Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > US History and Govt > Print Preview

US History and Government - New York Regents June 2012 Exam

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review

Hide all answers   View all answers   Print   Try the Quiz

Part I
Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1.
Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1 Which geographic feature was used to establish the Proclamation Line of 1763?
  (1) Great Lakes                         (3) Appalachian Mountains
  (2) Rocky Mountains                     (4) Mississippi River
Answer: 3

2.
2 The writers of the Constitution corrected an
  economic weakness under the Articles of
  Confederation when they
  (1) granted Congress the power to levy and
      collect taxes
  (2) created an executive branch headed by the
      president
  (3) granted the president the authority to
      negotiate treaties
  (4) created a two-house legislature
Answer: 1

3.
3 Which document is most closely associated with
  John Locke’s social contract theory of government?
  (1) Albany Plan of Union
  (2) Declaration of Independence
  (3) Treaty of Paris (1783)
  (4) Sedition Act of 1798
Answer: 2


4.
    Base your answers to questions 4 and 5 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: As it stands now, the Constitution does
           not protect civil liberties.
Speaker B: The system of checks and balances will
           control any abuse of power by a branch
           of government.
Speaker C: The demands of the majority will
           overwhelm the minority.
Speaker D: The amendment process will allow the
           Constitution to be changed when the
           need arises.
 4 How was the concern of Speaker A resolved?
   (1) adoption of the elastic clause
   (2) establishment of the House of Representatives
   (3) creation of the federal court system
   (4) addition of the Bill of Rights
Answer: 4

5.
5 Which two speakers support the ratification of
  the Constitution?
  (1) A and D            (3) B and D
  (2) A and C            (4) B and C
Answer: 3

6.
6 A strict interpretation versus a loose interpretation of the Constitution was most evident in
  the debate over the
  (1) creation of the Bank of the United States in
      1791
  (2) decision to declare war on Great Britain in
      1812
  (3) annexation of Florida in 1821
  (4) issuance of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823
Answer: 1

7.
7 Which headline illustrates the use of the
  unwritten constitution?
  (1) “Washington Establishes a Cabinet”
  (2) “House Votes to Impeach Andrew Johnson”
  (3) “Senate Rejects the Treaty of Versailles”
  (4) “President Nominates John Roberts for Supreme
       Court”
Answer: 1

8.
8 Judicial review is most accurately described as
  the power of the
  (1) president to override a decision of the
      Supreme Court
  (2) state courts to overturn decisions of the
      Supreme Court
  (3) Senate to approve all presidential appointments to federal courts
  (4) Supreme Court to determine the
      constitutionality of laws
Answer: 4

9.
9 What was one result of the Supreme Court’s
  decision in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)?
  (1) The power of the federal government over
      interstate commerce was strengthened.
  (2) The rights of accused individuals were
      expanded.
  (3) The power of the judicial branch was limited.
  (4) The Court declined to hear cases involving
      disputes between states.
Answer: 1

10.
10 President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to
   (1) attack the Tariff of Abominations
   (2) reward supporters with United States
       government jobs
   (3) win support for construction of the Erie Canal
   (4) gain passage of the Indian Removal Act
Answer: 2

11.
11 The majority of immigrants who arrived in the
   United States between 1800 and 1860 came from
   (1) East Asia
   (2) Latin America
   (3) northern and western Europe
   (4) southern and eastern Europe
Answer: 3

12.
12 Before the start of the Civil War, many Southern
   political leaders supported
   (1) States rights
   (2) higher tariff rates
   (3) voting rights for women
   (4) repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act
Answer: 1

13.
    Base your answer to question 13 on the quotation
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … With malice toward none; with charity for all;
   with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see
   the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are
   in; to bind up the nation’s wounds; to care for him
   who shall have borne the battle, and for his
   widow, and his orphan—to do all which may
   achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace,
   among ourselves, and with all nations.
                      — President Abraham Lincoln, 1865
13 This statement by President Lincoln contributed
   to disagreements over the
   (1) continuation of a military draft
   (2) provision of free land to settlers
   (3) negotiations with foreign nations after the
       Civil War
   (4) treatment of the former Confederate states
       and their leaders
Answer: 4

