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Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2014 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
1 “Price of Oil Hits Record High”
  “Tribes Fight Over Control of Natural Resources”
  “Government Rations Goods for Duration of War”
  These headlines all relate to the economic
  concept of
  (1) overproduction     (3) entrepreneurship
  (2) interdependence    (4) scarcity
Answer: 4

2.
2 Which nation is located on a peninsula?
  (1) Brazil                (3) Saudi Arabia
  (2) Philippines           (4) Austria
Answer: 3

3.
3 The Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra were
  important to ancient India because they were
  (1) high mountain ranges that protected India
      from invasion
  (2) great rivers that flowed through India’s fertile
      northern plain
  (3) Aryan gods to whom the priests prayed for
      rain
  (4) ruling dynasties that united the people of
      Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Answer: 2


4.
4 What was one of the most important
  contributions of the Greek city-state of Athens?
  (1) development of direct democracy
  (2) diffusion of a monotheistic belief system
  (3) promotion of the equality of all humans
  (4) creation of a writing system using
      hieroglyphics
Answer: 1

5.
5 Which belief system was the basis for the civil
  service exams given during the Han, Tang, and
  Song dynasties?
  (1) legalism             (3) Buddhism
  (2) Daoism               (4) Confucianism
Answer: 4

6.
   Base your answer to question 6 on the map below
and on your knowledge of social studies.
6 Charlemagne’s 9th century empire covered territory
  which today would include the countries of
  (1) Poland and Russia
  (2) Spain and Portugal
  (3) France and Germany
  (4) Ireland and the United Kingdom
Answer: 3

7.
7 Which statement about the Islamic Golden Age is
  a fact rather than an opinion?
  (1) Islamic medicine was more advanced than
      Chinese medicine.
  (2) Poetry and literature were more important
      fields of study for Muslims than was
      mathematics.
  (3) Knowledge of astronomy was used by
      Muslims to fulfill religious obligations.
  (4) Islamic philosophies relied less on Greek
      philosophical masters than on Indian
      philosophical masters.
Answer: 3

8.
8 The early eastern European Slavic civilization at
  Kiev adopted the Eastern Orthodox religion, the
  Cyrillic alphabet, and certain styles of art and
  architecture as a result of
  (1) wars with Japan
  (2) conquests by Mongol invaders
  (3) visits to western European countries
  (4) trade with the Byzantine Empire
Answer: 4

9.
9 China, Korea, and Japan share           cultural
  similarities in part due to their
  (1) clashes with Russian imperialists
  (2) shared river systems
  (3) contacts through trade
  (4) unification under Mongol rule
Answer: 3

10.
10 The development of banking during the
   Commercial Revolution in western Europe was
   significant because it
   (1) provided capital resources to merchants for
       investment
   (2) allowed peasant farmers to finance the
       construction of new homes
   (3) enabled the proletariat to challenge the
       bourgeoisie
   (4) created pensions for retired workers
Answer: 1

11.
11 In general, in which direction did the Black
   Death spread during the 14th century?
   (1) from Europe to the Americas
   (2) from Africa to Southeast Asia
   (3) from Asia to Europe
   (4) from the Americas to Asia
Answer: 3

12.
12 One result of the Protestant Reformation was
   (1) fewer challenges to Church authority
   (2) a decline in religious unity in western Europe
   (3) the disbanding of the Jesuit order
   (4) a weakening of the Inquisition
Answer: 2

13.
13 For which achievement is Suleiman the
   Magnificent best known?
   (1) building the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
   (2) spreading Christianity into the Balkan
       Peninsula
   (3) conquering the Russian capital of Moscow
   (4) uniting the Ottoman Empire under an
       efficient government structure
Answer: 4

