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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2010 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
1 • Analyzing the design of a Shang bronze pot
  • Deciphering the writing on the Rosetta Stone
  • Examining the fabric of a Japanese kimono
  These actions are most often performed by
  (1) a political scientist (3) a sociologist
  (2) a geographer          (4) an archaeologist
Answer: 4

2.
2 The term monsoons can be defined as
  (1) seasonal winds
  (2) sand deposits
  (3) ocean currents
  (4) mountain avalanches
Answer: 1

3.
3 An economist is a social scientist who focuses on
  the study of the
  (1) development of spiritual practices
  (2) establishment of legal systems
  (3) creation and implementation of social class
      systems
  (4) production and exchange of goods and
      services
Answer: 4


4.
4 Which geographic feature served as a barrier that
  protected ancient China and was used as an
  invasion route by the Aryans into ancient India?
  (1) deserts               (3) mountains
  (2) rivers                (4) plateaus
Answer: 3

5.
5 Which heading best completes the partial outline
  below?
     I. _______
        A. Cities
        B. Complex government
        C. Job specialization
        D. Writing system
  (1)   Examples of Early Technology
  (2)   Results of Cultural Diversity
  (3)   Characteristics of Civilizations
  (4)   Causes for the Neolithic Revolution
Answer: 3

6.
6 One way in which The Epic of Gilgamesh, The
  Odyssey, and The Mah¯    abh¯
                              arata are similar is that
  they are
  (1) sets of written legal principles that spell out
      the rights of citizens
  (2) stories that are tied to monotheistic religious
      beliefs
  (3) paintings that depict heroes and cultural
      values
  (4) works of literature that give historians
      information about early civilizations
Answer: 4

7.
7 • Preserved Hindu traditions
  • Produced fine poems and drama
  • Made advances in mathematics, science, and
    medicine
  These achievements refer to contributions of the
  (1) Gupta Empire         (3) Greek city-states
  (2) Persian Empire       (4) Tang dynasty
Answer: 1

8.
8 Which statement about China is a fact rather than
  an opinion?
  (1) Flooding was the worst disaster to affect
      ancient Chinese civilizations.
  (2) The Mandate of Heaven was an idea
      developed in ancient China.
  (3) Early Chinese civilizations were the most
      important civilizations in the world.
  (4) Dynastic governments were highly effective
      in China.
Answer: 2

9.
9 The leadership of Genghis Khan, the use of the
  stirrup, and excellent horsemanship skills all
  contributed directly to the
  (1) collapse of Silk Road trade
  (2) defeat of Tokugawa Japan
  (3) beginning of European exploration
  (4) rise of the Mongol Empire
Answer: 4

10.
Base your answer to question 10 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
10 Which conclusion about the Grand Canal system in China can be drawn from the
   information shown on this map?
   (1) Coastal ports dominated the canal system.
   (2) Troops could easily be moved west of Luoyang on the canals.
   (3) Grain could be shipped between Hangzhou and Beijing by the canal.
   (4) The canal system prevented invaders from conquering the dynasties.
Answer: 3

11.
     Base your answer to question 11 on the
illustration below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
11 What does this illustration show about a typical
   manor?
   (1) All residents were treated equally.
   (2) Secular values in society were stressed.
   (3) There were a large number of factories.
   (4) People depended on agricultural production.
Answer: 4

12.
12 Which river was essential to the survival of the
   West African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and
   Songhai?
   (1) Thames               (3) Indus
   (2) Niger                (4) Euphrates
Answer: 2

13.
    Base your answer to question 13 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   The basic idea of this book is simple: to tell the
   story of the Crusades as they were seen, lived,
   and recorded on ‘the other side’—in other words,
   in the Arab camp. Its content is based almost
   exclusively on the testimony of contemporary
   Arab historians and chroniclers. . . .
       — Amin Maalouf, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes,
                                         Al Saqi Books
13 This passage indicates that the author’s emphasis
   is on
   (1) cause and effect       (3) reenactment
   (2) chronological order (4) point of view
Answer: 4

14.
14 Which geographic factor contributed to the rise
   of the Renaissance in Italian city-states?
   (1) mountainous terrain of the Alps
   (2) location near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
   (3) navigable waters of the Danube River
   (4) ease of travel on the Northern European Plain
Answer: 2

