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Select the algebraic expression(s) to represent the word problem(s).

1. Jimmy bought t marbles. Colin bought 28 marbles less than Jimmy. How many marbles did Colin buy? • t + 28
• 28
• t − 28 • 28 − t Answer:Answer:t − 28

Marbles Jimmy bought = t Marbles Colin bought = t − 28
'28 less than t' is equivalent to 't − 28' in symbols.

2. Barbara bought f pencils. Martina bought 15 pencils more than Barbara. How many pencils did Martina buy? • f − 15
• 15
• 15 − f • f + 15 Answer:Answer:f + 15

Pencils Barbara bought = f Pencils Martina bought = f + 15
'15 more than f' is equivalent to 'f + 15' in symbols.

3. Barbara lost 13 marbles. She had g marbles. How many marbles does Barbara have now? • g + 13
• 13
• g − 13 • 13 − g Answer:Answer:g − 13

Marbles Barbara had = g Marbles Barbara lost = 13
Marbles Barbara has now = g − 13
'lost 13 from g' is equivalent to 'g − 13' in symbols.

4. Jimmy borrowed 9 golf balls from Colin. Colin had d golf balls. How many golf balls does Colin have now? • d + 9
• 9
• 9 − d • d − 9 Answer:Answer:d − 9

Golf balls Colin had = d Golf balls Jimmy borrowed = 9
Golf balls Colin has now = d − 9
'borrowed 9 from d' is equivalent to 'd − 9' in symbols.

5. Barbara scored 14 extra credit points than Colin. Colin scored h credit points. How many credit points did Barbara score? • h + 14 • 14 − h • h • h − 14
Answer:Answer:h + 14

Points Martina scored = h Points Barbara scored = h + 14
'14 extra than h' is equivalent to 'h + 14' in symbols.

6. Jimmy scored 8 fewer credit points than Colin. Colin scored p credit points. How many credit points did Jimmy score? • p − 8 • p + 8
• 8
• 8 − p Answer:Answer:p − 8

Points Colin scored = p Points Jimmy scored = p − 8
'8 fewer than p' is equivalent to 'p − 8' in symbols.

7. There were 28 dolls in a box. k dolls were taken away. How many dolls are left in the box now? • k + 28
• 28 − k • 28
• k − 28
Answer:Answer:28 − k

Dolls in a box = 28
Dolls taken away = k Dolls left = 28 − k 'k taken away from 28' is equivalent to '28 − k' in symbols.

8. There were 14 dolls in a box. h new dolls were added to the box. How many dolls are present in the box now? • 14 − h • 14
• 14 + h • h − 14
Answer:Answer:14 + h

Dolls in a box = 14
Dolls added = h Dolls present now = 14 + h 'added h to 14' is equivalent to '14 + h' in symbols.

9. There are 12 big boxes and x small boxes. What is the total number of boxes? • 12 − x • 12
• 12 + x • x − 12
Answer:Answer:12 + x

Big boxes = 12
Small boxes = x Total boxes = 12 + x 'total of 12 and x' is equivalent to '12 + x' in symbols.

10. Jimmy has y red jelly beans and 6 blue jelly beans. What is the total number of jelly beans? • y − 6
• 6
• 6 − y • y + 6 Answer:Answer:y + 6

Red jelly beans = y Blue jelly beans = 6
Total jelly beans = y +6
'total of y and 6' is equivalent to 'y +6' in symbols.

11. Barbara ate t more cookies than Colin. Colin ate 4 cookies. How many cookies did Barbara eat? • t + 4 • t − 4
• t • 4 − t Answer:Answer:t + 4

Cookies Martina ate = 4
Cookies Barbara ate = t + 4
't more than 4' is equivalent to 't + 4' in symbols.

12. Barbara ate 5 fewer cookies than Martina. Martina ate k cookies. How many cookies did Barbara eat? • 5 − k • k • k + 5
• k − 5 Answer:Answer:k − 5

Cookies Martina ate = k Cookies Barbara ate = k − 5
'5 fewer than k' is equivalent to 'k − 5' in symbols.

13. Barbara is 6 years younger than her sister. Barbara's sister is b years old. What is Barbara's age? • b − 6 • 6 − b • 6 • b + 6
Answer:Answer:b − 6

Barbara's sister's age = b Barbara age = b − 6
'6 years younger than b' is equivalent to 'b − 6' in symbols.

14. Jimmy is j years younger than his sister. Jimmy's sister is 18 years old. What is Jimmy's age? • j − 18
• 18 − j • j • j + 18
Answer:Answer:18 − j

Jimmy's sister's age = 18
Jimmy age = 18 − j 'j years younger than 18' is equivalent to '18 − j' in symbols.

15. Jimmy's brother is r years older than him. Jimmy is 26 years old. What is Jimmy's brother's age? • r − 26
• r • 26 + r • 26 − r Answer:Answer:26 + r

Jimmy's age = r Jimmy's brother's age = 26 + r 'r years older than 26' is equivalent to '26 + r' in symbols.

16. Jimmy and Martina painted f pictures each. Peter painted 14 pictures more than Jimmy. How many pictures did Peter paint? • f − 14
• 14
• 14 − f • f + 14 Answer:Answer:f + 14

Pictures Jimmy painted = f Pictures Peter painted = f +14
'14 more than f' is equivalent to 'f + 14' in symbols.

17. There are 39 toy cars in a store. d toy cars are sold. How many toy cars are left in the store? • d − 39
• d • 39 + d • 39 − d Answer:Answer:39 − d

Toy cars in a store = 39
Toy cars sold =d Toy cars left =39 − d 'sold d from 39' is equivalent to '39 − d' in symbols.

18. Barbara had 11 books. Colin gave her g more books. Barbara then bought 5 new books. What is the total number of books Barbara has? • g + 16 • g + 11
• g + 5
• g − 16
Answer:Answer:g + 16

Books Barbara had = 11
Books Martina gave Barbara = g Books Barbara bought = 5
Total books Barbara has = g + 11 + 5 = g + 16
'total of g and 11 and 5' is equivalent to ' g + 16' in symbols.

19. Jimmy had t crayons. Martina borrowed 5 crayons from Jimmy. Martina then borrowed 12 more crayons from Jimmy. How many crayons does Jimmy have now? • t − 5
• t − 17 • t − 12
• t + 12
Answer:Answer:t − 17

Crayons Jimmy had = t Crayons Colin borrowed = 5 + 12 = 17
Crayons Jimmy has now = t − 17
'borrowed 17 from t' is equivalent to ' t − 17' in symbols.

20. There are 38 ribbons in a box. 6 ribbons are added to the box and k ribbons are taken away. How many ribbons are left in the box now? • 44 − k • k + 38
• k + 6
• k − 38
Answer:Answer:44 − k

Ribbons in a box = 38
Ribbons added = 6
Ribbons taken away = k Ribbons left = 38 + 6 − k =44 − k 'k taken away from 44' is equivalent to '44 − k' in symbols.

21. Jimmy had 19 blue ribbons and y green ribbons. He lost 3 blue ribbons and 4 green ribbons. What is the total number of ribbons Jimmy has now? • y + 19
• y − 12
• 12 − y • y + 12 Answer:Answer:y + 12

Ribbons Jimmy had = y +19 Ribbons Jimmy lost = 3 + 4 = 12
Total ribbons Jimmy now has =y +19 − 12 = y + 12
'lost 12 from y +19' is equivalent to 'y +19 − 12' in symbols.