billion years ago.
Answer: 1

15.
15 Valcouroceras is a New York State index fossil.
   Which mountain-building event occurred in
   New York State during the time when
   Valcouroceras was living in oceans covering parts
   of New York State?
   (1) Alleghenian orogeny (3) Taconian orogeny
   (2) Acadian orogeny       (4) Grenville orogeny
Answer: 3


16.
16 The diagram below represents some fauna
   (animals) found fossilized in Canada’s Burgess
   shale.
During which geologic epoch did these animals
live?
(1) Middle Cambrian     (3) Late Triassic
(2) Early Pennsylvanian (4) Paleocene
Answer: 1

17.
17 A group hiking in the Catskill region of New York
   State finds several large boulders composed of
   metamorphic rock. These boulders most likely
   resulted from the weathering of bedrock formed
   in the
   (1) Catskills, and were transported to their
       present location by mass movement
   (2) Catskills, and were transported to their
       present location by glaciers
   (3) Adirondack Mountains, and were transported
       to their present location by mass movement
   (4) Adirondack Mountains, and were transported
       to their present location by glaciers
Answer: 4

18.
18 The formation of the Canary Islands was
   primarily caused by their location near a
   (1) subduction zone       (3) divergent boundary
   (2) mantle hot spot       (4) transform fault
Answer: 2

19.
19 A P-wave takes 5 minutes to travel from the
   epicenter of an earthquake to a seismic station.
   Approximately how many minutes will it take an
   S-wave to travel that same distance?
   (1) 15 min               (3) 9 min
   (2) 12 min               (4) 4 min
Answer: 3

20.
20 Which two Earth layers are separated by the
   Moho boundary?
   (1) rigid mantle and plastic mantle
   (2) outer core and stiffer mantle
   (3) stiffer mantle and asthenosphere
   (4) crust and rigid mantle
Answer: 4

21.
21 During a rainstorm, when soil becomes saturated,
   the amount of infiltration
   (1) decreases and runoff decreases
   (2) decreases and runoff increases
   (3) increases and runoff decreases
   (4) increases and runoff increases
Answer: 2

22.
22 Sediment is deposited as a river enters a lake
   because the
   (1) velocity of the river decreases
   (2) force of gravity decreases
   (3) volume of water increases
   (4) slope of the river increases
Answer: 1

23.
23 Stream drainage patterns that develop in a
   landscape region are controlled mostly by
   (1) bedrock structure
   (2) precipitation amounts
   (3) nearness to a large body of water
   (4) air temperature variations
Answer: 1

24.
24 The most abundant metallic element by mass in
   Earth’s crust makes up 8.23% of the crust.
   Which group of minerals all normally contain
   this metallic element in their compositions?
   (1) garnet, calcite, pyrite, and galena
   (2) biotite mica, muscovite mica, fluorite, and
       halite
   (3) talc, quartz, graphite, and olivine
   (4) plagioclase feldspar, amphibole, pyroxene,
       and potassium feldspar
Answer: 4

25.
25 Which sequence of events affecting moist air within Earth’s atmosphere causes cloud formation?
   (1) rising → expanding → cooling → condensation
   (2) rising → contracting → warming → evaporation
   (3) sinking → expanding → warming → condensation
   (4) sinking → contracting → cooling → evaporation
Answer: 1

26.
26 In which environment is the amount of transpiration usually the greatest?

Answer: 2

27.
27 Which graph best shows the general relationship between a planet’s distance from the Sun and the Sun’s
   gravitational attraction to the planet?

Answer: 4

28.
28 Which diagram best represents the tilt of Earth’s axis that causes the Northern Hemisphere seasons shown?
   (Diagrams are not drawn to scale.)