15.
15 A main goal of the monarchs of Europe during
   the Age of Absolutism was to
   (1) establish legislative bodies
   (2) centralize political power
   (3) improve the quality of life for the peasant class
   (4) expand the role of the Catholic Church
Answer: 2

16.
16 The use of the terms Encounter and Columbian
   exchange represents attempts to describe the
   (1) nature of cultural interactions
   (2) establishment of land grants
   (3) results of scientific innovations
   (4) origins of divine right theory
Answer: 1

17.
17 The Middle Passage is best defined as
   (1) a route through the Swiss Alps
   (2) a narrow body of water connecting two larger
       bodies of water
   (3) the forced journey of enslaved Africans to the
       Americas
   (4) the expulsion of Muslims from Spain
Answer: 3

18.
18 Which pair of ideas were central to the Scientific
   Revolution?
   (1) social stability and economic self-sufficiency
   (2) observation and experimentation
   (3) technology and military expansion
   (4) scarcity and interdependence
Answer: 2

19.
19 Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke both
   agreed that a government should be based on the
   (1) separation of nationalities
   (2) religious values of the people
   (3) equal distribution of wealth
   (4) consent of the governed
Answer: 4

20.
20 Which of these events related to the French
   Revolution occurred first?
   (1) Napoleon became emperor of France.
   (2) The Declaration of the Rights of Man was
       issued.
   (3) Louis XVI called the Estates General into
       session.
   (4) The Committee of Public Safety led the
       Reign of Terror.
Answer: 3


21.
     Base your answer to question 21 on the song
lyrics below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . Things are so high, poor people cry,
   Such times was ne’er before,
   For everything is raised in price
   To carry on the War. . . .
           — John Wilson, A New Song on the Dear Times
21 In this song published in the 185os, the
   songwriter is complaining about
   (1) unemployment          (3) depression
   (2) quotas                (4) inflation
Answer: 4

22.
    Base your answers to questions 22 and 23 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: If the rate of population growth
           continues to exceed the growth in the
           food supply, there will not be enough
           food for all of the people.
Speaker B: There are people who are wealthy and
           people who are poor. This is just how
           things are.
Speaker C: History is the story of class struggle.
           Eventually, the working class will rise up
           and revolt against the wealthy.
Speaker D: The government should do what is best
           for most of its people.
22 Which speaker best represents the views of Karl
   Marx?
   (1) A                    (3) C
   (2) B                    (4) D
Answer: 3

23.
23 To which situation are these speakers most likely
   reacting?
   (1) growth of Zionism
   (2) rise of industrialization
   (3) division of Africa
   (4) formation of military alliances
Answer: 2

24.
24 Japan’s policy of expansion in the early 2oth
   century was motivated by
   (1) a lack of natural resources
   (2) a plan to end unequal treaties
   (3) the need to increase cultural diffusion
   (4) the desire to spread communism
Answer: 1

25.
25 Five-year plans and collectivization are most
   closely associated with
   (1) Joseph Stalin       (3) Adolf Hitler
   (2) Mikhail Gorbachev (4) Deng Xiaoping
Answer: 1

26.
Base your answers to questions 26 and 27 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
26 Which war is most closely associated with this cartoon?
   (1) Boer War                             (3) World War II
   (2) Russo-Japanese War                   (4) Cold War
Answer: 3

27.
27 Which policy is being questioned in this cartoon?
   (1) nonalignment                          (3) militarism
   (2) détente                               (4) isolationism
Answer: 4

28.
    Base your answer to question 28 on the graphic
organizer below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
28 Which ideology best completes this graphic
   organizer?
   (1) socialism         (3) capitalism
   (2) democracy         (4) fascism
Answer: 4

29.
    Base your answer to question 29 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . In his classic defense of freedom of speech in,
   On Liberty, John Stuart Mill wrote that if a view
   is not “fully, frequently, and fearlessly discussed,”
   it will become “a dead dogma, not a living truth.”
   The existence of the Holocaust should remain a
   living truth, and those who are skeptical about the
   enormity of the Nazi atrocities should be
   confronted with the evidence for it. . . .
                               — Peter Singer (adapted)
29 Which statement is consistent with the author’s
   point concerning the Holocaust?
   (1) The evils of the past are best ignored and
       forgotten.
   (2) Frequent and full discussion of the historical
       evidence of certain events is desirable.
   (3) All eras of history include individuals that
       reject existing values.
   (4) Every generation must apologize for the
       failures of earlier generations.
Answer: 2

