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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2011 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
1 • Keeping field notes from excavation sites
  • Analyzing radiocarbon dating test results
  • Examining and cataloging artifacts
  Which social scientist directly engages in these
  activities?
  (1) political scientist   (3) historian
  (2) archaeologist         (4) sociologist
Answer: 2

2.
2 Use of terracing is an example of a society’s
  reaction to
  (1) religious beliefs
  (2) social stratification
  (3) geographic conditions
  (4) political situations
Answer: 3

3.
3 What is a major feature of a traditional economy?
  (1) nationalizing foreign-owned businesses
  (2) determining prices using a free market
  (3) establishing quotas based on five-year plans
  (4) bartering for goods and services
Answer: 4


4.
4 • If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off
    his hand.
  • If a seignior has destroyed the eye of a member
    of the aristocracy, they shall destroy his eye.
  • If he has broken another seignior’s bone, they
    shall break his bone.
  Which document contains these statements?
  (1) Ten Commandments
  (2) Code of Hammurabi
  (3) Edicts of Asoka
  (4) Twelve Tables
Answer: 2

5.
5 Which geographic feature has helped isolate
  China?
  (1) Andes Mountains
  (2) Kalahari Desert
  (3) Himalaya Mountains
  (4) Great Rift Valley
Answer: 3

6.
6 The rule of Shi Huangdi, legalism, and the tomb
  of terra cotta soldiers are most closely associated
  with the
  (1) Maurya Empire           (3) Persian Empire
  (2) Qin dynasty             (4) Hellenistic culture
Answer: 2

7.
7 The development of which early civilization was
  influenced most directly by the Tigris River, the
  Zagros Mountains, and the Syrian Desert?
  (1) Chinese               (3) Egyptian
  (2) Maya                  (4) Mesopotamian
Answer: 4

8.
8 Which religion includes the Four Noble Truths,
  the Eightfold Path, and nirvana?
  (1) Buddhism              (3) Judaism
  (2) Hinduism              (4) Christianity
Answer: 1

9.
9 Which geographic factor affected the development
  of the Gupta Empire?
  (1) volcanoes              (3) monsoons
  (2) permafrost             (4) island location
Answer: 3

10.
10 The Russian Orthodox Church developed as a
   result of Russia’s cultural interactions with which
   group?
   (1) Byzantines               (3) Vikings
   (2) Muslims                  (4) Huns
Answer: 1

11.
11 Which statement about the Sahara is most closely
   associated with the West African civilizations of
   Ghana and Mali?
   (1) Irrigation systems made it possible to farm in
       the Sahara.
   (2) Salt mined in the Sahara was exchanged for
       gold.
   (3) Oases in the Sahara served as their capital
       cities.
   (4) The Sahara prevented the spread of Islam to
       the region.
Answer: 2

12.
    Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: We must fight to keep control of
           Jerusalem in the hands of those who
           believe in Allah.
Speaker B: Come and battle while there is still time
           to protect the Holy Land where Christ
           walked.
Speaker C: We must go forth to heal the split
           between the churches.
Speaker D: An investment in ships and knights will
           yield control of profitable trade routes.
12 Which speaker expresses a Muslim perspective
   during the Crusades?
   (1) A                   (3) C
   (2) B                   (4) D
Answer: 1

13.
13 Which speaker is expressing an economic motive
   for the Crusades?
   (1) A                     (3) C
   (2) B                     (4) D
Answer: 4

14.
14 The bubonic plague affected economic
   development in medieval times by
   (1) encouraging the introduction of new types of
       crops
   (2) causing production to decline and prices to
       rise
   (3) sparking the ideas of socialism and reform
   (4) destroying the guild system
Answer: 2

15.
15 One reason the Renaissance began in Italy was
   that Italian city-states
   (1) defeated the Spanish Armada
   (2) were unified as a nation under the Pope
   (3) were unaffected by the Commercial
       Revolution
   (4) dominated key Mediterranean trade routes
Answer: 4

