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Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2015 Exam

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Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below
and on your knowledge of social studies.
1 Which letter on this map represents an archipelago?
  (1) A                       (3) C
  (2) B                       (4) D
Answer: 2

2.
2 Historians follow rules to help them analyze
  primary sources. Some of the rules they use are:
  • Every piece of evidence and every source must
    be read or viewed skeptically and critically.
  • Each piece of evidence and source must be
    cross-checked and compared with related sources
    and pieces of evidence.
                                —Library of Congress
  These rules are designed to help historians
  determine the
  (1) reliability of document information
  (2) popularity of a publication
  (3) differences in belief systems
  (4) laws of a civilization
Answer: 1

3.
3 Which type of economic system relies primarily
  on hunting, gathering, herding, and farming to
  maintain self-sufficiency?
  (1) traditional            (3) capitalism
  (2) command                (4) mixed
Answer: 1


4.
4 The creation of independent city-states in ancient
  Greece can be most directly attributed to the
  (1) diverse ethnic groups in the region
  (2) large number of different languages
  (3) rugged mountainous terrain
  (4) practice of oligarchy
Answer: 3

5.
5 Which term is most closely associated with
  Hellenism under Alexander the Great?
  (1) cultural diffusion  (3) theocracy
  (2) pacifism            (4) natural rights
Answer: 1

6.
6 Which river is most closely associated with
  Hinduism?
  (1) Nile              (3) Tigris
  (2) Yellow            (4) Ganges
Answer: 4

7.
7 Which individual developed an Asian philosophy
  associated with the five relationships, filial piety,
  and the Analects?
  (1) Laozi (Lao Tzu)
  (2) Confucius
  (3) Han Wudi
  (4) Siddhartha Gautama
Answer: 2

8.
8 In India, for which achievement is the Gupta
  Golden Age best known?
  (1) adoption of the printing press
  (2) invention of the iron foot stirrup
  (3) use of gunpowder
  (4) development of the concept of zero
Answer: 4

9.
Base your answer to question 9 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
9 Based on the information in this chart, what is a valid conclusion about Chinese society
  during the Tang and Song dynasties?
  (1) Most peasants in China were literate.
  (2) The majority of Chinese people were merchants.
  (3) Some people living in China had opportunities for social mobility.
  (4) The social status of most Chinese people was determined by religious practices.
Answer: 3

10.
10 Around the 14th century, why were the cities of
   Nanjing, Calicut, Mogadishu, and Venice
   significant?
   (1) Major centers of trading activity flourished
       there.
   (2) The first democracies emerged there.
   (3) Islamic religious centers developed there.
   (4) The Portuguese established colonies there.
Answer: 1

11.
11 Which geographic factor best explains China’s
   ability to influence the cultural development of
   Japan?
   (1) tropical climate       (3) mountains
   (2) location               (4) navigable rivers
Answer: 2

12.
    Base your answer to question 12 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Trade along the Silk Road enriched China in
   many ways. The Chinese sent silk, herbal
   medicines, ceramics, and other local products
   westward by caravan, and received exotic things
   in return. From Persia (modern-day Iran) and the
   Middle East, they received new kinds of musical
   instruments, and musicians to play them, as well as
   gold and silver cups, bowls, and vases. From India
   they imported cotton cloth. From Byzantium
   (the eastern capital of the Roman Empire, today
   the city of Istanbul in Turkey) came glassware
   and jewelry. Chinese merchants also traded some
   of these imported goods eastward to Korea and
   Japan.…
       —Des Forges and Major, The Asian World: 600-1500
12 Based on this passage, the Silk Road made it
   possible for the Chinese to import cotton cloth
   from
   (1) Persia                (3) Japan
   (2) the Roman Empire      (4) India
Answer: 4

13.
13 The West African kingdom of Mali grew in wealth
   and power by controlling the trading of
   (1) oil and coal          (3) gold and salt
   (2) timber and fish       (4) sugar and ivory
Answer: 3

14.
14 Which term is defined as a Renaissance movement
   characterized by independent thought and a
   renewed interest in classical Greek and Roman
   culture?
   (1) multiculturalism       (3) nationalism
   (2) humanism               (4) monasticism
Answer: 2

