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What is a Chemical Reaction ?
A chemical reaction is a chemical change where matter (a reactant or reactants) gets converted into a new substance or subtances (a product or products). Some reactions occur only under certain conditions (e.g., supply of heat; presence of light or electricity). Some reactions are accompanied by certain external indications (e.g., color change; evolution of gas, heat or light).
What are Some Important Types of Chemical Reactions ?
- Synthesis or Direct Combination Reaction is a reaction where two or more substances directly combine to form a new chemical compound.
General Form: A + B → AB
Example: Fe + S → FeS
i.e., Iron + Sulfur → Iron sulfide
- Decomposition Reaction is a reaction where a chemical compound breaks up (decomposes) into two or more substances.
General Form: AB → A + B
Example: ZnCO3 → ZnO + CO2
i.e., Zinc carbonate (+ Heat) → Zinc oxide + Carbon dioxide
- Simple Displacement Reaction is a reaction where one element replaces another in a chemical compound to produce a new compound and the displaced element.
General Form: A + BC → AC + B
Example: Fe + CuSO4 → FeSO4 + Cu
i.e., Iron + Copper Sulfate → Iron sulfate + Copper
- Double Decomposition Reaction is a reaction where two chemical compounds exchange their radicals to form two new compounds.
General Form: AB + CD → AD + CB
Example: KCl + AgNO3 → KNO3 + AgCl
i.e., Potassium chloride + Silver nitrate → Potassium nitrate + Silver chloride
Practice Exercise for Chemistry Module on Types of Chemical Reactions
Practice Exercise for Chemistry Module on Experiments with Chemical Reactions