16.
16 In The Prince, Machiavelli advises rulers to
   (1) seek the approval of the people
   (2) establish and maintain power
   (3) promote openness in government
   (4) learn and follow the commandments of the
       church
Answer: 2

17.
17 During the Ming dynasty, why did China enjoy a
   favorable balance of trade with Europe?
   (1) The Ming dynasty imported numerous
       manufactured goods from Europe.
   (2) China exported large quantities of opium to
       European traders.
   (3) Chinese silk continued to be in high demand
       in Europe.
   (4) The Ming dynasty paid tribute to European
       traders.
Answer: 3

18.
18 One way the Incas adapted their environment
   was by
   (1) building a network of roads through the
       mountains
   (2) growing rice as a major agricultural product
   (3) establishing an encomienda system
   (4) creating floating gardens
Answer: 1

19.
    Base your answers to questions 19 and 20 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . It recounts the life of the officials, the notaries,
   the deputies, the proprietors of Indian labour, the
   priests, the miners and the Spaniards who travel
   from post to post along the roads and rivers of
   Peru; the visitors, the judges, the Indian chiefs
   and their subjects, including the very poor.
         In my work I have always tried to obtain the
   most truthful accounts, accepting those which
   seemed to be substantial and which were
   confirmed from various sources. I have only
   reported those facts which several people agreed
   upon as being true. . . .
     — Huamán Poma, Letter to a King: A Peruvian Chief’s
   Account of Life Under the Incas and Under Spanish Rule,
                                               E. P. Dutton
19 This author is describing the process he used in
   (1) formulating a scientific theory from earlier
       experiments
   (2) developing a historical account from primary
       sources
   (3) comparing details of differing religions
   (4) explaining the importance of obeying laws
Answer: 2

20.
20 According to this author, accounts used in making
   statements of fact must be
   (1) brief                   (3) verified
   (2) interesting             (4) unbiased
Answer: 3


21.
Base your answer to question 21 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
21 The arrows on this map, “The African Diaspora,” represent the
   (1) development of trade routes in North Africa
   (2) expansion of African kingdoms involved in the slave trade
   (3) forced migration of African peoples from their homeland
   (4) dependence by Africans on imports for economic development
Answer: 3

22.
22 Akbar the Great, Suleiman the Magnificent, and
   Louis XIV are all rulers associated with
   (1) natural rights         (3) religious toleration
   (2) filial piety           (4) absolutism
Answer: 4

23.
23 What was a major effect of the Magna Carta and
   the English Bill of Rights on Great Britain?
   (1) The power of the monarch was limited.
   (2) Ireland revolted against the monarchy.
   (3) Parliament was abolished.
   (4) A renewed interest in Greek and Roman
       culture developed.
Answer: 1

24.
24 Which event is most closely associated with the
   French Revolution?
   (1) Council of Trent
   (2) Thirty Years’ War
   (3) Reign of Terror
   (4) Paris Peace Conference
Answer: 3

25.
25 A. Toussaint L’Ouverture declares Haiti
      independent.
   B. Declaration of the Rights of Man and the
      Citizen is written in France.
   C. The thirteen colonies gain independence from
      Great Britain.
   D. Simón Bolívar frees Colombia from Spanish
      rule.
   What is the correct chronological order for these
   events?

Answer: 2

26.
26 • Irregular coastline
   • Abundant mineral resources
   • Large labor force
   • Investment capital
   Which country had these characteristics and used
   them to industrialize in the 170os?
   (1) Germany                (3) Great Britain
   (2) Italy                  (4) Japan
Answer: 3

27.
27 Which statement represents a central idea of
   laissez-faire economics?
   (1) Class struggles are based on inequities.
   (2) Workers should form unions to better their
        conditions.
   (3) Prices are best determined by supply and
        demand.
   (4) The government should own all means of
        production.
Answer: 3

28.
28 A major goal of both the Sepoy Mutiny and the
   Boxer Rebellion was to
   (1) remove foreign influences
   (2) restore parliamentary government
   (3) improve access to civil service examinations
   (4) outlaw caste systems
Answer: 1

