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Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2013 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
1 • Use a variety of evidence
  • Analyze primary documents
  • Compare societies and regions
  These actions help historians reconstruct a record
  of a society by
  (1) focusing on traditional interpretations
  (2) making use of multiple perspectives
  (3) separating history from science
  (4) relying on a single argument
Answer: 2

2.
2 What would a geographer conducting research be
  most likely to do?
  (1) use carbon-14 to determine the age of
      artifacts
  (2) analyze the reasons women vote for certain
      candidates
  (3) observe the effects of wind patterns on
      regional trade
  (4) design a survey to determine the online
      spending habits of young people
Answer: 3

3.
3 One way in which the ancient Sumerians,
  Egyptians, and Mayas are similar is that these
  civilizations developed
  (1) irrigation systems
  (2) iron weapons
  (3) wheeled vehicles
  (4) block printing systems
Answer: 1


4.
4 Which geographic factor contributed to the
  formation of independent city-states in ancient
  Greece?
  (1) tropical rainforests
  (2) fertile farmland
  (3) navigable rivers
  (4) mountainous topography
Answer: 4

5.
5 At the height of its power, which ancient
  civilization controlled the entire coastal region
  surrounding the Mediterranean Sea?
  (1) Phoenician             (3) Roman
  (2) Persian                (4) Carthaginian
Answer: 3

6.
6 A person who practices Hinduism would most
  likely
  (1) believe the Vedas are sacred
  (2) worship in a synagogue
  (3) pray facing Mecca
  (4) make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem
Answer: 1

7.
7 The strategic location of the Byzantine Empire
  allowed control of the key trade routes between
  the
  (1) South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca
  (2) Caspian Sea and the Indian Ocean
  (3) North Sea and the English Channel
  (4) Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Answer: 4

8.
8 • Asoka incorporated Buddhist ideas into the laws
    he had carved on rocks and pillars placed
    throughout the Mauryan Empire.
  • Constantine made Christianity the official
    religion of the Roman Empire.
  • Prince Vladimir required all Russians to
    become Eastern Orthodox Christians.
  Which generalization can be made based on these
  statements?
  (1) Leaders often use religion to unify an empire.
  (2) Many political leaders encourage religious
      toleration.
  (3) Leaders sometimes use religion as a reason to
      wage war.
  (4) Political leaders usually become the head of
      the church in their country.
Answer: 1

9.
9 Which statement best characterizes Europe
  during the early Middle Ages?
  (1) A centralized government provided law and
      order.
  (2) Manorialism developed to meet the people’s
      economic needs.
  (3) People adopted humanism and questioned
      the Church.
  (4) A standardized currency promoted international trade.
Answer: 2

10.
10 Which statement about feudalism in Japan is an
   opinion rather than a fact?
   (1) Samurai were expected to follow a code of
       conduct known as bushido.
   (2) A rigid social hierarchy led to limited social
       mobility.
   (3) The Tokugawa period was probably the most
       peaceful period.
   (4) The shogun was the supreme military leader.
Answer: 3

11.
11 Which description best fits the kingdoms of
   Ghana and Songhai?
   (1) vassal states of Egypt
   (2) trading states of West Africa
   (3) micro-states of Southeast Asia
   (4) tributary states of China
Answer: 2

12.
12 Which achievement is most closely associated
   with Mansa Musa of Mali?
   (1) an increase in the influence of Islam and
       Islamic culture
   (2) the discovery of diamonds in the Congo
   (3) the defeat and capture of Cairo
   (4) an exclusive trade agreement with European
       merchants
Answer: 1

13.
13 Which situation was a direct challenge to the
   political and religious authority of the Catholic
   Church?
   (1) passage of the Act of Supremacy under Henry
       VIII
   (2) death sentence given to Joan of Arc
   (3) Reconquista of Spain conducted by
       Ferdinand and Isabella
   (4) establishment of the Jesuit order under
       Ignatius Loyola
Answer: 1

14.
14 As the Black Death spread in the mid-14th
   century, which region tended to experience the
   greatest loss of life?
   (1) rural farms          (3) remote villages
   (2) urban areas          (4) mountainous areas
Answer: 2

