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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2015 Exam

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1.
                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
    Base your answer to question 1 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Oral histories are as old as human beings.
   Before the invention of writing, information
   passed from generation to generation through the
   spoken word. Many people around the world
   continue to use oral traditions to pass along
   knowledge and wisdom. Interviews and
   recordings of community elders and witnesses to
   historical events provide exciting stories,
   anecdotes, and other information about the
   past.…
                                  —Library of Congress
 1 Based on this passage, historians should treat oral
   histories and oral traditions as
   (1) persuasive arguments
   (2) statistical data
   (3) unbiased sources
   (4) cultural evidence
Answer: 4

2.
2 Which academic discipline focuses study on the
  roles and functions of government?
  (1) political science      (3) geography
  (2) anthropology           (4) economics
Answer: 1

3.
3 During the Neolithic Revolution, production of a
  food surplus led directly to
  (1) a nomadic lifestyle
  (2) a reliance on stone weaponry
  (3) an increase in population
  (4) a dependence on hunting and gathering
Answer: 3


4.
4 Discovery of streets arranged in a grid-like
  pattern and a system of pipes for moving water in
  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro suggest that these
  ancient river valley cities in South Asia had
  (1) organized governments
  (2) subsistence-based economies
  (3) polytheistic beliefs
  (4) rigid social classes
Answer: 1

5.
    Base your answer to question 5 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … Monsoons are relied upon throughout the
   country to provide water for growing crops.
   Heavy monsoons, however, can bring floods that
   often have a high death toll. These floods have
   been exacerbated [made worse] by deforestation
   of the hills for industrial and agricultural
   purposes. It is a fine balance between having
   plenty of water to flood the rice fields and having
   too much so that crops, homes, and even lives are
   lost. The alternative to the floods may be famines.
   However, India’s infrastructure can now deal
   successfully with these: When the monsoon fails
   in one area, the army is able to move supplies to
   the drought-stricken area. As a result of this
   organization, few lives were lost in the
   Maharashtra famines of 1965–66 and 1974–75,
   while more than two million people died in the
   Bengal famine of 1943.
         —Louise Nicholson, National Geographic Traveler:
                                             India, 2007
 5 Based on this passage, how have the negative
   effects of the monsoons been reduced in recent
   years?
   (1) The army is building dams to hold back the
       floods.
   (2) Farmers have begun to grow crops that
       require less water.
   (3) Home construction in flood areas has been
       controlled by government regulations.
   (4) An improved infrastructure makes it possible
       to bring supplies to areas in need of help.
Answer: 4

6.
6 The Egyptians used hieroglyphics in the same
  way as the Sumerians used
  (1) ideographs           (3) cuneiform
  (2) calligraphy          (4) letters
Answer: 3

7.
7 Which geographic feature served as a barrier to
  political unity and encouraged the rise of
  independent city-states in ancient Greece?
  (1) broad plains           (3) navigable rivers
  (2) mountain ranges        (4) numerous ports
Answer: 2

8.
8 The Tang dynasty contributed to the
  development of Chinese culture by
  (1) creating a shogunate
  (2) producing porcelain and block printing
  (3) introducing Hinduism as a major philosophy
  (4) devising a set of laws and carving them on
      rocks and pillars
Answer: 2

9.
9 A primary goal of European Crusaders fighting in
  the Middle East was to
  (1) establish markets for Italian merchants
  (2) rescue Pope Urban II from the Byzantines
  (3) halt the advance of Mongol armies in the
      Asian steppes
  (4) secure access to Christian holy sites in
      Jerusalem
Answer: 4

10.
10 Increases in trade and commerce that occurred
   during the late Middle Ages in Europe resulted
   in
   (1) lower living standards for guild members
   (2) the development of more towns and cities
   (3) a decline in rivalries between kings
   (4) an increase in the number of self-sufficient
       manors
Answer: 2

11.
11 The writings of both Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta
   inspired
   (1) exploration and trade
   (2) important military expeditions
   (3) movements for political freedom
   (4) the spread of Islam to Southeast Asia
Answer: 1

