Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Global History and Geography > Print Preview

Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2013 Exam

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review

Hide all answers   View all answers   Print   Try the Quiz

Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
1 Which item would be considered a secondary
  source on World War I?
  (1) map used by General Lanrezac in planning
      for the Battle of the Marne
  (2) diary of a soldier who fought in the Battle of
      the Somme
  (3) rifle instruction manual used by a Russian
      soldier on the Eastern Front
  (4) magazine article on the 75th anniversary of
      the poem, “In Flanders Fields”
Answer: 4

2.
2 Which body of water is located between
  Southwest Asia and Southeast Asia?
  (1) Pacific Ocean       (3) Indian Ocean
  (2) Caribbean Sea       (4) Black Sea
Answer: 3

3.
3 Which river system is found in Mesopotamia?
  (1) Nile River
  (2) Yellow River
  (3) Tigris and Euphrates rivers
  (4) Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers
Answer: 3


4.
4 The Bantu migrations in Africa (500 B.C.–
  A.D. 1500) had the greatest impact on the
  development of modern African
  (1) languages
  (2) market systems
  (3) transportation systems
  (4) architecture
Answer: 1

5.
5 Oracle bones, Daoism, and the Mandate of
  Heaven are all associated with early civilizations in
  (1) Egypt                  (3) India
  (2) Russia                 (4) China
Answer: 4

6.
6 • Fasting during Ramadan
  • Praying five times each day
  • Giving charity to the poor
  Followers of which religion engage in these
  practices?
  (1) Christianity        (3) Islam
  (2) Buddhism            (4) Judaism
Answer: 3

7.
    Base your answer to question 7 on the
photograph below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
7 Which civilization most influenced the style of
  Russian architecture shown in this photograph?
  (1) Umayyad              (3) French
  (2) Byzantine            (4) Persian
Answer: 2

8.
8 • Creation of colorful murals in the Ajanta caves
  • Development of decimal system and concept of
    zero
  • Trade with Persia and east African cities
  These accomplishments occurred during the
  (1) Han dynasty         (3) Tang dynasty
  (2) Gupta Empire        (4) Maurya Empire
Answer: 2

9.
9 Which achievements are most closely associated
  with the Golden Age of Islamic culture?
  (1) mosques, medical books, and algebra
  (2) gunpowder, pagodas, and silk
  (3) aqueducts, roads, and polytheistic temples
  (4) columns, theory of a sun-centered universe,
      and democracy
Answer: 1

10.
10 Which statement accurately describes the actions
   of Muslims during the Crusades?
   (1) Most Muslims converted to Christianity.
   (2) Muslims attacked and conquered
       Constantinople.
   (3) Muslims defended Jerusalem because it was
       sacred to them.
   (4) Many Muslims visited Europe for the first
       time to obtain luxury goods.
Answer: 3

11.
11 One important impact of the Mongol expansion
   across Asia and Europe was the
   (1) increased authority of the Kievan princes
   (2) rise in trade along the Silk Roads
   (3) introduction of Hinduism into Chinese
       culture
   (4) maritime exploration of the Arabian seacoast
Answer: 2

12.
12 The economic wealth of Calicut, Mogadishu, and
   Venice in the 13th century was primarily
   dependent on their
   (1) fertile soil        (3) gold mines
   (2) iron ore            (4) coastal locations
Answer: 4

13.
13 What was a direct result of the Black Death in
   Europe?
   (1) The rate of urbanization increased.
   (2) A shortage of workers developed.
   (3) Food crops had to be imported from the
       Americas.
   (4) German states dominated trade in the eastern
       Mediterranean.
Answer: 2

14.
14 In The Prince, Niccolò Machiavelli was most
   concerned with
   (1) the use of political power
   (2) the expansion of church authority
   (3) government regulation of the economy
   (4) equality and justice for all
Answer: 1