15.
15 The Ming dynasty under Emperor Yonglo (Zhu di)
   used Zheng He’s voyages to
   (1) expand trade with Africa and Southeast Asia
   (2) explore North America and South America
   (3) obtain a military alliance with Russia
   (4) secure a border agreement with Mongolia
Answer: 1

16.
16 One reason Spain sponsored the first voyage of
   Columbus to the west was to
   (1) find a more direct trade route to Asia
   (2) obtain military technology
   (3) make contact with the Empire of Benin
   (4) trade in established ports in the Americas
Answer: 1

17.
    Base your answer to question 17 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … At Tenochtitlán, the Aztecs perfected an
   unusual method of farming. They built huge rafts,
   covered them with earth, and floated them on the
   lake. On these chinampas, or “floating islands,”
   they grew enough maize and vegetables to feed
   their expanding population comfortably.
   Eventually, roots from the tree rafts attached
   themselves to the bottom of the shallow lake to
   become permanent foundations for buildings.…
                                        — Lois Athey
17 Which conclusion is best supported by the
   information in this passage?
   (1) The Aztecs terraced the land.
   (2) Large plantations provided food for the
       markets.
   (3) The Aztecs were limited to subsistence
       farming.
   (4) Environmental adaptation aided economic
       development.
Answer: 4

18.
18 Which country is responsible for the extensive
   colonial use of the encomienda labor system?
   (1) England               (3) the Netherlands
   (2) France                (4) Spain
Answer: 4

19.
19 The primary purpose of the Magna Carta (1215)
   was to
   (1) limit the power of King John
   (2) install Oliver Cromwell as dictator
   (3) justify the Glorious Revolution
   (4) charter the British East India Company
Answer: 1

20.
20 Which writer opposed political absolutism?
   (1) Niccolò Machiavelli
   (2) James I
   (3) Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
   (4) John Locke
Answer: 4


21.
21 One way in which Akbar the Great, Suleiman the
   Magnificent, and Philip II are similar is that they
   (1) attempted to colonize the Americas
   (2) supported democratic reforms in their
       countries
   (3) tried to make Christianity the dominant
       religion of Asia
   (4) controlled large empires at the height of their
       power
Answer: 4

22.
22 One way in which the contributions of
   Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton are similar is
   that each
   (1) challenged the heliocentric theory of the
       universe
   (2) based his work on Enlightenment principles
       of social contract
   (3) practiced observation and experimentation in
       his work
   (4) supported the work of the Inquisition
Answer: 3

23.
23 One reason the Russian Empire was difficult to
   unite was that it
   (1) had many diverse ethnic groups
   (2) possessed limited natural resources
   (3) served as a crossroads for trade
   (4) lacked a navy
Answer: 1

24.
24 • Supported reforms
   • Believed in natural rights and religious
     toleration
   • Viewed themselves as servants of their state
   In the 18th century, European leaders that fit
   these characteristics were best known as
   (1) theocratic monarchs
   (2) enlightened despots
   (3) totalitarian dictators
   (4) prime ministers
Answer: 2

25.
25 During the 180os, the writings of Marx, Engels,
   and Dickens focused attention on the problems
   faced by
   (1) factory owners       (3) farm laborers
   (2) investment bankers (4) industrial workers
Answer: 4

26.
26 Which traits characterize a laissez-faire capitalist
   economic system?
   (1) slash-and-burn agriculture and animalpowered technology
   (2) central planning and government quotas
   (3) private property and profit incentive
   (4) national health care and social security
Answer: 3

27.
27 Which area of the world was most directly
   affected by the decisions made at the Berlin
   Conference?
   (1) Africa               (3) India
   (2) China                (4) South America
Answer: 1

28.
28 • Sino-Japanese War 1894–1895
   • Russo-Japanese War 1904–1905
   • Annexation of Korea 1910
   These events in the history of Japan reflect its
   (1) resistance to trade
   (2) abundance of natural resources
   (3) vulnerability to attack by neighbors
   (4) emergence as an imperialistic country
Answer: 4

29.
Base your answer to question 29 on the poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.
29 As shown in this poster, which problem concerned the Brazilian government during
   World War I?
   (1) loss of cultural heritage          (3) increases in immigration
   (2) threat of spying                   (4) maintaining freedom of assembly
Answer: 2

30.
30 Which term is defined as payment for war
   damages?
   (1) mandate           (3) reparation
   (2) armistice         (4) militarism
Answer: 3