12.
12 Nanjing, Venice, and Mogadishu were powerful
   and influential cities in the 13th century because
   they all
   (1) developed agrarian-based economies
   (2) served as religious pilgrimage sites
   (3) established democratic governments
   (4) took advantage of the factors of location
Answer: 4

13.
13 The West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and
   Songhai were able to thrive because
   (1) they controlled the gold-salt trade
   (2) their herds of cattle were in demand
   (3) their armies took control of much of Africa
   (4) they adopted Christianity as their primary
       religion
Answer: 1

14.
14 What was an immediate result of the Black
   Death?
   (1) labor shortages
   (2) overseas exploration
   (3) decrease in anti-Semitism
   (4) improvements in medical science
Answer: 1

15.
15 Which statement best expresses the philosophy
   of humanism?
   (1) God selects those to be saved.
   (2) The pope expresses the ultimate word of
       God.
   (3) People have potential and can improve
       themselves by learning.
   (4) A person’s life on Earth is merely preparation
       for the afterlife.
Answer: 3

16.
16 Which development is most closely associated
   with early Inca achievements?
   (1) inventing the wheel as a transportation device
   (2) improving iron weapons
   (3) expanding global trade
   (4) adapting a mountainous environment
Answer: 4

17.
17 What was a major effect of the Columbian
   exchange?
   (1) economic collapse in Europe
   (2) introduction of new food crops to Europe
   (3) decrease in European population
   (4) expansion of democratic rights throughout
       Europe
Answer: 2

18.
18 Which policy is a country using when it regulates
   its colonies’ imports and exports to produce a
   favorable balance of trade?
   (1) embargo                (3) mercantilism
   (2) outsourcing            (4) transmigration
Answer: 3

19.
Base your answer to question 19 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.
19 Which scientist is most directly associated with formulating this view of the solar
   system?
   (1) Ptolemy                              (3) Copernicus
   (2) Descartes                            (4) Newton
Answer: 3

20.
20 Akbar the Great tried to unify the Mughal
   Empire and create peace between the different
   people of India by
   (1) promoting a policy of religious toleration
   (2) forcing all people to adopt modern dress
   (3) building the Taj Mahal to inspire healing
   (4) establishing Buddhism as the state religion
Answer: 1


21.
21 • Signing of the Magna Carta
   • Signing of the Petition of Right
   • Passage of the English Bill of Rights
   In England, these events were instrumental in
   (1) supporting a disarmament policy
   (2) promoting government control of the
       economy
   (3) justifying the acquisition of territory in
       foreign lands
   (4) developing parliamentary democracy
Answer: 4

22.
22 Between 1500 and 1750, which commercial
   products were produced on Latin American
   plantations using enslaved laborers?
   (1) corn and squash        (3) sugar and tobacco
   (2) bananas and tea        (4) potatoes and wool
Answer: 3

23.
23 The ideas of Enlightenment philosophers were
   based on
   (1) efforts to achieve salvation
   (2) faith in human reason
   (3) traditional practices
   (4) the inevitability of poverty
Answer: 2

24.
24 Toussaint L’Ouverture and José de San Martín
   are leaders best known for
   (1) leading independence movements
   (2) supporting religious reforms
   (3) promoting civil disobedience
   (4) opposing democracy
Answer: 1

25.
Base your answer to question 25 on the poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.
                              The Tsar, the Priest and the Rich Man
                            on the Shoulders of the Labouring People
25 In early 20th-century Russia, which group may have gained support by circulating this
   poster?
   (1) aristocracy                          (3) monarchists
   (2) Bolsheviks                           (4) Orthodox clergy
Answer: 2

26.
26 Which course of action does the theory of laissez-
   faire suggest a government should follow?
   (1) providing help for people in need
   (2) establishing businesses to create jobs
   (3) letting natural laws regulate the economy
   (4) controlling the mineral resources of a country
Answer: 3

