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History : Mahatma Gandhi  Mahatma Gandhi

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Given the QUESTION, identify the ANSWER

1. In which year was Mahatma Gandhi born?
• 1869
• 1896
• 1866
• 1899
Answer: 1869
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in a town called Porbandar in Gujarat.

2. In which year did Gandhi become a lawyer?
• 1891
• 1881
• 1888
• 1898
Answer: 1891
Gandhi arrived in England in 1888. He became a lawyer in 1891 and returned to India.

3. In which year did the famous Dandi March take place?
• 1931
• 1920
• 1936
• 1930
Answer: 1930
The Dandi March was a protest against the tax that the British had imposed on salt.

4. In which year was the Quit India Movement launched?
• 1948
• 1942
• 1945
• 1947
Answer: 1942
Gandhi protested against the British dividing India into India and Pakistan. Gandhi believed that if the British left India, the Hindus and Muslims could live in peace. So, he launched the Quit India Movement in 1942.

5. When did India gain independence?
• 15th August 1942
• 15th August 1947
• 15th August 1948
• 15th August 1950
Answer: 15th August 1947
India gained independence on the 15th of August in 1947.

6. In which year did Gandhi die?
• 1947
• 1942
• 1944
• 1948
Answer: 1948
Gandhi died on 30th January 1948.

7. By which name was Gandhi lovingly called by his countrymen?
• Bhai
• Bapu
• Sir
• Dada
Answer: Bapu
All Indians respected Gandhi and fondly called him 'Bapu' or 'Father of the Nation'.

8. Where did Gandhi go to study law?
• United States
• Russia
• South Africa
• England
Answer: England
Gandhi was sent to England to study law after he spent a year in college.

9. Where was Mahatma Gandhi born?
• Maharashtra
• Gujarat
• West Bengal
• Bihar
Answer: Gujarat
Mahatma Gandhi was born in a town called Porbandar in Gujarat on 2nd October 1869.

10. Gandhi founded an ashram in _______.
• Maharashtra
• West Bengal
• Gujarat
• Bihar
Answer: Gujarat
Gandhi welcomed all people poor or rich to join the ashram. They had to support themselves by working with their hands and spinning their own cloth in their houses.

11. Gandhi called the people of lower castes by this name:
• Untouchables
• Kshatriyas
• Dalits
• Harijans
Answer: Harijans
Gandhi believed in equality of all mankind whether they belonged to the higher caste or the lower caste. He fought for the rights of the low caste people and tried to put an end to inequality. 'Harijans' means the people of God

12. Whom did Gandhi marry?
• Kamala
• Kasturi
• Kasturba
• Sarojini
Answer: Kasturba
Gandhi married Kasturba at the age of thirteen when still in high school.

13. What was Gandhi's full name?
• Mohanlal Karamchand Gandhi
• Mohandas Kasturba Gandhi
• Mohanlal Kasturba Gandhi
• Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Answer: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

14. Which book did Gandhi write?
• My Experiments with Truth
• The Glimpses of World History
• Discovery of India
• Of Human Bondage
Answer: My Experiments with Truth

15. Who shot Gandhi?
• Nathuram Godse
• Nathu Ramsay
• John Wilkes Booth
• Leon Czolgosz
Answer: Nathuram Godse
Gandhi was shot when he was on his way to a prayer meeting by Nathuram Godse.

16. Gandhi preached and believed in 'Ahimsa' which means:
• Non-violence
• Secularism
• Honesty
• Spiritualism
Answer: Non-violence

17. "The light has gone out of our lives...".Who said this on Gandhi's death?
• Indira Gandhi
• Sarojini Naidu
• Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
• Sardar Vallabhai Patel
Answer: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Gandhi's death was a sad thing that happened to the Indians who saw darkness everywhere. The entire nation wept for their 'Bapu'.

18. The word 'Harijans' means:
• the messengers of God
• the followers of God
• the messiahs of peace
• the people of God
Answer: the people of God
The low caste people were called untouchables by the higher caste people. Gandhi supported these neglected people and proved they were equal in all ways by living and eating with them.

19. Where did Gandhi spend his childhood?
• Gandhinagar
• Porbandar
• Ahmedabad
• Baroda
Answer: Porbandar
Gandhi spend his childhood in Porbandar in Gujarat. When he was seven years old, his father shifted to a place called Rajkot, also in Gujarat.

20. When the British were asked to leave India, what was the movement called?
• Exit India Movement
• Leave India Movement
• Quit India Movement
• British Quit Movement
Answer: Quit India Movement
Gandhi believed that if the British left India, the Hindus and Muslims could live in peace. Gandhi protested against the British dividing India into India and Pakistan.

21. Where did Gandhi set up his office to practise as a lawyer?
• Ahmedabad
• Baroda
• Gandhinagar
• Rajkot
Answer: Rajkot
Gandhi returned to India after he became a lawyer in 1891. He set up his office at a place called Rajkot in Gujarat to practise as a lawyer.

22. In which foreign land did Gandhi fight for the rights of his countrymen?
• Italy
• Russia
• England
• South Africa
Answer: South Africa
Gandhi observed the injustice and bad treatment meted out by the whites in Africa to Indians and Africans with dark skin. He was hurt and fought for the equality and rights of these people.

23. At what age did Gandhi marry?
• twenty
• sixteen
• thirteen
• thirty
Answer: thirteen
Gandhi married Kasturba at the age of thirteen when still in high school.

24. Whenever Gandhi was against anything, he _______.
• adopted violent measures
• went on a long march
• killed government officials
• went on a fast
Answer: went on a fast
Gandhi was peace-loving hence he avoided violent measures. He rather spoke to the people and gave hope to them.

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