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Global History and Geography - New York Regents Jan 2012 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1 Which statement is supported by the information provided on this map about the
  earliest Iron Age in Africa?
  (1) Before 300 B.C., iron sites existed only in river valleys.
  (2) Iron technology spread from the west to the east.
  (3) Numerous iron sites were clustered in the Niger region.
  (4) Most of the iron sites in Africa were located in the region south of the Sahara.
Answer: 4

2.
2 A primary source about the French Revolution is
  (1) an eyewitness account from a prisoner at the
      Bastille
  (2) an encyclopedia entry about the Reign of
      Terror
  (3) a recent biography of Robespierre
  (4) a movie about Louis XVI
Answer: 1

3.
3 In a pure market economy, who determines which
  goods and services are produced and in what
  quantities?
  (1) government agencies
  (2) consumers and producers
  (3) church hierarchy
  (4) banks and cartels
Answer: 2


4.
Base your answer to question 4 on the photographs below and on your knowledge of social studies.
4 These photographs indicate the people of China and the people of ancient Peru
  modified their environment to
  (1) create effective trade routes
  (2) increase the amount of land available for agriculture
  (3) move large quantities of water into cities
  (4) provide an effective defense
Answer: 2

5.
5 • Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan.
  • India borders Pakistan, China, and Bangladesh.
  • Most of China’s major cities are in the eastern
    part of the country.
  Which type of map would be most helpful in
  verifying all this information?
  (1) political                (3) land use
  (2) climate                  (4) population density
Answer: 1

6.
6 Which belief system requires fasting during
  Ramadan, praying five times daily, and making a
  pilgrimage to Mecca?
  (1) Judaism              (3) Islam
  (2) Christianity         (4) Hinduism
Answer: 3

7.
7 Which statement about ancient Greece is an
  opinion rather than a fact?
  (1) Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek
      political unity.
  (2) The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on
      military skills.
  (3) Athens granted voting rights to male citizens
      only.
  (4) Greek architecture was superior to Persian
      architecture.
Answer: 4

8.
8 The Thar Desert, Ganges River, and Deccan
  Plateau are all geographic features of
  (1) Japan                  (3) India
  (2) China                  (4) Indonesia
Answer: 3

9.
9 Which philosophy is most closely associated with
  the development of the Chinese civil service
  system?
  (1) legalism             (3) Daoism
  (2) Buddhism             (4) Confucianism
Answer: 4

10.
10 The Byzantine Empire influenced the development of Russia by
   (1) preventing Mongol invasions
   (2) destroying the power of the legislature
   (3) establishing the potato as a staple food
   (4) introducing Eastern Orthodox beliefs
Answer: 4

11.
11 An economic reason for the institution of
   serfdom was to maintain
   (1) an educated citizenry
   (2) a stable workforce
   (3) overseas trade
   (4) religious uniformity
Answer: 2

12.
12 One long-term effect of the Crusades was the
   (1) development of Pax Mongolia
   (2) fall of the Ming dynasty
   (3) control of Jerusalem by Europeans
   (4) growth of trade and towns in western Europe
Answer: 4

13.
13 One way Japanese feudalism during the
   Tokugawa shogunate was different from
   European feudalism is that during this period of
   Japanese feudalism
   (1) political power was more centralized
   (2) foreign missionaries were welcomed
   (3) emperors were overthrown in coups d’état
   (4) most wealthy merchants were able to attain
       high social status
Answer: 1

14.
14 The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
   prospered primarily due to their
   (1) exchanges with Indian ports
   (2) direct access to the Arabian Sea
   (3) control of trade routes
   (4) abundance of diamonds
Answer: 3

15.
15 How did the Commercial Revolution change
   economic practices in Europe?
   (1) The manorial system was established.
   (2) A capitalist economy was developed.
   (3) The Church became a major economic power.
   (4) Colonies were granted independence.
Answer: 2