14.
    Base your answer to question 14 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … In the 193os, Sylvanus G. Morley of Harvard,
   probably the most celebrated Mayanist of his day,
   espoused [argued for] what is still the best-known
   theory: The Maya collapsed because they
   overshot the carrying capacity of their
   environment. They exhausted their resource
   base, began to die of starvation and thirst, and
   fled their cities en masse, leaving them as silent
   warnings of the perils of ecological hubris
   [overconfidence].…
         — Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the
                              Americas Before Columbus
14 According to this passage, what was a major
   question Morley was trying to answer about the
   Mayas in the 193os?
   (1) Why did the Mayas abandon their cities?
   (2) What was the structure of the Maya
       governments?
   (3) How did religious beliefs affect the Maya
       economy?
   (4) Which neighboring city-state conquered the
       Mayas?
Answer: 1

15.
15 Which technological development enabled
   European navigators to determine their location
   during the Age of Exploration?
   (1) lateen sail           (3) cross bow
   (2) astrolabe             (4) caravel
Answer: 2

16.
16 The Encounter occurred as a result of European
   explorers crossing the
   (1) Atlantic Ocean
   (2) Sahara Desert
   (3) Andes Mountains
   (4) Mediterranean Sea
Answer: 1

17.
17 In colonial Spanish America, which system was
   developed by the Spanish to support plantation
   agriculture?
   (1) barter              (3) domestic
   (2) encomienda          (4) guild
Answer: 2

18.
18 What happened in Russia as a result of actions
   taken by Peter the Great?
   (1) Russia was weakened by French invasions.
   (2) Catholicism was adopted as the state religion.
   (3) The Duma was reformed and the serfs were
       freed.
   (4) Russia borrowed Western ideas and expanded
       its territories.
Answer: 4

19.
19 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   on British history below?
      I. _______
         A. Magna Carta
         B. Glorious Revolution
         C. Bill of Rights
   (1)   Rise of Absolutism
   (2)   Beginning of Socialism
   (3)   Challenges to Papal Power
   (4)   Evolution of Parliamentary Democracy
Answer: 4

20.
20 Why is the Enlightenment considered a turning
   point in world history?
   (1) The factory system was used to mass-produce
       goods.
   (2) Martin Luther broke away from the Roman
       Catholic Church.
   (3) Europeans changed their thinking about the
       role of government.
   (4) The Columbian exchange occurred.
Answer: 3


21.
21 One way in which Robespierre and Louis XVI of
   France are similar is that both
   (1) were removed from power during the French
       Revolution
   (2) adopted ideas of the Congress of Vienna
   (3) implemented policies of religious tolerance
   (4) decreased government control of the
       economy
Answer: 1

22.
22 One way in which Toussaint L’Ouverture, Simón
   Bolívar, and José de San Martín are similar is that
   they all were
   (1) supporters of mercantile policies
   (2) leaders of independence movements
   (3) democratically elected leaders
   (4) industrial labor reformers
Answer: 2

23.
23 Which geographic feature most aided England
   during the Industrial Revolution?
   (1) desert climate
   (2) natural harbors
   (3) mountainous terrain
   (4) monsoon winds
Answer: 2

24.
24 Mass starvation in Ireland in the 184os led directly
   to the
   (1) formation of communes
   (2) granting of independence
   (3) migration of people overseas
   (4) usage of petrochemical fertilizers
Answer: 3

25.
25 One major reason European countries engaged in
   imperialism in the late 19th century was to
   (1) gain a better understanding of unknown
       territories
   (2) ease tensions with their rivals
   (3) develop treatments for diseases
   (4) obtain markets for their manufactured goods
Answer: 4

26.
26 One way in which Emperor Meiji of Japan and
   Kemal Atatürk of Turkey are similar is that they
   both
   (1) crushed secessionist movements
   (2) worked to modernize their nations
   (3) conquered eastern neighboring territories
   (4) protested against economic sanctions
Answer: 2

27.
    Base your answer to question 27 on the poster
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
27 This World War I poster is an example of
   (1) diversity             (3) toleration
   (2) dissent               (4) propaganda
Answer: 4

28.
28 Which development occurred in Germany as a result
   of the terms imposed by the Treaty of Versailles?
   (1) Soviet occupation
   (2) political instability
   (3) overseas expansion
   (4) economic prosperity
Answer: 2

29.
29 The original goal of Pan-Africanism was to
   (1) demand democratic reforms
   (2) encourage ethnic rivalry
   (3) promote a united Africa
   (4) divide Africa into separate countries
Answer: 3