Answer: 3

29.
29 The map below shows a portion of Earth’s system of latitude and longitude and five surface locations
   labeled A, B, C, D, and X.
It is solar noon at location X. At which location will solar noon next occur?
(1) A                                                 (3) C
(2) B                                                 (4) D
Answer: 2

30.
30 The diagram below represents the mass and volume of a mineral sample being measured. These
   measurements were used to determine the density of the mineral sample.
What is the density of this mineral sample?
(1) 6 g/mL                                    (3) 34 g/mL
(2) 24 g/mL                                   (4) 60 g/mL
Answer: 1

31.
31 The map below shows changes in the position of the tsunami wave front produced by the 1964 Alaskan
   earthquake. The numbers indicate the time, in hours, for the wave front to reach the positions indicated by
   the isolines.
If the wave front reached the Hawaiian Islands at 10:30 p.m., at approximately what time did the
earthquake occur?
(1) 1:30 p.m.                                 (3) 3:30 a.m.
(2) 5:30 p.m.                                 (4) 4:30 a.m.
Answer: 2

32.
32 The diagram below represents the analysis of a seismogram used to calculate an earthquake’s magnitude on
   the Richter Scale. This seismogram shows the difference in arrival times, in seconds, of the first P-wave and
   S-wave and the amplitude of the S-wave in millimeters.
The diagram below represents how the earthquake’s magnitude is determined by drawing a line connecting
the difference in arrival times of the P-wave and the S-wave, and the S-wave amplitude.
What is the magnitude of a recorded earthquake if the difference in arrival times of the first P-wave and
S-wave is 2 seconds and the S-wave amplitude is 20 millimeters?
(1) 3.8                                          (3) 3.0
(2) 2.0                                          (4) 4.8
Answer: 3

33.
33 Which cross section best represents a plateau landscape region?

Answer: 3

34.
34 Lichens are usually the first organisms that appear in barren, rocky areas. They use rootlike structures to
   split bedrock into small fragments. Lichens also secrete acidic solutions that help break down rock. The
   cross sections below represent an area when lichens first appeared (time 1) and that same area hundreds
   of years later, after it was changed by lichens and exposed to air and water (time 2).
The soil shown in time 2 was formed mainly by
(1) compaction and cementing                    (3) faulting and tilting of rock strata
(2) weathering and biological activity          (4) mass movement and deposition of particles
Answer: 2

35.
35 The map below shows coastal features of a portion of Long Island, New York. Point A represents a location
   on a landscape feature that resulted from wave action and longshore currents.
On which landscape feature is point A located?
(1) moraine                                      (3) barrier island
(2) delta                                        (4) floodplain
Answer: 3


Part B–1
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (36–50): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

36.
   Base your answers to questions 36 through 38 on the passage and map below and on your knowledge of
Earth science. The map shows the locations of the Mt. Redoubt volcano and Anchorage, Alaska.
                                          Mt. Redoubt Volcano
                 In Anchorage, Alaska, scientists are monitoring sensors located on nearby Mt.
             Redoubt. The sensors measure seismic activity at the top of the volcano. No one lives
             near the volcano itself, so there is no danger to humans from lava flows, but ash can be
             dangerous when breathed in, and can damage airplanes and automobiles if the ash is
             drawn into their engines. When Mt. Redoubt erupted in 1989, a huge ash cloud
             reached an approximate height of 7.6 miles above sea level, and spread ash across
             Alaska for five months. The ash was composed largely of silica, which cooled rapidly as
             the ash rose into the atmosphere. In March 2009, Mt. Redoubt erupted again.
36 Mt. Redoubt’s seismic activity is due to the interaction of which two tectonic plates?
   (1) Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate                 (3) North American Plate and Pacific Plate
   (2) Eurasian Plate and North American Plate          (4) Philippine Plate and Eurasian Plate
Answer: 3

37.
37 The height of the ash cloud from the 1989 eruption reached an altitude in Earth’s atmosphere located
   (1) between sea level and the lower troposphere
   (2) between the troposphere and the stratosphere
   (3) in the middle of the stratosphere
   (4) in the middle of the mesosphere
Answer: 2

38.
38 How did the huge ash cloud that covered Alaska in 1989 affect the amount of insolation reaching Earth’s
   surface and the air temperatures near Earth’s surface?
   (1) Insolation decreased and temperatures increased.
   (2) Insolation increased and temperatures decreased.
   (3) Both insolation and temperatures increased.
   (4) Both insolation and temperatures decreased.
Answer: 4

39.
39 The diagram below represents three bedrock outcrops. The layers have not been overturned. Letters A
   through E identify different rock layers. Fossils found in the rock layers are shown.
Which fossil could be classified as an index fossil?