16.
16 One impact Gutenberg’s printing press had on
   western Europe was
   (1) the spread of Martin Luther’s ideas
   (2) a decrease in the number of universities
   (3) a decline in literacy
   (4) the unification of the Holy Roman Empire
Answer: 1

17.
17 What was a result of the efforts of Prince Henry
   of Portugal, Christopher Columbus, and
   Ferdinand Magellan?
   (1) The importance of Mediterranean trade
       routes was established.
   (2) The modern concept of universal human
       rights was promoted.
   (3) The European view of the physical world was
       transformed.
   (4) An understanding of the benefits of cultural
       diversity was encouraged.
Answer: 3

18.
18 The Spanish encomienda system in the Americas
   resulted in
   (1) the strengthening of indigenous cultures
   (2) political independence for the colonies
   (3) the exploitation of natives
   (4) religious freedom for the majority of peasants
Answer: 3

19.
19 Which region’s colonial class structure included
   peninsulares, creoles, and mestizos?
   (1) western Europe         (3) East Asia
   (2) sub-Saharan Africa     (4) Latin America
Answer: 4

20.
20 One similarity in the policies of Louis XIV and of
   Suleiman the Magnificent is that both leaders
   (1) expanded their empires in the Americas
   (2) encouraged the growth of democracy
   (3) increased the power of their central
       governments
   (4) abolished the bureaucracy
Answer: 3


21.
21 Oliver Cromwell led the Puritan Revolution in
   England in response to the
   (1) passage of the Bill of Rights
   (2) autocratic rule of the king
   (3) implementation of mercantilism
   (4) defeat of the Spanish Armada
Answer: 2

22.
     Base your answer to question 22 on the
illustration below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
22 Which individual supported the            theory
   represented in this illustration?
   (1) Socrates                (3) Dante
   (2) Ptolemy                 (4) Galileo
Answer: 4

23.
23 Which issue was a cause of the French
   Revolution?
   (1) ineffective rule of Napoleon Bonaparte
   (2) nationalization of the Church
   (3) outrage over the use of the guillotine by the
       Committee of Public Safety
   (4) demand of the Third Estate for more political
       power
Answer: 4

24.
24 A major reason the Industrial Revolution
   developed in Great Britain in the 170os was
   because of Great Britain’s
   (1) geographic features
   (2) immigration policies
   (3) use of collectivization
   (4) access to imported oil
Answer: 1

25.
25 • Toussaint L’Ouverture
   • Bernardo O’Higgins
   • José de San Martín
   These individuals had their greatest impact on the
   (1) unification of Italy
   (2) independence movements in Latin America
   (3) Zionist movement
   (4) Catholic Counter Reformation
Answer: 2

26.
26 What is a major belief associated with Marxism?
   (1) The proletariat would rise up and overthrow
       the bourgeoisie.
   (2) Religion should be more important than
       political forces.
   (3) Private ownership of property should be
       expanded.
   (4) Peasants would gain control of overseas
       markets.
Answer: 1

27.
27 The Berlin Conference in 1884 was significant
   because it
   (1) promoted Belgium as a world power
   (2) established rules for the European division of
       Africa
   (3) called for a war against England
   (4) ensured ethnic harmony in the Middle East
Answer: 2

28.
28 Japan began an aggressive policy of imperialism
   in the late 19th and early 2oth centuries because
   Japan
   (1) needed raw materials for its factories
   (2) hoped to spread Shinto
   (3) sought Western technology
   (4) wanted revenge for the Opium Wars
Answer: 1

29.
29 The immediate cause of World War I was the
   (1) assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
   (2) Japanese alliance with Germany
   (3) treaty agreement at Versailles
   (4) German invasion of Poland
Answer: 1

30.
30 The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia was
   caused in part by
   (1) a forced famine in Ukraine
   (2) the failure of Czar Nicholas II to come to
       Serbia’s aid
   (3) a shortage of military supplies and food during
       World War I
   (4) the establishment of Lenin’s New Economic
       Policy (NEP)
Answer: 3