15.
15 One major effect of the Protestant Reformation
   on western Europe was the
   (1) decline in religious unity
   (2) increased power of the Catholic pope
   (3) reduction in religious wars
   (4) increase in the sale of indulgences by the
       Catholic Church
Answer: 1

16.
16 Which statement best describes an effect of the
   westward expansion of the Ottoman Empire under
   Suleiman the Magnificent?
   (1) Wealthy citizens adopted Russian dress.
   (2) Islam became a major religion in the Balkans.
   (3) Trade was disrupted throughout the Indian
       Ocean.
   (4) Janissaries were stripped of their military power.
Answer: 2

17.
17 A key reason the Incas were able to control their
   large empire was that they
   (1) outlawed human sacrifice
   (2) formed a democratic government
   (3) built a road system to connect distant areas
       and to move armies
   (4) promoted literacy and mass education
       programs to teach loyalty to their subjects
Answer: 3

18.
18 Which key factor fueled competition between
   European countries for colonies in the Americas?
   (1) a European shortage of pepper and nutmeg
   (2) a mandate from the papacy
   (3) the desire to control sources of gold and silver
   (4) the need to secure laborers for factories in
       Europe
Answer: 3

19.
19 Which geographic feature is located in Latin
   America?
   (1) rain forest of the Congo
   (2) Himalaya Mountains
   (3) plateau of Tibet
   (4) Amazon River
Answer: 4

20.
20 What was an effect of the trans-Atlantic slave
   trade on Africa between 1500 and 1800?
   (1) Power in West Africa shifted from kingdoms
       in the interior to coastal kingdoms.
   (2) Malaria was introduced to the tropical regions
       of Africa.
   (3) Islam became dominant in sub-Saharan
       regions.
   (4) Plantation agriculture was developed in the
       Great Rift Valley.
Answer: 1


21.
21 The writing of the Magna Carta was a reaction to
   the
   (1) economic restrictions under imperialism
   (2) abuse of power by monarchs
   (3) missionary work of clergy
   (4) threats of revolution from colonial governors
Answer: 2

22.
22 Louis XIV strengthened the power of the
   monarchy in France by
   (1) centralizing control
   (2) granting democratic reforms
   (3) practicing religious toleration
   (4) reducing the size of the bureaucracy
Answer: 1

23.
23 • Copernicus’ heliocentric model of the universe
   • Newton’s law of gravitation
   • Descartes’ belief in truth through reason
   This set of ideas from the Scientific Revolution
   gave Europeans a new way to
   (1) view humankind’s place in the universe
   (2) support the core beliefs of the church
   (3) authenticate historical facts
   (4) verify civil liberties
Answer: 1

24.
24 In the late 170os, which situation in France is
   considered a cause of the other three?
   (1) meeting of the Estates General
   (2) unfair policies of taxation
   (3) execution of the king
   (4) storming of the Bastille
Answer: 2

25.
    Base your answer to question 25 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Nor is there liberty if the power of judging is not
   separate from legislative power and from executive
   power. If it were joined to legislative power, the
   power over the life and liberty of the citizens
   would be arbitrary, for the judge would be the
   legislator. If it were joined to executive power,
   the judge could have the force of an oppressor.…
                    —Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws
25 In this passage, Montesquieu is making reference to
   (1) an enlightened despotism
   (2) a policy of mercantilism
   (3) a separation of powers
   (4) a social contract
Answer: 3

26.
26 The development of cash-crop economies promotes
   globalization by
   (1) equalizing the standard of living for peasant
       populations
   (2) establishing communities that are self-sufficient
   (3) maintaining the diversity of indigenous
       agriculture
   (4) meeting demands outside the region of
       production
Answer: 4

27.
27 During the late 19th century, Zionism focused on
   (1) securing safe working conditions for urban
       factory workers
   (2) acquiring a homeland for displaced Jewish
       people
   (3) establishing colonies in southern Africa
   (4) developing a strict set of laws based on equality
Answer: 2

28.
28 What was one reason the Industrial Revolution
   began in Great Britain?
   (1) The government of Great Britain implemented
       a series of five-year plans.
   (2) Great Britain had alliances with most
       European countries.
   (3) Abundant natural resources were available in
       Great Britain.
   (4) The practice of serfdom in Great Britain
       provided an abundance of laborers.
Answer: 3