Answer: 3

40.
    Base your answers to questions 40 through 42 on the graph below and on your knowledge of Earth science.
The graph shows the temperature, pressure, and depth environments for the formation of the three major rock
types. Pressure is shown in kilobars (kb). Letters A through D identify different environmental conditions for
rock formation.
40 Which rock is most likely to form directly from rock material at a depth of 30 km and a temperature of
   1000°C?
   (1) quartzite                                     (3) shale
   (2) scoria                                        (4) granite
Answer: 4

41.
41 Which letter represents the environmental conditions necessary to form gneiss?
   (1) A                                             (3) C
   (2) B                                             (4) D
Answer: 3

42.
42 At what pressure and temperature is sand most likely to be compacted into sandstone?
   (1) 2 kb and 150°C                               (3) 10 kb and 400°C
   (2) 6 kb and 200°C                               (4) 12 kb and 900°C
Answer: 1

43.
    Base your answers to questions 43 through 45 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth
science. The diagram represents the inferred changes to the luminosity and color of the Sun throughout its life
cycle. The diagonal dashed line represents the main sequence stars. The numbers 1 through 5 represent stages
in the life cycle of the Sun.
43 The Sun is inferred to spend the greatest amount of time in its life cycle
   (1) contracting from a gas cloud (nebula)
   (2) as a main sequence star
   (3) moving away from the main sequence and becoming a giant star
   (4) changing from a giant star to a white dwarf star
Answer: 2

44.
44 The Sun is inferred to be the most luminous when it is classified as a
   (1) white dwarf star                            (3) main sequence star
   (2) gas cloud (nebula)                          (4) giant star
Answer: 4

45.
45 For other stars in our galaxy that go through a similar life cycle to our Sun, which star is currently in the
   late stage of its life cycle?
   (1) Alpha Centauri                                 (3) Barnard’s Star
   (2) Procyon B                                      (4) Polaris
Answer: 2

46.
    Base your answers to questions 46 through 48 on the graph below and on your knowledge of Earth science.
The graph shows the tidal range (the difference between the highest tide and the lowest tide) recorded in Minas
Basin, Nova Scotia, during November 2007. The phase of the Moon on selected days is shown above the graph.
The dates that the Moon was farthest from Earth (apogee) and closest to Earth (perigee) are indicated under
the graph.
46 The tidal range on November 8 was approximately
   (1) 11 m                                        (3) 13 m
   (2) 2 m                                         (4) 15 m
Answer: 1

47.
47 The highest high tides and the lowest low tides occurred when the Moon was near
   (1) apogee and a new-Moon phase                    (3) perigee and a new-Moon phase
   (2) apogee and a full-Moon phase                   (4) perigee and a full-Moon phase
Answer: 4

48.
48 The next first-quarter Moon after November 17 occurred closest to
   (1) December 9                                  (3) December 17
   (2) December 14                                 (4) December 24
Answer: 3

49.
   Base your answers to questions 49 and 50 on the map below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The
map shows part of the North American coastline. The present coastline is shown as a solid line. The symbols on
the key below indicate the inferred coastline 18,000 years ago and an inferred future coastline if global
warming continues.
49 Which statement best explains why 18,000 years ago the coastline was at a different location than it is today?
   (1) The climate of Earth was extremely hot and dry.
   (2) A large amount of Earth’s water was stored in large continental ice sheets.
   (3) The east coast of North America was being subducted under the Eurasian Plate.
   (4) North America had just separated from Africa, and the Atlantic Ocean was forming.
Answer: 2

50.
50 The inferred position of the future coastline is based on the assumption that the
   (1) total amount of global precipitation will decrease
   (2) thickness of the ozone layer will decrease
   (3) concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere will increase
   (4) rate of uplift of the North American continent will increase
Answer: 3


Part B–2
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (51–65): Record your answers in the spaces provided in your answer booklet. Some questions
may require the use of the 2011 Edition Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science.

51.
    Base your answers to questions 51 through 53 on the data table below, the map on the following page, and
on your knowledge of Earth science. The data table shows the air pressure in the eye (center) and the maximum
sustained wind speed around the eye of Hurricane Wilma from October 18 through October 25, 2005. The data
were collected at the same time each day. The map shows the geographic locations of the eye of Hurricane
Wilma from October 18 to October 25.

51 Identify the latitude and longitude of the eye of Hurricane Wilma on October 24. Label your answer with
   the correct units and directions. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
    Latitude:
        — 27° N
        — 27 degrees North
    Longitude:
        — 80° W
        — eighty° west


52.
52 State the compass direction in which Hurricane Wilma moved from October 22 through October 25. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for NE or northeast or northeastward or for indicating slightly east of northeast.