30.
    Base your answers to questions 30 and 31 on the
cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
30 Which global issue is depicted in this 1974
   cartoon?
   (1) overpopulation
   (2) space exploration
   (3) nuclear proliferation
   (4) ethnic tension
Answer: 3

31.
31 Which question is raised by the way the
   cartoonist depicted the world leaders in this 1974
   cartoon?
   (1) Does technology control these leaders?
   (2) Are tax revenues being used?
   (3) What are the terms of these military
       alliances?
   (4) What settlement was negotiated?
Answer: 1

32.
32 A major goal of the Hutu-led regime in Rwanda
   in mid-1994 was to
   (1) eliminate the Tutsi minority
   (2) align with the Soviet Union
   (3) promote ethnic tolerance
   (4) strengthen ties with Belgium
Answer: 1

33.
Base your answer to question 33 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
33 Which generalization can best be supported by the information on this 2003 map?
   (1) Theocratic governments dominated the Middle East.
   (2) The governments of Southwest Asia were in transition.
   (3) Many different types of government existed in the Middle East.
   (4) Military dictatorships were replaced by republics in northern Africa.
Answer: 3

34.
34 The “one child” policy in China, established
   during the late 197os, was an attempt to
   (1) gain the support of the upper classes
   (2) increase tax revenue for government programs
   (3) eliminate Western influence
   (4) reduce the population growth rate
Answer: 4

35.
35 The gathering at Amritsar (1919), the rallies in
   Soweto (1976), and the demonstrations in
   Tiananmen Square (1989) directly resulted in
   (1) rejection of Western ideas
   (2) promises of economic reform
   (3) movements toward democracy
   (4) violence against the protestors
Answer: 4


36.
36 “Japan Presses Greater East Asia Co-prosperity
    Policy on Southeast Asia”
   “Tokyo Is Firebombed”
   “Atom Bomb Dropped on Nagasaki”
   Which period of Japanese history is associated
   with these headlines?
   (1) Tokugawa shogunate
   (2) Meiji Restoration
   (3) reign of Emperor Hirohito
   (4) Japan’s economic miracle
Answer: 3

37.
    Base your answer to question 37 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
37 What is the best title for this cartoon?
   (1) “Breaking Through the Iron Curtain”
   (2) “Globalization Reaches the Wall”
   (3) “Separating East from West”
   (4) “A Road to Cultural Uniqueness”
Answer: 2

38.
    Base your answer to question 38 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . Traditionally, [African] farmers cleared land,
   grew crops for a few harvests, then let the fields
   lie fallow for 10 or 15 years to rejuvenate as they
   moved on to clear more land, the study reports.
   But as they try to feed a rapidly growing
   population, the farmers instead grow crop after
   crop, sapping the soil’s fertility.
        “Nothing grows, so the topsoil is blown away
   by the wind and washed away by the rains,” said
   Amit H. Roy, president of the International
   Fertilizer Development Center, a nonprofit
   agricultural aid organization, which produced the
   study. “It goes into the river system, silting them,
   and out to the oceans.”. . .
               — Celia Dugger, “Overfarming African Land
                            is Worsening Hunger Crisis”
38 Which problem in sub-Saharan Africa is being
   described in this passage?
   (1) global warming         (3) urbanization
   (2) acid rain              (4) desertification
Answer: 4

39.
39 Which historic figure is correctly paired with the
   empire he ruled?
   (1) Charlemagne — Spanish Empire
   (2) Peter the Great — Ottoman Empire
   (3) Justinian — Byzantine Empire
   (4) Sulieman the Magnificent — Russian Empire
Answer: 3

40.
40 Which condition characterized Europe after the
   fall of the Roman Empire and China after the fall
   of the Manchu dynasty?
   (1) weak centralized authority and interference
        from outsiders
   (2) renewed interest in artistic pursuits such as
        painting and sculpture
   (3) democratic rule and a coordinated economic
        policy
   (4) increased construction of roads, bridges, and
        other public works
Answer: 1