15.
15 • The world view shifted from other-worldly to
     secular.
   • Greek and Roman ideas were revived.
   • Improvements were made to the printing press.
   Which occurrence is most closely associated with
   these aspects of the Renaissance?
   (1) Gothic cathedrals became the focal point of
       town activities.
   (2) Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman
       Emperor by the Pope.
   (3) Galileo Galilei published information about a
       heliocentric universe.
   (4) Emperors used the Twelve Tables to bring
       about Pax Romana.
Answer: 3

16.
16 Which situation was an immediate cause for the
   collapse of the Aztec civilization?
   (1) disruption of overseas trade networks
   (2) conquest by foreigners
   (3) a series of crop failures
   (4) a lack of military training
Answer: 2

17.
17 Why is the year 1492 considered a turning point
   in history?
   (1) The Spanish established an exchange
       between Europe and the Americas.
   (2) The Ming dynasty launched expeditions to
       the east coast of Africa.
   (3) Muslim Arab armies succeeded in conquering Egypt and Syria.
   (4) The British established control over new
       territories in India.
Answer: 1

18.
18 In the 150os, European attempts to establish
   colonies in Africa were hindered by
   (1) the abolition of the slave trade
   (2) the cooperative efforts of Christian and
       Islamic missionaries
   (3) a variety of geographic obstacles in Africa
   (4) a widespread unified resistance by African
       tribal leaders
Answer: 3

19.
19 Which idea is most closely associated with the
   economic concept of mercantilism?
   (1) Colonies exist to provide raw materials and
       markets for a colonial power.
   (2) Wealth and power are based on land
       exchanged between nobles.
   (3) Goods and services are traded without
       government interference.
   (4) Property is owned collectively and
       administered by the state.
Answer: 1

20.
20 One way in which the reigns of Peter the Great
   and Catherine the Great are similar is that both
   leaders
   (1) promoted the emancipation of serfs
   (2) strengthened the role of the Duma and
       centralized royal power
   (3) shared their power with the Russian
       Orthodox Church
   (4) pursued a policy of westernization and
       expansion
Answer: 4


21.
21 Which institution became stronger and limited
   the monarchy in order to end absolutism in
   England?
   (1) banks               (3) universities
   (2) Parliament          (4) Anglican Church
Answer: 2

22.
22 Which idea is central to John Locke’s Two
   Treatises of Government?
   (1) A government’s power comes from the
       consent of the people.
   (2) Predestination will determine who will go to
       heaven.
   (3) Famine, disease, and conflict are natural
       checks on population growth.
   (4) The have-nots will rise up and overthrow the
       government of the haves.
Answer: 1

23.
23 The Andes Mountains and the Amazon River
   basin affected Simón Bolívar’s efforts to bring about
   (1) economic imperialism
   (2) political unification
   (3) religious solidarity
   (4) technological improvements
Answer: 2

24.
24 • Appointment of Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor
   • Austro-Prussian War, 1866
   • Franco-Prussian War, 1870–1871
   These events led directly to
   (1) the unification of Germany
   (2) foreign rule in Italy
   (3) the rebellion of the Sepoys
   (4) an alliance between Serbs and Russians
Answer: 1

25.
25 The mass emigration of the Irish in the mid-19th
   century was primarily a result of
   (1) mandatory military service
   (2) famine
   (3) civil war
   (4) farm mechanization
Answer: 2

26.
26 The 19th-century ideas of Social Darwinism and
   the “White Man’s Burden” were often used to
   justify
   (1) isolationism         (3) imperialism
   (2) appeasement          (4) disarmament
Answer: 3

27.
27 Before 1914, nationalism in the Balkan Peninsula
   contributed to
   (1) resistance by ethnic groups to Austrian rule
   (2) campaigns by foreign diplomats against the
       use of trench warfare
   (3) the inability of countries to make reparation
       payments
   (4) the rejection of the Versailles Treaty by
       combatants
Answer: 1