14.
14 After the Civil War, the sharecropping system
   emerged in the South primarily as a way to
   (1) diversify agricultural production
   (2) provide a labor supply to plantation owners
   (3) give forty acres of land to freedmen
   (4) guarantee economic equality for African
       Americans
Answer: 2

15.
15 In the 187os, the Granger movement was
   organized to promote the interests of
   (1) suffragists           (3) factory workers
   (2) farmers               (4) recent immigrants
Answer: 2

16.
16 Starting in the 187os, Jim Crow laws were
   enacted in Southern states as a means to
   (1) provide an education for formerly enslaved
       persons
   (2) protect the voting rights of formerly enslaved
       persons
   (3) enforce racial segregation
   (4) ensure equal protection under the law
Answer: 3

17.
     Base your answer to question 17 on the song
lyrics below and on your knowledge of social studies.
                  Kansas Fool
       We have the land to raise the wheat
       And everything that’s good to eat
       And when we had no bonds or debts
       We were a jolly, happy set.…
       With abundant crops raised everywhere,
       ’Tis a mystery, I do declare.
       Why farmers all should fume and fret
       And why we are so deep in debt.…
                                         — Traditional
17 What is the basic cause of the farm problem
   described by these song lyrics?
   (1) limits on agricultural imports
   (2) government ownership of the railroads
   (3) overproduction of farm crops
   (4) prolonged droughts in the Midwest
Answer: 3

18.
18 In the late 180os, the term robber baron was used
   to describe some owners of big businesses
   primarily because they
   (1) favored free trade
   (2) eliminated competition using ruthless methods
   (3) opposed the formation of corporations
   (4) provided workers with high wages
Answer: 2

19.
19 During the late 180os, which development led to
   the other three?
   (1) formation of labor unions
   (2) increased demand for natural resources
   (3) federal regulation of business trusts
   (4) growth of industry
Answer: 4

20.
20 Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities and
   Ida Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil
   Company are examples of the use of
   (1) the Gospel of Wealth
   (2) the melting pot theory
   (3) Social Darwinism
   (4) muckraking
Answer: 4


21.
21 The Meat Inspection Act (1906) and the Pure
   Food and Drug Act (1906) were efforts by the
   federal government to
   (1) protect public health and safety
   (2) support business monopolies
   (3) restrict foreign competition
   (4) regulate child labor
Answer: 1

22.
22 President Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary to the
   Monroe Doctrine primarily affected Latin
   America by
   (1) guaranteeing human rights throughout the
       Western Hemisphere
   (2) supporting independence movements in
       many countries
   (3) encouraging immigration to the United States
   (4) increasing United States intervention in the
       region
Answer: 4

23.
23 “United States Senate Criticized as ‘Millionaire’s
    Club’”
    Which action addressed the problem suggested
    by this Progressive Era headline?
    (1) instituting the direct election of senators
    (2) increasing the number of senators from each
        state
    (3) decreasing the length of term of office for a
        senator
    (4) establishing voting rights for eighteen-yearold citizens
Answer: 1

24.
    Base your answer to question 24 on the poster
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
24 This poster was used during the administration of
   President Woodrow Wilson to
   (1) convince men to enlist in the military services
   (2) help finance the war effort
   (3) support membership in the League of Nations
   (4) emphasize the goals of the Fourteen Points
Answer: 2

25.
25 The Red Scare, the growth of the Ku Klux Klan,
   and the murder convictions of Sacco and Vanzetti
   were influenced by
   (1) the rise of organized crime
   (2) the passage of immigration quota acts
   (3) a distrust of foreigners
   (4) an effort to stop fascism
Answer: 3