53.
53 On the graph in your answer booklet, draw a line to indicate the general relationship between air pressure
   in the eye of the hurricane and the wind speed around the eye of this hurricane. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a line showing that, generally, as air pressure increases, wind speed decreases.
    Examples of 1-credit responses:


54.
    Base your answers to questions 54 and 55 on the data table and information below and on your knowledge of
Earth science. The data table shows the radioactive decay of carbon-14 and the age of fossil remains, in years (y).
Part of the table has been left blank.
54 Identify the decay product when carbon-14 undergoes radioactive disintegration. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        —   14N
        — nitrogen-14/N-14
        — nitrogen/N


55.
55 The carbon-14 in the fossil remains of a mastodont has undergone five half-lives of radioactive decay.
   Calculate the age of these fossil remains. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for 28,500 y.


56.
    Base your answers to questions 56 through 60 on the geologic cross section of Earth’s crust in your answer
booklet and on your knowledge of Earth science. Letters A through F identify rock units. Letter X identifies a
fault. Wavy line YZ represents an unconformity. The locations of contact metamorphism and the map symbols
for sedimentary rock layers B and E have been omitted.
 56 On the cross section in your answer booklet, draw two arrows, one on each side of fault X, to show the
    relative direction of movement of the rock units that occurred during faulting. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if two arrows are correctly drawn approximately parallel to the fault, showing the
    relative motion, as shown.
    Note: Allow credit even if the arrows extend through rock F.
          Do not allow credit for any arrow in layer A, only.


57.
57 Layer B is composed of clay-sized particles and layer E is composed of halite crystals. On the cross section
   in your answer booklet, fill in layer B and layer E on both sides of the fault with the correct sedimentary
   rock map symbols. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if the symbols drawn are generally similar to those on the Earth Science Reference
    Tables for shale in most of layer B and for rock salt in most of layer E. The symbols must be drawn
    on both sides of the fault, as shown.
    Note: Allow credit even if the symbols for shale and rock salt are not parallel to the other rock
          layers shown.


58.
58 On the cross section in your answer booklet, draw the contact metamorphism symbol to indicate all
   locations where contact metamorphism has occurred. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for the contact metamorphism symbol drawn on only the two sides of F, as shown
    below.
    Example of a 3-credit response for questions 56, 57, and 58:


59.
59 Indicate the relative ages of geologic features B, E, F, and X, by listing the letters from oldest to most
   recent. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for the sequence shown below.
Note: If more than these four letters are used, all letters used must be in the correct sequence,
      e.g., E, D, C, B, X, F, YZ, A.


60.
60 Identify two processes that produced the unconformity. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for two acceptable processes. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — uplift
        — weathering
        — erosion
        — submergence/subsidence
        — deposition


61.
   Base your answers to questions 61 through 63 on the block diagram below and on your knowledge of
Earth science. The diagram represents a meandering stream. Point A represents a location within the
meandering stream. Arrows represent the direction of stream flow.
61 Identify the name of the largest sediment particles that can be transported at point A when the stream’s
   velocity is 100 cm/s. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit for pebbles.


62.
62 Describe the relative changes in the stream velocity and the rate of erosion that will occur after 2 days of
   heavy rainfall. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit if the relative changes in both the stream velocity and rate of erosion are correctly
       described. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        Stream velocity:
            — increases
            — gets faster
            — becomes greater
        Rate of erosion:
            — increases
            — There is more erosion.


63.
63 Explain why rock particles transported by the stream often become more rounded. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
            — abrasion/friction between the particles
            — bouncing and rolling along the stream bottom
            — Particle collision breaks off pieces.
            — Particles are weathered.
        Note: Do not allow “water erosion” alone because “transported by the stream” is part of the
              question.
              Do not allow “rounding by water” alone because water alone does not produce rounding.