28.
Base your answer to question 28 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
28 The idea expressed in this cartoon is most closely associated with the
   (1) alliances formed in Europe
   (2) division of Africa discussed at the Berlin Conference
   (3) spheres of influence established in China by foreigners
   (4) border changes made at the Congress of Vienna
Answer: 3

29.
29 Which statement regarding World War I is an
   opinion rather than a fact?
   (1) European countries increased the production
       of weapons during the war.
   (2) The governments of most countries stated
       that the period of conflict would be short.
   (3) Propaganda posters were used to gain
       support for the war.
   (4) Citizens of the Allied nations showed more
       patriotism than those of the Central Powers.
Answer: 4

30.
30 Which action was taken by the Bolsheviks under
   the leadership of Vladimir Lenin?
   (1) supporting a traditional economy
   (2) eliminating political opposition
   (3) surrendering to the Provisional Government
   (4) extending the war against Austria-Hungary
Answer: 2

31.
31 An economic change introduced in the Soviet
   Union under Joseph Stalin would include
   (1) establishing free-market reforms
   (2) boycotting Baltic Sea trade routes
   (3) focusing on the production of consumer
       goods
   (4) collectivizing agriculture
Answer: 4

32.
32 Which of these World War II events happened
   first?
   (1) Battle of Britain
   (2) D-Day invasion
   (3) invasion of Poland
   (4) dropping of an atomic bomb on Hiroshima
Answer: 3

33.
    Base your answer to question 33 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   The “Middle East” is not a term Middle
   Easterners gave themselves, but a British term
   borne of a colonial, European perspective. The
   term’s origins are seeped [steeped] in controversy
   for having originally been a European imposition
   of geographic perspective according to European
   spheres of influence. East from where? From
   London. Why “Middle”? Because it was half-way
   between the United Kingdom and India, the Far
   East.…
             — Pierre Tristam, “What is the Middle East?”
33 Which term is most closely associated with the
   main idea of this passage?
   (1) interdependence        (3) containment
   (2) pacifism               (4) ethnocentrism
Answer: 4

34.
34 In what way were Korea and Germany similar
   after World War II?
   (1) They refused to align with the superpowers.
   (2) Their former emperors stood trial for war
       crimes.
   (3) Both remained divided during the Cold War.
   (4) Ethnic tensions threatened civil war in each
       country.
Answer: 3

35.
35 A goal of both the European Union (EU) and the
   North American Free Trade Agreement
   (NAFTA) is to
   (1) reduce trade barriers between member
       nations
   (2) decrease competition between key industries
   (3) control the supply of oil available to
       industrialized nations
   (4) increase nationalism in western nations
Answer: 1


36.
36 Which Chinese leader is most closely associated
   with leading the Great Leap Forward and the
   Cultural Revolution?
   (1) Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen)
   (2) Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)
   (3) Mao Zedong
   (4) Deng Xiaoping
Answer: 3

37.
37 Why did large numbers of Hindus and Muslims
   migrate immediately after India gained its
   independence?
   (1) Many jobs were being outsourced overseas.
   (2) The government offered housing incentives
       in newly developed areas.
   (3) Religious pilgrimages to neighboring countries
       were required based on their beliefs.
   (4) The subcontinent was divided into countries
       based primarily on the location of religious
       majorities.
Answer: 4

38.
38 F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela received the
   Nobel Peace Prize for their work to end the
   (1) foreign control of the diamond mines
   (2) discriminatory policy of apartheid
   (3) anarchy in Somalia
   (4) Boer War
Answer: 2

39.
39 Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge, the “killing fields,”
   and Year Zero are all associated with a violent
   period in which country?
   (1) Vietnam              (3) China
   (2) Cambodia             (4) Korea
Answer: 2

40.
40 Which condition, in combination with drought,
   has most directly forced the migration of people
   out of the southern regions bordering the Sahara?
   (1) urbanization           (3) wildlife tourism
   (2) coastal pollution      (4) desertification
Answer: 4