29.
29 In the late 19th and early 2oth centuries, Japan
   rapidly industrialized. During which period did
   this change take place?
   (1) Heian Court           (3) Yuan dynasty
   (2) Song dynasty          (4) Meiji Restoration
Answer: 4

30.
30 The Amritsar Massacre and the Salt March are both
   associated with the independence movement in
   (1) Iraq                  (3) China
   (2) India                 (4) Kenya
Answer: 2

31.
31 Which factor led to the rise of communist
   revolutions in Russia and in China?
   (1) increase in agricultural production around
       the world
   (2) onset of the global depression that restricted
       trade
   (3) scarcity of workers for available jobs
   (4) unequal distribution of wealth between social
       classes
Answer: 4

32.
Base your answer to question 32 on the posters below and on your knowledge of social studies.
32 Which concept is represented in these World War I recruiting posters?
   (1) justice                            (3) nationalism
   (2) diversity                          (4) humanism
Answer: 3

33.
    Base your answer to question 33 on the excerpt
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . . No one in this country [Great Britain] who
   examines carefully the terms under which Hitler’s
   troops begin their march into Czecho-Slovakia
   to-day can feel other than unhappy. Certainly the
   Czechs will hardly appreciate Mr. Chamberlain’s
   phrase that it is “peace with honour.”. . .
       — “Return from Munich,” Guardian, October 1, 1938
33 The author of this excerpt is reacting to Prime
   Minister Chamberlain’s policy of
   (1) self-determination   (3) containment
   (2) ethnic segregation   (4) appeasement
Answer: 4

34.
34 Which action is associated with Joseph Stalin?
   (1) expanding privatization
   (2) establishing five-year plans
   (3) encouraging glasnost
   (4) promoting détente
Answer: 2

35.
35 In the 195os, what was the status of most
   countries in Eastern Europe?
   (1) members of the Common Market
   (2) participants in the Marshall Plan
   (3) allies of the United States
   (4) satellites of the Soviet Union
Answer: 4


36.
Base your answer to question 36 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
36 What is the main idea of this 1997 cartoon?
   (1) South Korea has more mineral resources than North Korea.
   (2) South Korea has flourished while North Korea is struggling to survive.
   (3) North Koreans have chosen to separate themselves from the South Koreans.
   (4) North Korea was devastated by the war with South Korea.
Answer: 2

37.
37 • Partition of India
   • Creation of the State of Israel
   • Division of Berlin
   Which development directly resulted from each
   of these events?
   (1) Large numbers of people migrated.
   (2) Nuclear weapons were developed.
   (3) Communist governments were established.
   (4) Ethnic tensions decreased.
Answer: 1

38.
38 In the second half of the 2oth century, what was
   one action taken by both Nelson Mandela and
   Desmond Tutu?
   (1) protesting against apartheid in South Africa
   (2) supporting the white government of
       Rhodesia
   (3) sending troops to liberate captives in Sudan
   (4) leading the independence movement in Ghana
Answer: 1

39.
39 In Africa, a key factor that has led to desertification
   is the
   (1) loss of animal species
   (2) burning of fossil fuels
   (3) disposal of toxic waste
   (4) overgrazing of livestock
Answer: 4

40.
40 Which characteristic is most closely associated
   with both Pol Pot’s government in Cambodia and
   Slobodan Milosevic’s government in Yugoslavia?
   (1) use of terror to achieve political goals
   (2) support for freedom of speech
   (3) establishment of a theocratic system
   (4) respect for ethnic minorities
Answer: 1

41.
Base your answer to question 41 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
41 What is the main idea of this 2004 cartoon?
   (1) The lack of energy resources in Iran has led to the importation of uranium.
   (2) A drop in oil production has led to an increased dependence on uranium in Iran.
   (3) It is questionable whether Iran needs uranium to produce energy.
   (4) Frequent oil spills in Iran have resulted in its use of uranium-based fuels.
Answer: 3