29.
29 Adam Smith’s laissez-faire theories are most closely
   associated with
   (1) the separation of church and state
   (2) minimal government regulation of the economy
   (3) a command economy
   (4) high tariffs to protect domestic businesses
Answer: 2

30.
30 The Berlin Conference is most closely associated
   with the colonialization of
   (1) South Asia              (3) Latin America
   (2) East Asia               (4) Africa
Answer: 4

31.
31 A major reason for Japan’s foreign policy in Asia
   during the early 2oth century was to
   (1) promote democracy
   (2) spread Shinto beliefs
   (3) obtain natural resources
   (4) reduce military expenses
Answer: 3

32.
    Base your answer to question 32 on the speakers’
statements below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
Speaker A: A nation’s strength is measured by the
           size of its armed forces. All resources
           must be mobilized into building a strong
           army and navy.
Speaker B: To maintain our international strength, we
           must look to our neighbors for alliances.
           They will help protect us if we face a threat.
Speaker C: To maintain our sovereignty, we need
           to be the strongest and most powerful.
32 Which concept is being described by Speakers A
   and C?
   (1) collective security  (3) militarism
   (2) self-determination   (4) isolationism
Answer: 3

33.
33 What was a major reason the Russian people
   engaged in the Revolution of 1905?
   (1) dissatisfaction with czarist rule
   (2) discontent with involvement in World War I
   (3) irritation over the banning of the Orthodox
       church
   (4) failure to emancipate the serfs
Answer: 1

34.
34 • Wearing of the fez outlawed (1925).
   • Turkish state declared secular (1928).
   • Women received the right to vote and hold
     office (1934).
   Which idea was promoted by these actions taken
   in Turkey?
   (1) industrialization  (3) ethnocentrism
   (2) conservatism       (4) westernization
Answer: 4

35.
35 Which goal did Joseph Stalin establish for the
   Soviet Union?
   (1) becoming an industrial power
   (2) creating a golden age of culture
   (3) instituting a parliamentary monarchy
   (4) easing tensions using détente
Answer: 1


36.
36 What was a key cause for the rise of fascism in
   nations such as Italy and Germany?
   (1) collectivization       (3) genocide
   (2) economic hardship      (4) secret treaties
Answer: 2

37.
37 Which event caused the policy of appeasement to
   be viewed as a failure?
   (1) creation of the League of Nations (1919)
   (2) forced famine in Ukraine (1932)
   (3) invasion of Czechoslovakia (1939)
   (4) atomic bombing of Hiroshima (1945)
Answer: 3

38.
38 What was one concern associated with both
   the Korean War and the Vietnam War?
   (1) Kim Jong Il and Ho Chi Minh possessed
       nuclear weapons.
   (2) French colonial rule would continue to
       influence the region.
   (3) Renewed Japanese imperialism would trigger
       another world war.
   (4) Communism would spread through eastern
       and southeastern Asia.
Answer: 4

39.
39 One function of both the North American Free
   Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European
   Union (EU) is to
   (1) oppose economic integration
   (2) promote immigration
   (3) reduce economic barriers
   (4) eliminate unemployment
Answer: 3

40.
40 In 1989, the goal of the protest movement staged
   by Chinese students in Tiananmen Square was to
   (1) bring about democratic reforms
   (2) improve job opportunities in the military
   (3) expand foreign investment in Hong Kong
   (4) limit the amount of land designated for the
       “responsibility system”
Answer: 1

41.
41 Which country was the site of ethnic tensions and a
   civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi in the 199os?
   (1) Sudan                  (3) Tanzania
   (2) Kenya                  (4) Rwanda
Answer: 4

42.
42 The government of Ayatollah Khomeini attempted
   to change Iranian society by
   (1) implementing Islamic fundamentalist principles
   (2) extending political equality to women
   (3) allying with communist bloc countries
   (4) adopting a western economic system
Answer: 1

43.
Base your answer to question 43 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
43 What is the main idea of this cartoon?
   (1) European rulers continue to exploit Africa.
   (2) A strong, centralized authority is needed to govern Africa.
   (3) African societies have flourished in spite of tough obstacles.
   (4) Numerous problems have hindered Africa’s development.
Answer: 4