31.
31 One way in which Kemal Atatürk of Turkey and
   Shah Reza Pahlavi of Iran are similar is that both
   leaders
   (1) implemented programs to modernize their
       nations
   (2) supported increased rights for ethnic
       minorities
   (3) adopted policies of nonalignment
   (4) established theocracies based on Islam
Answer: 1

32.
    Base your answer to question 32 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   ...The German people were never more pitiable
   than when they stood by and watched this thing
   done. For the raiders who were let loose on the
   streets and given a day to sate [indulge] the lowest
   instincts of cruelty and revenge were indeed an
   enemy army. No foreign invader could have done
   more harm. This is Germany in the hour of her
   greatest defeat, the best overcome by the worst.
   While many protested at the outrages, and
   millions must have been sickened and shamed by
   the crimes committed in their name, many others
   looked on stolidly or approvingly while the
   hunters hunted and the wreckers worked. There
   are stories of mothers who took their children to
   see the fun....
                   — New York Times, November 12, 1938
32 This 1938 passage criticizes those German people
   who did not
   (1) participate in these demonstrations
   (2) condemn the violent acts of Kristallnacht
   (3) support the government’s policy in Austria
   (4) resist the war effort
Answer: 2

33.
33 What was one geographic characteristic of
   Germany that influenced the outcomes of both
   World War I and World War II?
   (1) Mountainous topography protected Germany
       from the opposing side.
   (2) A lack of navigable rivers in Germany slowed
       transportation.
   (3) Excellent harbors allowed Germany to defeat
       Great Britain’s naval forces.
   (4) Its central location in Europe resulted in
       Germany having to fight on two fronts.
Answer: 4

34.
34 Which event in the history of the Indian
   subcontinent occurred last?
   (1) Salt March
   (2) Amritsar Massacre
   (3) creation of Pakistan
   (4) Sepoy Rebellion
Answer: 3

35.
35 In the post–World War II time period, the
   purpose of both the North Atlantic Treaty
   Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact was to
   (1) discourage religious toleration
   (2) establish a military alliance
   (3) promote economic self-sufficiency
   (4) eliminate political corruption
Answer: 2


36.
36 Fidel Castro was successful at leading a revolution
   in Cuba because he gained the support of
   (1) wealthy landowners (3) peasant farmers
   (2) government officials (4) foreign investors
Answer: 3

37.
37 Which Southeast Asian nation fought in wars
   against Japan, France, and the United States
   during the 2oth century?
   (1) Myanmar (Burma)      (3) Philippines
   (2) Thailand             (4) Vietnam
Answer: 4

38.
38 Which country was ruled by Pol Pot and the
   Khmer Rouge?
   (1) Afghanistan        (3) Cambodia
   (2) Kazakhstan         (4) Bangladesh
Answer: 3

39.
39 The primary goal of the student protests in
   Tiananmen Square (1989) was to
   (1) support the policies of the Chinese
       Communist Party
   (2) decrease the amount of Western influence in
       China
   (3) encourage the spread of industrialization
       throughout China
   (4) increase political freedom and rights in China
Answer: 4

40.
    Base your answer to question 40 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   ...We have triumphed in the effort to implant
   hope in the breasts of the millions of our people.
   We enter into a covenant [agreement] that we
   shall build the society in which all South Africans,
   both black and white, will be able to walk tall,
   without any fear in their hearts, assured of their
   inalienable right to human dignity—a rainbow
   nation at peace with itself and the world....
        — Nelson Mandela, excerpt from Inaugural Address
40 These words were delivered in 1994 by the newly
   elected president of South Africa to praise his
   countrymen’s rejection of
   (1) nationalism           (3) apartheid
   (2) Pan-Africanism        (4) democracy
Answer: 3