42.
42 Which movement of African people was
   primarily caused by changes in climate and
   vegetation?
   (1) migration of the Bantu people out of West
       Africa in 1000 B.C.
   (2) journey of Mansa Musa’s followers to Mecca
       in 1324
   (3) resettlement of the Zulus within South Africa
       in 1843
   (4) flight of the Tutsis from Rwanda in 1994
Answer: 1

43.
43 Which historical period is associated with the
   concept of zero, the development of a handbook on
   medicine, and the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam?
   (1) European Renaissance
   (2) Golden Age of Islam
   (3) Songhai Empire
   (4) Age of Pericles
Answer: 2

44.
44 In the European feudal system under manorialism,
   what is the most significant economic commodity?
   (1) livestock               (3) gold and silver
   (2) land                    (4) sugar and spices
Answer: 2

45.
    Base your answers to questions 45 and 46 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: I do not agree with what you have to say,
           but I’ll defend to the death your right to
           say it.
Speaker B: Government has no other end, but the
           preservation of property.
Speaker C: Man is born free, and everywhere he is
           in shackles.
45 Which historical period is best represented in the
   ideas expressed by these speakers?
   (1) Enlightenment          (3) Age of Exploration
   (2) Counter Reformation (4) Early Middle Ages
Answer: 1

46.
46 Which historical figure expressed ideas that are
   most similar to those of Speaker B?
   (1) Thomas Malthus
   (2) John Locke
   (3) Peter the Great
   (4) Bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
Answer: 2

47.
47 The inhumane policies of the Reconquista,
   pogroms, and the Holocaust were all results of
   (1) civil disobedience and passive resistance
   (2) acculturation and assimilation
   (3) war guilt and reparations
   (4) intolerance and prejudice
Answer: 4

48.
48 Which title best completes the partial outline
   below?
     I. _______
        A. Berlin blockade
        B. Cuban missile crisis
        C. Vietnam War
   (1)   Path to World War I
   (2)   Victories for Democracy
   (3)   Cold War Confrontations
   (4)   Terrorism in the 2oth Century
Answer: 3

49.
49 Which situation was a result of the 1884 Berlin
   Conference?
   (1) Africa was divided without regard to ethnic
       groups.
   (2) Monarchies were restored throughout
       Europe.
   (3) The slave trade with South America was
       eliminated.
   (4) The League of Nations was formed.
Answer: 1

50.
50 Disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,
   creation of new nation-states in central Europe,
   and Germany’s loss of colonies were all
   consequences of
   (1) the Napoleonic Wars
   (2) the Franco-Prussian War
   (3) World War I
   (4) World War II
Answer: 3


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Change — Global Issues
                  Since the end of World War II, the world has faced many issues that have affected
                  countries, regions, and the global community. The solutions to these issues are
                  often complex and have met with varying degrees of success.
        Task:
                  Select two global issues that have occurred since the end of World War II and for
                  each
                  • Describe how this issue has affected a specific country or region or the global
                    community
                  • Explain a solution that has been proposed to address the issue
                  • Discuss the extent to which this solution has been successful in solving the issue
            You may use any global issue from your study of global history. Some suggestions you
        might wish to consider include deforestation, nuclear proliferation, AIDS, famine, terrorism,
        refugees, pollution, desertification, and child soldiers.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
                       Do not use the United States as the focus of your answer.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
                                               Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
       Historical Context:
              For a variety of reasons, groups have set out to conquer other regions or people
              using various methods of force. These groups include the Mongols, the Spanish,
              and the Ottoman. Their conquests have had an impact on both the conqueror and
              the conquered.
        Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
              answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
              questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Choose two groups engaged in conquest mentioned in the historical context and
                for each
                • Explain a reason for the conquest
                • Explain how the conquest was achieved
                • Discuss an impact of the conquest
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
       …In the period from 1180–1220, Mongolia experienced a drop in the mean annual temperature,
       which meant that the growing season for grass was cut short. Less grass meant a real danger
       to the Mongols’ animals, and, since the animals were truly the basis of the Mongols’
       pastoral-nomadic life, this ecological threat may have prompted them to move out of Mongolia.
         A second reason often mentioned is the attempt by Mongolia’s neighbors in north and
       northwest China to reduce the amount of trade with the Mongols. Since the Mongols depended
       on trade for goods that they desperately needed—such as grain, craft, and manufactured
       articles—cessation [halting] of trade, or at least the diminution [reduction] of trade, could have
       been catastrophic for them. The attempts by the Jin dynasty, which controlled North China, and
       the Xia dynasty, which controlled Northwest China, to reduce the level of trade that the Mongols
       could expect, created a crisis for the Mongols. Unable to obtain goods that they so desperately
       needed, the Mongols’ response was to initiate raids, attacks, and finally invasions against these
       two dynasties.…
             Source: “The Mongols in World History,” Asian Topics in World History online, Columbia University (adapted)
 1 According to this excerpt from “The Mongols in World History,” what are two reasons the Mongols began
   conquering new lands? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