44.
44 One way in which Aung San Suu Kyi, Lech
   Walesa, and Nelson Mandela are similar is that
   they all
   (1) supported the use of violence to achieve goals
   (2) inspired revolutions against autocratic
       monarchs
   (3) led movements to end oppression of their
       people
   (4) based their actions on the teachings of Karl
       Marx
Answer: 3

45.
45 Which action is a direct cause of desertification?
   (1) contaminating fresh water supplies
   (2) burning fossil fuels in factories
   (3) damming rivers to produce hydroelectricity
   (4) removing vegetation through overgrazing
Answer: 4

46.
46 • Mauryan Emperor Asoka incorporates Buddhist
     ideas into his laws.
   • Constantine legalizes Christianity throughout
     his empire.
   • Prince Vladimir forces Russians to become
     Eastern Orthodox Christians.
   Which generalization can be made based on these
   statements?
   (1) Religions have had little impact on the
       development of empires.
   (2) Many political leaders discouraged religious
       toleration.
   (3) Leaders are often influenced by cultural belief
       systems.
   (4) Christianity has been a dominant force in
       Europe and India.
Answer: 3

47.
47 In the 14th century, the bubonic plague was
   primarily spread from Asia into Africa and
   Europe by
   (1) sailors during Viking raids
   (2) traders and pilgrims during Pax Mongolia
   (3) enslaved Africans on the Middle Passage
   (4) missionaries during the European Age of
       Exploration
Answer: 2

48.
48 One way in which apartheid in South Africa and
   the caste system in India are similar is that both
   systems
   (1) allowed for educational opportunities
   (2) determined roles based on gender
   (3) revolved around central religious beliefs
   (4) enforced different sets of rules for distinct
       groups of people
Answer: 4

49.
49 Which geographic circumstance affected the
   conduct of Russian foreign policy for centuries?
   (1) frequent droughts
   (2) deforestation of the tundra
   (3) environmental damage caused by mining
   (4) lack of warm-water ports
Answer: 4

50.
50 The treatment of Christian Armenians in
   Ottoman Turkey (1915) and the treatment of
   Bosnian Muslims in the former Yugoslavia (199os)
   are examples of
   (1) international relief efforts
   (2) human rights violations
   (3) expansion of voting rights
   (4) government protection of minorities
Answer: 2


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Human and Physical Geography
                 Geographic features have influenced the political, economic, social, and historical
                 development of countries and regions.
        Task:
                 Select two geographic features and for each
                 • Discuss how this geographic feature influenced the political, economic, social,
                   and/or historical developments in a country or region
           You may use any geographic feature from your study of global history and geography.
        Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the influence of rivers in China, deserts
        in North Africa, climate in Russia, plains in Europe, islands of Japan, monsoons on India,
        mountains of South America, and natural resources in the Middle East.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
          Do not write about the United States and its geographic features in your answer.
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
                                                Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the
language used in a document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, problems emerged that individuals wanted to address.
              Individuals such as Bartolomé de Las Casas, Maximilien Robespierre, and
              Mohandas Gandhi took different actions in their attempts to address problems.
              Their actions met with varying degrees of success.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Select two individuals mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe a problem this individual addresses
                • Describe how this individual attempted to address the problem
                • Discuss whether this individual was successful or unsuccessful in solving the
                  problem
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
        … The West Indian experience from the time of Columbus’ first voyage was one of Indian
        labor for Spanish masters. When this labor was not given “voluntarily” it was extracted by
        force. As Spaniards arrived in increasing numbers, the need for labor became more pressing,
        and the burden upon Indian manpower progressively more severe. Spaniards raided Indian
        communities, took captives, and, in order to prevent escape or to ensure the full measure of
        work, practiced large-scale enslavement. Columbus, at first, appears to have made some
        attempt to regulate this forced labor, but without appreciable [noticeable] success. In general
        the first Spanish contacts with the natives of America followed the precedent of European
        contact with the natives of Africa, and the practicality and legitimacy of enslavement were
        everywhere assumed.…
                                           Source: Charles Gibson, Spain in America, Harper Torchbooks (adapted)
 1 According to Charles Gibson, what was one problem faced by the West Indian native population during
   Spanish colonization? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