41.
41 The policies of the European Union (EU) and
   the North American Free Trade Agreement
   (NAFTA) have both resulted in
   (1) an increase in interdependence
   (2) the expansion of totalitarianism
   (3) an improvement in containment efforts
   (4) the support of isolationist practices
Answer: 1

42.
42 Which issue has raised significant environmental
   concerns in the Amazon Basin?
   (1) desertification       (3) tsunami threats
   (2) deforestation         (4) acid rain
Answer: 2

43.
43 Many scientists believe global warming is the
   direct result of
   (1) using solar panels
   (2) burning fossil fuels
   (3) generating nuclear power
   (4) producing hydroelectric power
Answer: 2

44.
44 Iran and North Korea attracted worldwide
   attention in the early 21st century because they
   both have
   (1) experienced widespread famine
   (2) discovered oil reserves
   (3) strengthened humanitarian practices
   (4) developed nuclear capabilities
Answer: 4

45.
    Base your answer to question 45 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   ...The document so frantically cobbled together
   was stunning in its sweep and simplicity. Never
   once mentioning king, nobility, or church, it
   declared the “natural, inalienable and sacred
   rights of man” to be the foundation of any and all
   government. It assigned sovereignty to the
   nation, not the king, and pronounced everyone
   equal before the law, thus opening positions to
   talent and merit and implicitly eliminating all
   privilege based on birth. More striking than any
   particular guarantee, however, was the
   universality of the claims made. References to
   “men,” “man,” “every man,” “all men,” “all
   citizens,” “each citizen,” “society,” and “every
   society” dwarfed the single reference to the
   French people....
          — Lynn Hunt, Inventing Human Rights: A History,
                                W. W. Norton & Company
45 This passage discusses ideals most directly
   associated with the
   (1) Golden Age of Islam
   (2) Reign of Charlemagne
   (3) Reformation
   (4) Enlightenment
Answer: 4

46.
46 The Neolithic Revolution was a turning point in
   history because
   (1) factories began to use assembly-line
       techniques
   (2) new inventions led to overseas exploration
   (3) alternatives to hunting and gathering
       developed
   (4) the use of chemical fertilizers increased
       agricultural production
Answer: 3

47.
Base your answer to question 47 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
47 Which concept is most closely associated with this map of Asia?
   (1) nonalignment                         (3) colonization
   (2) urbanization                         (4) cultural diffusion
Answer: 4

48.
48 One way in which the Atlantic slave trade and the
   Jewish diaspora are similar is that both
   (1) forced people to migrate
   (2) encouraged the growth of secularism
   (3) created conditions leading to the Encounter
   (4) resulted from the fall of Constantinople
Answer: 1

49.
49 Peter the Great is to Russia as Emperor Meiji
   is to
   (1) Mongolia             (3) India
   (2) Japan                (4) Korea
Answer: 2

50.
Base your answer to question 50 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
50 Which pair of leaders are associated with the region shown in dark gray on this map?
   (1) Zheng He and Deng Xiaoping
   (2) Miguel Hidalgo and Augusto Pinochet
   (3) Hammurabi and Saddam Hussein
   (4) Catherine the Great and Vladimir Putin
Answer: 3