26.
26 “… Our whole system of self-government will
   crumble either if officials elect what laws they
   will enforce or citizens elect what laws they will
   support. The worst evil of disregard for some law
   is that it destroys respect for all law.…”
                       — President Herbert Hoover, 1929
   Which issue is President Hoover discussing in
   this statement?
   (1) national Prohibition
   (2) environmental conservation
   (3) Social Security taxes
   (4) voting rights for women
Answer: 1

27.
    Base your answer to question 27 on the poster
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
27 The cooperation mentioned in the poster was
   intended to be between
   (1) business and government
   (2) consumers and producers
   (3) workers and retirees
   (4) socialists and capitalists
Answer: 1

28.
28 What was a basic cause of the Great Depression
   of the 193os?
   (1) Too many antitrust laws were passed.
   (2) Tariffs on foreign manufactured goods were
       reduced.
   (3) The distribution of income was unequal.
   (4) Immigration was not limited.
Answer: 3

29.
29 Which action is an example of international
   appeasement?
   (1) Congress authorizing the Manhattan Project
   (2) Japan attacking Pearl Harbor
   (3) Germany signing a nonaggression pact with
       the Soviet Union
   (4) Great Britain and France agreeing to Hitler’s
       demand for part of Czechoslovakia
Answer: 4

30.
30 President Franklin D. Roosevelt said the United
   States needed to become the “great arsenal of
   democracy” mainly because he was trying to
   (1) increase the number of Supreme Court
       justices
   (2) assist the Allied nations
   (3) limit the influence of the defense industry
   (4) gain public support for a third term
Answer: 2

31.
31 The Nuremberg War Crimes trials of 1945–1949
   established the international precedent that
   (1) the United States should avoid commitments
       with foreign nations
   (2) military leaders cannot be held responsible
       for wartime actions
   (3) individuals may be tried for crimes against
       humanity
   (4) soldiers must obey an order even if it conflicts
       with basic humanitarian values
Answer: 3

32.
32 The GI Bill helped soldiers who served in World
   War II by
   (1) mandating integration of the military
   (2) funding college education for veterans
   (3) requiring women to surrender their wartime
       jobs to men
   (4) eliminating union seniority rules that hurt
       veterans
Answer: 2

33.
33 The Berlin airlift was used during the Cold War to
   (1) rescue people fleeing West Germany
   (2) prevent a communist takeover of Greece and
       Turkey
   (3) overcome a blockade created by the Soviet
       Union
   (4) support peacekeeping efforts by the North
       Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Answer: 3

34.
34 McCarthyism in the 195os is most closely
   associated with
   (1) claims that communists had infiltrated the
       federal government
   (2) efforts to prevent pro-communist governments in Latin America
   (3) formation of the Warsaw Pact
   (4) passage of the Interstate Highway Act
Answer: 1


35.
    Base your answers to questions 35 and 36 on the
quotation below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   … It is important that the reasons for my action
   be understood by all our citizens. As you know,
   the Supreme Court of the United States has
   decided that separate public educational facilities
   for the races are inherently unequal and
   therefore compulsory school segregation laws are
   unconstitutional.…
    — President Dwight D. Eisenhower, September 24, 1957
35 Which Supreme Court case is referred to in this
   quotation?
   (1) Dred Scott v. Sanford
   (2) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
   (3) Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States
   (4) Tinker v. Des Moines School District
Answer: 2

36.
36 Which action did President Dwight D.
   Eisenhower take to enforce this Supreme Court
   decision?
   (1) ordering the closing of Central High School
       in Little Rock, Arkansas
   (2) sending United States Army troops to enforce
       school integration
   (3) proposing legislation in support of school
       segregation
   (4) transferring white students to a new public
       high school
Answer: 2

37.
37 Which action is the best example of the use of
   civil disobedience?
   (1) passing the Voting Rights Act of 1965
   (2) lobbying Congress to eliminate the poll tax
   (3) attending a political rally in Iowa
   (4) conducting sit-ins at restaurants in the South
Answer: 4