31.
31 Which leader is responsible for westernizing
   Turkey and creating a secular government?
   (1) Kemal Atatürk         (3) Ayatollah Khomeini
   (2) Saddam Hussein        (4) Anwar Sadat
Answer: 1

32.
    Base your answer to question 32 on the graphic
organizer below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
32 Which heading best completes this graphic
   organizer?
   (1) Socialism        (3) Fascism
   (2) Liberalism       (4) Ethnocentrism
Answer: 3

33.
33 The Long March is significant in Chinese history
   because it
   (1) ended Japanese occupation of China
   (2) reinforced the concept of the Mandate of
       Heaven
   (3) caused the Boxer Rebellion
   (4) established Mao Zedong as a revolutionary
       leader
Answer: 4

34.
34 The primary goal of both the Indian National
   Congress in India and the Mau Mau movement in
   Kenya was to
   (1) establish military rule
   (2) colonize lands overseas
   (3) remove foreign control
   (4) achieve social equality
Answer: 3

35.
35 The main reason that oil-producing states formed
   the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting
   Countries (OPEC) was to
   (1) allow foreign ownership in oil fields
   (2) influence the price of oil and set production
       levels
   (3) improve diplomatic relations with the West
   (4) lift economic sanctions and establish free
       trade
Answer: 2


36.
    Base your answer to question 36 on the map
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
36 Which letter represents the location of a country
   created in part as a result of the Zionist
   movement?
   (1) A                     (3) C
   (2) B                     (4) D
Answer: 1

37.
37 During the Great Leap Forward, Chinese
   peasants were forced to
   (1) join communes
   (2) move to the cities
   (3) convert to Christianity
   (4) attack the Red Guards
Answer: 1

38.
Base your answer to question 38 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
38 Which statement can best be supported by the information on this 2003 map?
   (1) India and Pakistan have agreed on shared borders.
   (2) Several borders are in dispute between India and China.
   (3) India and Nepal are currently involved in border disputes with each other.
   (4) The inhabitants of the territory claimed by both India and China have little voice in the conflict.
Answer: 2

39.
    Base your answers to questions 39 and 40 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   …There is hardly an editor or political journalist
   who has not at some time during this apartheid
   period been pressured unduly, personally
   intimidated or seriously threatened either for
   what he/she had written or to coerce him/her into
   writing or publishing what was desired.…
      — submission to Truth and Reconciliation Commission
39 This passage describes the use of threats to
   achieve
   (1) diversification     (3) perestroika
   (2) censorship          (4) suffrage
Answer: 2

40.
40 With which country is this passage associated?
   (1) South Africa          (3) Cuba
   (2) Soviet Union          (4) Iraq
Answer: 1

41.
41 Which global issue is a primary threat to
   biodiversity in the tropical regions of Central
   Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Amazon basin?
   (1) deforestation          (3) acid rain
   (2) oil spills             (4) drought
Answer: 1

42.
42 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
   (1948) and the founding of Amnesty International
   (1961) are both associated with efforts to
   recognize and protect the
   (1) economic diversity of nations
   (2) dignity of individuals
   (3) right of each nation to enforce its own laws
   (4) balance of power between nations
Answer: 2

43.
Base your answer to question 43 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
43 Which statement about the economies of South Korea and North Korea can best be
   supported by the information found in this chart?
   (1) The GDP in North Korea is higher than the GDP in South Korea.
   (2) A higher percentage of the GDP in South Korea is based on farming than it is in
       North Korea.
   (3) The real growth rate of North Korea is 10 times greater than the growth rate in
       South Korea.
   (4) The service sector in South Korea plays a more important role than it does in North Korea.
Answer: 4

44.
44 Trade along the Silk Roads and the trans-Saharan
   trade routes resulted in
   (1) elimination of all traditional beliefs
   (2) a movement toward decolonization
   (3) the Columbian exchange
   (4) cultural diffusion between different societies
Answer: 4

45.
45 One way in which the Justinian Code and the
   Napoleonic Code are similar is that both
   (1) made slavery unacceptable
   (2) gave people a set of rules to follow
   (3) treated all equally under the law
   (4) provided for religious freedom
Answer: 2