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Change—Individuals
                 Throughout history, various circumstances have led individuals to develop or
                 modify ideas. These ideas have often affected societies.
        Task:
                 Select two individuals from your study of global history and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances that led this individual to develop or
                   modify an idea
                 • Explain an action taken by this individual as a result of this idea
                 • Discuss how this individual’s idea affected a society
           You may use any individual from your study of global history and geography.
        Some suggestions you might wish to consider include Pericles, Martin Luther,
        Queen Elizabeth I, Toussaint L’Ouverture, Karl Marx, Mohandas Gandhi, Jomo Kenyatta,
        Mao Zedong, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Mother Theresa.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
                   Do not use an individual from the United States in your answer.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
                                               Part III
                                DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, various societies unified and controlled regions using
              transportation systems. These systems include roads, canals, and railroads.
        Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
              answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
              questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
               Select two transportation systems mentioned in the historical context and
               for each
               • Explain how various societies unified and/or controlled regions by using the
                  transportation system
                Do not use road systems, canal systems, or railroad systems found
                           within the United States in your response.
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
                                   Purposes and Kinds of Roman Roads
       Why did the Romans build roads? The Romans considered a well-organized and efficient
       transportation system a basic element of proper administration; i.e. an indispensable element in
       creating and maintaining the Roman state. The earliest highways or main roads were constructed
       for the use of the military, and their economic benefit for civilians was a later byproduct and not
       the main reason for their creation. The military nature of the roads continued to be essential as
       Romans expanded into territory outside Italy. In the province of Arabia Petraea (which included
       what is now Jordan), the movement of troops and ease of communication for the army and
       Roman administration were the primary reasons for construction of the Via Nova, one of the
       many viae militares or military roads built in conquered provinces. However, smaller, shorter,
       and less well-constructed local roads (actus) or tracks (callis) also increased in territory after it
       was brought under Roman control. Nevertheless, the main public highways (viae publicae)
       normally began as military roads and only gradually evolved into civilian conduits [passageways].
                               Source: Virtual Karak Resources Project, An Appalachian College Association (adapted)
 1 Based on this excerpt from the Virtual Karak Resources Project, what was one way the Romans used
   roads to control their empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


54.
Document 2
      ...We can only marvel at the ability of the Sapa Inca [chief ruler] to control his vast domains,
      separated as they were not only by long distances, but by dramatic changes in altitude. Inca
      engineers developed a massive road system over some of the most rugged terrain on earth, a
      lattice [network] of highways and tracks that covered a staggering 19,000 miles (30,000 km). The
      Inca empire could never have been created without this communication system that carried
      important officials, government correspondence, entire armies, and all manner of commodities
      and trade goods. Road-building started long before Inca times, for earlier states like Chimor on
      the coast also needed to connect dense concentrations of farmers in widely separated valleys.
      But the Incas vastly extended the network. The resulting lattice was a conceptual framework for
      the quipu makers, who used the sequences of sites on the roads to relate different areas to one
      another. Anthropologist John Murra has called these roads the “flag” of the Inca state, for they
      were a highly visible link between the individual and the remote central government. The same
      lattice of communication helped define symbolic alignments, link sacred shrines to the Temple
      of the Sun in Cuzco, and even separate different groups of people living near the capital….
                     Source: Brian M. Fagan, Kingdoms of Gold, Kingdoms of Jade: The Americas Before Columbus,
                                                                                           Thames and Hudson
2 According to Brian M. Fagan, what were two ways the Incas used roads to unify their empire? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


55.
...Perhaps the most crucial use of the road was for governmental communication with the
provinces. Official messengers traveled by foot, horseback (in wartime), and palanquin. The
government used a system of relays for messengers, with reliefs at every seven li [3.9 km].
Government messengers had priority over any other type of traveler. They had first access to
ferries at river crossings along the way, and could freely pass government road barriers at all
times of the day or night. Private citizens were not allowed to travel at night; a series of barriers
and checkpoints along the road kept them from doing so….



Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


56.
Document 4
                                        The Grand Canal of China
      ...The Grand Canal got more attention than other waterways because it was the main route to
      the capital city. Officials used it to travel to the court. Above all, its purpose was to carry grain
      from the south to the north. Taxes were paid in rice that was used to feed the court and pay the
      wages of workers and the army.
          At times when the canal was neglected, the grain had to be taken north by sea. But sailing
      ships were exposed to storms and pirates. Even when steamships plied the coast, the grain
      continued to be carried on the Grand Canal until 1901, for this provided jobs for many people….
                                      Source: Lyn Harrington, The Grand Canal of China, Rand McNally & Company
4 According to Lyn Harrington, what are two reasons the Grand Canal was important to the Chinese? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