27.
27 One effect of the British landlord system in
   Ireland in the mid-1800s and in India in the early
   1900s was that these landlord systems
   (1) contributed to famine and suffering
   (2) allowed local economies to prosper
   (3) emphasized food crops over mining
   (4) led to an agrarian revolution
Answer: 1

28.
28 Commodore Matthew Perry is best known for
   taking which action?
   (1) leading the British East India Company
   (2) rescuing Europeans during the Boxer
       Rebellion
   (3) justifying European spheres of influence in
       China
   (4) opening Japan to American and European
       influences
Answer: 4

29.
29 During World War I, developments in military
   technology led to
   (1) an early victory by the Allied powers
   (2) the establishment of industrial capitalism
   (3) the use of poisonous gas and submarine
       attacks
   (4) an increase in ethnic tension in western
       Europe
Answer: 3

30.
30 One major reason the League of Nations failed
   was that it
   (1) was not included in the Versailles Treaty
   (2) was controlled by communist Russia
   (3) frightened many nations with its large
       military force
   (4) lacked the support of many of the major
       world powers during crises
Answer: 4

31.
31 Which geographic characteristic of Japan most
   influenced its decision to engage in imperialism
   in the early to mid-20th century?
   (1) mountainous terrain
   (2) lack of natural resources
   (3) abundance of rivers
   (4) island location
Answer: 2

32.
32 Which condition was a result of Joseph Stalin’s
   command economy?
   (1) Peasants were encouraged to sell surplus
       grain for personal profit.
   (2) The production of consumer goods increased.
   (3) National revenue increased allowing for
       greater individual spending.
   (4) The government controlled agriculture
       through collective farms.
Answer: 4

33.
33 After World War I, the rise of Benito Mussolini in
   Italy and the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany are
   most closely associated with
   (1) the development of fascism
   (2) the desire for containment
   (3) an emphasis on democratic traditions
   (4) a return to conservative religious practices
Answer: 1

34.
34 What was a major reason the Soviet Union
   established satellite states in Eastern Europe
   after World War II?
   (1) developing better trade relations with the
       West
   (2) creating a buffer zone against future invasions
   (3) participating in United Nations peacekeeping
       missions
   (4) controlling the Organization of Petroleum
       Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Answer: 2

35.
    Base your answer to question 35 on the excerpt
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … The achievement gap between black and white
   students in South Africa is enormous. In the
   province of Western Cape, only 2 out of 1,000
   sixth-graders in predominantly black schools
   performed at grade level on a math test in 2005,
   compared with 2 out of 3 children in schools once
   reserved for whites that are now integrated, but
   generally in more affluent [wealthier]
   neighborhoods.…
                                    —Celia W. Dugger
35 Which underlying historical factor most
   significantly contributed to this achievement gap?
   (1) inequalities existing between the races under
       apartheid
   (2) economic sanctions placed on school
       communities
   (3) lack of governmental support for white
       educational programs
   (4) a period of political assassinations and civil
       war
Answer: 1


36.
36 “India Partitioned at Independence”
   “Serbs Fuel Conflict in Kosovo”
   “Grievances Divide Hutu and Tutsi”
   Which conclusion do these headlines support?
   (1) Cultural diversity leads to stable societies.
   (2) Ethnic and religious differences have been
       sources of tension.
   (3) Economic cooperation can overcome political
       issues.
   (4) Gender differences are more powerful than
       differences in social status.
Answer: 2

37.
37 Many conflicts in the Middle East during the
   post–World War II period have directly resulted
   from
   (1) the dissolution of the Arab League
   (2) border clashes between Iran and China
   (3) disputes related to Palestine
   (4) the partition of Egypt
Answer: 3

38.
    Base your answer to question 38 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … More than 30 years after “Year Zero” and more
   than a decade after the “return to democracy,”
   Cambodia remains in a league of its own —
   miserable, corrupt and compassionless. Only the
   toughest and the most unscrupulous can “make
   it” and get ahead. There is hardly any social net to
   speak of; the savage insanity of the Khmer Rouge
   has been replaced with savage capitalism, but
   often with the same people in charge.…
                                        — Andre Vitchek,
           “A Tortured History and Unanswered Questions”
38 What does the author of this 2006 passage
   conclude?
   (1) As democracy develops, circumstances will
       improve.
   (2) Though governments change, circumstances
       often remain the same.
   (3) New leadership is determined to replace the
       Khmer Rouge.
   (4) Harsh living conditions have caused people to
       rely extensively on a social net.
Answer: 2