38.
     Base your answer to question 38 on the song
lyrics below and on your knowledge of social studies.
        … Come mothers and fathers
        Throughout the land
        And don’t criticize
        What you can’t understand
        Your sons and your daughters
        Are beyond your command
        Your old road is
        Rapidly agin’.
        Please get out of the new one
        If you can’t lend your hand
        For the times they are a-changin’…
      — Bob Dylan, “The Times They Are A-Changin’,” 1963
38 Which concern of the 196os is being commented
   on by the author of these lyrics?
   (1) rural poverty
   (2) adult illiteracy
   (3) environmental protection
   (4) the generation gap
Answer: 4

39.
39 The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT),
   signed by President Richard Nixon with the
   Soviet Union, was an effort to advance the
   foreign policy of
   (1) détente            (3) brinkmanship
   (2) imperialism        (4) globalization
Answer: 1

40.
Base your answer to question 40 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
40 The main idea of this 1991 cartoon is that President George H. W. Bush
   (1) has successfully removed Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq
   (2) has a strong record of reducing crime in urban America
   (3) has effectively handled foreign policy challenges but faces economic ones
   (4) is prepared to make improvements in the economy
Answer: 3

41.
41 One unique feature of the presidential election of
   2000 between George W. Bush and Al Gore is
   that
   (1) the Supreme Court played an important role
       in the final outcome
   (2) no third-party candidate was on the ballot
   (3) both candidates had previously served as vice
       president
   (4) the electoral votes in Florida were divided
       between the candidates
Answer: 1

42.
42 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
      I. _______
         A. Trade restrictions
         B. Laissez-faire
         C. Trickle-down theory
         D. Wage and price controls
   (1)   Social Reforms
   (2)   Constitutional Amendments
   (3)   Economic Policies
   (4)   Religious Beliefs
Answer: 3

43.
    Base your answer to question 43 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
43 The main purpose of this cartoon is to point out
   that
   (1) global warming is a proven theory
   (2) additional oil supplies must be located
   (3) individuals contribute to environmental
       problems
   (4) prosperity depends on increased sales of
       automobiles
Answer: 3

44.
44 Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and
   Sinclair Lewis were popular authors who often
   wrote about
   (1) the problems of urban life in the 189os
   (2) disillusionment with American society in the
       192os
   (3) the migration of farmers in the 193os
   (4) water and air pollution in the 196os
Answer: 2

45.
45 Changes in policies during the administrations of
   both President Woodrow Wilson and President
   Franklin D. Roosevelt demonstrate that
   (1) war can influence domestic reform programs
   (2) public opinion is usually opposed to deficit
       spending
   (3) presidents often lose power during wartime
   (4) United States territorial expansion results in
       economic growth
Answer: 1

46.
    Base your answer to question 46 on the
photograph below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
46 Conditions such as the one shown in the
   photograph were legally ended by the
   (1) issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation
       in 1863
   (2) ratification of the 15th amendment in 1870
   (3) decision in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896
   (4) passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Answer: 4

47.
47 The terms Teapot Dome, Watergate, and IranContra are most closely associated with
   (1) domestic policies
   (2) presidential scandals
   (3) federal court decisions
   (4) failed reform movements
Answer: 2

48.
48 One way in which the New Deal and the Great
   Society are similar is that both programs were
   based on the belief that
   (1) volunteer organizations should take over
       federal relief efforts
   (2) government should impose fewer regulations
       on business
   (3) states should pay a larger share of the cost of
       federal programs
   (4) the federal government should do more to
       help citizens in need
Answer: 4

49.
49 The Supreme Court decision in Schenck v.
   United States (1919) and the passage of the USA
   Patriot Act (2001) demonstrate the principle that
   the federal government can
   (1) guarantee citizens the right to bear arms
   (2) restrict the power of the president
   (3) limit individual rights in times of national
       emergency
   (4) expand the liberties protected by the Bill of
       Rights
Answer: 3

