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Chemistry : Elements and Chemical Symbols - Latin Names

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What are the Latin Names of Chemical Elements?

Scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical symbols for various elements. The symbol is the short form or abbreviated name of the element. Each element has a chemical symbol that is unique to it. An atom of an element is denoted by this symbol. For example, the symbol for Carbon is C.

Many elements have their symbol derived from either the first letter [e.g., H for Hydrogen] or the first two letters [e.g., He for Helium] of their names. A few elements have symbols derived from their Latin names as given in the table below.


Element Symbol Latin Name
Antimony Sb Stibium
Copper Cu Cuprum
Gold Au Aurum
Iron Fe Ferrum
Lead Pb Plumbum
Mercury Hg Hydragyrum
Potassium K Kalium
Silver Ag Argentum
Sodium Na Natrium
Tin Sn Stannum
Tungsten W Wolfram

Click here for the Periodic Table


Practice Exercise for Chemistry Module on Elements & Chemical Symbols - Latin Names

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