30.
30 The establishment of the independent countries
   of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia was
   the result of
   (1) the Franco-Prussian War
   (2) the Berlin Conference
   (3) World War I
   (4) the Munich Pact
Answer: 3

31.
31 Which goal was most important to the Indian
   nationalist movement?
   (1) independence from British rule
   (2) establishing a laissez-faire economy
   (3) forming a totalitarian state
   (4) expansion of territory
Answer: 1

32.
32 Which geographic factor was most significant in
   helping the Soviet Union withstand German
   attacks in World War II?
   (1) The Ural Mountains served as a barrier to
       advancing German armies.
   (2) Distance and harsh winters disrupted
       German supply lines.
   (3) Extensive food-producing areas kept the
       Soviet armies well fed.
   (4) Numerous ports along the Arctic Sea allowed
       for the refueling of Soviet transport ships.
Answer: 2

33.
33 Which geographic region has the greatest
   number of members in the Organization of
   Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)?
   (1) South America      (3) Southeast Asia
   (2) sub-Saharan Africa (4) Middle East
Answer: 4

34.
34 The economic policies of Mikhail Gorbachev of
   the Soviet Union and of Deng Xiaoping of China
   included
   (1) elements of capitalism
   (2) boycotts on foreign products
   (3) a one-child policy
   (4) a reliance on agricultural self-sufficiency
Answer: 1

35.
35 What was the main reason refugees fled Rwanda
   in the 199os?
   (1) ethnic conflict
   (2) expansion of the Sahel
   (3) devastation from an earthquake
   (4) Cold War tensions
Answer: 1


36.
Base your answer to question 36 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.
36 Which concept is being shown by this 2005 diagram?
   (1) recession                           (3) socialism
   (2) urbanization                        (4) globalization
Answer: 4

37.
37 What is one way the conflict between India and
   Pakistan over Kashmir and the conflict between
   the Palestinians and Israelis in the Middle East
   are similar?
   (1) Both conflicts concern territorial and
       religious issues.
   (2) Hostilities within these regions were
       provoked by the United Nations.
   (3) Both conflicts emerged as a result of the
       breakup of the Soviet Union.
   (4) Tensions in these regions were caused by
       efforts to remain nonaligned.
Answer: 1

38.
38 The creation of the European Union (EU) and of
   the North American Free Trade Agreement
   (NAFTA) were efforts to
   (1) attain economic benefits through regional
       organization
   (2) achieve world peace through military
       alliances
   (3) reduce resource depletion through economic
       planning
   (4) address environmental problems through
       coordinated research
Answer: 1

39.
Base your answer to question 39 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
39 The data on this map suggest that HIWAIDS
   (1) originated in South and Southeast Asia (3) requires global cooperation to solve the problem
   (2) is declining in developing societies   (4) has been restricted to temperate climates
Answer: 3

40.
40 Since 1999, what has been the primary role of the
   North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in
   world affairs?
   (1) conducting war crimes trials
   (2) protecting Western Europe from Soviet
       aggression
   (3) lowering tariffs between member nations
   (4) carrying out crisis management and peace
       enforcement tasks
Answer: 4

41.
41 Which current global problem was initiated with
   the development of atomic weapons?
   (1) threats to world peace from unrestricted
       nuclear proliferation
   (2) increased health risks for humans and animals
       from industrial pollution
   (3) elevated carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
       due to the deforestation of the rainforests
   (4) changes in world weather patterns and
       species habitats due to melting polar ice caps
Answer: 1

42.
42 The Neolithic Revolution is most closely
   associated with
   (1) using child labor in factories
   (2) domesticating plants and animals
   (3) learning to control fire
   (4) developing iron technology
Answer: 2

43.
43 Which sequence places these laws in the correct
   chronological order?
   (1) Code of Hammurabi → Justinian Code →
       Napoleonic Code → Twelve Tables
   (2) Justinian Code → Twelve Tables →
       Napoleonic Code → Code of Hammurabi
   (3) Code of Hammurabi → Twelve Tables →
       Justinian Code → Napoleonic Code
   (4) Twelve Tables → Napoleonic Code → Code
       of Hammurabi → Justinian Code
Answer: 3