39.
39 Which action was taken by Deng Xiaoping to
   improve the economy of China?
   (1) discouraging foreign investment
   (2) encouraging some capitalist practices
   (3) organizing the Red Guard
   (4) practicing glasnost
Answer: 2

40.
40 Which revolution led to increases in global food
   production as a result of using genetically altered
   seeds and large amounts of chemical fertilizers
   and pesticides?
   (1) Cultural               (3) Scientific
   (2) Glorious               (4) Green
Answer: 4

41.
    Base your answer to question 41 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
41 What is the main idea of this 2010 cartoon?
   (1) Pakistan plays a minor role in the affairs of
       Afghanistan.
   (2) The United States and Pakistan will join forces
       to remove the Taliban.
   (3) Disputes over water rights between Pakistan
       and Afghanistan continue to create
       challenges.
   (4) The Taliban will pose a threat to Afghanistan
       when the United States leaves.
Answer: 4

42.
42 The World Trade Organization (WTO), North
   American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and
   European Union (EU) all share the primary goal
   of
   (1) promoting space exploration and maintaining
       satellites
   (2) increasing economic aid to developing nations
   (3) encouraging trade between countries and
       lowering trade barriers
   (4) developing regulations to preserve the
       environment
Answer: 3

43.
43 The use of the decimal system, advancements in
   medicine, and construction of Hindu temples are
   most closely associated with the golden age of the
   (1) Abbassid dynasty       (3) Gupta Empire
   (2) Han dynasty            (4) Roman Empire
Answer: 3

44.
44 One reason the Justinian Code was significant was
   that it
   (1) became the foundation of the modern legal
       systems of many Western countries
   (2) established the basis for the development of
       the Code of Hammurabi
   (3) incorporated laws from all over Asia and
       Europe
   (4) led to the protection of inalienable rights in
       Roman territories
Answer: 1

45.
45 Which technological development contributed
   most directly to the success of the Protestant
   Reformation?
   (1) astrolabe           (3) wheel
   (2) compass             (4) printing press
Answer: 4

46.
46 “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” and “Peace, Land,
   and Bread” are slogans used by revolutionaries to
   represent
   (1) frameworks for economic stability
   (2) political and economic ideals
   (3) plans for maintaining the social hierarchy
   (4) methods of political reform
Answer: 2

47.
47 One way in which Otto von Bismarck and Camillo
   Cavour are similar is that both leaders
   (1) followed a policy of isolationism
   (2) adopted papal policies
   (3) led an African independence movement
   (4) promoted unification to form a new nation-
       state
Answer: 4

48.
48 Which title best completes the partial outline
   below?
(1)   Importance of Rivers as Invasion Routes
(2)   Stalemate of Trench Warfare
(3)   Use of the Northern Plain for Conquest
(4)   Role of Naval Blockades in Wars
Answer: 3

49.
49 One way in which the rule of Peter the Great in
   Russia and the rule of Emperor Meiji in Japan
   are similar is that both leaders
   (1) emancipated serfs
   (2) granted equality to women
   (3) encouraged modernization
   (4) ruled according to a constitution
Answer: 3

50.
50 One purpose of the Nuremberg Trials and of the
   Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South
   Africa was to
   (1) address human rights abuses
   (2) support the establishment of democratic
       governments
   (3) establish free trade zones throughout the
       world
   (4) provide encouragement to people behind the
       Iron Curtain
Answer: 1