41.
Base your answer to question 41 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
41 What is the main idea of this cartoon?
   (1) Riding a horse is more dangerous than riding in an automobile.
   (2) The use of bio-fuels made from corn will improve automobile safety.
   (3) Using corn to make bio-fuels for automobiles will increase food shortages.
   (4) Feeding corn to horses is less efficient than using it to make fuel for automobiles.
Answer: 3

42.
    Base your answer to question 42 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … For Ukraine, however, contamination via river
   water is still a major problem, since most of the
   rivers flow southwards. To slow the spread of
   radiation, protective dams were built along the
   Dnieper after the accident. “But of course not all
   riverbanks could be protected in this way,” as the
   Ukrainian government agency Chernobyl
   Interinform points out in its summary of the
   situation. “Particularly during flooding, radiation
   is still leached into rivers. This is a particular
   threat for the 30 million people who obtain their
   drinking water from the Dnieper basin.” …
                                      — Chernobyl.info
42 The aftermath of which problem is being
   described in this passage?
   (1) volcanic eruption      (3) global warming
   (2) nuclear disaster       (4) deforestation
Answer: 2

43.
43 What is one factor that has affected economic
   development in southern African nations in the
   21st century?
   (1) reliance on coffee exports
   (2) equal distribution of wealth
   (3) establishment of communist governments
   (4) spread of the AIDS epidemic
Answer: 4

44.
44 The workers in industrial countries must create a
   revolution, overthrow the existing governments
   using force if necessary, and then create a new
   classless society.
   This statement expresses the views of
   (1) Mikhail Gorbachev (3) Karl Marx
   (2) Jomo Kenyatta         (4) Kemal Atatürk
Answer: 3

45.
    Base your answers to questions 45 and 46 on the
art work below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
45 Which economic system is most closely
   associated with the activities shown in this art
   work?
   (1) manorialism           (3) communism
   (2) capitalism            (4) socialism
Answer: 1

46.
46 With which historical setting is this art work most
   closely associated?
   (1) Japan—Tokugawa shogunate
   (2) Middle East—Abbasid dynasty
   (3) Western Europe—Middle Ages
   (4) India—Mughal Empire
Answer: 3

47.
47 The Nuremberg laws are best described as
   (1) efforts of the Roman Catholic Church to
       punish heresy
   (2) major articles in the Declaration of the Rights
       of Man
   (3) specific laws contained in Justinian’s Code
   (4) anti-Semitic laws of 2oth-century Germany
Answer: 4

48.
48 Which factor aided Russian troops in defeating
   Napoleon’s armies and Soviet forces in defeating
   Hitler’s armies?
   (1) severe winters
   (2) mountain passes
   (3) superior air forces
   (4) United Nations peacekeepers
Answer: 1

49.
49 The treatment of untouchables in India, the
   treatment of Jews during the Holocaust, and the
   treatment of Chinese student demonstrators in
   Tiananmen Square are all examples of
   (1) fascist policies
   (2) extraterritoriality
   (3) excommunication
   (4) human rights violations
Answer: 4

50.
50 One way in which Toussaint L’Ouverture, Kwame
   Nkrumah, and Ho Chi Minh are similar is that
   each leader
   (1) opposed the role of the Roman Catholic
       Church in politics
   (2) established the first democratic government
       in his country
   (3) fought to free his country from European
       control
   (4) embraced the principles of civil disobedience
Answer: 3


51.
                                                    Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Change—Collapse of Government
                 The sudden death of a ruler, a defeat in war, or a successful revolution has often
                 led to the collapse of a government. Political, social, and economic changes have
                 occurred as a result of the collapse of a government.
        Task:
                 Select two situations where the collapse of a government has led to significant
                 changes in a country or region and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances that led to the collapse of a government
                 • Discuss the political, social, and/or economic changes that occurred as a result of
                   the collapse of that government
            You may use any situation from your study of global history and geography in which the
        collapse of a government led to significant changes in a country or region. Some suggestions
        you might wish to consider include collapse of the Roman Empire, collapse of Louis XVI’s
        government, collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate, collapse of Czar Nicholas II’s government,
        collapse of the Ottoman Empire, collapse of the Nationalist government in China
        [Guomindang], collapse of Batista’s government in Cuba, fall of Reza Pahlavi’s government in
        Iran, breakup of Yugoslavia, and collapse of the Soviet Union.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
             Do not use an example from United States history as one of your situations.
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