54.
Document 2b
  … Las Casas interrupted work on the book
  [A History of the Indies] only to send to the
  Council of the Indies in Madrid three long
  letters (in 1531, 1534, and 1535), in which he
  accused persons and institutions of the sin of
  oppressing the Indian, particularly through the
  encomienda system. After various adventures
  in Central America, where his ideas on the
  treatment of the natives invariably [regularly]
  brought him into conflict with the Spanish
  authorities, Las Casas wrote De único modo
  (1537; “Concerning the Only Way of Drawing
  All Peoples to the True Religion”), in which
  he set forth the doctrine of peaceful
  evangelization of the Indian. Together with the
  Dominicans, he then employed this new type
  of evangelization in a “land of war” (a territory
  of still-unconquered Indians) — Tuzutlan,
  near the Golfo Dulce (Sweet Gulf) in present
  day Costa Rica. Encouraged by the favourable
  outcome of this experiment, Las Casas set out
  for Spain late in 1539, arriving there in 1540.…
                      Source: “Bartolomé de Las Casas,”
                            The History Channel website
2 Based on these documents, state one action Bartolomé de Las Casas took to address the problems faced by
  Native Americans. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3
    During the reigns of Charles V and his successors, the Spanish monarchy reacted to Bartolomé de Las Casas
in different ways.
        … In response to both his fear and conscience, Charles promulgated [instituted] the New
        Laws in 1542. They forbade the enslavement of the Indians, their compulsory personal
        service, the granting of new encomiendas, and the inheritance of encomiendas. More
        positively they declared the Indians to be free persons, vassals of the crown, and possessed of
        their own free will. The colonists protested vehemently [passionately]. Rebellion threatened
        Mexico; in Peru encomenderos [holders of encomiendas] rose up to defy the law. Once again
        under extreme pressure, the monarch modified some of the laws and revoked others. Still,
        although the encomienda would continue for some time in parts of the sprawling American
        empire, the king had checked [limited] it. After the mid-sixteenth century the institution
        waned [faded away]. The state [Spanish monarchy] exerted even greater control over the
        declining Indian population.…
                      Source: E. Bradford Burns, Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History, Prentice Hall (adapted)
3a According to E. Bradford Burns, what was one way the New Laws addressed the problem Bartolomé de Las
   Casas had identified? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
b According to E. Bradford Burns, what was a response of the Spanish monarch when the Spanish colonists
  protested against the New Laws? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
Document 4
   This is an excerpt from a speech given on September 25, 1793 by Maximilien Robespierre to the National
Convention justifying measures taken by the Committee of Public Safety.
                                             French Revolution: 1793
        … Individuals are not at issue here; we are concerned with the homeland and principles. I tell
        you plainly: it is impossible, in this state of affairs, for the Committee to save the state; and if
        anyone disagrees, I will remind you just how treacherous and extensive is the scheme for
        bringing us down and dissolving us; how the foreigners and internal enemies have agents paid
        to execute it; I will remind you that faction is not dead; that it is conspiring from the depths
        of its dungeons; that the serpents of the Marais have not yet all been crushed.…
             I know we cannot flatter ourselves that we have attained perfection; but holding up a
        Republic surrounded by enemies, fortifying reason in favour of liberty, destroying prejudice
        and nullifying individual efforts against the public interest, demand moral and physical
        strengths that nature has perhaps denied to those who denounce us and those we are
        fighting.…
       Source: Maximilien Robespierre, “Extracts from ‘In Defence of the Committee of Public Safety and Against Briez,’”
                                                               September 25, 1793, in Virtue and Terror, Verso (adapted)
 4 From Robespierre’s perspective, what was one threat the government of France faced in 1793? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 5a
        … When he entered the Committee [of Public Safety], Maximilien [Robespierre] persuaded
        the other members to accept new procedures, to reorganize the clerical staff and to hold
        weekly meetings with the other Committee [of General Security]. The press, which, from
        intimate knowledge, the leader regarded as dangerous, was to be temporarily deprived of its
        freedom. Only when true democracy had been established would it be possible to allow
        journalists to have their say again! In all such decisions, the will and interests of the majority
        of citizens of France were both the pretext [alleged reason] and the inspiration. In other
        words: the government was to remain revolutionary until peace had been restored and all
        enemies put to flight.…
                             Source: John Laurence Carr, Robespierre: The Force of Circumstance, St. Martin’s Press
5a According to John Laurence Carr, what was one change Robespierre persuaded the government to make to
   address the threat to the revolution? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
Document 5b
                                              The Law of Suspects
       This law, passed on 17 September 1793 [by Robespierre and the National Convention],