51.
           Answers to the essay questions are to be written in the separate essay booklet.
In developing your answer to Part II, be sure to keep this general definition in mind:
            discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
            argument; to present in some detail”
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Belief Systems—Movements
                 Belief systems are an established, orderly way that groups or individuals look at
                 religious faith or philosophical principles. Some belief systems have spread
                 outside their places of origin. The diffusion of these belief systems has affected
                 other societies and regions in various ways.
        Task:
                 Select two belief systems that have spread outside their place of origin and for
                 each
                 • Discuss a central principle of this belief system
                 • Discuss how this belief system spread to another region
                 • Discuss an effect of the spread of this belief system on a society or region
           You may use any belief system from your study of global history and geography. Some
        suggestions you might wish to consider include Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism,
        Christianity, Islam, and communism.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
            Do not use the United States as a region to which a belief system has spread.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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52.
                                                Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the
language used in a document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout history, empires such as the Roman, the Ottoman, and the British
              have faced various problems that led to their decline. The decline of these empires
              has influenced changes in societies and regions.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Select two empires mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe problems that led to this empire’s decline
                • Discuss how this empire’s decline influenced change in a society and/or a
                  region
In developing your answers to Part III, be sure to keep these general definitions in mind:
       (a) describe means “to illustrate something in words or tell about it”
       (b) discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
           argument; to present in some detail”
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
                                     Roman Empire A.D. 350Ð476
1 Based on the information shown on this map, state one problem that helped bring about the decline of the
  Roman Empire. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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54.
Document 2
       … By the middle of the second century Italy [within the Roman Empire] was in a state of
       decline. By the time of Diocletian, at the opening of the fourth century, decay was apparent
       throughout the empire. Commerce had largely disappeared owing to the lack of customers, to
       piracy on the seas, and to insecurity of the roads on land. Generally speaking, purchasing
       power at that time was confined to the public officials, to the army officers, and to the great
       landowners. Trade in the everyday objects of daily use had all but disappeared, but trade in
       luxuries prospered. The cities in the west, omitting the places where government centered,
       were usually in decline; their commercial and industrial classes had disappeared, the old
       traders having been replaced by the traveling eastern merchant, of whom the Syrian was the
       most notorious. Foreign trade was sharply curtailed. At various times the government
       attempted to prohibit the export of various commodities, among them wine, oil, grain, salt,
       arms, iron, and gold. With this curbing of exports there was also an effort made to control
       certain imports such as is evidenced by the state monopoly in silk. These two movements
       hampered commercial contracts outside the empire and all but killed what was left of foreign
       trade.…
        Source: Louis C. West, “The Economic Collapse of the Roman Empire,” The Classical Journal, November 1932
2 According to Louis C. West, what were two economic problems the Roman Empire faced during its period
  of decline? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3
       … As western Europe fell to the Germanic invasions, imperial power shifted to the Byzantine
       Empire, that is, the eastern part of the Roman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople. The
       eastern provinces of the former Roman Empire had always outnumbered those in the west.
       Its civilization was far older and it had larger cities, which were also more numerous than in
       the west.…
             Source: Steven Kreis, The History Guide: Lectures on Ancient and Medieval European History, Lecture 17,
                                                                                               History Guide online
3 According to Steven Kreis, what was one change that resulted from the fall of the western half of the Roman
  Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
Document 4
        The power of the [Ottoman] Empire was waning [fading] by 1683 when the second and last
        attempt was made to conquer Vienna. It failed. Without the conquest of Europe and the
        acquisition of significant new wealth, the Empire lost momentum and went into a slow
        decline.
        Several other factors contributed to the [Ottoman] Empire’s decline:
            • Competition from trade from the Americas
            • Competition from cheap products from India and the Far East
            • Development of other trade routes
            • Rising unemployment within the Empire
            • Ottoman Empire became less centralised, and central control weakened
            • Sultans being less severe in maintaining rigorous standards of integrity in the
              administration of the Empire
