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Select the algebraic expression(s) to represent the word problem(s).

1. Arthur bought t marbles. Adam bought 12 marbles less than Arthur. How many marbles did Adam buy? • t + 12
• 12
• 12 − t • t − 12 Answer:Answer:t − 12

Marbles Arthur bought = t Marbles Adam bought = t − 12
'12 less than t' is equivalent to 't − 12' in symbols.

2. Annie bought f pencils. Stacy bought 14 pencils more than Annie. How many pencils did Stacy buy? • f + 14 • f − 14
• 14
• 14 − f Answer:Answer:f + 14

Pencils Annie bought = f Pencils Stacy bought = f + 14
'14 more than f' is equivalent to 'f + 14' in symbols.

3. Annie lost 13 marbles. She had g marbles. How many marbles does Annie have now? • g − 13 • g + 13
• 13
• 13 − g Answer:Answer:g − 13

Marbles Annie had = g Marbles Annie lost = 13
Marbles Annie has now = g − 13
'lost 13 from g' is equivalent to 'g − 13' in symbols.

4. Arthur borrowed 11 golf balls from Adam. Adam had d golf balls. How many golf balls does Adam have now? • d + 11
• 11
• 11 − d • d − 11 Answer:Answer:d − 11

Golf balls Adam had = d Golf balls Arthur borrowed = 11
Golf balls Adam has now = d − 11
'borrowed 11 from d' is equivalent to 'd − 11' in symbols.

5. Annie scored 13 extra credit points than Adam. Adam scored h credit points. How many credit points did Annie score? • h + 13 • 13 − h • h • h − 13
Answer:Answer:h + 13

Points Stacy scored = h Points Annie scored = h + 13
'13 extra than h' is equivalent to 'h + 13' in symbols.

6. Arthur scored 4 fewer credit points than Adam. Adam scored p credit points. How many credit points did Arthur score? • p − 4 • p + 4
• 4
• 4 − p Answer:Answer:p − 4

Points Adam scored = p Points Arthur scored = p − 4
'4 fewer than p' is equivalent to 'p − 4' in symbols.

7. There were 22 dolls in a box. k dolls were taken away. How many dolls are left in the box now? • 22 − k • k + 22
• 22
• k − 22
Answer:Answer:22 − k

Dolls in a box = 22
Dolls taken away = k Dolls left = 22 − k 'k taken away from 22' is equivalent to '22 − k' in symbols.

8. There were 7 dolls in a box. h new dolls were added to the box. How many dolls are present in the box now? • 7 − h • 7 + h • 7
• h − 7
Answer:Answer:7 + h

Dolls in a box = 7
Dolls added = h Dolls present now = 7 + h 'added h to 7' is equivalent to '7 + h' in symbols.

9. There are 16 big boxes and x small boxes. What is the total number of boxes? • 16 − x • 16
• 16 + x • x − 16
Answer:Answer:16 + x

Big boxes = 16
Small boxes = x Total boxes = 16 + x 'total of 16 and x' is equivalent to '16 + x' in symbols.

10. Arthur has y red jelly beans and 8 blue jelly beans. What is the total number of jelly beans? • y − 8
• y + 8 • 8
• 8 − y Answer:Answer:y + 8

Red jelly beans = y Blue jelly beans = 8
Total jelly beans = y +8
'total of y and 8' is equivalent to 'y +8' in symbols.

11. Annie ate t more cookies than Adam. Adam ate 6 cookies. How many cookies did Annie eat? • t + 6 • t − 6
• t • 6 − t Answer:Answer:t + 6

Cookies Stacy ate = 6
Cookies Annie ate = t + 6
't more than 6' is equivalent to 't + 6' in symbols.

12. Annie ate 3 fewer cookies than Stacy. Stacy ate k cookies. How many cookies did Annie eat? • k − 3 • 3 − k • k • k + 3
Answer:Answer:k − 3

Cookies Stacy ate = k Cookies Annie ate = k − 3
'3 fewer than k' is equivalent to 'k − 3' in symbols.

13. Annie is 8 years younger than her sister. Annie's sister is b years old. What is Annie's age? • 8 − b • b − 8 • 8 • b + 8
Answer:Answer:b − 8

Annie's sister's age = b Annie age = b − 8
'8 years younger than b' is equivalent to 'b − 8' in symbols.

14. Arthur is j years younger than his sister. Arthur's sister is 16 years old. What is Arthur's age? • 16 − j • j − 16
• j • j + 16
Answer:Answer:16 − j

Arthur's sister's age = 16
Arthur age = 16 − j 'j years younger than 16' is equivalent to '16 − j' in symbols.

15. Arthur's brother is r years older than him. Arthur is 24 years old. What is Arthur's brother's age? • r − 24
• r • 24 − r • 24 + r Answer:Answer:24 + r

Arthur's age = r Arthur's brother's age = 24 + r 'r years older than 24' is equivalent to '24 + r' in symbols.

16. Arthur and Stacy painted f pictures each. Robin painted 12 pictures more than Arthur. How many pictures did Robin paint? • f + 12 • f − 12
• 12
• 12 − f Answer:Answer:f + 12

Pictures Arthur painted = f Pictures Robin painted = f +12
'12 more than f' is equivalent to 'f + 12' in symbols.

17. There are 41 toy cars in a store. d toy cars are sold. How many toy cars are left in the store? • d − 41
• d • 41 + d • 41 − d Answer:Answer:41 − d

Toy cars in a store = 41
Toy cars sold =d Toy cars left =41 − d 'sold d from 41' is equivalent to '41 − d' in symbols.

18. Annie had 8 books. Adam gave her g more books. Annie then bought 6 new books. What is the total number of books Annie has? • g + 8
• g + 6
• g − 14
• g + 14 Answer:Answer:g + 14

Books Annie had = 8
Books Stacy gave Annie = g Books Annie bought = 6
Total books Annie has = g + 8 + 6 = g + 14
'total of g and 8 and 6' is equivalent to ' g + 14' in symbols.

19. Arthur had t crayons. Stacy borrowed 2 crayons from Arthur. Stacy then borrowed 6 more crayons from Arthur. How many crayons does Arthur have now? • t − 8 • t − 2
• t − 6
• t + 6
Answer:Answer:t − 8

Crayons Arthur had = t Crayons Adam borrowed = 2 + 6 = 8
Crayons Arthur has now = t − 8
'borrowed 8 from t' is equivalent to ' t − 8' in symbols.

20. There are 26 ribbons in a box. 6 ribbons are added to the box and k ribbons are taken away. How many ribbons are left in the box now? • k + 26
• 32 − k • k + 6
• k − 26
Answer:Answer:32 − k

Ribbons in a box = 26
Ribbons added = 6
Ribbons taken away = k Ribbons left = 26 + 6 − k =32 − k 'k taken away from 32' is equivalent to '32 − k' in symbols.

21. Arthur had 10 blue ribbons and y green ribbons. He lost 2 blue ribbons and 5 green ribbons. What is the total number of ribbons Arthur has now? • y + 3 • y + 10
• y − 3
• 3 − y Answer:Answer:y + 3

Ribbons Arthur had = y +10 Ribbons Arthur lost = 2 + 5 = 3
Total ribbons Arthur now has =y +10 − 3 = y + 3
'lost 3 from y +10' is equivalent to 'y +10 − 3' in symbols.