44.
44 Which philosophy that was developed during the
   Renaissance is associated with a shift in focus
   away from religious subjects toward more secular
   subjects?
   (1) humanism              (3) communism
   (2) absolutism            (4) scholasticism
Answer: 1

45.
    Base your answer to question 45 on the statement
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … I conclude, then, returning to being feared and
   loved, that since men love at their convenience
   and fear at the convenience of the prince, a wise
   prince should found himself on what is his, not on
   what is someone else’s; he should only contrive to
   avoid hatred, as was said.
45 This statement is taken from the written work of
   (1) John Locke             (3) Adam Smith
   (2) Niccolò Machiavelli (4) Ignatius Loyola
Answer: 2

46.
46 One similarity in the rule of Akbar the Great and
   the rule of Elizabeth I is that both leaders
   implemented policies that encouraged
   (1) compulsory education
   (2) military disarmament
   (3) voter participation
   (4) religious toleration
Answer: 4

47.
47 One way in which the caste system in traditional
   India and the Estates system of pre-revolutionary
   France are similar is that
   (1) occupations were attained by merit
   (2) social mobility was very limited
   (3) status was determined by education
   (4) impact on the daily lives of people was minimal
Answer: 2

48.
48 • Opium War (1839–1842)
   • Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864)
   • Boxer Rebellion (1898–1901)
   This series of events is most closely associated
   with the
   (1) spread of communism to China and Korea
   (2) growing concerns about the influence of the
       West in China
   (3) alliance formed between Vietnam and China
   (4) increasing expansion of civil and political
       rights in China
Answer: 2

49.
49 Forced famine in Ukraine (1932–1933) was a
   direct result of
   (1) Czar Nicholas’s involvement in World War I
   (2) Vladmir Lenin’s New Economic Policy
   (3) Joseph Stalin’s collectivization
   (4) Nikita Khrushchev’s removal from power
Answer: 3

50.
50 “River of Sorrows Floods Again”
   “Thousands Missing After Huang He Overflows”
   “Over 10 Million Reported Homeless After 1931
    Flooding”
   These newspaper headlines describe the effects
   of geography on the people of
   (1) China                (3) India
   (2) Japan                (4) Vietnam
Answer: 1