            • Sultans becoming less sensitive to public opinion
                                           Source: “Ottoman Empire (1301–1922),” BBC online, 2009 (adapted)
4a According to the BBC, what was one economic problem that contributed to the decline of the Ottoman
   Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
b According to the BBC, what was one political problem that contributed to the decline of the Ottoman
  Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 5
       … In 1875, the Slavic peoples living in the Ottoman provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
       (currently the state of Bosnia-Herzegovina), led an uprising against the Ottomans in order to
       gain their freedom. The general weakness of the Ottomans led two independent, neighbor
       Slavic states, Montenegro and Serbia, to aid the rebellion. Within a year, the rebellion spread
       to the Ottoman province of Bulgaria. The rebellion was part of a larger political movement
       called the Pan-Slavic movement, which had as its goal the unification of all Slavic peoples—
       most of whom were under the control of Austria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire—into
       a single political unity under the protection of Russia. Anxious also to conquer the Ottomans
       themselves and seize Istanbul, the Russians allied with the rebels, Serbia, and Montenegro
       and declared war against the Ottomans.…
                Source: Richard Hooker, “European Imperialism and the Balkan Crisis,” The Ottomans, World Cultures
5 According to Richard Hooker, what was one problem faced by the Ottomans during the decline of their
  Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
Document 6
       … Mustafa Kemal [Atatürk] was a secular nationalist who believed that all the inheritance of
       the Ottoman Empire should be abandoned and Turkey should be transformed into a modern
       European state. This involved less of a sudden break with the past than might appear. The
       Tanzimat reforms [between 1839 and 1876] had laid the foundations of a secular state, and
       the Young Turks, even while attempting to preserve the empire, had given a powerful impetus
       [motivation] to the cause of Turkish nationalism. During the war years [1914–1918], the
       secularization of education had proceeded and the universities and public positions had been
       opened to women. Certain of the law courts under the control of the religious authorities had
       been placed under the Ministry of Justice. A law in 1916 had reformed marriage and
       divorce.…
                                                   Source: Peter Mansfield, A History of the Middle East, Viking
6 According to Peter Mansfield, what was one change that occurred as the Ottoman Empire declined and a
  new state of Turkey began to take shape? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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60.
Document 7
             The British Empire and Mandates in the Early 1920s
7 Based on the information shown on this map, what was a problem the British faced that made it difficult to
  govern its empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 8
       … World War II greatly changed the British attitude toward the idea of India’s freedom. The
       fear that an independent India would not pay its debt to Great Britain was no longer valid.
       Great Britain actually owed India over a billion pounds. Nor was the concern that there were
       not enough Indian military officers to take over the Indian army from the British. As a result
       of the war, more than fifteen thousand Indian officers were available. In addition, many
       British soldiers who returned home from serving in India realized how unpopular their
       government was among the Indian people. In Great Britain, the Labour Party under Clement
       Attlee defeated Winston Churchill’s Conservatives and took charge of the government.…
           The Labour Party, already sympathetic to the idea of India’s independence, faced a great
       deal of unrest in India. The cold winter of 1945–46 made shortages of food and clothing even
       worse. Many nationalist leaders, recently released from prison, gave speeches encouraging
       violent actions to achieve freedom. In Calcutta, demonstrations led to riots in which over
       thirty people were killed and several hundred injured.…
                                     Source: Indian Independence and the Question of Pakistan, Choices Program,
                                                        Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University
8 Based on this excerpt from Indian Independence and the Question of Pakistan, what were two factors that
  made Great Britain more willing to grant India independence? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
Document 9
       … During the last 60 years [since 1928], the British Empire has broken apart. Most of the
       nations that were in the empire demanded and got their independence. With the empire
       gone, Britain lost a major source of wealth. At the same time, it lost industrial advantages it
       had enjoyed for many years.…
                               Source: Clare McHugh, Scholastic World Cultures: Western Europe, Scholastic, 1988
9 According to Clare McHugh, what was one change Great Britain faced with the breakup of its empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


63.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout history, empires such as the Roman, the Ottoman, and the British
                have faced various problems that led to their decline. The decline of these empires
                has influenced changes in societies and regions.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                  Select two empires mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Describe problems that led to this empire’s decline
                  • Discuss how this empire’s decline influenced change in a society and/or a
                    region
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2015 Exam


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