41.
41 Which action led most directly to divisions in
   Christianity in western Europe?
   (1) Pope Urban II calling for the Crusades
   (2) King John signing the Magna Carta
   (3) German cities establishing the Hanseatic
       League
   (4) Martin Luther posting the Ninety-five Theses
Answer: 4

42.
42 Advances in navigation technology and the desire
   of Europeans to obtain goods from Asia are most
   closely associated with the
   (1) rise of feudalism
   (2) Agricultural Revolution
   (3) Age of Exploration
   (4) Age of Reason
Answer: 3

43.
43 A key objective of a mercantilist policy was to
   (1) establish colonies for trade benefits
   (2) promote warfare throughout Europe
   (3) develop assembly lines in factories
   (4) support the spread of communist ideas
Answer: 1

44.
44 The Puritan Revolution and the Glorious
   Revolution are both closely associated with the
   (1) expansion of Papal authority in Rome
   (2) beginning of the Reconquista in Spain
   (3) calling of the Congress of Vienna
   (4) rise of parliamentary democracy in England
Answer: 4

45.
    Base your answers to questions 45 and 46 on the
cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
45 Which two countries are represented by the
   characters arguing over the border?
   (1) the Soviet Union and China
   (2) North Korea and Great Britain
   (3) China and Great Britain
   (4) the Soviet Union and North Korea
Answer: 1

46.
46 The tools shown in this cartoon represent
   traditional symbols of
   (1) manorialism        (3) western capitalism
   (2) communism          (4) national socialism
Answer: 2

47.
47 Which policy is most directly associated with the
   terms spheres of influence, extraterritoriality, and
   protectorate?
   (1) collectivization        (3) isolationism
   (2) containment             (4) imperialism
Answer: 4

48.
48 The invasions of Russia by France in 1812 and by
   Germany in World War II were unsuccessful in
   part because of the
   (1) Russian alliances with China
   (2) harsh climatic conditions in Russia
   (3) inexperience of French and German military
       leaders
   (4) failure of France and Germany to develop
       modern weapons
Answer: 2

49.
49 Which event came first in Latin American
   history?
   (1) Panama regained control of the Panama
       Canal.
   (2) Simón Bolívar established Gran Colombia.
   (3) Fidel Castro became the communist leader of
       Cuba.
   (4) The North American Free Trade Agreement
       (NAFTA) was signed by Mexico, Canada, and
       the United States.
Answer: 2

50.
50 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
      I. _______
         A. Hannibal leads Carthaginian Army
            over the Alps to surprise the
            Romans.
         B. England builds a strong navy to
            protect its island nation.
         C. Vietnamese guerilla fighters ambush
            United States soldiers in thick
            jungles.
   (1)   Causes for Military Conflict in History
   (2)   Unsuccessful Military Expeditions in History
   (3)   The Role of Geography in Military History
   (4)   Technological Advances in Military History
Answer: 3