52.
                                                 Part III
                                  DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, the need and desire for certain products has led to long-lasting
              effects on people, societies, and regions. Some of these products include salt,
              sugar, and cotton.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
               Choose two products mentioned in the historical context and for each
               • Explain why people needed or desired this product
               • Discuss how this product influenced a people, a society, and/or a region
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
       … In the Mediterranean world, where there were not only salt deposits but a strong enough sun
       to dry sea salt, salting to preserve food was not a new idea. In preclassical times, Egyptians and
       Romans had salted fish and developed a thriving trade. Salted meats were popular, and Roman
       Gaul had been famous for salted and smoked hams. Before they turned to cod, the Basques had
       sometimes salted whale meat; salt whale was found to be good with peas, and the most prized
       part of the whale, the tongue, was also often salted.…
                                                                   Source: Mark Kurlansky, Cod, Penguin Books
 1 According to Mark Kurlansky, why did people use salt? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


54.
Document 2
2 Based on this document, what was one result of the gold-salt trade in West Africa? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


55.
Document 3
       … One of the chief trade centers for salt in the ancient world was the fabled city of Timbuktu.
       Located on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, the city thrived on profits from the salt
       trade.…
          The salt trade made the city prosperous; in Africa, salt ranked with gold and slaves in value.
       For merchants to risk camels over hundreds of miles of burning sand, the profits must have
       been enormous. Nor did the city squander [waste] its wealth. Timbuktu’s salt trade supported
       schools and libraries; merchants lived in fine houses; the king paid handsome salaries to
       judges, doctors, and clerics—all from profits on the three-hundred-pound salt cargo that each
       camel carried.…
                                   Source: Robert Kraske, Crystals of Life: The Story of Salt, Doubleday & Company
3 According to Robert Kraske, what are two ways the profits of the salt trade affected the city of Timbuktu? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


56.
Document 4
       … At the time [145os] that the Portuguese and the Spaniards set out to establish a sugar
       industry on the Atlantic islands they controlled, sugar was still a luxury, a medicine, and a spice
       in western Europe. The peoples of Greece, Italy, Spain, and North Africa were familiar with
       sugar cane as a crop and, to some extent, with sugar itself as a sweetener. But as sugar
       production in the Mediterranean waned [decreased], knowledge of sugar and the desire for it
       waxed [increased] in Europe. The movement of the industry to the Atlantic islands occurred
       when European demand was probably growing. Individual entrepreneurs were encouraged to
       establish sugar-cane (and other) plantations on the Atlantic islands, manned with African
       slaves and destined to produce sugar for Portugal and other European markets, because their
       presence safeguarded the extension of Portuguese trade routes around Africa and toward the
       Orient.…
      Source: Sidney W. Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History, Penguin Books (adapted)
4 According to Sidney Mintz, what was one way western Europeans used sugar? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


57.
Document 5a
      … Sugar grows best where heat and water are plentiful all year round. The Mediterranean is
      therefore less than ideal. Even the southern Mediterranean has a cool season in the winter
      and a dry season in the summer. With the European maritime revolution beginning in the
      fifteenth century, Europeans had easy access to the Atlantic islands, and some of them had a
      far better environment for sugar cultivation.…
                    Source: Philip D. Curtin, The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History,
                                                                                        Cambridge University Press
5 Based on this excerpt by Philip D. Curtin and the information on this map, what was one reason for the
  expansion of sugar production into the Atlantic islands and into regions of the Americas? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