64.
    Base your answers to questions 64 and 65 on the block diagram in your answer booklet and on your
knowledge of Earth science. The diagram represents the pattern of normal and reversed magnetic polarity of
the seafloor bedrock on the east side of a mid-ocean ridge center. The magnetic polarity of the bedrock on the
west side of the ridge has been omitted. Arrows represent the direction of seafloor movement on either side of
the ridge.
 64 Complete the diagram in your answer booklet by shading the pattern of normal polarity on the west side
    of the ridge center. Assume the rate of plate movement was constant on both sides of the ridge center. Your
    answer must show the correct width and placement of each normal polarity section. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if the width and placement of the shading have been correctly indicated on either
    the surface and/or the side view.
    Example of a 1-credit response:


65.
65 Describe the general relationship between the distance from the ridge center and the age of the seafloor
   bedrock. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — As distance from the ridge increases, the age of the bedrock increases.
        — the farther away from the ridge, the older the age of the bedrock
        — The youngest bedrock is near the ridge center.
        — direct relationship
        — Bedrock nearer the continents is older than bedrock nearer the ridge.



Part C
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (66–85): Record your answers in the spaces provided in your answer booklet. Some questions
may require the use of the 2011 Edition Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science.

66.
   Base your answers to questions 66 through 71 on the topographic map in your answer booklet and on your
knowledge of Earth science. Dashed lines separate the map into sections I, II, III, and IV. Letters A through E
represent locations on Earth’s surface. The points in section I represent elevations in feet.
 66 On the map in your answer booklet, complete the 600-ft, 700-ft, and 800-ft contour lines in section I.
    Extend the lines to the edge of the map. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if all three contour lines are drawn correctly. If additional contour lines are drawn,
    all must be correct to receive credit.
    Note: All three contour lines must extend to the edge of the map to receive credit.


67.
67 On the map in your answer booklet, draw a line showing the most likely path of a second creek that begins
   at location E and flows into Spruce Creek. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for a line starting at location E, ending at Spruce Creek, and within the white region
    shown below.
    Note: It is recommended that an overlay of the same scale as the student answer booklet be used
          to ensure reliability in rating.
    Example of a 2-credit response for questions 66 and 67:


68.
68 Describe how the topography within section II is different from the topography within section IV. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — has a gentler gradient
        — It is flatter.
        — Section II is lower in elevation.
        — Section IV is steeper.


69.
69 What is a possible elevation of location E? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for any value greater than 1400 ft but less than 1500 ft.


70.
70 Calculate the gradient between locations A and B. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for any value from 323 ft/mi to 345 ft/mi.


71.
71 On the grid in your answer booklet, construct a topographic profile along line CD by plotting the elevation
   of each contour line that crosses line CD. Connect all the plots with a line to complete the profile. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if all five plots are within the circles shown below and are correctly connected with
    a line that passes within each circle. The line should extend below 500 ft but above 400 ft in the
    creek valley.
    Note: It is recommended that an overlay of the same scale as the student answer booklet be used
          to ensure reliability in rating.


72.
     Base your answers to questions 72 through 74 on the diagram in your answer booklet and on your
knowledge of Earth science. The diagram is a model of the sky (celestial sphere) for an observer at 50° N
latitude. The Sun’s apparent path on June 21 is shown. Point A is a position along the Sun’s apparent path.
Angular distances above the horizon are indicated.
 72 On the celestial sphere diagram in your answer booklet, place an X on the Sun’s apparent path on June 21
    to show the Sun’s position when the observer’s shadow would be the longest. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if the center of an X is within either clear box shown below.
Note: It is recommended that an overlay of the same scale as the student answer booklet be used
      to ensure reliability in rating.
      Allow credit if a symbol other than an X is used.
      If more than one X is used, both must be correct to earn credit.


73.
73 The Sun travels 45° in its apparent path between the noon position and point A. Identify the time when the
   Sun is at point A. Include a.m. or p.m. with your answer. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for 3 p.m. or 3:00 p.m.
    Note: Allow credit if the “p.m.” lacks periods.


74.
74 Describe the general relationship between the length of the Sun’s apparent path and the duration of
   daylight. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — the longer the Sun’s path, the longer the duration of daylight
        — The shorter the Sun’s path, the shorter the daylight will be.
        — direct relationship


75.
    Base your answers to questions 75 through 77 on the diagram in your answer booklet and on your
knowledge of Earth science. The diagram represents the orbits of Earth, Venus, and Mercury. Earth, Venus, and
Mercury are shown with a dot on each of their orbital paths. The numbers on each orbital path indicate the
planet’s positions on successive days in its revolution. Point M is a position on Earth’s orbit. Each season in the
Northern Hemisphere on Earth is labeled.
 75 On the diagram in your answer booklet, place an X on each planet’s orbital path to show the positions of
    Earth, Venus, and Mercury on the 55th day of each planet’s orbit. [1]

Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if the centers of all three Xs are within the circles shown below.
    Note: Do not allow credit if more than one X is placed on any orbit.
          Allow credit even if a symbol other than an X is used.
          It is recommended that an overlay of the same scale as the student answer booklet be
          used to ensure reliability in rating.