50.
50 Since the end of World War II (1945), what has
   been a major effect of population change in the
   United States?
   (1) The Social Security system went bankrupt.
   (2) Demand for medical facilities has declined.
   (3) A surplus of unskilled workers has led to
       decreased immigration.
   (4) Suburban areas have grown faster than cities.
Answer: 4


51.
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: United States Foreign Policy
                 United States presidents often make foreign policy decisions in an attempt to deal
                 with international problems. These decisions have had an impact on both the
                 United States and on other countries or regions.
        Task:
                 Select two presidential foreign policy decisions and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances surrounding the decision
                 • Discuss an impact of the decision on the United States
                 • Discuss an impact of the decision on another country or region
           You may use any presidential foreign policy decision that dealt with an international
        problem from your study of United States history. Some suggestions you might wish to
        consider include James K. Polk sending troops to the Rio Grande (1846), William McKinley
        deciding to annex the Philippines (1898), Woodrow Wilson asking for a declaration of war
        (1917), Harry Truman deciding to use the atomic bomb (1945), John F. Kennedy quarantining
        Cuba (1962), Lyndon B. Johnson sending combat troops to Vietnam (1965–1968), Richard
        Nixon improving relations with China (1972), George H. W. Bush sending troops to Kuwait
        (1990–1991), and George W. Bush sending troops to Iraq (2003).
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
                                                Part III
                                 DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
       Historical Context:
              Throughout United States history, movements have sought to bring about
              economic, political, and social change. These movements have had a significant
              impact on the United States and on American society. These movements include
              the abolitionist movement, the labor movement, and the woman’s suffrage
              movement.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of United States
             history, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to
             the questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Choose two of the movements mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe the historical circumstances that led to this movement
                • Describe how this movement attempted to achieve its goals
                • Discuss the impact of this movement on the United States and/or on American
                  society
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
1a Based on these graphs, state one relationship between cotton production and the growth of slavery between
   1800 and 1860. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


54.
Document 1b
   African-born James L. Bradley was a slave who purchased his freedom. In 1834, while a student at the Lane
Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio, he wrote a short account of his life. This is an excerpt from his account.
       … I will begin as far back as I can remember. I think I was between two and three years old
       when the soul-destroyers tore me from my mother’s arms, somewhere in Africa, far back from
       the sea. They carried me a long distance to a ship; all the way I looked back, and cried. The ship
       was full of men and women loaded with chains; but I was so small, they let me run about on deck.
       After many long days, they brought us into Charleston, South Carolina. A slaveholder bought
       me, and took me up into Pendleton County. I suppose that I staid [stayed] with him about six
       months. He sold me to a Mr. Bradley, by whose name I have ever since been called. This man
       was considered a wonderfully kind master; and it is true that I was treated better than most of
       the slaves I knew. I never suffered for food, and never was flogged with the whip; but oh, my
       soul! I was tormented with kicks and knocks more than I can tell. My master often knocked me
       down, when I was young. Once, when I was a boy, about nine years old, he struck me so hard
       that I fell down and lost my senses. I remained thus some time, and when I came to myself, he
       told me he thought he had killed me. At another time, he struck me with a currycomb [metal
       comb used for grooming horses], and sunk the knob into my head. I have said that I had food
       enough; I wish I could say as much concerning my clothing. But I let that subject alone, because
       I cannot think of any suitable words to use in telling you.…
                      Source: Bailey and Kennedy, eds., The American Spirit, Volume I: To 1877, Houghton Mifflin,1998
1b According to this document, what was one hardship James L. Bradley experienced as a slave? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