54.
Document 2
     …Organization was the key to the success of the great Mongol armies. The cavalry, first devised
     by Genghis Khan, consisted of 10 squadrons. Ten squadrons formed a quran of 1,000 men.
     Daily drills taught the warriors to move as units and respond quickly. In combat, bowmen
     formed a front line to unleash a hail of arrows at the enemy. The archers would then fall to the
     rear to allow well-armed units to charge and overrun the enemy.
       As Kublai Khan turned his sights on the heavily fortified Chinese empire, he drew on another
     of Genghis’ strategies: siege warfare using catapults. The Mongols applied these techniques with
     greater force and in greater numbers than ever before in history. This approach would prove
     useful in overpowering the great Chinese cities in the years ahead.…
                              Source: Duane Damon, “From Genghis to Kublai,” Calliope, A Cobblestone Publication
2 According to Duane Damon, what were two methods of conquest used by the Mongols? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


55.
Document 3
        A common misconception is that the semiliterate Mongols came out of the steppes of
     Mongolia, quickly conquered far more advanced civilizations, and left the government in each
     area in the hands of the conquered. While Chinese bureaucrats still did their jobs and the local
     Persian rulers stayed in power as long as they did not cause the Mongols any trouble, the
     situation was much more complex.…
        The Mongols used qualified people wherever they were needed. It was not unusual to have
     Arabs serving in Russia or Persians in China. Still, the Mongols preferred not to tinker too much
     with systems that worked well. When Yelu Qucai (1189–1243), the great minister and governor
     of northern China, demonstrated how much wealth the region could produce for Ögödei Khan,
     the Mongols kept his system in place.…
        In smaller provincial territories, many local rulers maintained their position, serving as the
     local daruqachi or shahna [governor]. As long as they paid tribute, provided troops when called
     upon, came before the khan to pledge their loyalty, and kept good order in their territories, they
     remained in their positions. For the Mongols, it made good sense, as the local rulers knew the
     customs of their people.…
                                        Source: Timothy May, “Taking Control,” Calliope, A Cobblestone Publication
3 According to Timothy May, what was one action taken by the Mongols to control the territory they
  conquered? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


56.
Document 4
This is an excerpt from Christopher Columbus’s log entry for Saturday, October 13, 1492.
       …I have been very attentive and have tried very hard to find out if there is any gold here [San
       Salvador]. I have seen a few natives who wear a little piece of gold hanging from a hole made in
       the nose. By signs, if I interpret them correctly, I have learned that by going to the south, or
       rounding the island to the south, I can find a king who possesses a lot of gold and has great
       containers of it. I have tried to find some natives who will take me to this great king, but none
       seems inclined to make the journey.
          Tomorrow afternoon I intend to go to the SW. The natives have indicated to me that not only
       is there land to the south and SW, but also to the NW. I shall go to the SW and look for gold and
       precious stones. Furthermore, if I understand correctly, it is from the NW that strangers come
       to fight and capture the people here.…
                                          Source: translated by Robert H. Fuson, The Log of Christopher Columbus,
                                                                           International Marine Publishing Company
4 Based on this excerpt from Christopher Columbus’s log, what is he searching for in San Salvador and the
  surrounding region? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