76.
76 Approximately how many revolutions does Mercury make around the Sun during one Earth year? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for any value from 4 revolutions to 4.2 revolutions.


77.
77 What latitude on Earth receives the vertical rays from the Sun when Earth is at position M? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — 0°
        — equator
    Note: Allow credit even if the student wrote “0° N” or “0° S.”


78.
    Base your answers to questions 78 through 80 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth
science. The diagram represents the present position of our solar system in a side view of the Milky Way Galaxy.
The distance across the Milky Way Galaxy is measured in light-years.
78 What is the distance, in light-years, from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy to our solar system? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit for any value from 25,000 light-years to 35,000 light-years.


79.
79 Galaxies are classified based on their shape. What is the shape of the Milky Way Galaxy when viewed from
   directly above? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
        — a spiral galaxy
        — a dense center of stars with spiral arms
        — pinwheel-shaped


80.
80 List the following astronomical features, in order of relative size, from smallest to largest. [1]
   Sun
   Jupiter
   Milky Way Galaxy
   Universe
   Our solar system
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
[1] Allow 1 credit if all five astronomical features are listed in the correct order as shown below.


81.
   Base your answers to questions 81 through 83 on the passage, diagram of an ophiolite drill-core sample, and
map below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The dot on the map represents the location where the
ophiolite drill-core sample was taken.
                                                 Ophiolites
                  In some places, segments of oceanic crust, sediment, upper mantle, and rock have
              been heaved up by tectonic movements onto the edges of continents, where they often
              become part of mountains. These displaced oceanic lithosphere segments are called
              ophiolites. They provide an opportunity to study the composition of oceanic
              lithosphere and are a key feature in recognizing past tectonic plate convergence along
              subduction zones. Drill-core samples of ophiolites typically have the layering pattern
              shown in the drill-core sample below.
81 What are the approximate crystal sizes in basalt and gabbro found in the Oregon drill-core sample? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit if both responses are correct. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
            Basalt: less than 1 mm or any value less than 1 mm
            Gabbro: 1 mm to 10 mm or any value from 1 mm to 10 mm


82.
82 Describe how the mineral composition of dunite is different from the mineral composition of peridotite. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
            — Dunite is more mafic.
            — It is more mafic.
            — Dunite does not contain pyroxene.
            — Dunite contains only olivine, while peridotite contains pyroxene and olivine.
            — Peridotite has calcium, aluminum, and sodium.


83.
83 Which layer in the ophiolite drill-core sample is composed of sediments? [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit for clay or clay with microscopic fossils or top layer.


84.
   Base your answers to questions 84 and 85 on the passage and diagram below and on your knowledge of
Earth science. The diagram represents a house located in New York State.
                                             Solar Heating
                 Solar collectors in solar heating systems harness the power of the Sun to provide
             thermal energy for heating hot water and house interiors. There are several types of
             solar heating systems. The best system will depend on the geographic location and the
             intensity of the Sun. A solar heating system saves energy, reduces utility costs, and
             produces clean energy. The efficiency and reliability of solar heating systems have
             increased dramatically in recent years.
84 Explain why solar energy can still be collected on cloudy days. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
            — Clouds only reflect some of the Sun’s energy back into space.
            — Some radiation still gets through to Earth’s surface.


85.
85 State one advantage of using solar energy instead of burning fossil fuels to produce thermal energy for your
   home. [1]
Answer: MODEL ANSWER GIVEN BELOW
 Allow 1 credit. Acceptable responses include, but are not limited to:
            — saves energy
            — reduce utility costs
            — produces clean energy
            — A renewable source of energy has less effect on the environment.
            — less pollution/CO2 emissions/reduced carbon footprint/less global warming
            — conservation of fossil fuels
            — Solar energy is renewable.



  Try the Quiz :     Earth Science - New York Regents January 2014


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-