55.
Document 2
      … There were tactical differences between [Frederick] Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison,
      white abolitionist and editor of The Liberator—differences between black [African American]
      and white abolitionists in general. Blacks were more willing to engage in armed insurrection
      [rebellion], but also more ready to use existing political devices—the ballot box, the
      Constitution—anything to further their cause. They were not as morally absolute in their tactics
      as the Garrisonians. Moral pressure would not do it alone, the blacks knew; it would take all sorts
      of tactics, from elections to rebellion.…
      White abolitionists did courageous and pioneering work, on the lecture platform, in newspapers,
      in the Underground Railroad. Black abolitionists, less publicized, were the backbone of the
      antislavery movement. Before Garrison published his famous Liberator in Boston in 1831, the
      first national convention of Negroes had been held, David Walker had already written his
      “Appeal,” and a black abolitionist magazine named Freedom’s Journal had appeared. Of The
      Liberator’s first twenty-five subscribers, most were black.…
                  Source: Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States, 1492–Present, Harper Perennial, 2003
2 According to Howard Zinn, what was one method used by abolitionists to achieve their goals? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


56.
Document 3
      … The success or failure of abolitionism must be judged against the broader question, what was
      possible? In confronting the most divisive issue in American history, slavery, abolitionism
      provided the voice of conscience. It assisted tens of thousands of individual blacks, steered the
      nation toward a recognition of universal rights, and was instrumental in embedding those rights
      into the Constitution.
      Even the “mistakes” of abolitionism had interesting consequences. For example, because male
      abolitionists did not fight to include the word “female” in the Thirteenth*, Fourteenth, and
      Fifteenth amendments, the women’s rights movement was rekindled in a backlash of anger.…
                        Source: Wendy McElroy, “The Abolitionist Adventure,” The Independent Institute, July 1, 2003
     *The 13th amendment applied equally to females and males.
3 According to Wendy McElroy, what were two impacts of the abolitionist movement? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


57.
Document 4
   Representatives of The Harbinger visited factories in Lowell, Massachusetts, and Manchester, New Hampshire.
This is an excerpt from the magazine’s report of its findings.
       … The girls [in the Lowell Mills] attended upon an average three looms; many attended four,
       but this requires a very active person, and the most unremitting [constant] care. However, a
       great many do it. Attention to two is as much as should be demanded of an operative. This gives
       us some idea of the application required during the thirteen hours of daily labor. The
       atmosphere of such a room cannot of course be pure; on the contrary, it is charged with cotton
       filaments and dust, which, we are told, are very injurious to the lungs.
       On entering the room, although the day was warm, we remarked that the windows were down.
       We asked the reason, and a young woman answered very naively, and without seeming to be in
       the least aware that this privation of fresh air was anything else than perfectly natural, that “when
       the wind blew, the threads did not work well.” After we had been in the room for fifteen or
       twenty minutes, we found ourselves, as did the persons who accompanied us, in quite a
       perspiration, produced by a certain moisture which we observed in the air, as well as by the
       heat.…
                                        Source: “The Female Workers of Lowell,” The Harbinger, November 14, 1836
 4 According to this document, what was one condition faced by factory workers in the Lowell Mills in the
   183os? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


58.
Document 5
5 Based on this time line, what was one way workers responded to their working conditions between 1869 and
  1902? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


59.
Document 6a
      … A better relationship between labor and management is the high purpose of this Act. By
      assuring the employees the right of collective bargaining it fosters the development of the
      employment contract on a sound and equitable basis. By providing an orderly procedure for
      determining who is entitled to represent the employees, it aims to remove one of the chief
      causes of wasteful economic strife. By preventing practices which tend to destroy the
      independence of labor, it seeks, for every worker within its scope, that freedom of choice and
      action which is justly his.…
             Source: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Statement on Signing the National Labor Relations [Wagner] Act,
                                                                                                         July 5, 1935
6a According to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, what was one way the National Labor Relations [Wagner]
   Act would affect workers? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


60.
Document 6b
  Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938.
6b Based on this Department of Labor poster, what is one way the Fair Labor Standards Act continues to affect
   workers? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