57.
Document 5
                 Spanish Crumble the Wall at Xolloco
             [near the southern causeway of Tenochtitlán]
5 Based on the information provided in this illustration, what are two examples of technology the Spanish
  used to conquer the Aztecs? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 6
     …Spanish administrators established two main centers of authority in the Americas—Mexico
     (which they called New Spain) and Peru (known as New Castile)—each governed by a viceroy
     who was responsible to the king in Spain. In Mexico they built a new capital, Mexico City, on top
     of Tenochtitlán. In Peru they originally hoped to rule from the Inca capital of Cuzco, but they
     considered the high altitude unpleasant and also found the Andean city too inaccessible for their
     purposes. In 1535 they founded [the city of] Lima and transferred the government to the coast
     where it was accessible to Spanish shipping.…
                             Source: Bentley and Ziegler, Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past,
                                                                                  3rd edition, McGraw-Hill (adapted)
6 According to Bentley and Ziegler, what was one way the Spanish changed the Americas? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


59.
Document 7
      …Their [Ottoman] aim was not merely political and military. For centuries Constantinople was
      the largest metropolis in the known world, the impregnable [unconquerable] core of a great
      [Byzantine] empire, served by a deep-water port that gave access to the sea. Known as New
      Rome and the Queen City, it had been built to impress, its magnificent public monuments,
      decorated with statuary set in an elegant classical urban landscape. Its apparent invincibility and
      famous reputation made it a great prize. The city was also reputed to be hugely wealthy. While
      the [Ottoman] Turks had no interest in its famous collection of Christian relics, the fact that
      many were made of solid gold and silver, decorated with huge gems and ancient cameos, was of
      importance. Their existence added weight to the rumour that Constantinople contained vast
      stores of gold, a claim which cannot have been true by 1453. By the early fifteenth century the
      city had lost all its provinces to Turkish occupation and was totally isolated. The surviving Greek
      territories of Trebizond and the Morea were similarly surrounded and made no effort to assist
      the ancient capital.…
                                        Source: Judith Herrin, “The Fall of Constantinople,” History Today, June 2003
7 According to Judith Herrin, what was one reason the Ottoman were interested in conquering the Byzantine
  capital of Constantinople? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 8a
8 Based on this illustration and time line, state one way the Ottoman attempted to expand their empire. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 9
     …The impact of [Ottoman] Turkish rule upon all sectors of Balkan society was profound. Most
     of its aristocracy were killed though a minority was absorbed into the ruling class when, in
     keeping with Ottoman practice, the sultan took over their lands. In contrast, the peasantry, who
     worked the land, paid most of the taxes and were liable for military service, were treated much
     better than before. They were protected by the new landlords and had their feudal services
     abolished. Apart from the frontier regions, most of the Balkans were spared that cultural and
     religious destruction usually associated with armies of occupation. Christians, though
     encouraged to convert to Islam, were allowed religious toleration and mixed marriages, and the
     comparative freedom and contentment enjoyed by its people is one of the most important
     explanations why the Balkans remained under Ottoman rule for over 400 years.…
                               Source: Geoffrey Woodward, “The Ottomans in Europe,” History Review, March 2001
9 According to Geoffrey Woodward, what were two effects Ottoman rule had on Balkan society? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                For a variety of reasons, groups have set out to conquer other regions or people
                using various methods of force. These groups include the Mongols, the Spanish,
                and the Ottoman. Their conquests have had an impact on both the conqueror and
                the conquered.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                   Choose two groups engaged in conquest mentioned in the historical context and
                   for each
                   • Explain a reason for the conquest
                   • Explain how the conquest was achieved
                   • Discuss an impact of the conquest
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2011 Exam


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