       authorized the creation of revolutionary tribunals to try those suspected of treason against the
       Republic and to punish those convicted with death. This legislation in effect made the penal
       justice system into the enforcement arm of the revolutionary government, which would now
       set as its primary responsibility not only the maintenance of public order but also the much
       more difficult and controversial task of identifying internal enemies of the Republic—such as
       “profiteers” who violated the Maximum [decree to fix prices]—and then removing them from
       the citizenry, where they might subvert [sabotage] the general will.…
                   Source: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution, online site, a collaboration of
                    the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media and the American Social History Project
5b According to this document, in what way did the Law of Suspects address the threats against the
   government? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 6a
        TIMETABLE, 1794
        … July 27: The Convention ordered the arrest of Robespierre and his friends. They were
        taken to the Luxembourg. The jailer refused to lock them up. They left and went to the
        Town Hall to plan their next move. They could have beaten the Convention, but the Paris
        Commune did not help in time. They were declared to be outlaws and arrested again.
        July 28 (early morning): The Convention made Robespierre and his friends outlaws and
        arrested them at the Town Hall. Now either Robespierre was shot, or he shot himself. He was
        wounded.
        July 28: Robespierre and 21 friends went to the guillotine.…
                 Source: Jane Shuter, ed., Helen Williams and the French Revolution, Raintree Steck-Vaughn (adapted)
6a According to Jane Shuter, what was one consequence Robespierre faced as a result of his actions? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 6b
        … By 1795, the Revolutionary armies had restored peace to the French borders, but, once
        again, turmoil threatened to sweep across France itself. The National Convention (now
        controlled by the moderate and conservative representatives, who had condemned
        Robespierre) could not prevent new outbreaks of radical demonstrations.…
                                              Source: Sean Connolly, The French Revolution, Heinemann Library
6b According to Sean Connolly, what was one issue France faced after Robespierre was removed from power? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Document 7
       … More and more as years go by a feeling of unrest is growing in India. More and more as
       the people understand their place in the Empire is a spirit of discontent prevading [spreading
       throughout] its three hundred millions of inhabitants. And more and more as they realise that
       amid the differences of creed and caste is one basic nationality, does agitation spread and take
       the form of definite demands for the fulfilment of the solemn assurances of the British
       Government that they should be given the ordinary rights of British subjects. It is impossible
       that national aspirations can be for ever repressed, and equally impossible for India to remain
       a “dependency” in an Empire to which it contributes more than half the population.… Is it
       then surprising that the teeming millions of India should be dissatisfied with being ruled by a
       number of too-often self-sufficient and unsympathetic aliens, ignorant of the genius of the
       people? Not even the “mild” Hindu can bear this for ever. Is it possible for the patriotic spirits
       of a people with the glorious traditions of India to be content with serfdom?.…
                                                             Source: Gandhi, Indian Opinion, September 2, 1905
7 According to Gandhi, what is one issue India was facing in the early 190os? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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63.
8 Based on this excerpt from a graphic novel, state one action Gandhi suggests the Indian people take against
  the British. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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64.
Document 9a
      … By war’s end, Britain was ready to let India go. But the moment of Gandhi’s greatest
      triumph, on August 15, 1947, was also the hour of his defeat. India gained freedom but lost
      unity when Britain granted independence on the same day it created the new Muslim state of
      Pakistan. Partition dishonored Gandhi’s sect-blind creed. “There is no message at all,” he said
      that day and turned to fasting and prayer.…
                           Source: Johanna McGeary, “Mohandas Gandhi (1869–1948),” Time, December 31, 1999
9 Based on these documents, what was one reason Gandhi’s greatest triumph was also seen as his defeat? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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65.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, problems emerged that individuals wanted to address.
                Individuals such as Bartolomé de Las Casas, Maximilien Robespierre, and
                Mohandas Gandhi took different actions in their attempts to address problems.
                Their actions met with varying degrees of success.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Select two individuals mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Describe a problem this individual addresses
                  • Describe how this individual attempted to address the problem
                  • Discuss whether this individual was successful or unsuccessful in solving the
                    problem
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2015 Exam


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