46.
46 A reason the Renaissance began in the Italian
   city-states was that they
   (1) rejected the power of the papacy
   (2) were unified by Garibaldi
   (3) had wealth gained from trade with
       Constantinople
   (4) prevented guilds from functioning
Answer: 3

47.
    Base your answer to question 47 on the quotation
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   Long before the rule of pharaohs, Egyptians grew
   wheat and barley and raised pigs, goats, sheep
   and cattle. Spotty evidence had suggested that
   agriculture was practiced there more than 7,000
   years ago, two millenniums earlier than the first
   royal dynasties.…
                  — John Noble Wilford, New York Times,
                                      February 12, 2008
47 Which period in history is referred to in this
   excerpt?
   (1) Industrial Revolution
   (2) Neolithic Revolution
   (3) Scientific Revolution
   (4) Green Revolution
Answer: 2

48.
Base your answer to question 48 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
48 Which event is shown in this cartoon?
   (1) Parisians attacking the Bastille prison and starting the French Revolution
   (2) Allied soldiers tearing down walls in concentration camps after World War II
   (3) Germans destroying the Berlin Wall symbolizing the collapse of communism in
       Europe
   (4) Koreans breaking through the Great Wall of China
Answer: 3

49.
49 With which event are Porfirio Díaz, Francisco
   “Pancho” Villa, and Emiliano Zapata associated?
   (1) Conquest of the Incas
   (2) Argentinian Dirty War
   (3) Mexican Revolution
   (4) Haitian coup d’état
Answer: 3

50.
50 The Truman Doctrine and the North Atlantic
   Treaty Organization (NATO) were United States
   responses to the
   (1) threat of the Nazis in the 193os
   (2) fear of economic depression after World War I
   (3) concern about the partition of India in 1947
   (4) communist threat after World War II
Answer: 4