57.
Document 5
                                  Tenochtitlán: Capital City of the Aztecs
      •   Tenochtitlán was crisscrossed by canals.
      •   Canals served as the major streets of the city.
      •   Merchant canoes carried goods to the city’s major market, Tlatelolco.
      •   Tribute in the form of gold, silver, beautiful feathers, cocoa, bark paper, as well as victims for
          human sacrifice were brought into Tenochtitlán on the canals.
5 Based on this document, state one way the canals were vital to the functioning of the Aztec capital of
  Tenochtitlán. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


58.
6 Based on these documents, state one way the Suez Canal improved Great Britain’s shipment of goods and
  troops to its empire in the East. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


59.
Document 7
General Moltke believed railroads would contribute to Otto von Bismarck’s Prussian military efforts in the
186os.
         ...The railroads offered new strategic opportunities. Troops could be transported six times as fast
         as the armies of Napoleon [1808–1812] had marched, and the fundamentals of all strategy, time
         and space, appeared in a new light. A country which had a highly developed system of rail
         communications gained important and possibly decisive advantages in warfare. The speed of the
         mobilization and of the concentration of armies became an essential factor in strategic
         calculations. In fact, the timetable of mobilization and assemblage, together with the first
         marching orders, henceforth formed the very core of the strategic plans drawn up by the military
         staffs in expectation of war….
                                       Source: Hajo Holborn, “Moltke’s Strategical Concepts,” Military Affairs (adapted)
 7 According to Hajo Holborn, why did General Moltke consider railroads to be strategically important to
   Bismarck’s Prussian military efforts? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


60.
Document 8
      An enduring monument to British imperialism in India is the Indian railway system, which at the
      time of independence in 1947 had more track mileage than that of any European state and less than
      only the United States, Canada, and the Soviet Union. The first railway track was laid in India in
      1850, and by 1915 India had better than forty thousand miles of track and approximately one
      hundred million railroad passengers per year. Indian railway building was supported by several
      powerful groups: British cotton manufacturers, for whom railways were a cheap and efficient way
      to get cotton to the coast for shipment to England; British industrialists, who supplied India with
      most of its rails, locomotives, moving stock [railroad cars], and equipment; colonial officials, who saw
      railroads as a way to move troops quickly to trouble spots and an essential part of the Indian postal
      system; and millions of Indians, who, rather to the surprise of the British, took to rail travel with
      great alacrity [enthusiasm]….
                        Source: Andrea and Overfield, The Human Record: Sources of Global History, Houghton Mifflin
8 According to Andrea and Overfield, what were two ways the British used railroads in India? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


61.
Document 9
      ...In tropical Africa the French were for a time the most enthusiastic railroad builders. In 1879,
      soon after beginning their penetration of the Western Sudan, they laid plans for a railroad from
      Senegal inland. Their first line was inaugurated in 1885 between Saint-Louis and Dakar, a
      distance of 163 miles. Another line, from Kayes on the Senegal River to Koulikoro on the upper
      Niger, was begun in 1881 and completed in 1906; this was primarily a military line whose
      purpose was to transport troops through unconquered territory. Yet another line, linking
      Konakry in French Guinea to the upper Niger, was built between 1899 and 1914, mostly for the
      export of natural rubber. After that the French did relatively little railroad building….
      Source: Daniel R. Headrick, The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century,
                                                                                   Oxford University Press (adapted)
9 According to Daniel R. Headrick, what was one reason the French built railroads in tropical Africa? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


62.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, various societies unified and controlled regions using
                transportation systems. These systems include roads, canals, and railroads.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Select two transportation systems mentioned in the historical context and
                  for each
                  • Explain how various societies unified and/or controlled regions by using the
                     transportation system
                       Do not use road systems, canal systems, or railroad systems found
                                  within the United States in your response.
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents Jan 2012 Exam


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