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Nationalism
                  Throughout history, nationalist movements have begun in different countries and
                  regions with the hope of achieving either unification or independence. The results
                  of these movements have been mixed.
        Task:
                  Select one country or region and
                  • Describe the historical circumstances that led the people of this country or
                    region to begin a nationalist movement
                  • Describe a goal of the nationalist movement
                  • Discuss a method used to achieve this goal
                  • Discuss the results of this nationalist movement on this country or region
           You may use any country or region from your study of global history. Some suggestions you
        might wish to consider include Germany, Kenya, India, China, Latin America, the Balkans,
        and the Middle East.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
            Do not use a nationalist movement in the British North American colonies or
                                the United States in your response.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and detail
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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52.
                                               Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, the spread of belief systems has influenced social, economic,
              and political developments in many regions. These belief systems include Islam,
              Christianity, and Buddhism.
        Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
              answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
              questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Select two belief systems mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe how the belief system spread to a specific region or regions
                • Discuss how the belief system influenced a region or regions socially,
                  economically, and/or politically
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
       . . . Merchants were carriers of Islam rather than agents of Islamization. They opened routes and
       exposed isolated societies to external influences, but they were not themselves engaged in the
       propagation [spread] of Islam, which was the work of religious leaders. The leaders became
       integrated into African societies by playing religious, social, and political roles similar to those of
       traditional priests. Like traditional priests, Muslim men of religion were peacemakers, who
       pleaded for those who broke the king’s laws. Mosques, like traditional shrines, were considered
       sanctuaries. Immunity of life and property was extended to men of religion only as long as they
       kept out of politics and posed no threat to the existing sociopolitical order. . . .
                                    Source: John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford History of Islam, Oxford University Press
 1 According to The Oxford History of Islam, what is one way Islam was spread to African societies? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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54.
Document 2
      . . . Wherever they went, the Moslems brought with them their love of art, beauty, and learning.
      From about the eighth to the eleventh century, their culture was superior in many ways to that
      of western Christendom.
         Some of the finest centers of Moslem life were established in Spain. In Cordova, the streets
      were solidly paved, while at the same time in Paris people waded ankle-deep in mud after a rain.
      Cordovan public lamps lighted roads for as far as ten miles; yet seven hundred years later there
      was still not a single public lamp in London!
         Some Spanish Moslems had homes with marble balconies and courts with lovely waterfalls.
      Bedrooms were vaulted with stained glass and speckled with gold. And metal pipes carried water
      into marble baths.
         Nearly every mosque had a public school in which the children of the poor were taught. Many
      Moslem libraries were excellent; the catalogue of one caliph’s library filled forty volumes. In
      addition, the followers of Mohammed achieved much in science, particularly in chemistry,
      astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. . . .
                         Source: Daniel Roselle, A World History: A Cultural Approach, Ginn and Company (adapted)
2 According to Daniel Roselle, what are two ways Islam improved the lives of people in Spain? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3
     . . . Departing from the policy of Sunni Ali, Askia Mohammed sought to make all of the empire
     [of Songhai] one big Muslim community. Although he did not succeed in converting the entire
     Sudan [region bordering the southern Sahara] to Islam, he remodeled his empire along Islamic
     lines as far as possible. Legal and social reforms were introduced, Islamic judges were appointed
     in all the large districts of the empire, and justice was administered according to Muslim
     principles rather than traditional African laws. The court of Askia Mohammed was the highest
     court of the land, to which appeals from the lower courts could be brought. . . .
                                                         Source: Fred Burke, Africa, Houghton Mifflin (adapted)
3 According to Fred Burke, how did Askia Mohammed expand Islamic influences in the Songhai Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
Document 4
      . . . At the request of [Prince] Ixtlilxochitl, Cortes and his men ate the gifts of food that had been
      brought out from Tezcoco. Then they walked to the city with their new friends, and all the
      people came out to cheer and welcome them. The Indians knelt down and adored them as sons
      of the Sun, their gods, believing that the time had come of which their dear king Nezahualpilli
      had so often spoken. The Spaniards entered the city and were lodged in the royal palace. . . .
         Cortes was very grateful for the attentions shown him by Ixtlilxochitl and his brothers; he
      [Cortes] wished to repay their kindness by teaching them the law of God, with the help of his
      interpreter Aguilar. The brothers and a number of the other lords gathered to hear him, and he
      told them that the emperor of the Christians had sent him here, so far away, in order that he
      might instruct them in the law of Christ. He explained the mystery of the Creation and the Fall,
      the mystery of the Trinity and the Incarnation and the mystery of the Passion and the
      Resurrection. Then he drew out a crucifix and held it up. The Christians all knelt, and
      Ixtlilxochitl and the other lords knelt with them.
         Cortes also explained the mystery of Baptism. He concluded the lesson by telling them how
      the Emperor Charles grieved that they were not in God’s grace, and how the emperor had sent
      him among them only to save their souls. He begged them to become willing vassals of the
      emperor, because that was the will of the pope, in whose name he spoke. . . .
                  Source: Miguel Leon-Portilla, ed., The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico,
                                                                                             Beacon Press (adapted)
4 According to this excerpt from The Broken Spears, how was Christianity spread in Mexico? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
Document 5
          Common Procedures used by Friars in Converting Areas in Spanish America
      • Idols, temples, and other material evidences of paganism destroyed
      • Temporary churches built
      • Permanent churches and monasteries built
      • Christian buildings often constructed on sites of destroyed native temples in order to
        symbolize and emphasize the substitution of one religion by the other
      • Indians supplied construction labor without receiving payment
      • In a converted community, services and fiestas were regularly held in the church building
                          Source: Based on information from Charles Gibson, Spain in America, Harper Torchbooks
5 According to this document, what were two changes the friars introduced in Spanish America? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 6
     . . . The other major economic function of the Church was as a provider of education, health care
     and poor relief to the general population. A great part of its income and manpower was
     employed in these activities. Religious orders such as the Jesuits and the Dominicans would use
     profits from their haciendas to finance their schools, seminaries and colleges. A large number of
     orders, male and female, worked on this basis, running educational and training establishments
     which were fee-paying for the wealthy but free for the poor. Others operated hospitals, hospices
     for the mentally ill and the dying, poor houses, orphanages, shelters for homeless girls, and
     suchlike. The Church therefore played an important economic role as a circulator of capital, as
     a profit-making concern in some areas of the economy, and as a supplier of social services. . . .
                                  Source: Edwin Williamson, The Penguin History of Latin America, Penguin Books
6 According to Edwin Williamson, what were two ways the Church provided services to the people of Latin
  America? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
Document 7
      . . . The Buddha is reported to have exhorted [urged] his monks to “go and travel around for the
      welfare of the multitudes, for the happiness of the multitudes, out of sympathy for the world, for
      the benefit, welfare, and happiness of gods and humans. No two should go in the same
      direction.” Although this last admonition [caution] seems not to have been heeded [obeyed], it
      is true that Buddhist “missions” were not large and well-organized movements, and instead often
      took the form of itinerant monks (or groups of monks) traveling by land and sea in the company
      of traders and royal emissaries. According to traditional accounts, the first foreign mission was to
      the island of Sri Lanka, and was led by the son of Asoka. . . .
      Source: Donald S. Lopez, Jr., “Buddhism in Practice,” Asian Religions in Practice, Princeton University Press, 1999
7 According to this excerpt from “Buddhism in Practice,” how did Buddhism spread from its place of origin
  in ancient India to other parts of Asia? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 8
      . . . With the rise of Buddhism, Korea’s contacts with the outside world grew, and scholarship,
      arts, science and technology which were imported to Korea from China, India and regions
      beyond brought about the enrichment of Korean culture. As a result, one of the oldest
      astronomical charts in the world was produced, the oldest astronomical observatory called
      Ch’ŏmsŏngdae was built, tumuli [burial mounds] architecture represented by the Ssangyŏng
      tomb developed, and the system of doctor of medicine was established in Korea. During the
      Three Kingdoms period, Korea’s cultural progress in the fields of astronomy, mathematics,
      medicine, architecture and metallurgy reached the level of other advanced civilization of the
      world. . . .
                                     Source: Andrew C. Nahm, A Panorama of 5000 Years: Korean History, Hollym
8 According to Andrew C. Nahm, what is one aspect of Korean culture that was influenced by the spread of
  Buddhism? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