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Conflict—Armed Conflict
                 Throughout history, armed conflicts have begun for various reasons. These
                 conflicts have affected many countries and groups of people.
        Task:
                 Select two armed conflicts and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances leading to this armed conflict
                 • Discuss the ways in which this armed conflict affected a specific group of
                   people, a country, and/or a region
            You may use any examples of armed conflict from your study of global history and
        geography. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the Peloponnesian War, the
        Crusades, the English civil war, the Haitian war of independence, the French Revolution, the
        Opium War, the Sepoy Rebellion, World War I, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the Rwanda
        crisis.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
          Do not discuss armed conflicts that occurred in the United States in your answer.
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
                                                Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the
language used in a document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
       Historical Context:
              Economic development in some countries has resulted in a variety of changes.
              These economic developments have affected the people and the country in positive
              and negative ways. Three countries experiencing economic development are China
              (1976–present), Mexico (1980–present), and Botswana (1966–present).
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Choose two of the countries mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe a change that resulted from economic development within the
                  country
                • Discuss positive and/or negative effects this economic development has had on
                  the people and/or the country
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
                                    China Rejoins the World Economy
        … In China after Mao Zedong’s death in 1976 the communist leadership introduced
        comprehensive economic reforms that relaxed state control of the economy, allowing more
        initiative and permitting individuals to accumulate wealth. Beginning in 1978 the Communist
        Party in Sichuan province freed more than six thousand firms to compete for business outside
        the state planning process. The results were remarkable. Under China’s leader Deng Xiaoping
        these reforms were expanded across the nation. China also began to permit foreign
        investment for the first time since the communists came to power in 1949. Between 1978 and
        the end of the 199os foreign investors committed more than $180 billion to the Chinese
        economy, and McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, Airbus, and other foreign companies began doing
        business there. But more than 100 million workers were still employed in state-owned
        enterprises, and most foreign-owned companies were segregated in special economic zones.
        The result was a dual industrial sector—one modern, efficient, and connected to international
        markets, the other dominated by government and directed by political decisions.…
               Source: Richard W. Bulliet, et al., The Earth and Its People, 3rd Edition, Houghton Mifflin, 2005 (adapted)
 1 Based on this document, state one economic reform that occurred after the death of Mao Zedong. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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54.
Document 2
       … In China, where almost a quarter of the human race still lived under a communist regime,
       the economy was also changing with the times. China’s leaders embraced the market, and
       instead of insisting on equality said that the Chinese should try to make themselves rich;
       individual enterprise and increased spending on consumer products was the only way China
       would be able to fulfill its ‘Four Modernizations’ policy and become a major economic power
       by the end of the [2oth] century. While the Chinese came to resemble Western capitalists in
       the ways they acquired and spent money, with production soaring by some 10 per cent a year,
       their elderly leaders remained in unchanged political control, determined to stamp out any
       sign of dissent or desire for democracy.
           China’s economic growth depended on the manufacture of consumer goods for export to
       the rest of the world. By 1995 some 60 per cent of toys for the international market were made
       in southern China, where 3000 factories were staffed by more than a million workers, most of
       them young women. Their wages were lower than those that would have been paid to workers
       in most other countries, but they were for the first time earning money that enabled them to
       make consumer choices of their own.…
                                       Source: Godfrey Hodgson, People’s Century, Times Books, 1998 (adapted)
2 Based on this document, identify two impacts economic development has had on China. [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3a
            Since China’s reform and opening up started more than two decades ago, a special social
        group has come into being. Mostly coming from the countryside, they are mainly doing lowpaying manual work in the fields of construction, commerce, service and so on. They become
        the floating population in big cities, called as migrant workers or peasant workers.
            China’s floating population has increased from 70 million of 1993 to 140 million of 2003,
        exceeding 10 percent of the total population and accounting for about 30 percent of rural
        labor force.
            At present [2005], the general floating direction is from the countryside to cities, from
        underdeveloped regions to developed regions, and from central and western areas to eastern
        coastal areas.…
                                                                      Source: People’s Daily Online, July 27, 2005
3a Based on this 2005 People’s Daily Online article, what is one characteristic of China’s floating population? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
Document 3b
           … China’s roaring industrial economy has been abruptly quieted by the effects of the
       global financial crisis [in 2008]. Rural provinces that supplied much of China’s factory
       manpower [floating population] are watching the beginnings of a wave of reverse migration
       that has the potential to shake the stability of the world’s most populous nation.
           Fast-rising unemployment has led to an unusual series of strikes and protests. Normally
       cautious government officials have offered quick concessions and talk openly of their worries
       about social unrest. Laid-off factory workers in Dongguan overturned patrol cars and clashed
       with police last Tuesday, and hundreds of taxis parked in front of a government office in
       nearby Chaozhou over the weekend, one of a series of driver protests.…
                                                     Source: Shai Oster, Wall Street Journal, December 2, 2008
3b Based on this 2008 Wall Street Journal article, what is one way China’s workers reacted to rising
   unemployment? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
Document 4
        … Mexico’s trade policy following World War II through 1986, was essentially one of import
        substitution and closely regulated commercial ties with other countries, including the U.S.
        Behind a protective wall of tariffs, import licensing requirements, domestic-content
        provisions, and restrictive foreign investment policies, Mexico was one of the world’s most
        closed economies.
            Since joining the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1986, Mexico has
        pursued a policy of economic liberalization, sharply reducing trade restrictions, promoting
        foreign investment, cutting domestic subsidies, and expanding the role of the private sector.
        NAFTA [North American Free Trade Agreement] gives formal recognition and permanence
        to the policy changes that are already taking place and which are critical to Mexico attracting
        the foreign investment and technology needed for its future economic growth.…
                                           Source: J. Michael Patrick, “U.S.–Mexico Trade Patterns Under NAFTA,”
                                       Texas Center for Border Economic and Enterprise Development, March 1994
 4 Based on this paper by J. Michael Patrick, what is one change in economic policy that has occurred in Mexico
   since joining GATT in 1986? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 5
   Mexican governments had mixed results reforming the economy and reducing extreme poverty between
1980 and 2008.
5 Based on this chart, identify two effects of economic development in Mexico. [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
Document 6
       … NAFTA was supposed to bring economic prosperity to Mexico, but the poverty and human
       suffering along the border tell a different story. Mexico’s more than 3,000 border
       maquiladoras — the mostly foreign-owned manufacturing and assembly plants — send about
       90 percent of their products to the United States. The Spanish word “maquilar” means “to
       assemble,” but it is also slang for “to do someone else’s work for them.” This is what’s really
       going on; the maquiladora sector produced more than $100 billion in goods last year [2005],
       but the typical maquiladora worker earns between $1 and $3 per hour, including benefits and
       bonuses. Special tariff-free zones along the border mean that many maquiladoras pay low
       taxes, limiting the funds that could improve quality of life.…
       Source: Oliver Bernstein, “Walking the Line,” Grist Magazine: Environmental News & Commentary, March 7, 2006
6 According to Oliver Bernstein, what is one negative effect of economic development in Mexico? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 7
       … In 1966 when Botswana became independent, it had one of the least promising economic
       outlooks of any emerging African country. That changed dramatically with the discovery of
       diamonds in 1967. Although it took four years before mining could start, the promise of
       considerable wealth gave the fledgling government a remarkable advantage in planning for
       the future. The intelligent use of resources to create the badly needed schools, roads, water
       systems, and electric power stands out as a testament to Botswana’s leaders. Seretse Khama
       and his successor, Quett Masire, put Botswana’s newfound wealth to work for all the people.…
                                                        Source: Jason Lauré, Botswana, Childrens Press, 1994
7 According to Jason Lauré, what discovery helped to change the economic outlook of Botswana? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 8a
                   Botswana—Diamond Facts from De Beers Diamond Company
        • In Botswana, diamonds account for 76% of Botswana’s export revenue, 45% of the
          government revenue, and 33% (approximately US $3 billion) of the gross domestic product
        • Over the past 25 years, Botswana has had one of the fastest growing economies in the world
        • Due to the revenues generated by diamonds, every child in Botswana receives free
          schooling to the age of 13
        • In 1966 there were only three secondary schools in Botswana, now [2006] there are more
          than 300
        • The diamond mining industry is the largest single employer in Botswana after the
          government
                       Source: De Beers Family of Companies (www.debeersgroup.com), January 11, 2006 (adapted)
8a According to De Beers, what did the government of Botswana do with the revenue from its resources? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Document 8b
        … However, Jay Salkin, an economist at the Botswana Institute for Development Policy
        Analysis, warns that the country is still facing big challenges.
            “The economy is diversifying but not rapidly enough,” he says.
            “The non-mining sectors are growing at 5% per annum at present, and while that’s quite
        good by international standards, it’s not good enough to absorb the growing labour force, and
        to move as many people out of poverty as the government is committed to doing.” …
                               Source: Peter Biles, “Botswana: Africa’s Success Story?,” BBC News, March 7, 2005
8b According to Jay Salkin, what is one challenge Botswana faced in 2005? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