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Human Rights—Justice
                 At different times in history, individuals have defended human rights using a
                 variety of methods. Their efforts have met with varying degrees of success.
        Task:
                 Select two individuals and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances that led the individual to defend human
                   rights
                 • Describe a method the individual used to defend human rights
                 • Discuss the extent to which the individual’s effort was successful
           You may use any individual from your study of global history and geography. Some
        suggestions you might wish to consider include Bartolomé de las Casas, John Locke, Mary
        Wollstonecraft, Father Miguel Hidalgo, Emiliano Zapata, Mohandas Gandhi, Father Oscar
        Romero, Lech Walesa, Nelson Mandela, Aung San Suu Kyi, and the Dalai Lama.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
                          Do not select an individual from the United States.
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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52.
                                                Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the
language used in a document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, people have changed their environments to meet their needs.
              These changes have had both positive and negative effects on people, societies, and
              regions. Examples include the development of irrigation in ancient Egypt, the
              construction of chinampas by the Aztecs, and the mining of coal in Great Britain
              during the Industrial Revolution.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Select two changes people have made to their environment mentioned in the
                historical context and for each
                • Explain why this change to their environment was needed
                • Discuss how this change affected people, a society, and/or a region
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
        The first successful efforts to control the flow of water were made in Mesopotamia and Egypt,
        where the remains of the prehistoric irrigation works still exist. In ancient Egypt, the
        construction of canals was a major endeavor of the pharaohs and their servants, beginning in
        Scorpio’s time. One of the first duties of provincial governors was the digging and repair of
        canals, which were used to flood large tracts of land while the Nile was flowing high. The land
        was checkerboarded with small basins, defined by a system of dikes. Problems regarding the
        uncertainty of the flow of the Nile were recognized. During very high flows, the dikes were
        washed away and villages flooded, drowning thousands. During low flows, the land did not
        receive water, and no crops could grow. In many places where fields were too high to receive
        water from the canals, water was drawn from the canals or the Nile directly by a swape or a
        shaduf. These consisted of a bucket on the end of a cord that hung from the long end of a
        pivoted boom, counterweighted at the short end. The building of canals continued in Egypt
        throughout the centuries.…
                            Source: Larry W. Mays, “Irrigation Systems, Ancient,” Water Encyclopedia online (adapted)
 1 Based on this document, state two problems ancient Egyptians faced as a result of the uncertain flow of the
   Nile. [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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54.
                 This frieze, or architectural adornment, on an ancient temple portrays
                 Egyptians using shadufs, devices that enabled them to transfer water
                 from the Nile to their fields.
                                                       Source: James Barter, The Nile, Lucent Books
Document 2b
    After the death of Alexander the Great, a series of three pharaohs named Ptolemy ruled Egypt. The culture
of Egypt during that period was primarily Greek.
        … In the Ptolemaic period, Greek temple records presented each region as an economic unit,
        and referred to the name of the canal which irrigates the region, the cultivated region which
        is located on the river’s banks and is directly irrigated with its water, and the lands located on
        the region’s border that could be reclaimed. The beds irrigation system allowed cultivating
        one winter crop; while in summer, the only lands that could be cultivated were the high lands
        away from the flood. Thus, when the Egyptians invented tools to lift water, such as the shaduf,
        they were able to cultivate two crops per year, which was considered a great advance in the
        field of irrigation. The shaduf was invented in the Amarna period and is a simple tool which
        needs two to four men to operate. The shaduf consists of a long, suspended pole weighted at
        one end and a bucket tied at the other end. It can lift about 100 cubic meters (100,000 liters)
        in 12 hours, which is enough for irrigating a little over a third of an acre.…
                                               Source: Agriculture – Part I, Ancient Egypt History, EgyptHistory.com
 2 Based on these documents, what was one effect the invention of the shaduf had on the Egyptians? [1]

Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3
       … The water laws of ancient Egypt were primarily concerned with ensuring that each farmer
       along the river had fair access to the waters during the floods and that no farmers were denied
       their fair share of irrigated water. If a farmer, for example, farmed many miles from the river,
       those owning land close to the river had to allow him to have access to a water canal running
       through their land.
           Water laws also prohibited the taking of water from canals by farmers not contributing to
       the labor of filling the canal with water. How much water one was entitled to take from a canal
       depended on how much time one spent filling that canal. If, for example, ten farmers
       contributed ten hours of labor filling irrigation canals with water, any one of them who took
       more than one hour’s worth of water could be put to death.…
                                                                 Source: James Barter, The Nile, Lucent Books
3 According to James Barter, in what way did the government ensure that farmers had fair access to water? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
4 Based on the information provided by this diagram, why did the Aztecs build chinampas? [1]

Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
Document 5
        … Chinampas added both living and agricultural space to the island. Houses could be built
        on chinampas after they were firmly in place, and the plots were used to grow a great variety
        of products, from maize and beans to tomatoes and flowers. The Mexica [Aztec] built
        chinampas all around Tenochtitlan, like their neighbors in the freshwater lakes to the south.
        They were, however, constantly faced with the danger of flooding, which brought salty water
        across the chinampas and ruined the land and crops. Lake Texcoco accumulated minerals
        from the river water running into it, which caused the water to be brackish [mix of fresh and
        salt water]. In the mid-15th century, this problem was solved; a dike was built, separating the
        western section of the lake where Tenochtitlan was located and protecting the city from salty
        water and some flooding.…
                                                Source: Frances F. Berdan, The Aztecs, Chelsea House Publishers
5a According to Frances F. Berdan, what was one way the chinampas benefited the Aztecs? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
b According to Frances F. Berdan, what was one problem that farmers on the chinampas faced? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
Document 6
       … The capital city, which may have had a population as high as 200,000 to 300,000 in the early
       sixteenth century, was a superb example of planned growth. By building out into the lake, the
       Aztecs consolidated and enlarged the original two islands which in turn were linked to the
       mainland by three large causeways. Fresh water was brought to the city from the mainland by
       aqueduct.…
            Source: Jeremy A. Sabloff, The Cities of Ancient Mexico: Reconstructing a Lost World, Thames and Hudson
6 According to Jeremy A. Sabloff, what was one way building out into the lake benefited the Aztec Empire and
  its capital city of Tenochtitlán? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 7a
       … The shortage of wood was very serious. Wood was the main fuel used for cooking. It was
       essential for ship-building, and charcoal was needed to smelt [process] iron ore. A new source
       of energy was urgently required. This was supplied by coal.
           Already coal had replaced wood for cooking and heating in any place that could be reached
       by sea or by navigable river. Iron was being imported, although there was plenty of iron ore
       in Britain. Coal was growing harder to mine, as seams near the surface were exhausted, and
       deeper seams needed pumps to drain them [water from the mines].…
                                                Source: Diana Knox, The Industrial Revolution, Greenhaven Press
7a According to Diana Knox, why was coal needed? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 7b
       … At first, coal was dug from open pits, but gradually the mines had to go deeper. Shafts were
       sunk down, and galleries [underground rooms] were dug sideways into coal seams. As the
       shafts went lower, they began to fill with water. Some miners had to work all day with their
       legs in water. It was not until steam pumps were introduced in the early 170os that the water
       could be drained.…
                                                       Source: Andrew Langley, The Industrial Revolution, Viking
7b According to Andrew Langley, what was one way people modified the environment to obtain coal? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Document 8
    Prior to the use of coal, water was the primary source of power for factories and machines in Great Britain.
Water sources that could fuel these factories were limited. Therefore industries were not able to grow and
factories were often remotely located.
         … With the shift to coal, the pattern was reversed, reflecting the difference in the power
         source. Coal spawned [generated] much larger and ever more mechanized factories because
         the power available from underground was so much greater than that supplied by a
         waterwheel. And, because its energy had already been handily condensed over millions of
         years, coal concentrated the factories and workforces in urban areas instead of dispersing
         them throughout the countryside. In short, coal allowed the industrialization of Britain to gain
         a momentum that was nothing short of revolutionary.…
                                                Source: Barbara Freese, Coal: A Human History, Perseus Publishing
 8 According to Barbara Freese, what was one effect the shift from water power to the use of coal as a source
   of power had on Great Britain? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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63.
Document 9
            A Rainton Mine Disaster in Durham, Great Britain on December 18, 1817
           An explosion claimed twenty seven lives, eleven men and sixteen boys. The blast occurred
       before all the men had descended [into the mine]. Had it occurred later there would have
       been 160 men and boys in the pit. Early reports of the total number of lives lost amounted to
       twenty six, and those principally boys. The explosion took place at 3 o’clock in the morning,
       before the hewers [men who cut coal from the seam] had descended the pit and from this
       circumstance about 160 lives have been preserved. Every exertion was made to render
       assistance to those in the mine and two men fell having been suffocated by the impure state
       of the air. The viewers and agents were extremely active and had nearly shared the same fate.
       The pit in which this accident occurred, was always considered to be quite free from explosive
       matter and in consequence of this supposed security the safety lamps had never been
       introduced into it the miners continuing to work by the light of candles.
                                                    Source: The Coalmining History Resource Centre online, UK
9 According to this document, what were two dangers workers faced in the Rainton coal mine? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


64.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, people have changed their environments to meet their needs.
                These changes have had both positive and negative effects on people, societies, and
                regions. Examples include the development of irrigation in ancient Egypt, the
                construction of chinampas by the Aztecs, and the mining of coal in Great Britain
                during the Industrial Revolution.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Select two changes people have made to their environment mentioned in the
                  historical context and for each
                  • Explain why this change to their environment was needed
                  • Discuss how this change affected people, a society, and/or a region
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2014 Exam


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