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Animals I : English - Japanese Translation Game
(Dōbutsu I : Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : ANIMALS I (DŌBUTSU I)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakanais used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are a phonetic representation of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Little Tarō saw a gorilla in the zoo' is written in :

Japanese Romaji :  Ta kun wa dōbutsuen de gorira o mimashita ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) :  たろうくん動物園ゴリラまし; where
Kanji = 動物園 (dōbutsuen = zoo), (mi) ; Katakana = ゴリラ(gorira = gorilla) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : こどもどうぶつえんゴリラみました
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional,  動物園 and are replaced by their hiragana equivalentsどうぶつえん(dōbutsuen) and (mi) respectively.

Note :
Kun is used as a suffix to a small boy's name and is the equivalent of Master.
Japanese names (Tarō) are written in Hiragana and Kanji as shown in the above example.

(ha) is read (wa) only when it is used as the particle attached to the noun or the subject of a sentence.
In other words, one writes not for the particle wa
(wa) is always used after the subject.
In the example above, (wa) comes after the subject depāto デパート (department store) .

を(o) is used as the particle in a sentence to indicate the direct object of a transitive verb.
を(o) is always used after the object and before the verb.
In the example above, を(o)comes after the object gorira ゴリラ(gorilla) and before the verb mimashita (saw).  

Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana.
In the above example mimashita (saw) is written in  Kanji as ました and in Hiragana as ました.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables





ANIMALS IN ENGLISH (Dōbutsu Eigo de)ANIMALS IN JAPANESE - ROMAJI (Dōbutsu Nihongo de)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
alligator  waniguchi Hiragana : わにぐち ; Kanji : 鰐口
bear kuma Hiragana : くま ; Kanji : 熊
buffalo yagyuu, yagyū Hiragana : やぎゅう ; Kanji : 野牛
bull oushi Hiragana : おうし ; Kanji : 牡牛
camel  rakuda Hiragana :らくだ ; Kanji : 駱駝
cat  neko Hiragana : ねこ  ; Kanji : 猫
cow ushi Hiragana :うし ; Kanji : 牛
crocodile  wani Hiragana : わに ; Kanji : 鰐
deer  shika Hiragana :しか ; Kanji : 鹿
dog  inu Hiragana : いぬ ; Kanji : 犬
donkey   roba Hiragana : ろば ; Kanji : 驢馬
elephant  zou, zō Hiragana : ぞう  ; Kanji : 象
fox  kitsune Hiragana : きつね  ; Kanji : 狐
giraffe kirin Hiragana : きりん ; Kanji : 麒麟
goat  yagi Hiragana : やぎ  ; Kanji : 山羊
horse  uma Hiragana :うま ; Kanji : 駒
kangaroo kangaruu, kangarū Katakana : カンガルー 
leopard  hyou Hiragana : ひょう ; Kanji : 豹
lion  shishi,raion Hiragana : しし; Katakana :ライオン ; Kanji : 獅子
lizard  tokage Hiragana :とかげ ; Kanji : 蜥蜴
monkey   saru Hiragana :さる  ; Kanji : 猿
mouse  nezumi Hiragana : ねずみ ; Kanji : 鼠
pig  buta Hiragana : ぶた  ; Kanji : 豚
pony  kouma Hiragana :こうま ; Kanji : 子馬
rabbit  usagi Hiragana :うさぎ ; Kanji : 兎
sheep  hitsuji Hiragana : ひつじ  ; Kanji : 羊
snake  hebi Hiragana : へび ; Kanji : 蛇
squirrel  risu Hiragana :りす ; Kanji : 栗鼠
tiger  tora Hiragana :とら  ; Kanji : 虎
tortoise  kame Hiragana : かめ  ; Kanji : 亀
wolf  ookami Hiragana : おおかみ ; Kanji : 狼
zebra  shimauma Hiragana :しまうま  ; Kanji : 縞馬

Try the Quiz : ANIMALS I (DŌBUTSU I)


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