63.
Document 9
           Botswana, the world’s largest diamond producer by value, saw its diamond production fall
       by 3.6 percent in 2008 and is preparing for far steeper declines this year [2009]. Baledzi
       Gaolathe, the finance minister, said in his 2009 budget speech to the National Assembly on
       Monday that diamond production in 2008 was 32.6 million carats, compared with 33.8 million
       carats the previous year.…
           Gaolathe noted that the diamond market performed “exceptionally well” during the first
       three quarters of 2008—when prices rose by about 20 percent—but the global financial crisis
       caused a sharp decline in commodity prices during the final quarter. As the negative global
       trends continue, the minister said, he expects 2009 diamond sales revenue to decline by about
       50 percent, as prices are projected to decrease by 15 percent from 2008 levels. Production is
       expected to fall by 35 percent this year, he added. Diamond mining company Debswana, in
       which the government and De Beers each own a 50 percent stake, has already said it would
       curb production in reaction to the slump in global demand for rough diamonds.…
           Earlier, Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources, Ponatshego Kedikilwe,
       warned that Botswana’s vast mineral resources may undo the country’s strong economic
       growth of recent years if the proper survival measures are not put in place.…
                       Source: Avi Krawitz, “Botswana 2008 Diamond Production –4%,” Rapaport, February 3, 2009
9 According to Avi Krawitz, what is one way Botswana may be affected by the 2009 slump in global demand
  for diamonds? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


64.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Economic development in some countries has resulted in a variety of changes.
                These economic developments have affected the people and the country in positive
                and negative ways. Three countries experiencing economic development are China
                (1976–present), Mexico (1980–present), and Botswana (1966–present).
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Choose two of the countries mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Describe a change that resulted from economic development within the
                    country
                  • Discuss positive and/or negative effects this economic development has had on
                    the people and/or the country
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents August 2013 Exam


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