58.
Document 6
       … The sugar industry was established in northeast Brazil [by the Portuguese] in the 16th
       century and it brought great prosperity to the region until competing sources of sugar were
       created in the Caribbean by the French (Haiti) and the British (Jamaica) in the eighteenth
       century. The sugar industry consisted of sugarcane plantations and plants for processing the
       sugarcane into sugar. The sugarcane plantations [in Brazil] were worked by slaves brought
       from the Portuguese-controlled areas of southern Africa (Angola and Mozambique).…
                       Source: Thayer Watkins, “The Economic History of Brazil,” online at San José State University
6 According to Thayer Watkins, what were two changes that occurred in the Americas as a result of the
  establishment of the sugar industry? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


59.
Document 7
        … The cotton industry commanded the central role in Britain’s early industrialization. Cotton,
        as a fiber, had characteristics relatively easy to mechanize; it broke less often than wool and,
        particularly, linen. Further, cotton was a new product line in Europe, more open to
        innovation. It had been widely used in India, and an Asian market for cotton cloth already
        existed. In England, however, its novelty facilitated the introduction of new machines, though
        the raw fiber had to be imported. Workers were displaced indirectly by the rise of cotton
        because traditional linen production declined. The lack of a large established labor force in
        cotton obviated [made unnecessary] the need to prompt many traditional workers to change
        their ways directly, and this fact limited resistance. At the same time, cotton had great appeal
        as a product: It could be brightly colored for a population increasingly eager to make a
        statement through clothing, and it was easily washed, which appealed to people who were
        developing more stringent [demanding] notions of personal cleanliness. Cotton was in
        demand, and this invited new techniques to produce the cloth in quantity.…
                                 Source: Peter N. Stearns, The Industrial Revolution in World History, Westview Press
7a According to Peter N. Stearns, what was one effect of the cotton trade on Great Britain? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


60.
b According to Peter N. Stearns, what was one reason cotton was in demand in England? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


61.
Document 8a
   Prior to the British Industrial Revolution, India was a major producer of textiles.
        … India had not only a large and inexpensive workforce, but also centuries of expertise with
        cotton textiles. The assembly of millions of short, fragile cotton fibers into a durable thread is
        no mean [ordinary] task. Before 1750, English spinners could not produce cotton thread
        strong enough to use in the lengthwise fabric warp, so domestically made cloth was usually a
        mix of linen or wool warp and cotton weft; only the more highly skilled Indian spinners
        manufactured thread adequate for bolts of pure cotton fabric. Thus, before the invention of
        practical spinning machines in the eighteenth century, almost all of the West’s cotton cloth
        came from thread spun in India.…
                        Source: William J. Bernstein, A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World, Grove Press
8a According to William J. Bernstein, what was one reason the West imported cotton cloth from India before
   1750? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


62.
Document 8b
   The British desire for raw cotton from India influenced the development of the British textile industry and
Great Britain’s relationship with India.
        … Inevitably, Indian cotton had the makings of a contentious [controversial] political issue.
        By depriving India of the fruits of its own labor, England all but guaranteed that the crop
        would one day come to symbolize colonial subjugation [control] and provide a rallying point
        against it. When that day finally arrived in the early 190os, a frail warrior with the heart of a
        lion, Mahatma Gandhi, intertwined the destinies of homespun cotton and self-rule so adroitly
        [skillfully] that he made one indistinguishable from the other. Freedom became the cotton
        cloth you wove and wore, a tangible [visible] protest against tyranny from abroad.…
                               Source: Stephen Yafa, Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fiber, Penguin Books
8b According to Stephen Yafa, what effect did the British cotton textile industry have on India? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


63.
Document 9
9 Based on this image, state one impact the importation of cotton had on Great Britain. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2


64.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, the need and desire for certain products has led to long-lasting
                effects on people, societies, and regions. Some of these products include salt,
                sugar, and cotton.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Choose two products mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Explain why people needed or desired this product
                  • Discuss how this product influenced a people, a society, and/or a region
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site: Part 1, Part 2



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2013 Exam


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-