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Chemistry : Common Chemical Compounds & Chemical Formulae

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What are Some of the Common Chemical Compounds?

The table below lists some common chemical compounds classified as gases, acids, bases and salts.

See also: Common Chemical Compounds quiz to help you with School

Class Compound Formula
Gases Oxygen O2
Nitrogen N2
Hydrogen H2
Carbon dioxide CO2
Carbon monoxide CO
Sulfur dioxide SO2
Nitrogen dioxide NO2
Nitrogen monoxide (nitric oxide) NO
Dinitrogen oxide (nitrous oxide) N2O
Chlorine Cl2
Hydrogen chloride HCl
Ammonia NH3
Acids Hydrochloric acid HCl
Sulfuric acid H2SO4
Nitric acid HNO3
Phosphoric acid H3PO4
Carbonic acid H2CO3
Bases Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Potassium hydroxide KOH
Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2
Salts Sodium chloride NaCl
Sodium carbonate Na2CO3
Calcium carbonate CaCO3
Calcium sulfate CaSO4
Ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4
Potassium nitrate KNO3

Note that: Acid + Base → Salt + Water. The formula for water is H2O.


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