61.
Document 9
     . . . The high period of Chinese influence in Japan was also marked by the acceptance of
     Buddhism both as a dominant religion and as a powerful establishment. The adoption of a new
     universal religion must be considered a major turning point in the evolution of any people’s
     cultural history, and the arrival of Buddhism to Japan, like the spread of Christianity to the
     British Isles, was such a turning point. Some historians, in fact, have written of the early history
     of Japan as being divided into two distinct parts: Japan before and after the introduction of
     Buddhism. The impact of Buddhism on Japan was certainly more profound and lasting than it
     was on China itself, and Japan still stands as one of the major strongholds of the Buddhist religion
     in the world today. . . .
        Buddhism in Japan came to play three major roles. First as a religion it brought to Japan a new
     system of beliefs and pious attitudes. Secondly as a religious establishment which spread to Japan
     from the continent it was a major carrier of Chinese civilization to Japan. Thirdly, having
     established itself as a religious organization with social influence and economic power on
     Japanese soil, it became a major force in the nation’s political affairs. . . .
                              Source: John Whitney Hall, Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, Delacorte Press
9 According to John Whitney Hall, what were two roles Buddhism played in Japan? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, the spread of belief systems has influenced social, economic,
                and political developments in many regions. These belief systems include Islam,
                Christianity, and Buddhism.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Select two belief systems mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Describe how the belief system spread to a specific region or regions
                  • Discuss how the belief system influenced a region or regions socially,
                    economically, and/or politically
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2010 Exam


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