61.
Document 7a
      … The women in Mary McClintock’s [an organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention] kitchen
      concluded that action was required and resolved to call a woman’s rights convention the next
      week, July 19 and 20 [1848]. On short notice, more than two hundred women and about forty
      men from the surrounding towns and countryside came to the meeting in the Wesleyan Chapel
      at Seneca Falls. They must have known that such an event was radically new. Indeed, the leaders
      prevailed on James Mott to preside as they quailed [faltered] before such a large, mixed
      audience. Yet the women at Seneca Falls brought with them a seventy-year-long tradition of
      female activity. Many had traveled the same route over and over to attend revivals, missionary
      meetings, and female gatherings in the name of temperance, moral reform, and abolition. Their
      mothers’ generation had been the leading force in the Great Awakening two decades before.
      Their grandmothers and great-grandmothers boycotted tea, spun and wove for the army, and
      believed themselves “born for liberty.” When the organizers of the convention started to write a
      statement for the body to debate, they returned to the legacy of their revolutionary foremothers:
      “We hold these truths to be self-evident,” they wrote, “that all men and women are created
      equal.” …
                      Source: Sara M. Evans, Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America, The Free Press, 1989
7a According to Sara M. Evans, what was one experience of women that contributed to their demand for
   equality? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


62.
Document 7b
       … The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations [dispossessions] on
       the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny
       over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
       He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.
       He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.…
       He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead.
       He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.…
       After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single, and the owner of property, he has
       taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made
       profitable to it.…
                                                            Source: Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments, 1848
7b According to this document, what was one grievance stated in the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


63.
Document 8a
Document 8b
     … As [Elizabeth Cady] Stanton predicted, women’s professional and tactical experience
     contributed powerfully to a reinvigorated suffrage movement. NAWSA [National American
     Woman Suffrage Association] proved to be an effective, formidable organization. Its
     membership increased geometrically, from 13,150 in 1893 to over two million in 1917.
     Suffragists mounted hundreds of campaigns within party conventions, legislatures and
     constitutional convocations [assemblies]. They raised millions of dollars, mostly in small sums.
     Countless men and women participated in vigils, parades, hunger strikes and illegal invasions of
     polling places. Dozens suffered imprisonment and fines. In 1873, Susan B. Anthony was arrested
     for the federal crime of “having voted without the lawful right to vote.” At her highly publicized
     trial in Rochester, New York, she was convicted and fined by a judge who brushed aside the jury
     and whose opinion had been written in advance of the trial.…
               Source: Sandra F. VanBurkleo, “No Rights But Human Rights: The Emancipation of American Women,”
                                                                               Constitution, Spring-Summer, 1990
8 Based on these documents, what were two methods used by women’s rights groups to influence American
  public opinion? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


64.
Document 9
      … As it turned out, women’s suffrage had few consequences, good or evil. Millions of women
      voted (although never in the same proportion as men), women were elected to public office
      (several gained seats in Congress by the end of the 1920’s), but the new electorate caused
      scarcely a ripple in American political life. Women like Jane Addams made great contributions,
      but it would be difficult to demonstrate that they accomplished any more after they had the vote
      than before. It was widely believed, although never proved, that women cast a “dry” vote for
      Hoover in 1928 and that women were likely to be more moved than men to cast a “moral-issue”
      vote. Otherwise, the earth spun around much as it had before.…
                Source: William E. Leuchtenburg, The Perils of Prosperity, 1914–32, University of Chicago Press, 1958
9 According to William E. Leuchtenburg, what was one result of women’s suffrage on American society? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


65.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                Throughout United States history, movements have sought to bring about
                economic, political, and social change. These movements have had a significant
                impact on the United States and on American society. These movements include
                the abolitionist movement, the labor movement, and the woman’s suffrage
                movement.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of United States
               history, write an essay in which you
                  Choose two of the movements mentioned in the historical context and for each
                  • Describe the historical circumstances that led to this movement
                  • Describe how this movement attempted to achieve its goals
                  • Discuss the impact of this movement on the United States and/or on American
                    society
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     US History and Government - New York Regents June 2012 Exam


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-